CONCLUSION - Theoretical Foundations of Environmental Protection


Historically, pursuing certain goals: extraction of resources, manufacturing of products, laying of roads - people tried to perform only a specific task, not thinking about the environmental consequences that are provided with this side effects on the environment. This approach was suitable for the production of material wealth created by man. And while the population and scale of production were mats compared to the size of the Earth, environmental consequences were perceived as an acceptable compromise.

Pollution of the environment is a serious problem for all countries of the world. As population growth and the scale of production increase, environmental consequences become more severe and widespread, and untouched natural spaces are continually shrinking. It became clear that a decline in the quality of the environment can no longer be considered an acceptable compromise.

Environmental problems have become so acute that without taking them into account it is impossible not only to solve political and economic problems, but also to get an idea of ​​the tendencies of the social development of mankind. All this can not but have a negative impact on human health.

Engineering protection of the environment is one of the directions of environmental safety aimed at improving the quality of life. Technocratic approach is not a universal solution to environmental problems, but it allows to significantly reduce environmental degradation in urban areas.

Industrial wastes and pollution, which are released in the technological cycles of enterprises and in the treatment of industrial wastewater, represent the greatest danger primarily for the population of large industrial centers and the surrounding regions, create difficulties in the work of urban public services.

In this regard, it is necessary to introduce technological processes that provide minimum emissions, in which self-cleaning ability of nature will sufficiently prevent the occurrence of irreversible environmental changes.

A wasteless technology is understood as an ideal production model, the activity of which does not cause emissions to the environment, but in most cases it can not be fully realized. Waste-free production can be characterized in every way possible by the utilization of waste generated in direct technological processes.

Low-waste technology is an intermediate stage without waste and differs from it in that it provides a finished product with incompletely recyclable waste. Wastes of production and consumption, suitable for processing into commercial products, refer to secondary material resources.

Various methods and technological processes of engineering ecology and chemical technology, including mechanical, physicochemical, chemical, thermal and biological processes, are used in the creation and implementation of low-waste and non-waste technology of nature management: deposition and separation of heterogeneous systems, coagulation and electrocoagulation, flocculation, sorption, catalysis, condensation, flotation, liquid extraction, ion exchange, chemical and electrochemical oxidation and reduction, biochemical oxidation and ra Proposition, pyrolysis fire neutralization et al.

The further development of engineering environmental protection is in the direction of improving the main production technologies and minimizing their impact on the environment, which will require further development and improvement of the quality of technical environmental methods and means. This, in turn, sets the task of deepening the theoretical foundations of technology and technology for protecting the environment.

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