Factors Impacting on Quality Of Higher Education Education Essay

The higher education sector is very vital in education and has a respected role in all walks of life. When providing for quality education quality products can be produced. Advanced schooling provided by the public sector in Mauritius is unable to meet the demands for a chair at the school. Private sector institutions are rivalling with the general public sector institutions in education. The amount of higher education corporations in both industries in Mauritius is increasing. Thus, the analysis is targeted at analysing the grade of education offered at the School of Mauritius.

The purposes of the analysis were;

(a) To analyze the grade of services provided by the College or university of Mauritius.

(b) To investigate the grade of students of the School of Mauritius.

(c) To understand the amount of increasing needs for programs at the University of Mauritius.

The populace of analysis was students from different faculties of the School of Mauritius. The test was two hundred full-time students; all attending a degree programme from the five faculties of the university.

Data were tabulated, the amount of factors was reduced using the principal component analysis (factor analysis) and then examined using a logistic regression.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Higher education usually includes advanced education comprising three to seven years after graduation resulting in some specialisation to qualify for a professional activity or for employment in professional positions in business, industry, or federal service. In Mauritius, advanced schooling is the top most degree of three sector education system.

Higher education is the most crucial level of education because it produces the manpower for the united states that leads the country in giving insight into its future ideals, resources, problems and its solutions. The future of a nation will depend on largely on the quality of folks groomed in the establishment of higher education. Higher education in Mauritius can be traced back to the establishment of the institution of Agriculture within the Division of Agriculture in 1914, which became integrated into the UoM when it was set up in 1965. From then on, many establishments have been proven in the private and general public sector that are providing advanced schooling in the fields of medical, engineering, it, computer sciences, business studies and commerce. With all the growing role of private organizations in catering advanced schooling, the need was felt to evaluate the quality of education and services offered by the University of Mauritius which is a public sector establishment.

All over the world the colleges are recognised as centres of higher learning, which are considered as expedients brokers of development in the country building. Colleges generate, disseminate and utilise knowledge. As key contributors to financial progress, they produce researchers, engineers, pros, technicians, scholars, professionals and men of beautiful capabilities. The capacity of a region to develop economically, socially, politically and culturally derives generally from the energy to develop and utilize the functions of its people.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

Higher Education

The term advanced schooling is usually used to tell apart courses of research, which cause the award of a diploma, Diploma or similar advanced qualification, for various kinds of further education (Lawton and Gordon. 1993).

Higher education constitutes the stage of education which starts off after 15 years of schooling for the intellectual work and advanced training of students for his or her effective authority role in every walks of countrywide life.

Tertiary education level is greater than that attainable on conclusion of a full secondary education. An accepted definition of advanced schooling is that higher education requi

res as minimal requirements for admission, the successful conclusion of extra education or proof the acquisition of an comparative degree of knowledge (Terry and Thomas, 1979).

Higher education includes all education above level of the secondary university given in Universities, Universities Graduate Schools, Professional Schools, Complex Schools and Normal Schools (Good, 1973).

'Higher' education is merely the highest area of the education system, in terms of students' development, the acquisition of education qualifications, its status and its influence over the rest of the educational system.

Higher education is thought to impart the deepest understanding in the brains of students, rather than the relatively superficial understanding that could be acceptable in other places in the machine. In higher education, nothing can be studied on trust and the students have to believe for themselves to be able to have the ability to stand on their own toes, intellectually speaking (Barnett, 1997).

Higher education is thought to move forward students to the "frontiers of knowledge" through their being taught by those who are employed in that difficult territory.

Sanyal (1982) says that to be able to achieve the new international order, there may be the necessity for integrating socio-economic procedures with educational guidelines in each country, as stronger co-operation amongst the third world countries in field of higher education. Development of advanced schooling shouldn't only be contingent after economic development to attain the new international order but should promote the introduction of culture in view often fact that role of research and technology, the life-style and the very sense and value of life under-go changes in the future.

