Transformation of poultry farming in India

"The change of poultry farming in India from an age-old garden endeavor into an organised industrial proposition is the impact of up-to-date technology and audio policies used by Governmental and semi-governmental (including private) organisations of the united states. "

Poultry - A "Golden Egg" Industry -Future Prospectus

Poultry occupies a particular put in place India, as the eggs and rooster provide important and abundant sources of protein, minerals and vitamins. It provides rich organic and natural manure and can be an important source of income and job to an incredible number of farmers among others engaged in allied activities in the chicken industry.

Poultry Industry and India

India is the fifth major designer of eggs and ninth most significant producer of chicken meat on the globe, producing over 34 billion eggs and about 600, 000 a great deal of poultry meats in 2004. In the overall market for chicken products, India is positioned 17 in World Chicken Production. And experts calculate that the poultry sector in India has been growing at a considerably faster rate, along with other business such as BPO and Securities market. Over the past decade the chicken industry in India has contributed approximately US $229million, to the Gross Country wide Product (GNP).

Consumer Demand and Preferences

Poultry always comes with an increasing demand all over the world. Regardless of propaganda elevated by organizations promoting vegetarianism and regardless of risk of salmonella, world poultry industry is increasing, as the population is increasing. Per capita consumption is also increasing. Not only that, many countries that are not usually poultry - growers are giving incentives to their chicken industry. Indian Federal government is also supplying incentives to the industry giving incentives to small poultry farmers as well as poultry industry in arranged sector as chicken industry generates employment and also provides protein to public.

Overall, experts studies that the total egg utilization is projected to increase from 34 billion in 2000 also to 106 billion in 2020, while poultry meat intake is predicted to increase from 687 million kilograms to at least one 1, 674 million kilograms. It has been discovered that egg consumption has grown at a much faster pace, than the intake of poultry meat. Along with the continual surge in income, it is approximated to nearly triple by 2020.

Work taken in a poultry industry

Every chicken industry posesses common group of work from hatching to culling. Each set of work can be carried out as another business and can support other sellers who are in these market sectors. Sometimes ready of work can be taken by way of a same merchant with different business units. In any case the business enterprise has an enormous group of demand on every part of work.

The various work carried out in a poultry industry can get as follows


Poultry Farm and maintenance

Egg production and sales

Poultry Supply and medicine

Culling of put in hens


A hatchery is a facility where eggs are hatched under artificial conditions, . It is employed for financial reasons (i. e. to enhance food supplies ). This will create maximum amount of chicks on a day and reduce egg breakages.

Poultry Plantation and maintenance

Poultry Plantation and maintenance system is a very important segment of chicken industry. It generally deals with how exactly we house the poultries and maintain it. Poultry real estate is an activity followed for this purpose by poultry keepers. The casing type adopted will depend to a big extent on the amount of ground and the capital available.

Depending after the available space and cost, farmers use four types of real estate. . They are

a) Free -range or considerable system

b) Semi- intense system

c) Folding unit system

d) Intensive system

In India, farmers generally use the free -range comprehensive system and semi intensive system. For mass production, it is highly recommended to look for extensive system.

Egg development and sales

The egg development period for a hen starts from eighteenth week and it ends at seventy second week. During this time period, the egg production will generally follow a standard distribution pattern. The development will be peak from thirty second to fiftieth week.

Namakkal is the best maker eggs in India. It is called Egg Hub of India. The average volume of the shipment from Namakkal, the country's high density chicken zone, has been reported to be in the order of 20 million eggs per month.

Egg sales give food to both local market and international market. In international market how big is the egg should not be big. Generally old bird gives big size eggs. The circulation part of egg may be taken by an authorized vendor or it could go through the same people from whom the supply is purchased.

Feed and medicine

Poultry feeding is one of quite aspects of chicken science. Chicken feeds are of three types

Starting poultry feed: An all mash ration to be given to chicks up to the age of 8 weeks.

Growing poultry supply: A ration to be fed to growing chickens after 8 to 20 weeks or until laying commences.

Laying poultry give food to: A ration to be given to laying birds after 20 weeks onwards or after laying commences.

Although we maintain a good sanitary condition for the chicken birds, it is necessary to take precautionary action to save lots of it from diseases. Some of the common diseases that influences poultry birds are given below

Fowl Coccidois : This disease is caused by a protozoan parasite of the intestine and can cause very heavy deficits in poultry especially up to the age of 12 weeks.

Ranikhet Disease: An extremely infectious and fatal viral disease, it attacks poultry of most ages. Also known as New Castle disease.

Fowl Pox: A viral disease that can affect birds at any age resulting in high mortality rates.

Fowl Coryza :A bacterial disease polluted through feed, drinking water and by contact through companies.

Culling of spent hens

After seventy two weeks of age, there will be major drop in egg development. These old hens are called as spent hens. Here the cost of maintenance is more than the expense of production. The meats of this chicken bird is rough. Hence these birds are delivered as a substitute meat to beef. In India, kerala has a huge market for these type of meat.


Eggs are being used to bind a dish and, when whipped, could also incorporate air making a cake or pudding very light. Vegan egg replacement unit powders are available from health food retailers. This is useful, especially for complicated foods like meringues.

Preference of White Beef over dark Meat

Dark Meat also known as as Red meat generally identifies beef, mutton, pork and chevron. These meats are saturated in cholesterol.

