Introduction Of Robots To Society

It is a very true slogan from "Adidas" brand, "There is nothing Impossible". Humans talents are limited, and that's the reason robots are manufactured. Have you ever imagine that, when you awaken each day, once you start your eyes, anything that is in your thoughts such as breakfast time, office wear, household slippers and much more have already being made by your "robot-slave". You do not have to do anything; all you have to do is, stay and wait! You just have to take a seat on your bed and await your robot to serve you, aren't your life will be easier and wonderful? From this, we can easily see that how amazing it could be with the living of robots. May be in the future, they are just our trustworthy friends.

The unstoppable advancements of modern technology, in the same range, robots are created into various fields to aid the human's reckless abilities to boost their live. They have been widely used in commercial sector and also for personal use. The creation of robots isn't only to assist us, nevertheless they give us good opportunities to be our replacement for exploration and experiment the new dangerous things that human got never dare to try but being hungry to achieve.

Our reason for this article is to determine the types of robots that contain been presented into our life and the near future robots.

Our objectives are to learn

What are robots?

Why do they are present?

How do robots can be found?

What can they do? What lengths they can do?

What are the side effects for human if they are over-populated?

What is at human's expectation on future robots?

2. 0 Results and Discussion

2. 1 What exactly are robots?

2. 1. 1 Brief Background of Robot

When we said robots, most of us believe that it was just only been manufactured in this modern age. Actually the first creation of robot has been made hundreds of years back. The famous Leonardo da Vinci is also among all the designers who are involve in the creation and invention of robots. The essential concepts that motivate people to create the robots are to bring the advantages to mankind. To begin with, the masterpieces of robot get started with simple idea, with look like individuals, and then it can move. Throughout the evolution in times, the robots now are involving, now it can walk, speak, and behave like humans. The improvement of robots will never end, however now we can commence to imagine what lengths robots will become in future.

2. 1. 2 Idea of Robot

Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 - April 6, 1992)Generally, in every human's thoughts, robots are human-like machines that contain minds and limbs, move and discussion like individuals, either with or without their own thoughts and can be completely automatic, or partly otherwise completely controlled by human. Yet, in the world of certainty, the basic idea of a robot is: "a machine which is programmed to move and perform multitude duties automatically, or may be partly controlled by human". It generally does not imply that robots must be built mimic to human, in fact they could be in any varieties and forms with different performances as long as they meet the basic concept. Regarding to a favorite science fiction creator, Isaac Asimov [1], he arrived with 3 basic laws for robots, which they called it call "Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics"

Robots must never damage human beings.

Robots must follow instructions from human being without violating rule 1.

Robots must protect themselves without violating the other guidelines.

2. 1. 3 Classification of Robots

With the indefinite cleverness of individuals, robots have been invented in different varieties and ways, performing myriad responsibilities and jobs. The following are the essential classifications [2] for different robots

Tele-robots

Tele-robots are robots that require to be immediate operated by humans through remote control sytem. The best example will be the toy robots for kids, where these entertainment robots are needed to be guided by real human to move, switch, or perform tasks.

Telepresence Robots

The manipulations for telepresence robots are much like the Tele-robots above. The different is the fact that telepresence robots will send back again video, sound and other data to make the operator to feel more like they are in the robots. These robots are suitable to be utilized in exploration field, especially when the targeted exploration area is not accessible for man.

Static Robots

They are robots which are not movable from places to places. They are simply fixed permanently on one physical location to perform their tasks only using a part of their movable components. Static robots have been widely used, such as robotic biceps and triceps, in factories and laboratories to take care of unsafe materials and chemicals. In Malaysia, static robots or robotic biceps and triceps can be seen in car processing factories.

Mobile/Autonomous Robots

These robots navigate and perform their chores and duties without the intervention of human. They are created to have high intelligence to cope with any surroundings such as on land, sky and even underwater. These robots are normally wheeled, or with wings, propeller and etc, depending on the uses. Aerial mobile robots are referred to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) which have been employed by countries with advanced solutions for military services purposes. For underwater mobile robots, they're usually called Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) and are used in sea exploration, military and commercial purposes.

