Will political globalization undoubtedly follow economic globalization?
"And the LORD said: 'Behold, they may be one people, and they have all one dialect; and this is what they begin to do; and today nothing will be withheld from them, that they purpose to do. Come, why don't we decrease, and there confound their words, that they may not understand one another's speech. "
Book of Genesis 11:1-9
In a metaphorical sense, the Babel Tower is symbolic of the fragmentation of the real human world. God went down and confounded their talk in order that they cannot understand each other, and scattered all of them over the face of the planet earth.
Interestingly enough, the total of all parts of a cultural variety increases a much richer and productive global eyesight of what Humanity is. Yes, we, all together, go through convulsions and drawbacks but, over time, we -and such as almost every energetic system- tend to turn out as a much better version. Record (as well as the ability of you, the reader, to learn this computer written record), is a proof of that.
So, the question that moves naturally is: what's the limit? Or, as Martin Luther King Jr final booklet title addresses: once we have a tendency to evolution, "Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?" (1967).
--Where do we stand now?
What is the starting place? From where we stand now, what do we see? Well, we see economic globalization at a level never seen before. Free marketplaces are even viewed as the bridge for the common of democracy because "Democracy is the characteristic political form of capitalism" (Rueschemeyer, Stephens, Stephens, 2000, p. 23). Frontier obstacles have become small and easy to hop: goods move (almost freely amongst) all countries, aided with a rapidly improving communications system and a frequent drop of shipping and delivery costs.
This global wide-spread also advertised a "tandem drafting" (a NASCAR popularized term) of culture. Where goods from in another country enter, tightly behind happens the culture associated with them. Tastes tend to be aligned to a "westernalized" view, but the eastern culture is currently also being more loved, in a boomerang effect (see Many Globalizations:Cultural-Diversity-in-the-Contemporary-World by Peter L. Berger, Samuel P. Huntington). Mixture is being put together in the globalization cauldron and letґs face it: we like it. Let ourselves dwell on it, (or land in, as Obelix does as a child), and we'll come out more robust and enlightened.
So, it appears our company is moving towards a unified culture, as within an "United Preferences of Globalization", right? Well, nearly. Countries still maintain language, social identities and different historical record, which brings forth quite strong and unique identities. Do we really believe a Southern Western european citizen will think like or become a Northern European, and vice versa? Temperaments do subject; even temperature concerns (donґt we just love the sunnier southern hemisphere mood?).
If a comparison between two locations that are (pretty much) included in a European Union leads us to a difficult thought experiment, visualize contrasting the disparity of multicultural areas around the globe. And why don't we not forget, a few of them are "melting pots", blending the traditions and customs of distinct cultural communities. Yes, there are pots cooking interesting quality recipes but others are just blending the the different parts of a bomb, prepared to explode. The escalating anxiety in the Ukrainian region, the continuous crisis in Greece, or the ever-growing extremist views inside countries like France (see Right-wing- in-Europe-could-bring-turmoil), includes the continued fights of individual politics products even within stabilized unions. The chance for a break-up seems continually present. Even for serious war conflicts.
It seems that countries are open to a free market and everything that good juice that comes from having those better oranges imported from the neighboring country. The trouble lies in that a lot of countries are hesitant to give away their sovereignty. When and when that happens (even in small amounts), internal political dispute occurs. In terms of culture or politics systems, globalization is similar to mercantilism: countries do like to export their identity, but are not so wanting to import/embrace the internalization of these novelties. It really is an identification problem. Boundaries can be found for years and can prevail in the near future.
---Globalization is not quite what it seems
If anything else, history shows us that "internationalization never converted into globalization" (Thakur, 2010, p. 142). Might it be different now? The nearest example we now have is the European Union (NAFTA is much more economically focused), and exactly how is that holding up? It is in times of trouble that people find out if the ties that bind us jointly are strong. The recent economic crisis has probably proved us that europe decision processes aren't as democratic as insurance plan makers believed. Those ties need better knots because tensions persist and aren't likely to go away.
Let us assume that is a process, an growing system that will turn into an improved form. If we extrapolate europe example to a broader range, we can easily see that countries are depositing real desires in a World Governance. Politics Globalization can be explained as the "power of human associations which influence or govern the planet as a whole" (Performed at al. 1999; p. 53). Is this really happening? If so, from what extent and is it for the right reasons?
These corporations or actors of global governance -like the United Nations or the IMF to mention probably the best known-, although generally created with the best purposes, aren't quite representative of the entire world as we realize it. If we look at the IMF, what in simple fact it symbolizes is the possible view of what would be this governance, but predicated on a financial view. Therefore, it's the world seen through the glasses of a monetized/cost-effective perspective of the particular world should be.
Nowadays, getting started with the IMF three characters together is nearly forbidden by decree in a few countries (a warm welcome from here to Greece!) and seen as a "Financial Monster" when those dark-colored suited men arrive at the international airport. Soon upon giving the country, what's still left if not frustration and a level of resistance to the come back of these financial ways for a huge part of those suffering citizens in the foreseeable future (at least until they keep in mind it)? Besides, are these institutions democratic or is this the democracy of the strongest? Putting into action the ideology that "You are incorrect, so it is our way or the highway" looks a little. . . un-democratic and, when and when, the involvement fails, who is at fault?
Basically, even if we do not like to confess it, political globalization through those institutions is merely occurring as a guard for the general purpose of the wealthier and powerful countries. The eye for equity or equitability is residual or non-existent if it goes resistant to the best interest of people "in control" (see Kyoto-Protocol- not-dead - China-India-USA-wont-ratify-Kyoto-treaty). When collateral is an issue, it is the very own basis of those organizations that is at stake (see France-gets-two-more-years-to-correct-its-government-deficit).
