The Tyre Industry Sector

Tyres and tubes, the strategic rubber products and basic supplements to the motor vehicle vehicles are of all importance to the countrys overall economy.

The tyre industry sector is providing direct work to over 40, 000 people and indirect occupation to lakhs of people. This industry sector is now being considered as a primary industry sector.

The manufacturing of automobile tyres as an important ancillary for the introduction of automobile sector happened in India through the 1930's when the Dunlop India Ltd. , the first tyre manufacturing transnational company started its procedure in 1935 at Sahaganj in Western Bengal. During the early on period the abroad tyre making companies were having major collateral participation in the Indian developing companies. After 1970's there is a big change in the policy of Authorities and it decided not to sanction any international equity The setting up of joint sector assignments with multiple foreign cooperation was considered possible.

At present 11 large companies with 15 factories and 9 medium-scale companies dispersed all over India are manufacturing tyres and tubes for motor vehicle vehicles including aero tyres and tyres for defence services. As predicted, their total production during 1987 was 128 lakhs tyres against the full total installed capacity of 179. 44 lakhs tyres.

The interesting feature of the tyre industry in India is that beginning with its inception to the present day its progress has been inspired by repeated import of complex collaborations. There is an urgent need to develop indigenous features for tyre technology including the tyre machinery. within view of this, it was view desirable to handle the overview of at hand status of the industry and to identify and evaluate the critical inputs required for absorption or more gradation of imported technology.

The DSIR has bring in a system "National Register of Foreign Collaborations"

Which imagine check and research of imported systems in the country also suggest options for appropriate choice, acquisition and execution of international know-how.

The main goals of the plan are Undertake financial, economical and legal examination of group of data on overseas collaborations. Carry out a technology examination of the brought in machinery and offer high tech machinery used in the united states and status of execution of alliance Provide the basis for Country wide Science strategy wherever possible. Over time business lead to unpack ageing of brought in technology and in technology of national power in competitively purchase only certain components of machinery.

Coordinate with team of Industry, Commerce and Finance etc. by provided that machinery data insight. Facilitate better countrywide contribution with various organizations such as UNCTAD, UNIDO, and ESCAP etc. and in the global move over of information and co-operation with current developing country the three studies has been ready under "National Register of International alliance to examine the Tyre Industry in India. 1. 6 The In-house R&D items in industry are advantageously located to absorb and get upgraded upon the import machinery.

Equipment technology in the Indian tyre industry has witness a fair total of expertise and adaptability to absorb, negotiate in and adapt worldwide technology to match Indian conditions. This is reflecting in the swift technology progression from cotton (support) carcass to high-performance radial tyres in a distance of four years. Globalization has lead to the concerning of the market of all nations therefore key Indian company in the tyre industry are chasing global technique to improve their competitiveness in global market segments. There section mostly undertakes the feeling of the Indian tyre industry via an overview of the Indian examination of its expansion developments regarding manufacture exports and acquisition of technological capability.





Policy Regime



Negative domestic creation. Demand met in the course of imports. Key company included Dunlop, Firestone & Goodyear.

moderate import



Home production begins by erstwhile trade companies: Dunlop, Firestone, and Goodyear with India Tyre & Plastic Company.

Burden of traiff also non traiff barrier on import.



Indian companies-MRF, most important & Incheck- enter modern 1 / 4 with foreign technology; permit of bonus development capacity.

Regulation on capacity expansion and repatriation of gains of faraway companies; enforcement of export responsibility on MNC; safety from external competition


1975 -1991

Entry of large Indian business residences like Singhania & Modi & specialized collaborations with MNCs, advantages of radial tyres, vertical integration and exponential development in tyre production & exports

Delicensing of development, inserting of imports under OGL with tariff & non-tariff barriers


1992 onwards

Outside trade liberalization & decrease in trade in obligation; re-entry of MNCs also separately or in teamwork with Indian capital.

