Cognitive and psychodynamic approach to psychology

The Difference BETWEEN YOUR Cognitive Approach ALONG WITH THE Psychodynamic Approach To Psychology

Psychologists introduced a number of diverse techniques in order to comprehend human character and behavior. There are different ways of describing phenomena, which is why there will vary techniques. These different solutions include Cognitive and Psychodynamic.

The Cognitive methodology started out to revolutionise mindset in the overdue 1950s and early on 1960s. Piaget is the most widely known cognitive development researcher who recommended that, thinking advanced through qualitative changes because of the increasing maturity of brain. He is kept in mind for his studies of cognitive development in children (1896-1980). The website, quotes. net estimates Jean Piaget as saying "The principal goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating what other generations did" Cognitive psychologists are considering how people understand, diagnose and solve problems. Cognitive research mainly centers on how our brains process information and the research tends to happen in the lab than in real-life settings. The cognitive way claims that cognitive disorders have been learned, and so can be unlearned.

According to Albert Ellis, when we think positively and make decisions predicated on reasons, we respond rationally, and because of this our company is happy, competent and effective. On the other hand, prolonged irrational thinking can result in emotional problems and irregular behaviour.

Attribution theory suggests that when we are disguised with someone's behavior, we make an effort to work out inside our minds why the individual is acting strange. Relating to Kelley (1967, 1973), when we are making these attributions, we workout in stages, Firstly, we try to decide if the individual is to be blamed for his activities, secondly, whether someone else is in charge and thirdly, if the situation itself has inspired the person to behave in such a way.

Unlike cognitive strategy, the psychodynamic strategy targets the three parts of mind which are conscious, unconscious and preconscious and the three components of personality that are id, ego and superego.

Conscious are thoughts and perceptions while unconscious are wishes and desires produced in childhood. It had been mainly initiated by Sigmund Freud, a Viennese doctor who specialised in neurology. All psychodynamic theories stem from psychoanalysis. Freud first developed the essential proven fact that understanding behaviour requires insight into the thoughts and emotions which affect our activities. Hill (2001 p. 72) estimates Sigmund Freud as saying "I establish myself the task of taking to light what human beings keep covered within them". Freud's understanding of the mind was largely predicated on interpretive methods.

Freud argued that, child years experiences play a crucial part in adult development like the development of adult personality. Every child must go through the so-called psycho-sexual levels; what sort of child experience these stages takes on an essential role in the development of his/her personality.

Methods Of Investigation

Cognitive developmental psychologists have used methods such as observation eg Piaget daily observation of children participating in and experimentation eg experiments comparing the power of two different age ranges to move conservation assessments. Piaget was looking at the kind of blunders that children of different age group make. Piaget's theory provides specific explanation of development but will not really explain properly. By focusing on the child's blunders, he might have overlooked more important abilities that children do possess.

Psychodynamic psychologists however used medical case studies, dream examination and free relationship to analyze their theory. Freud used to investigate his patients at length and deeply analyse and interpreted all they said and did.

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) was the first most liked disciple of Freud.

Jung disagreed with Freud that dreams are always disguised wish fulfilment resulting from days gone by circumstances instead Jung recommended that dreams indicate current pre-occupations.

Strengths And Weaknesses Of Psychodynamic Approach

Strengths:

Psychodynamic procedure reminds us that, early on child years experience can have an impact on people throughout their live without them paying attention that it's occurring. Therefore, the procedure accepts that everyone can suffer from mental health issues through no mistake of their own. It also offers a 'cure' for abnormality through psychoanalysis by describing the underlying causes in the unconscious, making them conscious, and releasing the individual from the psychological pain triggered by the youth trauma.

Many people would concur that, unconscious processes do have an effect on human behavior, and Freud's work on how defence mechanisms protect the ego is especially useful.

Freud circumstance studies like `Little Hans` and `Anna O` detailed collection of data provided medical support for his theory and psychoanalysis has extensive explanatory vitality and has something to state on a huge variety of important matters.

The weaknesses of psychodynamic strategy are that, it cannot be scientifically discovered or tested. Actually, it hasn't been disproved by any test. There is absolutely no way of demonstrating if the unconscious actually exists and verify when a repressed memory is a real or false ram unless independent facts is available, in that context, most of psychodynamic theories are used on faith. Freud over emphasised intimate causes and relating to Breuer, Freud was prone to "excessive generalisation".

A therapist must analyse and interpret any proof recovered by the psychoanalyst from an individual, this leaves open the probability of serious misinterpretation or bias because two therapists may interpret the same data in entirely different ways.

Finally, the psychodynamic strategy ignores possible description of abnormal behavior by other subconscious approaches.

As for the cognitive way, it concentrates on current information-processing by the mind, it generally does not depend on the past history of the client, and then for example, recovering repressed remembrances from the unconscious. It also had practical applications and implications for the culture. Cognitive analysts usually conduct medical and objective research to support their ideas, however, it's been accused that the cognitive psychologists disregarded the huge complexity of human working by looking at to computer working. In addition, it ignores the psychological life of humans.

Comparison

The psychodynamic procedure states that, behavior is not learned but triggered by causes in the unconscious unlike the cognitive procedure which claims that behavior is learned once we process information and mental changes in important ways over time. Psychodynamic methodology considers behavior as predetermined. They point out that various areas of the mind are in constant dynamic struggle with one another, so individuals have no control over their behaviour however the cognitive approach respect behavior as not predetermined. It states that we also have power to change cognition. Psychodynamic strategy is undoubtedly unscientific because it cannot be assessed or manipulated, whereas cognitive procedure is undoubtedly clinical since it considers the mind is comparable to your computer where information can be manipulated. Unlike cognitive methodology, psychodynamic way mainly targets early youth behaviours.

The main differences are the strategy where each theory takes in determining the reason for mental condition or mal modified behaviour eg psychodynamic perspective focuses way more on unconscious process while cognitive point of view focuses more so on mental techniques.

Similarities

Each theory is used to determine the mentality of men, make clear mental disorder and determine a way to control if required. Each theory on its own way targets the human brain and its a reaction to its environment.

They both have difficulty in confirming their research.

References

Hill G. 2001 As Level Psychology through Diagrams Oxford University or college press.

http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Psychology

http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/21688/psychodynamic_humanistic_and_cognitive. html?cat=58

http://www. ngfl-cymru. org. uk/vtc/ngfl/psychology/psy_1. doc

"Jean Piaget. " Estimates. net. STANDS4 LLC, 2009. 14 November. 2009. http://www. quotes. net/quote/16376

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