Formal And Non Formal Education Education Essay

According to Stephen Diana, the term Education has been derived from the Latin term Educatum which means the take action of coaching or training. A group of educationists say that it includes comes from another Latin term "Educere" which means "to lead forth" or "to turn out". According to some others, it originates from another Latin word "Educare" this means "to talk about" or "to raise". Each one of these meanings show that education seeks to nurture the nice qualities in man and make last the best atlanta divorce attorneys individual. There are three types of education which are formal, non-formal and casual education. These ideas of education are vary and each theory has its goal and characteristics. This article will concentrate on the first two education ideas that happen to be formal and non-formal education.

Formal and Non-Formal Education

Formal education is a contiguous learning process which means it involves the teachers, the students and the establishment. Quite simply, formal education is more organized and prepared education model compared to non-formal education. Matching to Stephen & Diana (2009), the administration and curriculum of formal education companies like schools, universites and colleges are usually well organized and it require from students the very least school attendance. Normally, formal education establishments additionally require their students to do assessments to check students' knowledge also to increase the education procedure for students. As example, students require to have checks, quizzes and last exam to be able to complete their review and lecturers will take a look at the students' accomplishments to possible provide them with possible marks.

Bartlett & Burton (2007) remarks non-formal education is any organized and systematic education activities for particular subgroup relating to their needs and ambitions. Non-formal education is not limited to certain age range only which is necessary for the people, who are ambitious to obtain certain knowledge such as farming and cooking. Differ from formal education that will require students' attendance, non-formal education does not require student's attendance and the connection between educators and students are less compared to formal education. Most activities take place beyond the establishment like home reading and paperwork. The training process adaptable curricula as it follow the needs and interests of students.

The Distinctions between Formal and Non-formal Education

Formal education is absolutely differs from non-formal education. There are several differences between formal and non-formal education. The first one is regarding to the conceptual platform. While non-formal education is lifelong and with flexible points of accessibility, formal education is set and limited to a period meant for coaching and learning, with predetermined point of admittance and exit. This means non-formal education is a continuous learning process as it generally does not have limited time for university student to acquire the knowledge. However, the learning process of formal education is fixed and students need to acquire the knowledge in specific time given. For example, the learning procedure for formal education for students who take level, they are given three to four 4 year to complete and pursue their study to another level which is master level. As for non-formal education, they aren't given any time limit to allow them to acquire the knowledge as their learning process is continuous.

Next is, in formal education, the acquisition of understanding of is the target while in non-formal education, the goals understand one's needs, environment and cultural connections. In formal education, students learn merely to move the exam in order to complete their review. Their goal of knowledge acquisition is to get excellent in assessments, in order to continue their research to another level. Normally, students who acquire knowledge in formal education, after couple of years, they will forget what that they had learnt. It is because they don't apply knowledge in their life. Differ from formal education, non-formal education evolves an open-end critical and home reliant recognition. Non-formal education is not restrained by definite limits, constraints, or composition and it can change because non-formal education is adaptable. As example, in non-formal education, students don't need to follow a well planned course of research like in formal education as non-formal education does not have it. Students are free to learn everything they want in non-formal education.

The most standard difference between formal and non-formal education is the time level. In formal education, enough time scale is regular. This means that students who in formal education, they are not encourage to combine their life with work and review. Tuckman & Monetti (2011) status, in formal education, study is principal activity in their life. They need to study to be able to cross the examination, in order to get the certification from their companies to get job after they graduate. Differs from formal education, non-formal education's time scale is in your free time. It is not compulsory to them to study for your day like students in formal education. Also, analysis is not their main activity. If they are working, they just have focus on their careers without fretting about study. They are really absolve to go or not to go study whenever they want. Thus, we can say that time level for non formal education is more pleasure than formal education.

The Development of Non-Formal Education in Malaysia

In Malaysia, it isn't excessive to say that formal education is more advanced than non-formal education. People in Malaysia are always respect people who have formal education like degree, get better at and PhD somewhat than individuals who have non-formal education. The formal education is exactly what most employers would prefer to see since it is simpler to prove. Using a degree in a particular field means you have certain knowledge that will result in a better paying job and the business that is utilizing you obtaining a skilled person for the work. However, since years ago, the development of non-formal education in Malaysia is enhancing. For example, there are several non-formal education companies originated since years ago such as IKBN which means Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara, IKM (Institut Kemahiran MARA) that provide training and professional lessons. In essence, in Malaysia, opportunities for non-formal learning generally take the form of workshop and on-the-job training programs at various levels, which also include vocational and professional training.

How can Non-Formal helps National Development?

Nevertheless, in any effort to help the nationwide development, educational companies are considered as an important role. Sometimes people are too excessively reliant their life to formal college, as if it can solve any insufficiency that is present. Perhaps in conditions of cognitive or clinical, formal schools offer an important role. However, in conditions of attitude development, behaviour and principles, the role performed by the institution will depend on the support from corporations or other organizations locally such as family, the mass media, yet others. The IKBN's mission is to produce country that has professional skills, good moral and manners, willpower and multi-tasking person. Here, we can say that non-formal education is not only provides training and professional programs, but also coach their student to be always a discipline and good country so that they can contribute to Malaysia.


To sum up, both formal and non-formal education is important in the current life, especially in this modern world. Students need to obtain formal education because it is necessary for them to get jobs once they graduate because so many employees nowadays prefer workers that have certificates from registered institution. However, non-formal education also important as it provides training and professional lessons to help people learn certain skills such as painting, carving, farming, cooking food and repair vehicles. It is not a problem to a formal education scholar to get non-formal education once they complete their formal review. By getting formal and non-formal education, student will be a much better person as they do not only get knowledge from formal education, but they also learn skills that will help them a whole lot in their life.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)