Objectives of higher education

All around the world the colleges are recognised as centres of higher learning, which are considered as expedient brokers of development in the nation building. Colleges generate, disseminate and utilise knowledge. As primary contributors to economical development, they produce scientists, engineers, professionals, technicians, scholars, managers and men of delightful capabilities.

The goal of advanced schooling is to meet two main needs: socio-cultural and developmental of any country. Higher education is an chance for individuals to develop their potential. It fulfils the needs for high-level manpower in a modern culture. Its objectives include social and materials development. It produces individuals who are morally reasonable and capable of multifarious functions in the modern culture. It is a medium and vehicle for obtaining an objective of higher eye-sight, should endeavours, with dedication and bigger spending, in higher education (Govt. Of Pakistan, 1999).

A country's communal and monetary development will depend on the type and degree of advanced schooling. This simple truth is disclosed by the assertions and studies concluded by the visible educationists and decision-makers. In the developed countries, the role of advanced schooling in creation of high quality human capital is quite visible. The Governor of the Point out of Kentucky, Paul Patten, once said, "I have staked my success as governor on changing just how we deliver higher education to your people. Education and financial development are the twin rails that will lead us to an increased plateau and help us achieve our goal of raising the typical of surviving in our talk about. My experience in creating jobs, as the secretary of the economical development, during my term as lieutenant governor, has helped me focus on the needs in our businesses. Those businesses are the customers in our product: the graduates in higher education. Increased technology and global competition demand that we develop our students' skills and mental capacity to allow them to reveal in the remarkable prosperity of the nation". He further emphasized on the quality of higher education and the need because of its improvement. He commented, "advanced schooling is in big trouble. The indicators could not be clear. Its users (students and individuals) think it charges a premium price for an extremely mediocre service. Its most important suppliers (secondary colleges) often fail to deliver materials that meets lowest standards, and its beneficiaries (employers) often are frustrated by the grade of the "finished product" (McGill, 1992).

Factors influencing Quality of Higher Education

The quality of higher education may be enhanced through providing proper professional training to the instructors by revising the existing curricula. Advanced schooling is the main level of education because it advances the manpower for the country that leads the nation in giving understanding into its future ideals, resources, problems, and its solutions. The future of a nation is dependent largely on the product quality of men and women groomed in the organization of advanced schooling.

Factors that contribute the most are the amount of competency of instructors, curricula and the benchmarks of student's consumption, in the deteriorating quality of higher education. Nevertheless inappropriate funding for college student support services, libraries, publications, books, ill outfitted laboratories and insufficient repair facilities for equipment and non trained staff are necessary factors in education. Incomes and other allowances consume the university budget, thus, little is kept for the things so essential for raising the grade of education. Budgetary constraints, especially for procedure, adversely affect the quality of teaching, especially practical training.

2. 3. 1 Students' Experiences

Students' experiences of the learning and the coaching in the content they are studying are one of the more ubiquitous sources of information about the grade of teaching for companies and specific academics.

2. 3. 2 Pupil to Staff Ratios

While at the amount of the institution college student: staff ratios (SSRs) may seem to be a direct effect of funding levels, institutions in practice spend funds on structures, on supervision, on 'central services', on marketing, on educators undertaking research, and so forth, to very numerous extents, somewhat than spending everything on teaching time. Low SSRs offer the potential to set up educational procedures that are known to improve educational outcomes. First, close connection with teachers is a good predictor of educational outcomes (Pascarella and Terenzini, 2005) and close contact is easier possible whenever there are very few students for every professor to make close connection with. Second, the quantity, quality and timeliness of instructors' opinions on students' assignments are also good predictors of educational benefits and again this involves that teachers do not have so many tasks to tag that they cannot provide enough, high-quality feedback, promptly. An increase, low SSRs do not promise good feedback or feedback from experienced professors.