Androids

Androids, which can also being called as Humanoid Robots, are being created to mimic human. They will have basic constructions of human including head, body, hands and thighs. A few of them have been installed with devices to produce sound or conversation like human.

2. 2 Why do they are present?

As everybody knows, human's talents are limited. Thus, we need something to fulfil our incompleteness and we've chosen the robots to achieve that for us. This is clearly described whenever we use robots to carry and move heavy items in our lifestyle.

Land mine detectorOr, in the problem that risky jobs involve which may sacrifice the invaluable life of individual, it will be smart to use robots concerning replace the careers for us to avoid any unnecessary sacrificing. Exploration for mines, space and underwater are example of highly dangerous duties and these places are almost impossible for human to access. Sacrificing robots that can be valued in money is a more intelligent act rather than mailing the human's precious souls to the path of death. Furthermore, the help of robot's biceps and triceps for handling hazardous and acidic chemicals may also be trusted in laboratories to replace human's forearms.

Autonomous robot cleanerAnother main reason for the presence of robots is because of the demand of individual to enjoy comfort and ease in their life. Everyone nowadays is challenging to reside in the best and simplest way in their life, without the need to do anything and waits to be served, in another words, the laziness of human beings caused the existence of robots. Example, there are robots being developed to completely clean and vacuum the house. Apparently, human in the world today are so lazy until they do not wish to do the household chores by themselves. Although this declaration is not good, but yet this is one of the extremely true facts. For workaholics, these robots are perfect in posting responsibilities of household chores.

2. 3 Just how do they exist?

2. 3. 1 The different parts of Robots

For the basic structure of the generalised robots which can be mostly match animal, or perhaps a individual, are being made up with these components

The "Brain"

Just as human's brain, it is the key system that works a robot. It really is a microprocessor which functions like a computer. Specialised programs are installed so that they can move with no controls of human.

The "Eyes"

There are made from camera, sensor, ranging sonar and etc. There are being used for navigating the robots' motion, capture and documenting the images of its surrounding, and calculate the number of its motion towards any items or destination. There are also sensors that will help the robots to avoid from road blocks while moving.

The "Ears"

Some robots have been invented with sound acknowledgement features. So, these robots require "ears". Fundamentally, the ears of these robots are also comprised from detectors to detect sound waves and they are to be delivered to microprocessor for in depth analysis.

Communication System

Communication between robots and individuals are greatly important. Besides acquiring commands and orders from their owner, additionally it is generally very important to the robots to "tell" their owners when something runs wrong. These communication systems can be in form of audio alarms or equipment and lighting to seize the attentions of the owners. In order to transmit the audio or light, they need components like data, training video or audio transmitters.

Muscles

It is the main part for the robots to move their limbs and carry out duties. The limbs are generally handled by electricity. In this case, the electricity functions as the muscles. However, some robots have been designed and created to do heavy obligations like carrying heavy objects. Thus, electricity will be substituted with hydraulic technology or pneumatic technology.

Limbs

They can be as typical as human's hands and feet, fingers and feet. However in some situations, hands and hip and legs are not that suitable to be used. Hence, the limbs of the robots are also available in tires, tires, keep track of rollers, propellers and etc.

2. 3. 2 Technologies Involved

2. 3. 2. 1 Sensor Technologies

A sensor is a device, which is use to senses the objects and the encompassing. There are various kinds of applications for receptors which many people are never aware. Applications include autos, machines, aerospace, treatments, production and robotics.

Sensors are the sensory system for robots, are much like human's "5 senses": view, touch, smell, ability to hear, and flavour. The robot's receptors sense environmentally friendly like touch, distance, light, audio, tension, rotation, magnetism, smell, temperature, inclination, pressure, or altitude. Then it offers the data that must be refined to provide information to allow the automatic robot to respond. Robots are equipped with sensors to allow them to have an understanding of their bordering environment and make changes in their behavior. Listed below are the common sensors used in robots [3]:

Rotation Sensors

They are used to measure the angle of the robotic arm, or what lengths a mobile robot's wheel has transformed.

