BIOECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF THE TERRITORY AND CARTOGRAPHY...

BIOECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF THE TERRITORY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

The concept of natural potential, first formulated in the middle of the last century by NA Solntsev, is actively developing in landscape science. By natural potential, he meant "natural opportunities that exist in every landscape" that can be realized by a biogenic group of components (plants and animals) that adapt to changing environmental conditions. In the developed landscapes the biota is adapted to certain conditions of life and is linked by a common history of development with their natural components. The natural potential is a unity of private potentials (Ryumin, 1988), among which the biotic component (biota and its ability to produce biomass, preserve the gene pool and the stability of communities) is singled out.

A. G. Isachenko (2001) clarified the concept of the ecological potential of the landscape in modern conditions as its ability to provide people with the necessary conditions of existence (primary, not related to production, such as heat, air, water, food, including rest, treatment, spiritual development of people ), i.e., create a local habitat. Therefore, landscapes can be assessed according to their ecological potential, which, as a rule, is complex, taking into account the whole set of operating factors. However, individual components contribute differently to the formation of the natural potential and can be estimated separately. The most important indicator of the ecological potential of the biota and its stability is biological diversity (species, cenotic and ecotopic), presented separately for the flora and fauna as well as the biome as a whole.

On the natural ecological potential of a territory or an individual landscape can be judged from data on the state of its vegetation cover. Vegetation as a component of geosystems at different levels, as a component of the landscape structure of the territory, plays an important role in the integrated assessment of the ecological potential of landscapes. One of the urgent tasks of the ecogeographical approach to the study of the natural environment is to determine the current state of the vegetation cover, in some cases the biota as a whole. The most important method of research is cartographic. As an ecological and geographical model of the territory, a phyto-ecological map or a series of bio-ecological maps provide a reflection of the results obtained on the environmental assessment of the territory, provide information for practical recommendations and make appropriate decisions at the regional level.

The objectives of environmental-geographical research include the assessment of the natural ecological potential of its vegetation cover, the study of anthropogenic impacts on its components and their environmental consequences, the analysis of the current ecological state of its individual components, their resistance to anthropogenic influences, and the forecast of possible changes. In the system of ecological and geographical maps there are different: maps of the natural environment (assessments of natural conditions and resources for human life and activity) and maps of assessing the state of the natural environment (by vegetation cover and biota).

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)