2. 3. 3 Classroom-Size

Meta-analysis of many studies of class-size results has shown that the greater students there are in a school, the lower the level of student success (Wine glass and Smith, 1978, 1979). Other important parameters are also adversely affected by school size, including the quality of the educational process in class (what instructors do), the grade of the physical learning environment, the amount to which pupil attitudes are positive and the amount of them exhibiting behaviour conducive to learning (Smith and A glass, 1979). These negative class-size results are ideal for young students and smallest for students 18 or over (ibid. ), however the effects are still quite large in higher education. Lindsay and Paton-Saltzberg (1987) found in an British polytechnic that "the likelihood of attaining an 'A' quality is not even half in a component enrolling 50-60 than it is within a module enrolling less than 20". Large classes have unwanted effects not only on performance but also on the grade of student engagement: students are more likely to choose a surface way in a big course (Lucas et al. , 1996) therefore to only try to memorise rather than attempt to understand.

2. 3. 4 Category Contact Hours

The range of class contact time has very little regarding educational quality, individually of what goes on in those hours, the actual pedagogical model is, and what the results are for the number and quality of independent review hours.

Independent study hours, to a large extent, reveal class contact time: if there is less coaching then students analysis more and when there is more teaching students analysis less, creating total time to similar totals regardless of the ratio of teaching to study time (Vos, 1991). However, some pedagogic systems use class contact in ways that are very a lot more effective than others at making effective independent review hours. An assessment of data from a number of studies by Gardiner (1997) found an average of only 0. 7 time of out-of-class learning for every single hour in class, in US schools. I n contrast each hour of the University or college of Oxford's lessons generate typically 11 time of independent research (Trigwell and Ashwin, 2004).

2. 3. 5 Teaching Qualifications

Teachers who have teaching requirements (normally a Postgraduate Qualification in Higher Education, or something similar) have been found to be scored more highly by their students than instructors who've no such qualification (Nasr et al. , 1996). This finding was in a context where obtaining such a certification was mainly voluntary, and the ones who have the certification might be considered to vary in some way from those people who have not, and this could be argued to invalidate the assessment. The difference might concern the amount of professionalism or determination to teaching, but still there is no control group in the study. A longitudinal study that overcomes this objection has analyzed the impact as time passes on students' rankings of their professors, and on instructors' considering teaching, of (mainly) compulsory primary training throughout their first 12 months of university coaching, in eight countries. It found improvements on every range of the 'Pupil E valuation of Educational Quality', a questionnaire developed in the US (Marsh, 1982) and analyzed for use in the U K (Coffey and Gibbs, 2000), and improvements in the elegance of educators' thinking (as measured by the 'Solutions to Teaching Inventory', a measure of teaching that predicts the quality of scholar learning, Trigwell et al. , 2004). This improvement in steps of teaching quality cannot be attributed to mere maturation or experience as professors in a control group in institutions without any primary training were found to worsen over their first time, on the same steps (Gibbs and Coffey, 2004).

Functions of higher education

The capacity of any nation to develop economically, socially, politically and culturally derives generally from the power to build up and utilise the functions of its people. Advanced schooling thus is known as sine qua non of countrywide development, for this produces the highest level of manpower. In all advanced countries, the colleges constitute the key spring of human being capital. Probably the most successful discharge of the universities role as a change agent is the area of knowledge and technology.

The training of high-level clinical manpower is a subject of vital countrywide concern. Advanced schooling is today recognized as a capital investment in education. It is considered investment of real human capital which improves labour efficiency furthers technological innovation and produces an interest rate of go back markedly higher than that of physical capital. Today we find the globe split into developed and developing countries. The dividing brand between them is the capability of educational and medical attainments and its application for financial progress and prosperity (THE PLANET Bank, 1990).