White meat is normally fish and chicken breast, . They may have less content of cholesterol. It really is cheap in cost compared to dark meat. In today's environment, style and desire of customer takes on an essential role in setting the demand of the merchandise. . This style and preference greatly depends on health consciousness factor and price.

As the white meat has a good vitamins and minerals which is less in cholesterol, it is greatly advised by doctors, physicians and other health inspectors. Also the purchase price is relatively low with dark beef. These factors generally make a higher performance for white beef over dark beef.

Poultry market In India

In India, Namakkal is the major contributor of Indian market. This major poultry designer of India, has been witnessing a positive change in the recent years. The district by itself makes up about about 75 % of the birds produced in the TamilNadu zone of the Country wide Egg Coordination Committee. The chicken industry in India is radiant despite various problems facing it. The zone produces about 2. 5 crore eggs a day, with Namakkal adding 1. 75 crore of the full total creation. The labour-intensive sector provides immediate employment to over one lakh people.

The two issues confronting the sector are the ban imposed by some West Parts of asia on the import of table eggs from India and the spiralling cost of poultry feed. The quantity of export fell to 20 lakh eggs per day from 50 lakh after some Gulf nations banned egg transfer in the wake of the outbreak of bird flu in some parts of India. The poultry farms in Namakkal zone have adopted bio-security steps and carry out regular vaccinations. There is a proposal to establish a disease research lab for the chicken industry. This might boost the desk eggs export out of this part of the State.

Export prospects

According to Dr P. Selvaraj, Chairman of the Country wide Egg Coordination Committee's Namakkal Area, that the buoyancy of the export trade and the marketplace potential starting out for the Indian stand eggs in the Western world Asian market has thrown greater chance for the covering egg producers in the region.

World Review on poultry

In a publication, World-Poultry, an international magazine of chicken business, a study was conducted to study the costs of eggs and prices of chicken feed in 45 countries. The costs were changed into U. S. us dollars. Conversion percentage that is an index of conversion of supply into eggs was presented with anticipated weightage. In was certainly an in-depth review of chicken business on the planet. The report highlights that eggs are cheapest in India, even though give food to costs aren't cheapest.

Finance for poultry

For the home sufficient chicken industry with complete class in the fields of production, breeding stocks and options, high quality feeds, pharmaceuticals, medications, poultry vaccines and equipment, the Country wide Agricultural Loan company and Rural Development (NABARD) along with commercial and cooperative banks are financing a large number of poultry schemes from coast to coast for increasing development of eggs and broiler meat. The NABARD refinance for chicken was about Rs. 8. 08 crores in 1983-84. This risen to Rs. 26 crores in 1985-86. This increased to Rs. 26 crores in 1985-86. This indicates the role that has been plated by banking institutions in poultry development. The NABARD provides refinance assistance for poultry development for the next purposes.

Schemes for poultry breeding including funding of pure line poultry projects to produce grand parent shares.

Financial assist with hatcheries to create commercial 1 day old broiler or level chicks from chicken breeding shares.

Financing for the establishing of commercial egg development farms of different sizes by small, medium and large farmers.

Financing for the setting up of commercial egg development farms of different sizes by small, medium and large commercial broiler farmers.

Financial assistance for the produce of poultry medication and vaccines.

Financial assistance for egg marketing, broiler handling, preservation and marketing of chicken meat.

The production of eggs has now reached typically 300 eggs per year per parrot. The broiler expansion now reached the stage of just one 1. 75 kg per bird within 6 to 7 weeks. It really is expected that the common growth in tiers industry may be around 7 to 8%, while in the circumstance of broilers industry, it could be between 20-25% annum in the next decade.

The transformation of chicken farming in India from an age-old backyard business into an organised commercial proposition is the impact of up-to-date technology and sound policies adopted by Governmental and semi-governmental (including private) organisations of the country.

Feed Cost all around the world

Major cost as creation of eggs is ideal for the supply. The supply cost for producing one kilo of eggs is lowest in Zimbabwe, It really is 18 cents. Give food to costs are highest in Philippines, i. e 45 cents. In India, the physique is 44 cents. In USA it is 15-50 cents The cost in other countries are the following Pakistan 25 cents, Sri Lanka 24 cents, France 25 cents, and great Britain 24 cents.

Advantages in India

These feed cost can be reduced. India is gifted with natural sunshine, cultivable land, and sufficient rains. And there is an incredible number of unemployed. Even by giving water to thirsty lands, we can make poultry feed that may be sufficient for the world poultry. Even by controlling post harvest loss of food grains we are able to nourish world chicken and world journal.

Many countries have to import feed because of their chicken industry. India is blessed. We export 24 million tonnes of soya bean wedding cake to Europe, which is the main ingredient of chicken feed. We can export eggs or poultry meat rather than soya bean-cake.

Indian Introduction and Conclusion

Indian poultry industry is on mix road - sizeable progress is already made but we must go to kilometers. A lot of the global brands are available in India, still there are a few opportunities for technology copy particularly organic and natural brand. And processing is really as good as non-existent. There is a great probable which is yet to be tapped.

The market research report " Eye-sight for Indian Chicken Industry: Current Situation and Future Leads" predicts a relatively strong expansion for the egg and chicken meats industry, in both metropolitan and rural areas, within the next two decades.

Future of chicken industry depends upon Authorities and Indian Entrepreneurship. There is lot of opportunity and future prospects for chicken industry in India. If the marketplace of this industry is rightly tapped by the enterprisers, it is just a "Golden Egg" industry for future years.

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