The impact of foreign labor on Malaysian society

The inflow of migrant labor to Malaysia is definitely not really a new and recent phenomenon. Even prior to the independence of Malaysia, this motion of labor into the country to seek for occupations or better living standard has already been occurring. It started out through the colonial guideline when the English colony imported Chinese and Indian personnel to work in tin mining, plantation, business and structure of infrastructure development (Parmer). Peninsular Malaysia, that was then known as Malaya, have been the concentrate of migration from bordering island areas searching for employment because of its strategic location and abundance in natural resources. The Indian and Chinese foreign workers shaped a large part of the workforce and later used citizenship upon the country's independence.

This inflow of international labors which have economic pursuits in Malaysia since then has continuing to increase up till the present day. However, it does not limit to only Indian and Chinese immigrants, alternatively Malaysia as a rapid growing hub has were able to draw in both high and low-skilled employees from various different regions of the globe. Occupations and relatively higher salary and also other benefits set alongside the same occupation in their country of origins become the move factors for them to cross the Malaysian boundary. It is reported by the country's Home Ministry and Immigration Department that as of 2010, Malaysia has roughly 1. 9 million foreign workers in various sectors such as processing, construction, plantation, domestic helps, services and with the others in agriculture (Sani). Some of the largest contributing countries are Indonesia (60%), Bangladesh (17. 4%) and Myanmar (7. 8%). As the conventional critics identify foreign employees as a great risk to the Malaysian culture, the liberals however rationalize their life with an optimistic argument that the country requires them for the country's national infrastructure development. In order to come to the best conclusion whether or not foreign employees have negative impact on Malaysian contemporary society, various factors need to be considered.

From an economic point of view, the inflow of international labors into the country induces positive economic expansion. Malaysia's rapid financial progress and industrialization process over the years has indeed increased the demand for various skilled labors which then caused a chronic scarcity of low-skilled labor and high-skilled intellectual capital. As reported by the Malaysian Insider, the country's local workforce is definitely insufficient to aid local industries regardless of the federal government government's ambitious ideas to make the nation a completely high-income overall economy under the brand new Economic Model (Chua). It really is undeniable that Malaysia faces tremendous lack of real human capital. Because of the labor and brain lack, employing foreign personnel is known as to be the most feasible solution for Malaysia to remain competitive on earth market. Importation of low-skilled foreign labors fills up vacancies mainly in the production, engineering, agriculture and service sectors (Tan). Although these jobs are physically demanding and labor intense in so doing often shunned off by most local people, these sectors are important because they are the main contributors to the nation's Gross Home Product (GDP). Furthermore, as a matter of fact, foreign workers also have served as additional skilled work force in meeting the extra demand in nationwide development programs and infrastructure projects including the structure of Kuala Lumpur AIRPORT TERMINAL (KLIA) and Petronas Twin Towers (KLCC). Besides low-skilled employees, Malaysia also greatly is determined by foreign pros in the tertiary industries to propel its competitiveness. Malaysia has adopted higher openness in selecting skilled expatriates, especially information technology (IT) pros, lecturers, accountants and engineers. The biggest change is in the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) task in which there are no limits on employing IT professionals (Lydgate and Mertens). It is came to the realization that Malaysian world still lacks high scientific skills among its local real human capital; hence there's a dire need to outsource overseas professionals to aid the change of Malaysia from its tertiary industry to quaternary industry, in line with the country's aspiration to become a developed land by 2020. Furthermore, the existence of foreign personnel creates a competitive labor market and thus allows Invisible Hand to be effectively put to work. Generally speaking, the foreign workers' biggest contribution to the Malaysian economy is by supplying a cheaper work force and for that reason keeping manufacturing commodities low as overseas personnel normally demand lower pay of pay. As a result, with lower production costs business gains are raised which certainly draws in more foreign buyers to the united states. Subsequently, these foreign assets will also benefit Malaysian modern culture as more occupations are created. Citing the recent announcement by American Digital of its US$1. 2bil (RM4bil) investment in the country, Malaysia' Best Minister, Dato' Seri Najib said the investment was likely to create 10, 000 employment opportunities, of which 1, 000 were for Experts holders and 100 for PhD holders respectively ("Move"). In this context, foreign workers have played out significant tasks in energizing the local employees and sustaining Malaysia's fast economic growth. Aside from increasing Malaysia's competitive advantages in the global current economic climate market, the extended presence of overseas workers in addition has helped to improve its local society's public well-being and living expectations. The government had to look at a liberal frame of mind in allowing foreign domestic really helps to join household activities as a result of recent attitudinal changes of informed housewives who are now subscribing to professional services on par with men. This is due to the fact that Malaysia's fast growth and the increasing competition it has taken have resulted in the proliferation of double-income households, where both spouses have to work, and work long hours, just to pay the bills ("We"). With a comparatively low average monthly salary of RM450-RM600, an metropolitan household can simply employ a home maid to manage household chores and small children at home while both parents are out working to support the family. Actually, it is cheaper to employ foreign home help than mailing kids to nurseries or childcare centers. These foreign domestic helps have grown to be even more helpful as much local businesses still remain hesitant to defend myself against the responsibility of providing conducive and suited working conditions for working moms such as childcare support at work place. While using inflow of overseas domestic helps mainly from Indonesia and Philippines, it allows double-income households and convenient living lifestyles for the Malaysian contemporary society. Furthermore, the transfer of foreign professionals undeniably really helps to develop local individual resource. The involvement of overseas lecturers from well-developed countries such as UK, US, Canada and Australia in Malaysia's private education system is seen to benefit the neighborhood society. It is found that the transnational education as a real human resource development program has been successful in nurturing local students and increasing Malaysian society's access to affordable education. Furthermore, it also escalates the nation's ability to create skilled manpower that is with the capacity of utilizing technology which is regarded as important if the country is to go towards becoming an industrialized world by 2020. It is acknowledged that international workers have improved upon Malaysian society's well-being and living standard all together.