In modern times, higher education is recognized as a means of human source development in a world. In advanced countries, universities constitute the main planting season of knowledge, ideas and innovations. Today, the most successful discharge of a school as an agent of change is in the region of knowledge and technology. The priming and grooming of high-level professional manpower is a subject of vital concern. Being a pathway to socio-economic development in a country, advanced schooling cannot be ignored or given low priority. Advanced schooling in a state of swift development all around the world as its advantages to the social, economical and ethnical life of different communities is realisable. This has led to worldwide exponential enlargement of colleges and colleges; as much more folks are encouraged left over in education. However there are problems. First, higher education is expensive, and its own expansion requires enough resources. Second, immediate expansion increases problems of quality assurance and control, as increased statistics could so easily lead to a decrease in expectations. Third, growth in the growing world often attracts upon the resources, ideas and competence of the developed world, even though these may not continually be appropriate for each different economic and communal system (North, 1997).

Higher education performs a vital role in the introduction of a society. For years and years, tertiary institutions possessed the top role of educating our future political leaders, professionals of tomorrow, entrepreneurs, religious and social philosophers, who serve the city, enrich its worth and develop its resources. Colleges are complex organisations with multiple missions and a myriad of roles. A university has the assignments of providing of theoretical education and professional training, a builder and a disseminator of new knowledge, a catalyst to condition the practice of management and business and a contributor to the city and the national economy (Khurshid, 1998).

2. 5 THE TRAINING system in Mauritius

Mauritius educational system has for root the British one, as the island was a British isles colony way back when. After self-reliance in 1968, the new federal invested significantly in human being and materials resources for the education sector and improvement has been seen and reached in terms of any per capita give to children of 3+ and 4+, main education was free, as well as textbooks, compulsory extra education up to 16. Advanced schooling courses were offered at College or university of Mauritius and the University or college of Technology for affordable fees.

Since 1977, extra education has been free. As for full time undergraduate level at the College or university of Mauritius, it was free since 1988. Free education is funded by the state of hawaii which pressure huge budgets and subsidize a big area of the grant aided secondary schools bills. With universal key education being achieved in the 1970s, free education in 1977, and legislation making education up to 16 years of age compulsory, the problems policymakers have had to handle have related to broadening gain access to at the bigger education level, enhancing quality, and conditioning the management of the sector (while ensuring equity). The financing of higher education is basically via the government and students/parents.

Students enrolled in consumer higher educational companies are funded to an extremely large level by the government. Students enrolled in local private higher education institutions and those in overseas institutions pay the full cost of their education.

The key factors influencing the quality of higher education will be the quality of faculty, curriculum expectations, technological infrastructure available, research environment, accreditation routine and the administrative guidelines and procedures integrated in corporations of higher learning.

The overall perspective of administration was spelt out in the brand new Economic Agenda designed in 2000. The main challenge was to go gradually away from traditional industries to the services sector. The target was to diversify processing into higher valueadded markets and to combine services (financial, ICT, etc. ) as a fourth pillar of monetary development. To catch the attention of new investment and also to keep up with the country's competitiveness, a highly productive skilled labor force was viewed as essential. With a view to establishing Mauritius on an increased growth path, the united states has recognised the importance of developing higher education as a local hub for high quality education and training, to ensure that the knowledge industry functions as a catalyst in broadening the Mauritian overall economy, and in providing the required support to the existing and upcoming sectors. There's been a remarkable paradigm change in the development strategy mooted by the federal government.

In summary, it has been accepted by federal government that the training system, especially advanced schooling, must be reorientated to react better.

Higher education in Mauritius can be tracked back again to the establishment of the School of Agriculture within the Department of Agriculture in 1914, which became integrated into the UoM when it was set up in 1965. However, it was only in postindie Mauritius that several public higher education institutions were created, which were complementary to UoM.

Over the years the higher education sector is becoming increasingly diversified.

2. 5. 1 Pre-Primary Sector

This sector attracts children 4+ and since a couple of years for 3+. THEIR STATE provides a grant of R 200 per child. The private establishments take up 80% of the educational provision in the sector.