Are changes to that global governance issues already going on? Only reforms, some serious reforms, will lead to a more democratic and representative politics globalization. Unfortunately, everybody knows politics; minor changes will arise but not those that would turn desks around. The simple truth is: when you can envision the almighty and powerful United States of America altruistically offering all the energy of decision it nowadays has, well good for you (good imagination). I'd bet my chips differently. Otherwise, you'll be in for a tough awakening (with an emptier pocket, also).
----The spectrum of World Government
Even if political globalization is a timid projection of what it should and could be, nevertheless it is somewhat going on at the level of those transnational organizations. Exactly what will this cocoon become? It is implicit that globalization in its complete metamorphosis would eliminate sovereignty or even region says. Are we in for world domination by the supranational union? And when that happens, would it be voluntary or compulsory? Are countries prepared to give it away? Not now for certain, but in the near future, is it feasible? These are not mere educational questions, rather are questions that are constantly, even only if at a subconscious level, in the heads of the coverage leaders.
History throughout the centuries demonstrated us that the urge for world dominance is latent in some social mindsets. Alexander the fantastic or the Roman Empire have molded but are no longer shaping us (for the better or the worse), but Hitler and Nazism remembrance continues to be present and ongoing shaping us. Worries of a global federal lurks as the shadow of the politics globalization. Can it be the final level of the integration advancement? Supposing politics globalization might evolve to become more integrative, there's a common dread that there will be the attempt to make a globalizing "modern life".
Would this hypothetical world federal government respect variety or would containerize it, displacing the poorest and the most powerless societies to make way for the powerful and the rich? Sometimes, simple fact out colours fiction, but we already have a small glance than it in the "Hunger Games" world. (Suzanne Collins trilogy literature). In it, civilization is split into thirteen districts doing work for the wealthier and powerful one. As the prospect of economic disaster, civil unrest and lack of equity increased in many districts, well. . . let just say it didn't end well on their behalf. Does it end well for all of us?
Although the starting point is a good one, where economical globalization is making the elevation of criteria at a level never seen and internationalization is the uplift for the required reforms of the transnational Institutions that are having the energy to be the bearers of an improved and even more inclusive politics globalization, in the long run, countries are just countries. Being formed by the collective view of decades of history, this provides you with beginning to a culture, a laws, a social mindset, they are really a "living evolving organism" with something unique: their personality. And you also cannot take that away.
One acknowledges that politics systems aren't perfect. They still need to constantly develop for everyone's benefits. The best way for our political systems to continually and relatively quickly develop is if we have a variety of and independent political systems in competition.
Also, one can also imagine that Political Globalization by the work of Man can develop to more democratic organizations, more inclusive, even more representative of a world view of how it ought to be, but in the finish, men are just men. Imperfect as we all are, believing that people can agree in so many things that will always differentiate us in one another (be it individually or at a country level), is thinking that certain categories do not feel that they may have the innate right to conquer and dominate other communities.
World authorities is not new. This notion was first brought to civilization by the Biblical figure of King Nimrod. His Tower of Babel was meant to symbolize dominance total civilization. It is a watershed of history, and a alert to all. Thankfully, there is absolutely no proof that. Political globalization, if it is as it is right now, is not able to progress. Sovereignty is a strong barrier against globalizing causes. USA places the example, interfering with trade for what it recognizes as good politics reasons, but what is actually doing is just safeguarding its ability as the guts of decision.
We are a world of individuals seeking empires, a good world of people attempting to dominate others. Mankind variety is our biggest triumph. If, against all probabilities, one folks accomplishes to attain and establish a world federal, certainly it will make an effort to build its very own Babel Tower.
Book of Genesis of the Tanakh (generally known as the Hebrew Bible), Genesis 11:1-9
Friedman, T. L. , 1999, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, Farrar, Straus and Giroux
KRIESI, H. , GRANDE, E. , LACHAT, R. , DOLEZAL, M. , BORNSCHIER, S. and FREY, T. (2006), Globalization and the change of the countrywide politics space: Six Europe compared. European Journal of Political Research,
Louis W. P. , Rabenhill, J. , 2007, The Politics Current economic climate of Global Financial Crises, section 08, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Peter L. B, Huntington S. P. , 2002, Many Globalizations:Cultural Variety in the Modern World, Oxford, School Press
Stephens J. D. , Rueschemeyer D. , Stephens E. H. , 1992-04-15, Capitalist Development and DemocracyPaperback, College or university of Chicago Press
Stiglitz, J. E. , 2002, Globalization and its own Discontents, W. W. Norton & Company
http://aurora. icaap. org/index. php/aurora/article/view/10/21
Dennis S. , 2004, Democratizing Globalization, Globalizing Democracy: An Interview with Jan Aart Scholte Interview
http://en. wikibooks. org/wiki/International_Relationships/War_and_Peace_in_a_Globalised_World
International Relations, Warfare and Peace in a Globalised World
http://www. consilium. europa. eu/en/press/press-releases/2015/03/150310-france-gets-two-more-years-to-correct-government-deficit/
France gets two more years to correct government deficit
http://www. theguardian. com/environment/2012/nov/26/kyoto-protocol-not-dead
Kyoto Protocol not Dead
http://www. cnbc. com/id/102305504
Right wing in Europe could bring 'turmoil
http://www. jewishhistory. org/tower-of-babel/
The Tower of Babel and Paganism
Time ticking on France's deficit
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