However many are of the thoughts and opinions that the influx of overseas workers has impacted the nation's economy negatively. Despite the fact that lower income of foreign staff directly translate into higher business revenue, some argue that lowers the wage framework or equilibrium wage rate offered in the labor market. The frustrating presence of international workers in the neighborhood industry has indeed undermined the wage structure of the current economic climate since many of which are willing to allow relatively lower wages when compared with Malaysian workers. Based on the reports provided by the Construction Industry Development Table, a local development worker generally obtains a pay 40% higher than his international counterpart. Furthermore, hiring migrant employees relieves a number of legal requirements and other worker benefits on the employers such as pension cash, medical and social benefits. Hence this threatens the neighborhood labor market and eventually reduces bargaining vitality of the local people as business owners may have a tendency to hire cheap foreign workforce to keep their production costs low. Furthermore, many employers would rather recruit foreign staff considering their efficiency and work capacity. Therefore the existence of foreign personnel is often viewed as a threat to the neighborhood workforce and is not well received by many of the Malaysian locals. Aside from increased competition with the locals, the remarkable influx of international workers in to the country in addition has resulted in the outflow of money from Malaysia's current economic climate. A study has discovered that foreign personnel on average send just as much as 80% of their pay back to their individual home countries on a reliable basis. These leakages are seen as harmful to Malaysia's market as they reduce the money supply in the round flow of income of the neighborhood economy. It'll decelerate the country's economy eventually as there may be less consumer spending to encourage the local market sectors.

Another concern over foreign workers is from the notion that the Malaysian culture may be over dependant on foreign workers, leading to over foreignization of the neighborhood economy. This situation is especially visible in urban households in which working parents count too much on home maids, to the level where the upbringing of the children is entirely left to the discretion of the helpers. Young kids are not elevated under proper parental advice and care. In most cases, these children even discuss closer relationships using their live-in maids than their own parents. This certainly defeats the original purpose of homes hiring home maids to enhance the social well-being of a family group or society. Two times income households may bring advancements in the criteria of living and material aspects of life; however the soundness of the contemporary society also greatly depends on the upbringing of its future technology. This will certainly not be achieved by the Malaysian population if indeed they were to keep allowing barely-educated international maids to attend to their kids' intellectual, interpersonal and emotional needs. The social implication increased by this increased reliance on foreign workers will leave a negative impact on the future of the Malaysian culture and its region.

After assessing these arguments, the conclusion seems inescapable that although the arrival of overseas workers in the country has led to serious implications on the Malaysian culture, the importation of migrant employees is deemed necessary for Malaysia to maintain with its ecological monetary development. Beyond all questions, Malaysia would not be where it stands today with no contribution from these overseas staff. Nonetheless, the inflow of overseas labors to Malaysia has brought up many essential issues and implication but their contribution to the country's development should be acknowledged and given anticipated recognition.

Word Matter: 1771 Words

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