The following measures are part of plan developments to combine the sector:

Strengthening the institutional and regulatory construction for the provision of Early Years as a child Care and attention and Education.

Reduction of disparity among pre-schools.

Addressing the problem of out-of-schools pre-primary children credited to absolute poverty.

Developing a National Curriculum Framework for the pre-primary subsector.

Ensuring readiness of most pre-primary school children for major school.

Construction of pre-primary units in disadvantaged areas

Strengthening partnerships with parents by way of a Parent Empowerment Program.

2. 5. 2 Main sector

The enrolment in key school takes impact at age five and enters the Standard I and techniques steadily up to Standard VI. The CPE can be an examination carried out at national level in every schools and employs a grading system. You will find five compulsory topics: English, France, Mathematics, Science and History and Geography. The grading process works on the five best marks along with Asian/Arabic languages.

Several initiatives have been put in place in primary corporations to enhance the CPE results. This gave rise to the 'Areas d' Education Prioritaires' (Z. E. P. ). This focuses on those schools with low performance over 5 consecutive years. Down the road in 2011, Advancement Programme was introduced for STD III and IV. Furthermore, the 'Sankore' job was one where STD IV classes were prepared with interactive wall set projectors.

2. 5. 3 Supplementary sector

For a child to be accepted to a secondary college, it all is determined by the CPE results. You will discover three categories of secondary schools: State had grant-aided private schools, and fully private fee-paying institutions. The secondary university experience begins with Form 1 up to Form VI, an achievement of seven years. Since 2010, a nationwide curriculum has been create for Forms I-III. The curriculum encloses all things up to create III including British, French, Mathematics and the Friendly and Hard Sciences.

When reaching Form IV, students are offered option form where they need to choose at least six major content for O-level tests in Form V. Later, for A Level examination, students must focus on 3 main content and 2 subsidiary themes. These two important examinations are undertaken by the University of Cambridge through the University or college of Cambridge International Examinations which sets up the syllabus, prepares the exam papers and undertakes modification for most subjects.

2. 5. 4 TVET (Techie and Vocational Education and Training)

The Mauritius Institute of Training and Development (MITD) is the main specialist of the TVET program. Its purpose is to offer a variety of specialized programs to students willing to meet up with the needs of the world of just work at a middle professional level. Lessons at the National Diploma are also provided at the MITD. The TVET sector is watched and controlled by the Mauritius Requirements Authority.

2. 5. 5 Tertiary sector

It was at 1924 that tertiary education began with the faculty of Agriculture. It is rolling out and diversified; it now composes of general population, private, regional and overseas companies offering for a wide choice of programs and programs.

Through years, this education sector has given climb to other establishments with different characteristics and disciplines. Distance education has also been part of the sector. Some important organizations of the public sector will be the College or university of Mauritius (UoM), the University or college of Technology (UTM), the Mauritius Institute of Education (MIE), the Mahatma Gandhi Institute (MGI), the Mauritius Institute of Training and Development (MITD) and the Open up University of Mauritius (OUM). Besides each one of these, the Tertiary Education Payment (TEC) is accountable for the allocation of open public money, planning, and coordination of post-secondary education and training as well.

In addition, private institutions are more and more present in the tertiary education sector where they can be proposing classes in areas like IT, Law, Accountancy and Finance, and Management.

2. 6 The College or university of Mauritius

The School of Mauritius (UOM) is a countrywide School of Mauritius. It's the oldest and most significant Mauritian college or university in terms of university student enrollment and curriculum offered. It is situated at Reduit, Moka. The School was inaugurated on 24th March 1972 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II combined with His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh. Over the past decades, in response to the contemporaneous and emergent needs of the various areas of the Mauritian market, the college or university now has advanced from being a usually in-service training establishment to a fully-fledged college or university, concentrating progressively on bachelor's certifications, postgraduate programs, research and consultancy.