Global Setting Systems

Global Positioning Systems (Gps unit) receive alerts from orbiting satellites that determine the positioning of an outdoor robot on the planet earth.

Laser range Finder

Laser range finders use laser beams to gauge the distance to things. They are being used for obstacle recognition and navigation.

Computer Vision

Computer Perspective is the field of research of interpreting camera images for a variety of purposes. Cameras are incredibly common sensors; it could be say as the eye of robot.

Light Sensor

Sensor for procedures and differentiate light levels reflected from excellent and dark areas. It is also use as the sight of the automatic robot, it helps in navigating, detect bright object, inform different between coloured things.

Touch Sensors

The uses of touch receptors are to detect contact between the robot and exterior objects surround it.

Other exemplory case of sensors [4]

Ultrasonic Range Sensors

Infrared Sensors

Inertia Dimension Unit

Accelerometers

Current and Voltage Sensors

Temperature and Wetness Sensors

Camera and Eye-sight Sensors

Obstacle Detectors

Force Sensors

Sound detectors and etc.

2. 3. 2. 2 Hydraulic Technologies

Hydraulics is the gear or machinery consists of or is run by a smooth that is under great pressure, such as normal water or oil. This system used to increase the power of pressure to create maximum energy required. Hydraulic systems are trusted in various establishments to use and manufacture many products. Hydraulic usually applied on machines and robotic part [5].

2. 3. 2. 3 Pneumatic Technologies

Pneumatics technology is managed by air under great pressure and it is powerful. Pneumatic means filled with air. It really is quiet similar to hydraulic, really the only different are it is controlled by air, while hydraulic is managed by liquid. Types of pneumatic systems: Air compressor, electro-pneumatic action, tubular-pneumatic action, vacuum pump, compressed-air engine unit, air brakes, air engines, pneumatics launchers

Pneumatic robot arm managed by individual. Pneumatic can have long operating lives and require very little maintenance, but it isn't easily harmed by shock [6].

2. 4 Uses of Robots in Various Fields

2. 4. 1 Medical Field

An endoscope

A laparoscopic surgery machineWhen we talk about robots performing responsibilities of man, we talk about future. But the use of robots in surgery is already possible. The innovations of technologies have helped bring various robotic devices in to the medical field and these advanced robotic devices have been executing as a great associate in a surgery room for today. With these robotic systems, the operation has become significantly less intrusive but however, anticipated to some disadvantages of these systems, surgeons are still cannot being replaced. Minimally intrusive surgery is a broad notion including many common methods that existed before the introduction of robots, such as gall bladder excisions. It refers to procedures that avoid long cuts by entering the body through a little entry [7]. However, surgeons can perform this process by using long managed surgery machines and the instruction of browsing equipment such as endoscope; it is therefore not a necessary to use robots to achieve that. But yet, it generally does not suggest robots are then do not categorised under minimally invasive surgery.

Robot-assisted surgery system can be divided into 3 kinds that are supervisory-controlled system, telesurgical system and shared-control system.

First, supervisory-controlled system is a system that allows the robots to execute tasks individually that will act according to the computer programme where the cosmetic surgeons inputs into them earlier. Next, the telesurgical system which is also called remote surgical requires the direct involvement of surgeons to execute the robot's arm somewhat than and can perform surgery steps by itself. Because the robot continues to be technically carrying out the procedures, so that it continues to be considered under the subgroup of robotic surgery. The 3rd system will be shared-control system. In this technique, it requires the most involvement of surgeons. The surgeon provides out the task by using a robot that offers steady-hand manipulations of the instrument. This enables both entities to jointly perform the duties [7]. Overall, the key difference between these 3 systems is the amount of interaction between your doctors and the robots during the procedures. [8]

Although the robot-surgeons can perform as a great assistant in surgery rooms, however there is little or nothing to be a hundred percents safe, including these robots. Mechanised devices including robots have the potentials to be breakdown and contravened the concept of minimally invasive surgery, or a whole lot worse, causing harm to the patients. Hence, basic safety of using these equipments has been questioned. Manufacturers have endeavoured to reduce the potential risks of malfunctioning of robots by putting in related safety features. Nevertheless, these basic safety measurements have triggered these robots increase in cost, making them unaffordable.