Progressive decrease in introduce work; liberalized imports


Radial Tyre

Bias Tyre

Two Wheeler

Motor Motorcycle Front

Motor Bike Rear

Scooter Front

Scooter Rear

Truck, Buses

Farm Service

Tractor Rear

Tractor Front

Fork Industrial

Light Commercial Vehicle

Radial Tyre

Bias Tyre

Heavy commercial vehicles

insufficient public travel system, especially in the semi-urban and rural area

better option of inexpensive consumer funding before 3-4 years;

Increase option of fuel-efficient and low-maintenance models.

rising urbanization, which creates a dependence on personal travelling;

change in the demographic profile;

climate and road constructions

stable upsurge in per capita income over the history five years; and

Increasing shape of model with modified kind to gratify various customers desires.


Price, oftentimes, is possible to be the most primary determinant of demand since it's frequently the initial thing that folks think about when determine how much of an item to buy. The great popular of goods and services follow what economists call regulations of demand- that, everybody else being equal, the total amount demanded of thing cut down when the purchase price increase and vice versa. (There are a few exceptions to the rule, nevertheless they are few in number)

Income targeted people:

Different companies aim for their aim for customer group corresponding to their income group and so the full total demand is determine regarding to income group. In tyre product demand produced from the automobile products. So highest demand expansion in two wheeler section compare another segmement.

Promotional Scheme

Different companies provide different promotional plan to push-up their sales and appeal to the customer. In case of some special techniques like the 0% interest and low deposit program. Sales of increased by up to 70% of total sales.

Sales routine throughout the year

There was consent at the opinion that there is a slump in June, July and August and also through the second 1 / 2 of December. During celebrations, especially Dusshera and Diwali or at the time of the relationship 'season the sales are high. The reason given for slump were

In summers, people generally go for summer trips and spend a lot of money so they postpone their acquisitions.

Because of religious reasons (Shraddh) in the month of August.

People don't like to buy vehicles during the rainy season.


It is clear that high society of India has been one of the key reasons for vast volume of auto industry in India. Factors that may be widening demand include increasing people and an increasing proportion of young people in the population that'll be more inclined to utilize and returning car. Also, upsurge in people with smaller dependence on set only family income structure is likely to add value to vehicle demand.

Price of Fuel

Movement in engine oil prices likewise have an contact on demand for huge car in India. During amount of high petrol cost as skilled in 2007 and first -one half of 2008, demand for huge car decline in favour of smaller, more gasoline efficient vehicle. The change patterns in customer preference for smaller more petrol capable vehicle led to the release of Tata Motor's Nano - one of world's smallest and cheapest.






21. 7%












1. 5%


12. 4



Remaining 5 % of talk about by other player.


Popularly known as MRF, is a major tyre developing company situated in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, and India. MRF makes all sorts of tyres from automobile to sedan, prejudice to radial and pipes and conveyor belts. It is India's main tyre developing company and among the dozen major worldwide. It exports to more than 65 countries. MRF is the sister related of the main malayalam daily "Malayala Manorama". The inventor of the MRF, Mr. K. M. Mammen Mappilai was the sibling lately Mr. K. M. Mathew, ex-chief editor of "Malayala Manorama.

MRF end up being the beginning Indian company to export tyres to USA - the very home of tyre technology.

Sales crossed INR two billion. MRF tyres were the first tyres picked for fitment on the Maruti Suzuki 800 - India's first small, modern car.

Apollo Tyre

Apollo Tyres Ltd is the world's 15th biggest tyre developer with twelve-monthly consolidate income of Rs 121. 5 billion (US$ 2. 5 billion) in 2011. It was found in 1976. Its first herb was specially made in Perambra, Kerala. In 2006 the corporation attained Dunlop Tyres International of South Africa. The business now has four manufacturing facility in India, two in South Africa, two in Zimbabwe and 1 in Netherlands. It includes a system of over 4, 000 dealerships in India, which over 2, 500 are select outlet stores. In South Africa, it offers over 900 dealerships, which 190 are Dunlop Accredited Retailers.

It gets 59% of its income from India, 28% from Europe and 13% from Africa.

