The practice of analysis: paragraph as an element of the whole...

Analysis practice: paragraph as an element of the whole text

The key element of the text is a paragraph. Contrary to the prevalent opinion in our education, the text is not divided into paragraphs, but is built of them, like a building of blocks. In order for the building to be reliable, convenient and beautiful, each block must have its own exact place, and each paragraph must have both internal integrity and strong connections with other paragraphs. If the text is built carefully and accurately, then it is almost impossible to change anything in places: it forms a single logical whole. Thus, well-organized paragraphs help the writer to express his ideas more convincingly, and the reader is easier to perceive.

Continuing the architectural metaphor that has already become familiar to us, we note that as any building has a foundation and a roof, exactly the same text has an introduction and a conclusion. It is obvious that these two elements differ from the others in their functions, and in their structure. Moreover, confusing the introduction with the conclusion is as impossible as confusing the foundation with the roof. On the one hand, the introduction and conclusion combine the text into a single whole, so they are not so much related to other paragraphs as to each other through the whole text ("hamburger-model"). And if the paragraphs of the main part, like the facade of a building, can contain various specific details, then the introduction and conclusion carry in themselves

only the idea of ​​the whole text. On the other hand, the idea of ​​the text develops only forward, so the introduction of "looks" in the text, and the conclusion makes conclusions from it and looks further into the future (the model of the five-abbreviated essay).

Let's check this in practice by reviewing two texts from the "Encyclopedia for Children . Will the research of academic texts of this kind be simpler than the study of texts from scientific journals for adults, experience will show.

The practice of synthesis: introduction and conclusion

After analyzing the two live texts, we saw how important it was to correctly write a paragraph and distribute the information in paragraphs so that the text turned out to be logically ordered, and each paragraph had its place in the text. We also saw that the introduction and conclusion are

special roles in the construction of the text, and the structure and content of these elements are significantly different from the structure and content of paragraphs of the main part.

In the text Pencil Portrait the introduction and conclusion carried the main idea of ​​the whole text, which was not directly expressed in the main part, therefore it would not be easy to restore this idea without introduction and conclusion. This is exactly what happened with the text "Giza - the legacy of the pharaohs", from which these important elements were deleted. Is it possible to restore the author's thought, having at his disposal only the main part? Probably possible, although this is not an easy task.

To be honest, it's easier to get the text out of the introduction and conclusion than the introduction and conclusion from the main part. Nevertheless, if the author wrote an academically literate text, then his logic should suggest the central thought that goes through the main part, and the question that the author was asking, and the conclusion to which he came. In the end, the conclusion must come from the proof in the main part.

Let's check in practice how much this general idea is enough to write a good introduction and conclusion. Having ten paragraphs and a logical division of texts into two blocks, we have quite a decent basis for understanding the author.

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