Source: Table from Howe, RD, Matsuoka, Y. "Robotics for Surgery. " Annual Overview of Biomedical Executive. 1999, 01:213.

The following stand shows and compares the strength and restriction of using human-surgeon and robot-surgeon

2. 4. 2 Armed service Field

The military does not usually use the term "robot", nevertheless they categorise and name the robots into Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Unmanned Surface Vehicles (UGVs) and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), with regards to the environment they run. Using of the robots in the battle field can always being seen by technology-advanced countries, especially United Express. Instead of mailing their armies to combat in the war, they dispatch robots with weapon-equipped to the field. Even though they claimed that with this it can decrease the sacrificing of their armies but in fact, they are simply creating a larger criminal offense towards their so-called "enemy" which may also cause more accidents to the innocents during the battle. Yet in this 10 years, with the immediate increasing in research and development, experts and analysts have made robots that not combat but to safe people and also recovering the problem to a safe practices level.

Let us discuss these military services robots according to their categories.

TALON SWORDS with different weaponriesUnmanned Earth Vehicles [9], or UGVs, are vehicles that want the needs of individuals to operate through remote-controlled system with a wireless communication link. UGVs are generally telepresence robots which they are able to send responses of images captured by video cameras which were installed, to the operator. There's also robots prepared with weapon, and typically the most popular of its kind is TALON. Corresponding to Foster Miller [10], TALON is currently a military automatic robot that has most advanced solutions installed in it which it can movements through sand, water, snow and even staircases. With the surveillance cameras installed, it can transfer images in shades, black and white, infrared and night eye-sight to the operator who's far away for up to 1km. SWORDS [11] or Special Tool Observation Reconnaissance Diagnosis System is a system where robots are awarded with weapons and it was specially made for the US armies. These robots were ever used by US Special Forces in the war from the Taliban in Afghanistan as well as the role to dispose explosive mines. Besides, there's also robots/vehicles that perform autonomously. Autonomous UGVs fundamentally do not

BEAR Rescue Navy Robot

involve in combat, but they completed duties like logistics, providing of materials to the war fields, rescue procedure, fire fighting, mine detection and removal and etc. Recovery operation has been completed by robots within an productive battlefield to take care of the casualties of course, if necessitate, bring the casualties right out of the field. The Carry rescue military services robots [12] have been designed with powerful upper body with hydraulics technology, keep tabs on rollers as "legs" and energetic balancing behaviour.

UAVs with Hellfire-Missiles

Next, robots that navigate in the sky without involvement human being crews are called Unmanned Aerial Vehicles [13], or UAVs, but can be partly operated through remote or in this decade; they have been invented to be totally autonomous through pre-programming air travel plans. UAVs are available in various figures, features, characteristics and configurations. They are trusted in a whole lot of countries to are likely involved in battlefields, logistic (cargo), research and development, civil and commercial. For most of the time, they have been a great assistant for the soldier soldiers to provide battlefield intelligence and bombard the targeted area. Military UAVs have been installed with various weapon including missiles and bombs. The US Army has been using this feature throughout their conquering in the battle [14] with Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen and Iraq. In between, problem targeting and faulty brains caused amounts of innocent civilian to lifeless.

Due to large size of common UAVs, very small spy robots - Automatic robot Flies [12] have been created so to gain access to into limited and cluttered areas within the structures, tunnels, stairwells or caves for monitoring and reconnaissance purposes. It really is stated that we now have also prospects to equip these robots with small explosive charges to damage on a little specific area instead of destroying the complete.