It is likely to become the 10th biggest tyre company in the global with total annual revenues of $6 billion by 2016.

Ceat Tyre

On the surface of the highway since 1958, CEAT has run up to be among the finest tyre manufacturers in the industry. CEAT not only make trailblazing tyres, but also industry tubes and flaps. And that's not absolutely all. At CEAT represent our selling tough yet even secure yet placed to check out the undaunted.

CEAT are young and revving to travel; with a vintage age that come with many years of market turnout A lot more than 3500 Cr yearly return and sign set of customers and OEMs, a diversity of prize and certificate are info to be able to could talk for Company but CEAT somewhat burn the street with this show.

CEAT think that tyres are not only accessories they will be the force that moves your aspirations. in means of us you can choose from a broad variety of tyres that costume your wishes and vehicle kind (Not to mention, radials are racers in the global market might is one of the mainly significant quality of goods which match solid foundation as a part of RPG organization Company commitment to quality means that you have a safe drive, always. So go on, defy destiny.

J. K Tyre

J. K. Tyre has been at the forefront of the radial revolution in India. Since inception, J. K Tyre has been frequently release high brilliance & technology products, which have withstand the examination of time. It really is our beliefs to incessantly expect and appreciate the client needs convert them into presentation ideas for our goods and military services and meet these benchmarks every time.

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company

Goodyear's attendance in India is over 89 years of age, with two plants, one each in Ballabgarh and Aurangabad. Inside the passenger car section Goodyear India procedures tyres to numerous of the principle Original tools Manufacturers. Goodyear India has also been a lead just how in introduces tubeless radial tyres in this section.

In the ranch portion in India, Goodyear tyres are supplied to all the main tractor companies. In 2010/11, Goodyear India was given the Super brand position.

Industry has one of the largest distribution networks in India. It includes divided the Indian sub continent into various regions and has create a Regional Office for every region. By specific company. Clearing and forwarding providers (C&FAs) are attached to them. Usually the larger areas have 2 or3 or more C&FA's to protect the spot properly. The full total volume of C&FA's across the country is 1102.






Industry has three level circulation structures. The factory supplies goods to the RDCs (Regional Syndication Centres) and from these RDCs the products are used in CFAs (Carrying and Forwarding Real estate agents. )

Which act as godowns for circulation to the traders there is only one DDC

RDCs are the mother godowns for storage space of goods. The tyres, pipes and flaps are carried to these from factories. The place is developed at RDCs and strapped. The pipe is inflated before vehicles to RDCs. The Dispatch challans are given to the transporters. In some cases, the RDCs must supply the goods right to the traders and invoice them in the mandatory format. Ceat has shifted from the DDC composition wherein it had 7 DDC's to the RDC structure, however this composition is proving inefficient from the operating cost perspective. The inventory cost has shot up and supply has suffered. The quantity of safeness stock in the machine has also risen. Hence Ceat is going to shift back again to the DDC structure over a one year period. CFAs will be the smaller godowns which yank the products from the RDCs. They transfer the goods to the dealers and an invoice must be generated. The CFAs pull the products from RDCs relating to demand. These CFAs distribute the products to the dealers

Tubes and flaps sourcing units

Tyre sourcing unit











Key Issues of Industry

High taxes usage

The high tax content on tyres can be gauged from the actual fact that the percentage of total tax to the duty disqualified price for various category of tyres is - 44% for Pick up truck Tyre; 41% for Passenger Car Radial Tyre, 35% for Tractor Rear end Tyre and 76% for Vehicle Tyre Tube.

