INSTEAD OF CONCLUSION, Artistic consciousness of the XX century...


Artistic consciousness of the XX century

The 20th century was the most intense and disastrous period in the history of mankind. O. Spengler spoke about the decline of Europe. After two world wars and other disasters of the XX century. we should talk about the worst - about the crisis of mankind. Art culture of the XX century. developed in tragic circumstances. There is no thin without good: the artists have acquired a vast life experience, enriched the palette of their creativity and accomplished artistic discoveries.

Features of artistic creativity in the XX century.

Reality - Author

In the XX century. history ceased to be regarded as an accumulation of the ideal, as movement along the ascending line. By the end of the century, it was understood as a chaotic unpredictable (I. Prigogine) movement. Previously, the world seemed harmonious, and chaos - only on the periphery. Now the picture is reversed: the world is chaotic, only on the periphery - oases of harmony. This world outlook on the world has defined both the poetics and semantics of many performances of modern theater.

The hardest life, the interrupted life-tree, the relatively early withdrawal of the artist from life, incomplete self-realization, the unrealization of many designs, the stolen years - the features of the life of many artists in the 20th century. all over the world.

Author - Creative process

The validity of the XX century. became confused and artistic thinking The newest time often acquired a labyrinth (for example, the work of F. Kafka).

Once the ritual and ceremony was performed under the guidance of a special person (priest, shaman), and now the ritual of the feast is led by the toastmaster, and the ritual of the wedding is best man. Theater in the XX century. returned to his historical roots. Director - a new profession that appeared in the 20th century, a new participant in the play, playing the defining creative and author's role. Director - toastmaster, best man, priest of the play. In literary works such a "priestly" role in relation to the artistic text began to play the author, and sometimes the editor or publisher, and sometimes criticism (for example, "new criticism" considered the artistic text as a semifinished product to be brought to standard with the help of criticism)

Man and society (society, state, people) - the central problem of artistic culture of the XX century.

V.V. Rozanov will identify this problem in his own way:

Or sing your songs freely - but no one will hear them; or you will be heard: but sing songs by our notes. Here is the dilemma for a nightingale. No. unfortunate: this is the dilemma for a man of the XIX century who lost all the nightingale freedom, the freshness of the forests around, the aroma of grasses: and sees only the wire of the cage that will never be revealed except by the hand of his enslaver.

Rozanov believes that the dilemma of freedom/lack of freedom of creativity - the problem of the XIX century. However, it was before that and stayed after. In the XIX century. this problem escalated, and this aggravation began to increase. For the XX century. freedom/lack of freedom of creativity has become one of the main problems of art. But already in the XIX century. art began to adapt to this problem. Pushkin wrote about this: "To depend on the tsar, to depend on the people

- Is not it all the same to me & quot ;. In the XX century. called Pushkin's dependencies were concretized and in the USSR and other socialist countries became the first dependence on Stalin and his censorship, and later on the state and party, and in the Western countries became the second dependence on the "people" - from the reader-buyer of book products, from the publisher and the bookseller who considers the proceeds from the sale of books, from public opinion creating the receptive aura around the book. Today, the second dependence has become universal and has become clearly defined - dependence on money. Hence, an encouragingly favorable situation for bestsellers, often of poor quality.

thematic pictures

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