Robot Fly

Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs)Eventually, the underwater robots - AUVs, completely Autonomous Underwater Vehicles are also known as Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs). AUVs are fundamentally works within the ocean without any treatment of real human. Whereas the non-autonomous called Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) are controlled by the operator from the top through umbilical. In military field, AUVs are being used to identify if there are any mines and to monitor the secured area for new unidentified items. For the purpose of warfare, AUVs are employed to find and resist the invasion of manned submarines [15]. From the study, AUVs are not so popular to be employed into the armed service fields as wars under the are so seldom to be observed.

2. 4. 3 Industrial Field

Robots employed in commercial field are static robots which can be majorly computerized and allowed to make decision via pre-programmed inputs. These robots are more common to be seen in form of arm-shaped. They will not have the components of mind, body and feet, but just arm. In earlier decades, man's responsibilities in manufacturing process like welding, painting, assemblage, find and place, packaging and palletizing, product inspection, and screening have been displaced by robots today. The introduction of robots into industrial field is a great contribution as they can complete their tasks in a faster way, more efficient and highly much better than a guy can do in term of accuracy and endurance. The various between each forearms and the performing role of the biceps and triceps are with respect to the tools that are fixed by the end of the arm, or they call them the end-effectors. Industrial robots can also being classified into [16]:

Vertically Articulated

The multi-jointed arm of the vertically articulated robot is linked to the base with a twisting joint. The links in the arm are connected by rotary joint parts. This type is often called jointed-arm. [16]

Cartesian Coordinate

This robot is bound to x, y, and z movements. It is also called a rectilinear automatic robot. Every one of the automatic robot arm links are linked with linear joints. The appearance is rectangular [16].

SCARA

The Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm is perfect for precision work within one airplane. Its work envelope is cylindrical. They have two horizontal joint parts [16].

Cylindrical

The robot has one rotary joint at the base and two linear joints to hook up the links. Their work envelope is also cylindrical [16].

Polar

The arm is connected to the bottom with a twisting joint and a combination of rotary and linear joints. They have a spherical-shaped from outside look [16].

Delta

This robot settings combines a rotational joint and parallelograms. Delta robots work within a dome-shaped work envelope [16].

Welding arm

Welding devices such as MIG-welding gun are about the most robot weapons that are trusted in the industry to assembly their products. Welding hands are programmed to handle specific job - welding process frequently, fusing of adjacent parts together with consistent quality at a rapid speed.

Robot Spray ArmThe next tool will be the Spray Firearm. As we realize, Spraying evenly on the top is never a fairly easy job for human being. Hence, it is also popular to apply the spray weapon into robot arms to do spraying for people. Besides to achieve nearly perfect quality or spraying, they also help to relieve the human from this hazardous and skilful job. Water found in the spray contained various unfamiliar chemicals that might cause harm to human. At the same time, spray gun will not waste materials paints hence lowering the cost.

Robot arm that can lift up up heavy things. Picture showing a guy carried by automatic robot arm. Picking, lifting and positioning applications can be carried out through setting up grippers. Materials found in industries are normally big and heavy. Besides of using electro-mechanical technologies, hydraulic and pneumatic technologies that produce multiply makes can be applied to the arm. Picking right up of some objects haven been done by vacuum. To make sure the positioning of these devices are frequent and appropriate, location receptors have been installed as well [17].

2. 4. 5 Space Exploration Field

When it involves space exploration, by automatically we know that robots have been contributing a great deal, or accomplishing almost all of the space exploration tasks. The one planet that man has set foot on, besides Earth is the Moon. However, our tremendous robots have place their foot in planets like Mars, Venus, Jupiter and including few comets and asteroids [18]. Without them, people will never be able to know how the other planets look like and of course, without them human being won't know that aliens do not come in the planets within Solar System. We'd not conclude that aliens do not appear in our true to life because there are no studies saying that robots have been effectively sent out and explored the complete Universe and so, we never know very well what is certainly going on outside our "Universe". Robots have been used widely in this field due to not-habitable environment for human beings. Eliminate the matter of oxygen; human being are not able to cope with the several pressure and gravitational make on the other planets. Therefore costly astronaut suits have been created and in truth they already are being created, and this will never be an brains act. There are also risks involved when sending human to the planets and back again to the Earth. Several cases happened in the past where explosions of space shuttle triggered death to man.

