Traditionally, law enforcement is called following a crime has already occurred. Law enforcement was created to respond to crisis calls requiring a quick response, place criminals under arrest, conduct and follow-up on investigations, as well as routine neighborhood checks.
When speaking about community-oriented policing (COP), there's a broader police emphasis which is preventing crime and disorder. COP takes a more strategic approach to working in the community as the community and the Police should come together and form a relationship in which both (community customers and authorities) share one common goal of earning the community safer.
This paper will discuss the role of the authorities in community policing such as how and just why community policing originated, the role of the COP official and how the COP officer and community can work jointly to make COP effective.
The Role of the Police in Community Policing
The idea of policing has been in existence for quite some time. The police are expected to perform many community tasks that in the past were the responsibility of the neighborhood citizen such as: keeping the tranquility, handling disaster services, working with family problems, and aiding during civil emergencies. However now cops are called in to solve these cultural problems that citizens create. Because of this role turmoil, more departments are implementing new types of policing that mirror this changing role.
What is community policing? Community policing is a working relationship, between your police force and local residents, with the mission to help make the neighborhood a safer and better environment to stay in and increase rely upon the police (http://www. cops. usdoj. gov). By creating this relationship, the city and police work together on goals such as reducing crime in a nearby, reducing concern with crime and increasing the grade of life in the community. With the cooperation of both police and the city, community policing recognizes problems of crime and chaos and then require the community to find answers to reduce such and make the city and a better, safer neighborhood to reside in.
Community policing goes beyond traditional policing as the police are no more the sole protectors of the law and public order as all participants of the city take an active part in your time and effort to improve the safe practices and quality of neighborhoods. Community policing can be defined as the collaboration between the police and the city (residents) where mutually they can identify and solve community issues. Collectively the residents and the authorities can encourage productive citizen engagement in policing attempts, focus on issues of ongoing open public matter, provide continuity of service to the community, develop, strengthen and/or build organizations and organizations so residents can advocate for his or her own passions (www. cops. usdoj. gov).
Although, community oriented policing is a partnership between the authorities and the city members, the authorities play a major role as the police officer is the foundation of community-oriented policing (Oliver, 2008). The officer's goal/purpose is to educate the public about its local police division, maintain or increase open public confidence and trust in law enforcement, decrease concern with crime, hearing and addressing citizen concerns, and putting into action community programs as well as community members in order to solve problems.
Community oriented policing is also designed to encourage community involvement and engagement. The ideals of community policing include expanding long lasting community partnerships and problem solving in cooperation with the community along with organizational change within the authorities department. Instead of only riding through the city responding to calls, some authorities departments have carried out community policing as a far more collaborative approach with the city members in an effort to have better problem solving for the police and coach the individuals ways to better prepare, identify and prevent crime and fear of crime in the community.
Routine patrol, whether by walking, car, or horseback, should be part of community outreach ways of increase police visibility in an effort to reduce concern with crime or as a prevention strategy for crime-reduction in a specific hot-spot neighborhood. This may also give the opportunity for the city members and officials to become more acquainted with each other and also allow the police to obtain better insight of the community needs regarding crime deterrence.
Information Showing/Ongoing Communication p94
Community policing advocates for a constant flow of information between police and the community, regarding probably effective solutions to crime and disorder problems and various crime fads and patterns. As a result of sharing information, the authorities can be more proactive and focused on developing long term solutions to the citizen's concerns alternatively than be reactive and hold out until they are simply called to determine how to rectify a known problem
Crime Reduction Programs
The main goal of community crime prevention is to be proactive and bring awareness to community participants/groups that could be a potential target for crime as well as open the lines of communication between your police and the city (Oliver, 2008). In almost all of the city crime protection programs, the authorities facilitate this program, however needs the support of the city to aid and participate in the programs for the program to work and successful.
The goal of interpersonal control is ideal for the police and community to collaborate and work toward maintaining, enhancing, and rebuilding sociable control over the entire community. It is thought that if community users have an connection or focus on making the city a much better and safer place, people would not as likely commit a crime than those people who are lacking in one or even more areas.
The above programs should be used based on the community people' needs and their perceptions of the local problems (Oliver, 2008). Whether put in place on their own or with the help of the police, all these programs must be created, implemented, and preserved with the assistance and co-operation of the community in order to remain relevant.
In conclusion, Community focused policing is both a philosophy and an organizational strategy that allows law enforcement officials and community residents to work carefully collectively in new ways to resolve the problems of crime, concern with crime, physical and cultural disorders, and community deterioration. Community-oriented policing is effective not only to the city and the police division but also the police official (Oliver, 2008).
COPS: Community Oriented Policing Services (nd). Community Policing Defined. Retrieved on February 2, 2014 from http:// www. cops. usdoj. gov
Oliver, W. (2008). Community-Oriented Policing. A Systemic Method of Policing (4th Ed). Top Saddle River, New Jersey
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