The Success Of Diversion Programs For Offenders Criminology Essay

A criminal conviction does not necessarily mean that folks will be subjected to jail or prison. In some cases, folks are afforded the chance of joining a diversion program. Depending on the sort of crime and the number of offenses, an individual could be present at a diversion program with the agreement of a judge. Diversion programs are designed to help certain offenders conquer their bad tendencies and drug and/or alcohol addictions. The main one lingering question is do diversion programs really help offenders make the move from prison to culture and becoming a productive person in the contemporary society. With diversion programs, offenders receive the resources they need to work through their issues, problems, addictions, and the chances of those individuals committing another crime in the foreseeable future may decrease.

Concepts

Non-violent offences and recidivism

First, take into account the term non-violent. A non-violent criminal offenses results in that no physical injury came to any individual. Though non-violent crimes can cause indirect harm to individuals for example, the Bernard Madoff incident have cause some suicides. One reported occurrence stated that an individual performed commit suicide after shedding all the money to Madoff for it was a way to avoid bankruptcy. That's a good example of how non-violent crimes can indirectly cause damage but on the different be aware those kind of situations do not happen that often. The correctional plan for persons convicted of non-violent crimes must include an hostile education plan. The training for a non-violent offense should fit this crime in which the specific was convicted of for example, writing bad assessments, drug abuse, or theft.

Three strikes legislations and non-violent offenders

The premise of the three hits laws and regulations are best served for serious or violent crimes and the main element expression is convicted of any felony. In reality, there are grey areas when it comes to the three attacks legislations and non-violent offences and offenders. For example, writing bad bank checks can get a person a jail sentence and if the 3rd time a conviction is imposed on a individual they could face the three hits law. Constant question over non-violent crimes and whether a person should receive a life word for non-violent offences.

Adult diversion programs and 1st time offenders.

A good mixture for individuals who are ready and meet the criteria to participate in the program. These kinds of programs are designed for individuals who are just for misdemeanors such as worthless inspections. Felony convictions can be present at diversion programs but it would that written recommendations from the judge which would involve some serious commitment from the individual that they actually desire to be better.

Theoretical considerations

Alfred Alder's Person Psychology

Social Learning Theory

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral development

Hypothesis

Jail diversion programs may decrease the rates of recidivism because they offer non-violent offenders who are jailed for the first time treatment options, support groups, and overall the opportunity for another chance.

General approach

Program analysis of the jail diversion program for incarcerated people who may have substance abuse or mental condition issues. Jail Diversion programs provides court-based services to those who are eligible with psychiatric and co-occurring (mental condition and drug abuse) disorders who are imprisoned on minimal or non-violent offenses.

Goals

To know if jail diversion programs work in lowering recidivism.

Literature Review

Knight, L. , & Stephens, M. (2009). Emotionally disordered offenders in jail: A tale of disregard? Retrieved from http://www. internetjournalofcriminology. com/Knight_Stephens_Mentally_Disordered_Offenders. pdf

The article examines whether inmates who've a mental disorder should be considered as patients or prisoners. Prison system are designed for security and control however when it comes to the real estate of inmates with mental disorders it's advocated that those particular inmates should be afforded the opportunity for better treatment within jail wall space. "The Mountbatten Statement in 1966, following a group of escapes from high security prisons, led to greater focus on security and control" (Knight & Stephens, 2009). This update in security left gaps in the system because mental unwell inmates was disregarded and for this reason it induced a reform in the way prisons treat or do not treat emotionally ill inmates. Bottom line is usually that the mistreatment of mentally ill inmates induced human protection under the law issues which prompted a few legislative methods to ensure they get medicine for their health issues.

Ashraf, H. (2003). US Supreme Courtroom limits obligated drugging of psychologically ill before path. Lancet, 361(9375), 2131. Academic Search Premier Repository.

The article goes on to clarify that for the reason why of standing court that mentally sick prisoners may take their prescribed treatments to stand trial. The problem arises for the situation of mentally sick prisoners to stand trial for committing a non-violent crime. The article points out how the United States Supreme Court centered a decision limiting the utilization of power drugs to make non-violent offenders proficient for standing studies.

LaFree, G. , & Erlanger, H. (2002). An excessive amount of democracy or too much offense: Lessons from California's Three-Strikes Laws. Law & Social Inquiry, 27(4), 875. Academic Search Premier Databases.

The authors of this article continue explain the problems which were uncovered with some research done on democracy and the effects it has on crime. They also give a record of the Three Attacks Law and notice how there has to be a reform from it. One of the crucial finds of the research was that these were able to note that with the regulations in place there was not really a significant drop in the offense rate predicated on the Three Strikes Law. It was purposed that deterrence strategies were better appropriate in reducing criminal offenses.

Akins, S. , Smith, C. , & Mosher, C. (2010). Pathways to mature alcohol maltreatment across racial/ethnic groups: An application of general strain and cultural learning ideas. Journal of Medication Issues, 40(2), 321-351. Retrieved from Academics Search Data source.

This article can take the three greatest racial/ethnic groups in the United States of America and is applicable theories on why alcohol and drugs has different effects on the amount of users. The most significant communities are Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics. The use of the Community Learning Theory and the General Tension Theory has different applications on users in these neighborhoods. Much of the content can result in conclusions on why the style of drinking could lead to why there are many Blacks and Hispanics that take up our jail systems.

Steadman, H. , & Naples, M. (2005). Examining the potency of jail diversion programs for persons with serious mental issues and co-occurring product use disorders. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 23(2), 163-170. Retrieved from doi:10. 1002/bsl. 640

The article talks about how diversion programs help offenders with mental condition and/or material abusing behaviors. The goal of this article is to show that diversion programs can help as it was reported that watched individuals weren't committing offences after their release from jail.

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