Logo of NASAIt is common when people talk about space exploring, they will think of NASA [19], in full Country wide Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is an agency that is proven on July 29, 1958. Prior to the establishment of NASA, Country wide Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) is also a company which is in charge for each and every space programs in USA. NASA has led the individuals nation towards the data of space, after releasing Apollo to the Moon, and then developed and released the space place, Skylab and later the Space Shuttle.

The historical point in time when Neil Armstrong represented his nation to be the first man to step on the Moon. Apollo program is one of the world's most amazing happenings in the annals that it was the first program that helped bring real human to the Moon and back again to the land safely. Apollo 1 caused a tragedy that kills all the astronauts who have been inside credited to a open fire during experimental simulation. Thus, several experiments and observations experienced carried out before they boarded the individuals and sent them to the Moon. Finally Apollo 11 possessed successfully arrived the first men on the moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin [20].

Skylab was the first space stop that were launched to the orbit by USA in 1973. In the area stop there are laboratories well prepared for the experts to handle scientific tests and studies including the Sun, space airfare, metallic-crystal progress, microgravity, and solar observatory. But in few years time, Skylab dropped from the orbit on 11 July 1979. Currently Skylab have been replaced and known as as International Space Train station (ISS) [21].

The famous robots in space with no doubt need to be the group of Orbiters, Rovers and Landers which may have been delivered to Mars in the last years. The first orbiter that was delivered to Mars on July 14, 1965 is Mariner 4. Starting of Mariner 4 is a great achievements as it enables the human to truly have a closer relationship on the other planets after

Great amount of drinking water necessary to cause the erosion shown. Picture considered by Viking 1 on Mars. it repaid the photographs of Mars. Inside the group of Landers, 2 Viking Landers, Viking 1 and Viking 2 had been released to Mars in the entire year 1976 with the accompaniment of orbiters that send back again photos and methodical data. Life detection application was installed to the landers to discover life on Mars but however, the effect repaid an unclear data. Through the hottest research by NASA, they found that the Mars is protected with large amount of gas called Methane, which is also one of the key components within the planet earth. Methane gas in the planet earth is largely made by organism when digesting of nutrition. However, it can also released to air through geological operations. Thus, it is still unclear whether if there are organisms survive under the permafrost coating of Mars [22]. There are other more move forward robots that have been directed for planetary exploration. These include Sojourner and Mars Exploration Rovers (MERs). The 2 2 robots talked about are tele-operated which they required human's control. However, MERs have been an improved robot due to larger mechanical size and also prepared with better communication and instrumentation than Sojourner. Sojourner was delivered to Mars in 1997 and MERs is in 2004 [24].

However, in such numbers of space robots, Sputnik 1 has been the very first robot that was delivered to the space. Mariner 2 by U. S. was the first robot that flown to Venus on 12 Dec 1962. In the same 12 months, a Russian space automatic robot, Venera 7 was the first human-made vehicle to efficiently land on another planet and transmits data back again to Earth.

Voyager 1There was a quest, the Voyager quest, sent robot and explore the globe outside of our Solar System. Voyager 1 and 2 were launched in 1977. Voyager 1 as with June 19, 2009, was far away about 16. 49 billion kilometres away from the Sun, the furthest man-made subject in the area [24].

In these years, you'll find so many missions that contain been place and hopefully soon or later, robots can help complete these missions.

2. 5 UNWANTED EFFECTS of Robots

The side-effect of robots is imply that the negative issues or cons which robots will bring to your world if there are over used or over filled. Although robots is create to assist us human to boost our life, nonetheless they may bring injury to us as well if we do not use them wisely.