Radialization in the Commercial Vehicle Segment

Indian Tyre Industry hitherto is mostly a mix ply/bias tyre developing industry, particularly in the commercial vehicle section (pickup truck, bus, LCV) whereas in the developed countries Radialization level is a lot higher. Compared to normal (Bias) tyres, Radial tyres offer higher life/mileage, lower gasoline consumption, improved safeness and drive quality and several other benefits. However, the initial cost of a radial tyre is approx. 25% higher though on the cost per kilometre (CPK) basis, radial tyre provides higher benefits

Embossing of Maximum Price (MRP) on Vehicle/Bus Tyres

In Feb, 1988, according to a directive of the Ministry of Industry, Embossing of MRP on pick up truck and bus tyres was started. This was predicated on the recommendations of the Committee on Tyre Industry (1984, known as Satyapal Committee). In the last over 15 years, the monetary scenario has undergone a sea change with liberalization, removal Major raw-materials of tyre industry (Natural Rubber and of control buttons and free global trade generally in most items. Tyre Industry is also delicensed. Petroleum centered materials) undergo extensive fluctuations in prices. In such a dynamic scenario, it is just a not sensible to emboss the purchase price on tyres credited to advertise dynamics

Used Tyre

Developed and industrialized countries are facing a monumental problem in removal of used tyres. Hence, expanding and high tyre usage countries like India are being seemed upon as a dumping earth for used tyres several countries have suspended or imposed severe limitation on price. (For analysis of Customs Responsibility) in 1997. Right up until just lately, floor price device was effective in restricting imports. Import of used tyres. In India, Authorities launched. floor However; lately the volume of used tyre imports (in circumvention) of the floor price has increased significantly.

Automotive Industry Standards (Ais)

All large tyre companies experienced voluntarily used BIS (Bureau of Indian Expectations) certification. Furthermore, Government has proposed Automotive Industry Criteria AIS) which are essentially. Safety benchmarks. And appropriate to tyre industry also.

Government support for promoting Manufactured in India. Brand for Tyres

Indian tyre industry is facing extreme competition from China and other South East Parts of asia in tyre exports to other Though the quality of Indian tyres is better and has wider acceptance, credited to cheaper costs, higher quantities and aided by Federal support and subsidies, Chinese language tyres are cutting into the show of Indian tyre exports. There's a need to promote India Brand for tyres as you which spells quality and higher benchmarks. Countries There are a need to promote India Brand for tyres as you which spells quality and higher specifications.

Trends of Industry

Emergence of tubeless tyre market

There is not a pipe in a tubeless tyre. The tyre and the rim of the helm form a closed box to seal air as the tubeless tyre has an inner coating of protected halo butyl. The valve is direct installed on the rim. If a tubeless tyre gets puncture air escape only during the gap created by the nail, thus charitable substantive time between a stab and a set tyre.

Players focusing on radial tyres

By means of only radial cords, a radial car tire wouldn't normally be sufficiently rigid at the contact through the ground. To set up extra stiffness, the entire tire is bordered by extra belts so as to be orient closer to just how of travel, apart from typically at some "spiral" position. These belts can be made of material (which means term steel-belted radial), Polyester, or Aramid materials such as Twaron and Kevlar.

In this way, squat radial wheels split up the wheel carcass into two individual systems:

The radial cords in the sidewall let it become a spring, providing flexibility and trip comfort.

The rigid material belts strengthen the tread region, connote very good above the ground mileage and performance.

Every system may then be separately optimized for best performance

Re-treading of tyres

One more region of worry for the tyre manufacturers are the rising retreading, where the exhausted trample of the aged tyre is replace with a fresh tread. Retreading expenses regarding 20% of a novel tyre and is also so accomplishment hold of popularity, generally in Southern part of the country. Elgi Tyres and Tread Ltd will be the two major ret visitors in India. Meaning of such retreaters can be gauged by the fine detail that about 85% of the tyre demand is made for replacement.

The PEST examination is a helpful tool for sympathetic software industry growth or drop, and as such the spot potential and course for a company. PEST is an acronym for following Economic, Sociable and Technological factors.

Tyre industry in India keeps growing highly and their manufacture rising from every season. In 2012 there have been 40 tyre making companies employed in India which be consisted of key life-size brands in tyre industry such nearly as good 12 months, MRF, Falcon Wheels and Bridge stones etc. tell pest analysis upon this market to check at what extent politics, economical, specialized and social factors are moving this tyre industry in India.

