Factors Affecting Cross Culture Communication Cultural Studies Essay

Holliday, Kullman and Hyde (2004) assert that the term `culture' refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give this activity some significance. "It offers technology, art, science, as well as moral systems and the characteristic behaviors and habits of the society. Different human societies have different cultures, and the non-public culture of 1 individual can vary than another one". Intercultural is the philosophy of exchanges between cultural groups within the society. Intercultural communication is about how folks from different countries and various cultures interact with each others; and exactly how they behave, communicate and perceive the globe around them. And effective intercultural communication involves understanding both one's own linguistic and cultural identity and that of the people who have whom an example may be communicating. In that, cultural identity has a very important role. The following is a discussion about how issues of identity affect communication between folks from different languages and cultures.

Nationality identity can greatly affect the potency of communication. Different nationality means different in cultures and in most cases languages. Folks from different countries tend to have various ways of understanding the world around them. It impacts just how people think and behave in different situations. People who have different nationalities will probably have various ways to exchange information and perform various activities that are unique to their countries (Lyerly 1997). This may lead to misunderstanding when people from different countries wanting to communicate with each others. Regional differences create even more cultural gaps between human. Thus its effect on communication is even significant than that of nationality. The variations in geography, environment and culture tend to be too large that folks tend to have problems with severe cultural shocks when they travel in one region to another. Which is the primary force that influences the efficient communication between people from different nations and/or region.

Ethnicity identity is another major force which may contribute to the potency of communication. Because of the different of the ability to understand and gain information of people, there are gaps in how different person understands the same little bit of information. And that created both sets of people: the haves and the have-nots. As for that, it's important to take the issue of ethnicity into account in order to enhance the effectiveness of communication between these two groups of people. Holley (2008) stated that ethnic groups are identified by common culture, language, religion, and/or ancestral origins. He also argued that "there are no internationally agreed upon ethnic categorizations because history often plays a role in what aspects are considered most significant for ethnic identity". That is, history is usually the major factor that defines ethnic identity.

Language is arguably the most crucial aspect of communication. Language is mean, in which the content of the communication is transferred and received. Or as Samovar, Porter & McDaniel (2008) put it: "Language is the medium through which a culture expresses its world view". Language is also considered as a communication tool that should be learned and used effectively to be able to achieve successful intercultural communication. Of course, if language is a tool then culture may be considered as the surroundings that has all the effects on language. Due to that, culture is, in many circumstances, what defines this is of language. That's the reason, in some situations, the same word can bring different meanings due to the dissimilarities of cultures. The problem is even worse when two cultures talk in different languages. In this case, a translation tool is needed, however the potential of misunderstanding is also raised as a word translated between two different languages between two different cultures may cause totally different meaning. For your, language and culture must be thoughtfully considered in intercultural communication. Or as Sarbaugh (1988) concluded the most crucial aspect in effective intercultural communication concerns language.

Community is the starting place of identity. Every community has its unique traditions, values, and norms. Communities give a wealth of organized and deep rooted information, which builds from countless interactions of various socio-political, socio-economic, and socio-cultural attributes that occur over time (Kriesberg 2003). This understanding becomes the house of that particular community and plays an important role in shaping the identity structures of its members. The emergence of varied communities, such as professional, academic, and virtual has provided the chance for individuals to obtain diverse knowledge by assuming membership in these communities. The interaction of various sub-identities of an individual through his/her membership in different communities continuously shapes the training, thinking, and perceptual environment, which forms the type of experiences, value preferences, and knowledge arrangements. This intricate and complex system of socialization shapes the identity of an person. The role of communities in shaping the personalities of its members depends on the type of the knowledge that is organized in its socio-cultural traditions. Analysis of an individual's community affiliations can enable the researchers to grasp the role that community specific knowledge plays in forming the identity. Consequently study of community memberships of a person might help us to comprehend the identity dynamics of your person; furthermore examination of community knowledge can shed more light on social interaction process. According to Kriesberg (2003) community knowledge, individual knowledge, and identity are the three constructs that require considerable attention in order to broaden and deepen our understanding of the relationship between a person and the city.

Social class has been one of the main element elements that directly affect communication because the dawn of the time. Social class is to some extend still creating boundaries between human, thus creating obstacles in effective communication (Holliday, Kullman & Hyde 2004). The conflicts between your rich and the indegent, management and working class were often created by those misunderstanding in communication. People in several social class used to be significantly affected so much that they naturally produce a barrier to avoid communication with other social class. It really is perhaps in many ways shared the same properties with religion differences. Religion identity is sometimes improving communication where it shares a similar interest. Additionally it is the main reason behind conflict when its interest is unhappy by those of different religion. Throughout history, people always keep trying to resolve these significant differences; however, the conflicts with the core causes still remain intractable for most societies until nonetheless. This matter may only be solved if we can change the core of how human perceive and understand the world.

In current society, women and men have the opportunity to work together more regularly and more personally than before. "As traditional male-dominated societies diminish, a dynamic communication emerges where men and women have the same goals and equal chances to pursue and archive their goals" (Pinto 2000). As the communication between women and men benefits from this fairness, there are still many information and signal of behavior have to think about, which is important not to let sexual category identity issues hold up with effective communication. Many research have been devoted to the idea that women and men communicate very differently - in fact, it may also be stated that men and women communicate so differently from one another that they need to have perceived the planet from absolute different perspectives (Pinto 2000). The communication between men and women appears to be stable and equal day by day. For example, men and women can maintain positivity, outgoing, task-focused, or sentimental. The top indicate think about, conversely, is the fact men and women sometimes identify the same messages to acquire different senses.

Age is of course one of the most crucial matters that influences intercultural communication. Its role is somewhat comparable to gender. People have a tendency to think differently when they are getting older. The additional time they spend living, a lot more experiences they may have and the clearer they see through conflicts. This is even true as it pertains to multi-cultures. The young generations always have different ideas and the capability to take risks. The older generations see things more thoughtfully and tend to be more cautious when facing new problems. That's the reason, for me, even result from completely different cultures, the old people's ways of thinking is, to a great extend, similar. However, it is necessary the overall flexibility of the young to cope with cultural differences. With that said, the balance between the old and young are have to be balanced out to be able to achieve a highly effective intercultural communication.

Identities can greatly affect the communication between folks from different languages and cultures. How people think about who they are and who and what others are profoundly influences the potency of their communication. Their sense of identity and conceptions of the other person contribute to their knowledge of the globe around them. Whether and exactly how identities influences the communication depends upon their unique qualities. There will vary resources of identity which lead to unique understandings of the individuals and how they think and behave in their world. Thus the communication between people is often suffered by these dissimilarities of understanding. To know, understand and use the uniqueness of different groups of folks will greatly improve how people talk to each others.

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