From the research we made, there are a few cons of robotic system and robots, when normal people to operate the robots, the functions are limited and only the inventor or programmers what those functions are. Although robots is been programmed, but they may well not function properly in case of a crisis or unexpected occasion. The cost for built the robots and robotic systems are extremely high, this make it requires to have full awareness before built it. Besides, it may need to have more extra funds and areas to provide the facilities to build the robots.

There are some moral issues take place if the robotic systems and robots have over used. The too much using of robots and robotic systems in our contemporary society making us humans become more centered upon robot. Because of this, many people will always depend on robots to done their works (this could be possibly happen like in the movie "Surrogates", where the individuals just stay in their house and control their look similarly robot to works). The advance use of robots and robotic systems may replace the real human labour and causing people to lose their careers and facing financial matter.

In medical field, if the robotic systems and robots have overtaking majority of the doctor's job for example, certain surgeries, this might cause certain people might not have the ability to access the assistance due to insufficient funds. This might also happen in some other fields, this is describe in armed forces field, because robots tend to be more upfront therefore, which country that are abundant and own many armed service robotics system and robots will be the most powerful country. These mean that, if we do not need this negative impact to be occurring in the foreseeable future, we should smartly use the robots and balance the functions with our real human life.

2. 6 Expectation on Future Robots

There is no doubt to say individuals is imaginative. Since in the earlier decades, individual has arrived with plenty of unusual but amazing things, including robots and made them possible! Human being is not only imaginative, but brightly clever as well. This can be described by the influencing-movies regarding robots that was produced and shown on the screen. People are surprised by how the robots can be used in the future, how robots can make their life simpler! Yet, in the existing situation, there are still within an imaginary-state, but we presumed, with human's cleverness and the capabilities for them to exceed their limitations, robots just as the films or cartoons will be soon possible and add into our life.

Robots have been believed to do things more successfully than a man can do. However, in term of cost, it is yet unreasonable to pay at incredibly price to buy a automatic robot slave. So in the future, people are expecting robots can be very common with realistic cost in development and purchasing.

According to researches, majority of individuals wished that inventors and scientist can put more attention and emphasized on robots for home purposes and medical. It is because of very easy reason - a simple life. Robots for space exploration, military services and professional maybe too unrelated to some of the individuals (in fact, this means that the selfishness of individuals). Unlike home purpose robots and medical robots, all man can have it. Everyone on the globe has at least a home and they fall into disorder. The working categories who hardly ever have time for you to tidy up their homes can take the opportunity to use robots that can take up all home chores for them or posting their workload. Corresponding to a written report from University of Plymouth, U. K. , the record shows that most of the individuals wish robots to do housework for the coffee lover. In the term of "housework", in addition they break it into different categories including household, gardening, guarding of homes, looking after elderly or children and entertainment. The effect shows most of the people prefer the robots to do home (vacuuming, cleansing, make mattresses and other standard cleaning).

An in-house doctor robot is also one of the prospects of people in the future. Lots of circumstances happened before where people suffered to death because of the late discovery with their sickness. If there is a 24-hour standby doctor robot that can be easily reached in one's house, you will see no more cases as stated above or at least, it decrease the percentage of individuals died credited to late breakthrough. Besides having a health care provider in house to look at one's body situation, they expect the private hospitals to generally use the robots in surgery rooms. As mentioned in the previous framework, robotic surgeries have previously existed in our life but yet, they are not trusted. Risky surgery that will require minimal movements can be carried out with the helper of robot hands, thus increasing the self confidence of people towards surgeries and lowering the percentage of loss of life. But scheduled to costly robots, only few private hospitals in western countries used such surgery systems.

Anyhow, people aren't expecting the near future robots can do more on the battlefield. When we said robots do more in battlefield, by automatically almost all of people will feel that robots will fight more in the conflict, getting rid of more civilians and execute a greater episode. Rather than performing in such ways, we can ask robots to do more in saving life, instead of killing life. Save robot by Carry has made a good inspiration to the robot engineers to create more robots for conserving life. But no subject to kill or even to save, what people want is: there is merely peace nowadays, with no wars.