The university's current proper plan, Strategic Guidelines 2006-2015, has the following six tactical directions:

Knowledge creation

Knowledge diffusion

Investing in resources

Quality culture and good governance

National, local and international collaborations

Community outreach

The College or university of Mauritius has committed itself to constant improvement and quality management. They are the actions that the university is wanting to appeal to:

Ensuring relevance - interact proactively with the world of work and the city to cater for emergent requirements while inculcating a wider sense of belonging to the university.

Ensuring quality of teaching and learning - boost existing provisions for ongoing improvement in the grade of coaching and learning, and work progressively towards the implementation of best practice.

Strengthen research - develop further the university's research capacity and research management plan.

Internationalize the university or college - increase the international standing of the college or university and expand its role and programme of activities.

Amongst Mauritian universities the UoM stands out both in conditions of its dominance in regards to to enrolment and it numerous pockets of excellence in regards to to research. The UoM is the major provider of tertiary education locally, accounting for 22. 2% of total higher education enrolment.

Faculties

Originally, the university or college had three universities, namely Agriculture, Administration and Industrial Technology. It includes since widened to include five faculties, namely Faculty Of Agriculture, Faculty Of Anatomist, Faculty Of Legislations and Management, Faculty Of Research, and Faculty Of Sociable Studies & Humanities. The faculties are involved in teaching, research and consultancy. It has also a Centre for Medical Research and Studies, a Centre for Distance Education, a Centre for Information Technology and Systems, and a Consultancy Centre. Following these on-campus developments and expansions, it led to a simultaneous upsurge in the quantity and in the diversity of programmes on offer, and the number of students enrolled.

The programmes of the School are internationally accepted you need to include quality assurance mechanisms like the external examiner system and associated with renowned Colleges worldwide. There is a Quality Guarantee Office which helps the University in keeping and improving the grade of all its activities. There are many exchange agreements that have been established between your UOM and overseas universities.

Students Union

The Students Union, proven in 1971, is run by and for the students. It work in the interest of students and regularly plan various activities. All students are associates, the membership payment being contained in the registration. Students are incredibly dynamic in arranging extracurricular activities reinforced by the Public Relationships Office.

Chapter 3: Research Methodology

3. 1 Problem Statement and Research Objectives

When the condition has been plainly identified and the targets of the research precisely stated the study can be designed properly. Since it is often said, "issues well described is a fixed one".

The problem declaration for this research is that there is each year a high degree of demand for a chair at College or university of Mauritius though there are other tertiary corporations in Mauritius. This review tries to learn the reason why behind this popular.

For this dissertation the study objectives are:

To analyze the quality of services provided by the College or university of Mauritius.

To investigate the quality of students of the College or university of Mauritius.

To understand the level of increasing needs for courses at the College or university of Mauritius.

To achieve the goals mentioned previously, a questionnaire has been administered to the various students in the form of face to face interview to accumulate information about the different factors affecting their learning experience at the University of Mauritius and therefore facilitating the evaluation of the info gathered.

3. 2 Determine Research Design

Research design can be viewed as as the essential plan which courses the data collection and research phases of the study project. You will discover three main types of research found in projects:

Descriptive research

Causal research

Exploratory research

Exploratory research is unstructured, informal research undertaken to own background information when the researcher does not know much about the condition. Alternatively in the descriptive method, research problem is well defined and structured and can be used to answer questions such as who, why, where, what and exactly how (Melts away and Bush, 2003), whereas causal research examines the result of one variable on a different one. The research carried out in this research is descriptive in character. The purpose of the research is to research, analyse and measure the learner learning experience at the University of Mauritius.

Data options and Data Collection

Primary data

The only steps involved with collecting data is to look for key data which consists of information collected for the very first time to meet up with the specific needs of the exploration of the researcher. These can maintain the form of words, e-mails and interviews. Principal sources will be more supportive, they addresses directly the requirements of the researcher though it could be costly.

Primary data can be gathered in a variety of ways, for this dissertation the gathering of information has been finished with the use of a questionnaire.

