The third stage - Complex analysis of economic activity

Third stage

At the final third stage, based on the results of an in-depth analysis of the indicators of all the blocks, all the conditions and aspects of economic activity, it is necessary to formulate a comprehensive comprehensive assessment of business performance and determine the company's rating. Moreover, such assessments can be constructed from the positions of different stakeholder groups of the analyzed organization. At the same stage, a summary of the reserves to improve the efficiency of its activities and the development of a set of measures for their mobilization and resolution of previously identified problems should be implemented. Here, it is expedient to determine the forms of the Coptic role of the actual implementation of measures planned by the results of the analysis.

It should be noted that the configuration of the allocated blocks and the features of the organization of complex analysis in each specific case are determined by the individual characteristics of each enterprise and the information needs of its management. However, it is obvious that the organization of such a complex case must obey certain principles.

Thus, the complex nature of the analysis and its coverage of all aspects of the company's activities imply the impossibility of complete centralization of all analytical work and the commitment to implement them at all levels of government, with a coordinating body, a unified methodology and a single plan for conducting them.

An important principle of organizing an effective analysis is a clear division of responsibilities for performing specific analytical work between individual responsible executors within their competence. This excludes the exclusion of duplication of similar works by different services, more rational use of professional potential and working time of specialists, ensuring timeliness and sufficient completeness of the analysis.

The principle of economic feasibility of analysis is obvious. Implementation of sufficient for management purposes of qualitative and comprehensive analysis requires considerable cost. Therefore, it is necessary to concentrate forces on the main areas of analytical research, avoiding unnecessarily detailed study of the activities of secondary sites, seeking to minimize costs by optimizing the procedures for collecting, transferring, storing, processing and studying data using modern information technologies and rational organizational solutions.

The principle of regulation and unification of analytical procedures within the company under investigation is extremely important. The technical complexity of analytical work requires providing its performers with clear methodological recommendations that would allow them to obtain exactly the information that is necessary for developing managerial decisions. Such information should be comparable and reducible for obtaining general estimates for the company as a whole, which means that the procedures for obtaining similar analytical indicators by all performers should be identical. The use of computer technology puts the issue of typing and formatting procedures for the formulation and solution of analytical problems even more sharply.

Complex analysis involves the participation in its conduct of employees and managers of all functional and linear departments of the enterprise. At the same time, each of these units is called upon to solve its specific analytical tasks. So, the top management of the company should engage in strategic long-term analysis and summarizing the analytical work of all participants in its conduct. Based on the analysis of the company's mission statement, the requirements of its key stakeholders and the identified reserves for increasing efficiency, the company's management is called upon to determine the ways of its innovative development.

Financial accounting based on the system accounting and financial reporting data is designed to analyze the processes of formation, changes, placement and use of capital, settlements with counterparties and personnel, cash flows, the processes of formation and use of profit, financial stability, solvency and other parameters of the financial condition of the enterprise . Most often, accounting includes a tax accounting service, whose analytical competencies include studying the processes of forming and executing an enterprise's obligations on payments to the budget. The accounting and financial service is obliged to analyze the requirements of the current legislation and other normative acts in the field of accounting, taxation and financial reporting.

Managerial accounting systematically must conduct preliminary, operative and subsequent analysis of production costs and production costs, justify the formation of the optimal assortment and assess its compliance, study the impact of production and sales on the profit of the enterprise. Analytical functions of management accounting are also related to the study of the requirements of strategic development plans of the company and management decisions made at the higher levels of its management.

The Planning and Economic Department is responsible for the analytical justification of business plans and innovation and investment projects, analysis of the progress and results of implementation of these plans and projects, as well as analysis of the formation and execution of budgets. Usually, he coordinates the analytical work of all business units and summarizes the results of a comprehensive analysis of his business activities. At the same time, the planning and economic service should proceed from the analysis of the requirements contained in the company's strategy and in decisions of higher management bodies.

Functions of the production department - analysis, formation and implementation of the production program by volume, assortment, product quality, rhythmicity of its release. He should assess the overall technical and organizational level of production, analyze the production relationships between units, inter-shop supplies and services. The production department is also called upon to review and analyze the requirements of customers, business partners, transport and marketing bodies related to the production of products.