The space regulators have been hoping for more robots that can travel around our World, searching for new life and habitats. If 1 day in the foreseeable future the doomsday happens just as in prediction, human will still have a fresh place to stay static in, keeping the years to grow. The mysteries of UFO and aliens can be completely solved without any longer question. With the advance technologies in space exploration field, visiting around the World have been an excellent idea that individuals in the foreseeable future can take a ride to peek the wonder of World.

There is not a research about people expecting for further in industrial robots. However, what they will be hoping is all the establishments works can be done with autonomous robots, without the needs of human being labours so that people can live in simple way without doing tough works in the industry.

Apparently, some of human's prospects have sounded too impossible to happen even in the future. What people can do in the current situation is: Leave the questions to the Robotics Engineers!

3. 0 Conclusion

For the conclusion of this statement, we found that

Robots are the machine which is designed to move and perform multitude responsibilities automatically, or may be partially controlled by individuals.

The existences of robots are supporting us to satisfy what we cannot achieve, and done the works that are impossible for all of us individual to do it.

The Robots are created by element of combination of solutions we commonly use, this include sensor technology, hydraulic technology, pneumatic technology and etc.

Robots are made to help us individual in enhancing our life. Robots are been trusted in different field: Medical field, Military field, Space Exploration, Industrial field and etc.

Robots may bring aspect effects to the planet if there are not smartly used or aggressively used. The sides effects that the robots may be bring to us are those interpersonal and moral issues, which can bring harm amongst the city.

For the future robots, people expect that robots that intended to work can become more efficient than real human can do. In among us humans, we all hoping that we can achieved everything to boost our life in future by the help of robots. Through imaginary, we had written inside our head that how outstanding and perfect the robots will maintain the future.

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Human always keep strong believe that robots will do more for these people in the foreseeable future. It is undeniable that robots provides a lot of advantages to human, yet somehow robots may bring threats to individuals as well. Robotics experts and professors have different thoughts in their thoughts towards the continuing future of robots, and almost all of them, had granted warnings that robots, especially in military services field robots provides threat to individual.

According to a Teacher of Computer Knowledge in University or college of Sheffield (Britain), Prof. Noel Sharkey said that career of robots that are fully autonomous and capable to make decision themselves should be limited and take into action. He also boasts that Artificial Intelligent is never that clever when weapon-equipped autonomous robots have been used into battlefield as they will not know how to distinguish the combatants and civilians, thus causing that more life to be sacrificed.

"People talk about programming the 'laws and regulations of warfare' into your personal computer to provide robots a conscience, so that if the prospective is a civilian you do not shoot. But for a robot to recognize a civilian you need an exact standards, and one of the problems is there's no specific definition of a civilian. Troops have to count on common sense. " - Prof. Noel Sharkey.

Prof. Sharkey further said, "The armed forces have a odd view of unnatural intelligence based on science fiction. The next matter that's coming, which is what really scares me, are armed autonomous robots. The automatic robot will do the killing itself. This will make decision-making faster and allow one person to regulate many robots. An individual soldier could start a large size attack from mid-air and the bottom. "

Yet, they are also experts who see great shiny future of robots. Professor Janet Wiles from University or college of Queensland's College of Information Technology and Electrical Anatomist Brain said that: "Some very ingenious engineers. . . with very brilliant scientists to map the continuing future of robotics - and it would be a very different world. We're performing a combination of the essential science and the translation into the technology and that's one of the great benefits of our project. "

In Prof. Wiles's head, she considers that robots will be specifically important in the coming centuries. Besides of doing household chores plus some basic jobs like what they have finally, robots will advance into a smarter machine that may also replace the limbs and joint parts of a man. These technologies have already being used in the world today, however not common.

"It's not going to be the robots and us. Already a whole lot of men and women are incorporating robot components; people who have had a knee amputated who will have a leg and in the knee. It really is effectively a fully-articulated robotic leg [with] most of the spring in the step a natural leg has, " Professor Wiles said.

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