A Study on the Worlds Educational System

A number of similarities as well as variations exist between the K-12 education system in america and the 8-4-4 system in Kenya. The similarities are including the age of which children enter into college. In both countries children enter in school roughly at age five or six. Also, the original grade of commencing education is termed as kindergarten in both countries. In addition, one has to spend twelve years both in primary and high school education level before qualifying for tertiary education which might be in the universities or colleges regardless of the difference in the grading system within the twelve years. Another similarity between both systems is that one can gain access to the K-12 or 8-4-4 education from both private institutions as well as public institutions. Moreover both systems enjoy funding from the state government authorities as well as federal and municipality but those joining private corporations are self- sponsored that is they have the duty of paying their tuition fees to the organizations. Also in both systems one has to perform at a certain arranged average standard at the examinations provided in each level to be able to qualify for the next level. In both systems students typically proceed from one level to the next one as a "class" upon the completion of every academic year. In both countries it is compulsory to sign up in to the education systems after achieving the minimum required age group and the parents or guardians who neglect to abide by this regulation risk been prosecuted relating to the laws and regulations of the countries. However these laws are a lot more demanding and effective in america as compared to Kenya where laxity has been observed in the enforcement of the compulsory education laws and regulations leading to a very dismal enrolment of children in colleges especially in the places inhabited by the pastoralists' neighborhoods. Nevertheless, in both countries there is no a compulsory degree of the education system which should go up to before going out of the education system. An example may be free to embark on his / her studies up to key level, senior high school level or even university or school level relating to his intellectual capacities as well as financial durability. In both countries student education loans and scholarships are given in the college or university level to allow students meet their tuition costs as well as other related costs such as those incurred while starting research projects (Brint & Karabel, 1989).

On the other palm, several dissimilarities can be viewed between the K-12 education system in america and the 8-4-4 system in Kenya. In the United States; in the primary and high school level the institution year usually starts soon after the customary summer season recess that is in August and sometimes in Sept while in Kenya the school calendar year commences in January immediately after the New Calendar year festivities. Inside the U. S, students have only six hours of schooling each day while in Kenya students spend almost ten hours in school on a regular basis. In the 8-4-4 system, students in principal and high school level rest for holidays three times per year while in the K-12 system students have only one long holiday break which is slated through the summer months. Another difference between your systems is that in the K-12 system, major education can take only five years while in the 8-4-4 system it takes eight years. Inside the K-12 system; after graduating from principal institution, one proceeds to middle university before proceeding to high school within the 8-4-4 system one directly joins senior high school upon completing key education. In the U. S each express governs the public education unlike in Kenya where in fact the public education system is governed by the central federal government. In Kenya, the first is free to obtain admission to any open public school of his or her choice within the united states while in the U. S the right of accessibility to a certain public school is mostly granted on the domestic basis. Also the grading scale found in the 8-4-4 system is quite not the same as the one applied in the K-12 system. The speed of enrollment into the K-12 system is quite high when compared with the 8-4-4 system. Besides, educator employed in the principal level in the K-12 system are graduates of early childhood development level program within the 8-4-4 system majority of primary school teachers have only a qualification from a instructors training college (Herbst, 1996)

British colonists will be the ones who setup the curriculum for early education in Kenya. But soon after attaining freedom, the educational system in Kenya was changed. The education system target was shifted from being Eurocentric to a identity of national unity and so as to indicate this change geography and history were added into the curriculum. From 1964 to 1963 to 1985, the 7-4-2-3 system was the one which was followed in Kenya. This quite simply supposed that seven years were allocated to major education, four years on lower supplementary schooling, and 2 yrs on upper extra and then lastly three years on university studies. Nonetheless, reformations were carried out in the entire year 1985 which resulted in the formation of the 8-4-4 system. This system is merely interpreted as eight many years of main education, four years of supplementary education and four 12 months of college or university education as well. The primary emphasis of the 8-4-4 system was to encourage self-sufficiency amongst students upon going right through the system. The system actually centered on vocational subjects to be able to ensure that those who fallen from the system at whichever level had satisfactory skills to self-employ themselves rather than looking for vacancies in the formal sector. The scholar teacher ratio has always been below average because of the low volume of teachers utilized by the government. It has actually worsened after the benefits of the free main education program in the entire year 2003. The program has lead to the escalation in the amount of pupils enrolling into primary institutions and the federal government has been reluctant in employing more teachers leading to a very poor student professor percentage in the institutions. On top of this, the government does not provide handsome earnings to primary professors thus making many young people to lack interest of signing up for the teaching occupation. In the primary and supplementary level, pupils and students spend around forty two weeks in university each year. The academic season commences at early January immediately after the New Time festivities. The school's academic year is put into three terms of fourteen weeks each with a four to six weeks holiday slated among each term. Each college student spends approximately eight to ten time in school on a daily basis. Most of the primary institutions are day institutions with a few of them offering boarding facilities while most the secondary academic institutions are boarding schools. The academic calendar in the colleges is not homogeneous country large as the private colleges have different academic calendars as compared to the public universities. Most public colleges have two semesters of fifteen weeks each in every academic 12 months and the time spent on the lecture theatres can vary from course to the other. About college or university students spend at the least two time to no more than eight time in class on a regular basis. A lot of the colleges' academic calendar comprises of only a single three month trip per calendar year which is slated at the end of the second semester (Eshiwani, 1993).

Most of the country's national laws and regulations on education aren't adhered to. For example, the primary education is said to be compulsory relating to the laws and regulations but there are several volume of children who've not joined college especially in the pastoralists' neighborhoods. There's never been any case of a father or mother or a guardian that has been prosecuted as a result of failure to send his / her children to principal school. Also, in accordance to the laws, each school of students in key and secondary universities should not comprise of more than forty students. This legislation has been forgotten in many classes no punitive measures which were undertaken on the culprits. As a result of the neglect of the educational laws and regulations, the grade of education especially in the public colleges has been greatly influenced and most parents prefer enrolling their children in private colleges. The 8-4-4 system has actually been considered to have failed to meet the international high requirements of education due to failure to abide to the place educational laws. The government should ensure that rigid punitive measures are put in place to the offenders of these laws if this technique is to succeed whatsoever (Eshiwani, 1993).

Besides the instructor shortage in most of the universities, the 8-4-4 system has also been criticized due to the heavy workload enforced on students and educators as well. It has resulted to a high number of students dropping away of school with others resorting to drugs. The students who manage to go through the whole system are eligible to seek career in the formal sector either in the public or the private sector. The federal government offers limited number of employment opportunities and therefore many graduates conclude been ingested by private companies. However, the rising number of men and women graduating from colleges and universities has led to unemployment- ness. That is quite unlucky as it discourages students from working hard because they may have low desires of securing occupation upon completion of their studies. Alternatively, graduates are unable to practice self-employment scheduled to financial constraints

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