The department of the chief technologist monitors compliance with technological regulations, assesses the need to introduce new advanced technologies and analyzes the actual development of their development. The scope of his powers includes the development of technically justified norms for the consumption of resources, waste and output of finished products, as well as an analysis of the actual compliance with these norms. The department of the chief technologist should also analyze the requirements of the domestic legislation and international standards in the field of production environmental friendliness, compliance with the maximum permissible standards of emissions of pollutants into the environment and other harmful effects to the technology used.

The duties of the chief engineer's department include the study of the availability of the production equipment and the assessment of its technical condition, analysis of its operation, fulfillment of the calendar plans for repairs and modernization, quality and cost of repairs, equipment performance and the full use of production facilities. The responsibility of this service also includes an analysis of the requirements of state control and technical regulation in the field of safety of the equipment used and its operational parameters.

The main power engineering department is responsible for analyzing the needs of the enterprise for electric and heat energy, actual energy supply and energy consumption, energy losses, energy saving, efficiency of power plants use, energy supply contracts, energy tariffs, etc. This functional unit is also required to analyze the relevant requirements of state technical regulation and energy supply organizations.

The technical control department is called upon to analyze the quality of consumed raw materials, components and products, the causes of defects and defects, the correction of rejected products, customer complaints, measures to improve the quality of products and production processes, and their compliance with the world's best quality requirements. The service of technical control is also obliged to study the requirements of regulatory regulation of the quality of products and services provided, customer requests and qualitative parameters of similar products of the most important competitors in the domestic and world markets.

The supply department analyzes the needs of the enterprise in material and technical resources, suppliers' offers, market prices and terms of delivery of materials, contractual delivery conditions, conclusion and actual performance of contracts for the supply of inventory items (by terms, volumes and sizes of lots, nomenclature and completeness, quality, etc.), the state of warehouse stocks and the consumption of materials in production, compliance with the standards of material supply, transportation and procurement costs. The responsibility of the supply department also includes studying the requirements of suppliers of material resources and components, transport organizations and other participants in the logistics of the enterprise.

Sales and marketing department studies product sales markets, consumer demand and competitors' offers, analyzes the conclusion and implementation of contracts with customers, the work of distributors and dealers, finished products, relationships with customers, product competitiveness, pricing and assortment policy of the company. This service is responsible for analyzing the requirements of customers of products and service consumers of the enterprise, business partners involved in the sale of products and their after-sales service.

The Department of Labor and Wages must analyze the needs of the enterprise in labor resources and its real provision by specialists of various professions, their qualification level, the composition of staff by category, age, sex, etc. This department is responsible for analyzing the working conditions, the state of the organization and safety of labor, safety engineering, the normalization of labor costs and production, the study of actual compliance with standards, the analysis of the use of working time and labor productivity, labor costs, wages and salaries, effectiveness of the applied bonus systems. The Department of Labor and Wages or the Personnel Management Service is called upon to analyze the requirements of legislation, workers and the trade union organization concerning remuneration, bonuses, conditions and conditions of work, various social aspects.

The Legal Department is responsible for the analysis of compliance by the company with the requirements of the current legislation and other normative acts, the charter and constituent documents, contractual terms. He should make a thorough analysis of all cases of violation of contractual obligations, the presentation of penalties, economic disputes and conflict situations. The scope of responsibility of the legal service includes an analysis of the requirements of all stakeholders of the company related to regulatory regulation of economic activity and contractual relations.

The division responsible for the company's operations in the financial markets is obliged to conduct a systematic analysis of the situation in these markets, the behavior of stock exchange rates of securities being issued and to assess the market capitalization of the company, study changes in the shareholder register and relationships with shareholders, analytically justify investment projects and prospectuses issue of securities, evaluate the course of their implementation. This service is also obliged to analyze the requirements of shareholders, stock exchanges, banks and other financial institutions, legislative regulation of financial markets.

Heads of workshops and other line departments are obliged to analyze the work of the divisions listed above in detail and the requirements of all sections and services of the company connected with them.

This list of examples of organizational decomposition of tasks of integrated analysis of economic activities can be continued. In each case, the organization of analysis depends on the specifics of the enterprise, its organizational structure and the management system used. However, it is obvious that only coordinated joint implementation of all the above-mentioned analytical work can ensure full-fledged management of the company's activities and identification of real reserves to increase its efficiency.

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