Livelihood in Myanmar

Significance of the Study

Myanmar is the agricultural structured overall economy with very rich resources. Agricultural, including livestock and fishery is most important sector for Myanmar's market. The key vegetation for the agricultural sector are rice, pulses, beans, sesame, peanuts, sugarcane and etc. Nearly three quarters of the populace who reside in rural areas' main livelihood be based upon that sector. Environmental resources immediately support the foundation of the livelihoods of poor people in Myanmar.

Myanmar faces environmental problems due to underdevelopment and poverty. It includes some problems of deforestation, loss of natural resources, land degradation anticipated to blowing wind and water erosion, urbanization and mismanagement.

Every economic action can involve some effect on the surroundings, and every environmental change can have an impact on the economy. Environmental management, such as, forestry procedures; improvements in quality of air; changes in environmental organizations and governance; and investment in normal water and sanitation infrastructure are important.

Poor countries are a lot more dependent on natural resources as investments than rich countries. Wealthier homes have greater access to environmental infrastructure and better health results. Health targets requires public guidelines that concentrate on lowering environmental risk factors through better access to basic environmental services, as well as better usage of health insurance and education services. A connection between natural resources, the surroundings and poverty reaches least plausible.

Environmental change, particularly of local natural resources, make a difference poverty through many pathways. Consider poor household's welfare depend on assets that the household has. These property may include biophysical, individual, environmental, and created capital.

At any point in time, household wellbeing depends upon the return to these investments and any exogenous shocks. Exogenous shocks simply reveal unexpected changes therefore of natural disasters, loss of life, or market changes. Further, results to property generally have two components: (1) known profits (2) an uncertain element that depends on weather, sickness, and so on. Changes in welfare can thus derive from three types of changes: (1) changes in property holdings, (2) changes in earnings to these holdings (3) changes in exogenous income, that can be positive or negative.

While we use household income and welfare interchangeably, we notice that income is merely one way of measuring well-being. Changes in environmental management can have two results in the short to medium term. First, it can transform the return to resources. Agro-forestry techniques might contribute to improved indoor air quality, health, and production. Then, second, improved upon environmental quality is always to add greater value to the moves from home land or labor. Any Health improvements which come from environmental management will also have direct welfare impacts that are independent of productivity advancements.

Changes in resource management can also increase household assets. Increased environmental quality may donate to reduced mortality and better labor power. It is important to identify that labor is often only advantage that poor households have, and this sickness and death can have intergenerational impacts. Any improvement in environmental health can have long-term impacts on homes' ability to move out of poverty. Environmental changes can contribute to unforeseen shocks. Climate change can raise the variability of returns, for example, with greater deviation in rainfall habits, the variability of crop produces may increase.

On 2 and 3 May Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar and 31 townships were significantly afflicted by the cyclone in Ayarwaddy Division and Yangon Section. The damage was most unfortunate in the Delta region, also known as the county's rice bowl. Delta is by no means of poorest parts on Myanmar. However, development is relatively limited. As agriculture is the travelling force for your area, the uncertainties impact on the homes of income in others areas. Folks in Delta are mostly farmers, fisher man and labors, with an inferior proportion employed in the service sectors and as merchants. Roughly 50-60 percents of individuals in the Delta are involved in agriculture. River basin areas are removed the covering by forest, leading to kore consistent and severe flooding.

After that disaster, many aids projects are encouraging for the vulnerable. It's been after 2 yrs Nargis. The assists agencies are still supporting for the coffee lover. However, they support almost all of individuals in rural areas are much worse off today than a decade earlier. Farmers' incomes are barely enough to provide food, with left for clothing, school fees, shelters, materials or remedies. Environmental problems including deteriorating drinking water supply and diminishing common property resources further impact the indegent.

This study targets the farmers from the Pyapon Township from Nargis Affected area. As stated above, that area is very important for the agriculture sector, it has been 2 yrs after Nargis, the situation of farmers are remain unchanged. The study will find out, the way the poor families coping with collapsing livelihood and income? and what exactly are the problems for these people? And what exactly are the immediate supports for farmers to resolve these problems? Do the restoration assists for livelihood of farmers enhance their welfare environmentally, technically and economically?

The more the surroundings is employed up by this mining of the land, trees, fishes and other resources, the repeated and severe floods, drought and other nationwide catastrophe will be. Now, there are changes in delta hydrology caused by the flooding and impact on soil quality scheduled to salt drinking water erosion. There is also less fresh water at that area. Which problems they'll face later? What kids of environmental management way of their improvement? What should be achieved to overturn the current trend?

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