Political Factors

Were helping Indian car tire industry as Indian Authorities especially reduces its taxes on basic inputs to endorse the industry. Taxes and responsibilities on the import and export of tires were place less so that cheaper wheels and material could be brought in and good quality auto tires can be exported. Car tire manufactured in India were mostly exported to other budding countries such as Latin America, South-East Asia, Midsection East and the Africa.

The market of was appealing and the total building of vehicles more than twice between 2000 and 2012 so it possessed a good quality prospect of the industry. Quite simply in 1926, the first car tire was made by a British isles company Dunlop, and enthusiasts of Dunlop were other three international companies: The Us citizens Firestone, Good Calendar year and Italian Ceat, but last mentioned on Indian

Social Factors

Presently, small young families are challenging for 2/4 wheelers for individuals. The sales of tyres have gained more in earlier decade. From higher class families with an increase of than 1 car per family noticed to be increasing demand of tyres exponentially, mainly in places where Woking lovers find difficult to keep up them without more than 1 car. As we know that Indian middle class families are recognized for its savings frenzy has now been slowly warming up to an idea of EMI and buying on credit. Because of these factors, there is an enormous demand in passenger cars.

Technological Factor

Technology creation in the Indian tyre industry is in place geared to development research, linking the adjust of tread design, backup material etc. on the whole of the main element players do not make use of in basic explore because of the elevated expenses included. The bottom of information for the house firm has been during reverse engineering, combined endeavors and cooperation.

The stress given by Indian tyre companies to applied research and the establishing of well-equipped in-house R&D centre by the companies, which are manned by in

technology up stage Indian tyre technology has display flexibility in maintain inflow of technology throughout foreign collaboration and couture the same to Indian desires R&D is basically trade or market powered. But basic inputs suppliers may possibly also help in conceive new tasks. Mix growth and in-process trouble have be the primary shove of in-house R&D in the Indian tyre industry.

The Indian Tyre industry is likely to show a wholesome escalation rate of 9-10% over another five years, according to a report by Credit Analysis and Research Small While the truck and bus tyres are arranged to index a compounded annual expansion rate (CAGR) of 8%, the beam business vehicles (LCV) part is normal to describe a CAGR of with regards to 14 %. Though we have to also take bank account of the outcome of the global major depression together with the sector in structure these assessments. The enlargement of the division is powerfully linked to the expansion plans of the automobile companies; the government's thrust on development of road infrastructure and the sourcing of automobile parts by the global Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). Some major hurdles en route for attaining these projected development rates could be basic inputs connected price uncertainty rupee happiness and the hostile threat of cheap Chinese imports. The Indian tyre companies need to make energetic attention to detail to find newer market as the alive market for bus-truck tyres, which account for about 45 % of the full total export size, is nearing saturation. At hand is also a crucial must to increase the degree of Radialization in order to protect their share in the export market. Worldwide tyre manufacturers have been making steady work to innovate and give a diverse selection of products such as tyres with pressure alert systems, jog flat tyres, natural tyres and make able tyres. In this framework, the Indian home companies have to check out a enhancement strategy of hysterically novelty and increasing importance on produce parting.

The Industry Growing At 8 To 9% by the (YOY). Their Market Market leaders Adopted a Latest Technology in Developing of Tyre Proudcts. and authorities also step used reduced import and encourage local player and small size industry to be a part of growth storyline. Basis of Elecon offers best quality to customers. Because of constant start work on quality, better concentration on the material usage and proper prices the Elecon could improve its performance.

As per my knowledge tyre industry jogging successfully in india. industry demand is mainly base on auto products. The major factors moving the demand for tyres include the degree of developed activity, availability and cost of reward transport amounts.

the new increase in the tyre industry anticipated to skill and technology sector has combined ongoing thrust of administration on infrastructure tasks is expected to sustain healthy progress of commodities demand roughly all company have announce comprehensive boost in capability which effect directly into boost in profits of industry

In the increase in the taxes rates, transportation charges, railway freight, highway constrictions habits, increase basic type prices (plastic) is worry for the industry.

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