3. 3. 2 The questionnaire

A questionnaire where questions were both pre-coded and open-ended was given to students from the five faculties of the school through personal interviews but also some were self-administered. Using pre-coded questions offer several advantages such as: much easier to assess, quicker and stepping into the data on personal computers is very easy (it boosts the process of analysing the data) whereas when using open-ended questions; answers should be categorized and refined (assigned codes, do the data entry) before examination may take place and also decreases the analysis.

3. 3. 3 Qualitative and quantitative research

Distinction should be produced between qualitative and quantitative research. Sanders et al (2003) distinguishes quantitative data as predicated on meanings produced from the numbers and its own collection cause numerical data, standard instrument and procedures are utilized. The analysis of quantitative data is conducted through the use of diagrams and statistics. It can be used in surveys that cause large numbers of data to be analyzed. Whereas for qualitative data the research is dependant on expressed meanings indicated through words and the analysis conducted through the use of conceptualization. Qualitative research strategies are more informal and flexible.

Questionnaire design

A questionnaire is defined as a document including questions and other styles of items made to solicit information appropriate to evaluation (Babbie, 1990:377).

Questionnaire design is very crucial and important area of the research, because an unacceptable questionnaire misleads the study. Therefore, a set of adequate and appropriate questions in a sequential order has been required for the questionnaire. Ideas and conclusions will be attracted based on the answers acquire related to the chosen changing for examination.

Results of a multi-level analysis performed by Holbrook et al. (2006) verify the general advice to keep questions or claims as short as you possibly can( Foddy 1993;Dillmann 2000;Fink 2003) in order to increase respondents' comprehension.

The questionnaire was designed using different articles, papers and books in relation with the objective of the analysis. In getting ready the questionnaire, caution has been taken while choosing the right wording for the questions. Leading and ambiguous words have been avoided. Various kinds of questions have been used, pre-coded questions that happen to be in the form of scale ranking questions, polar questions and multiple choice questions and open-ended questions. Range ranking questions are in term of five point likert scale type. Furthermore, the correct order of the questions have been decided where questions on the students himself have been put as starting questions whereas questions regarding the other factors look late in the series.

3. 5 Pilot testing

A pilot test is actually conducted, with respondent not within the sample, before the questionnaire is preparing to be administered last questionnaire is ready for the review. The main concern is to consider errors and regions of improvement in the questionnaire. Thus, soon after preparing a draft of the ultimate questionnaire, the pre testing questionnaire was implemented to 5 respondents to ensure validity in terms of appropriate questions and appropriate wordings connected with data collection. The results of the pilot tests showed respondents got some difficulty with a few word phrasing when answering the questionnaires. Therefore, needed amendments were made to the questionnaires and they were validated.

3. 6 Sampling

The research was carried out at the College or university of Mauritius. An example of 200 full-time undergraduate students was decided on, the 200 contains 40 students per faculty and of different level of studies, namely; Faculty of Legislation & Management, Faculty of Knowledge, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Anatomist and Faculty of Sociable Studies and Humanities.

For the test to be more representative, within one program of review only four students were picked.

3. 7 Data handling and analysis

The data obtained would be process through the SPSS 20. 0 computer software. From this the info would be displayed in conditions of descriptive statistics such as charts and diagrams. After being statistically displayed the info would be ready for evaluation and interpretation. Then, one factor Analysis is performed. A factor research is generally a school of actions generally used for minimizing data and summarising data; reduced amount of a large quantity of correlated factors to a workable level. After that, a logistic regression using the reduced factors is performed. A logistic regression induces the result of multiple indie variables which have been presented together to forecast membership of one or other of both dependent varying categories.

3. 8 Limitation of the survey

The sample size is limited and presents only a portion of the population of students of the University or college of Mauritius, thus the results obtained can't be generalized.

Questionnaires self given were returned incomplete by some students.

The test drawn did not take into consideration the population of each faculty, thus, sampling method might include an component of bias.

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