History Of Work Integrated Learning

While critiquing the literature on the subject of the impact of the Hospitality Curriculum at the Durban University or college of Technology on Work Integrated Learning. The researcher feels that one must deal with the issues separately, that is the problem of Work Integrated Learning firstly and then your issue of the Curriculum at the Durban University of Technology. The chapter reviews books that is based on all these issues and it's been split into different parts. The sections start to discuss Work Integrated Learning generally speaking explaining what it is about and then goes on to discuss the annals of Work Integrated Learning and exactly how it was founded. The next idea handles the importance of Work Integrated Learning, it is then followed by the Work Included Learning process and another section talks about the great things about Work Integrated Learning. Another area starts talking about the Hospitality Management curriculum at the Durban School of Technology and it switches into the next section which talks about the Work Included Learning process used at the Durban College or university of Technology. The trainees experience Work Integrated Learning is handled here and then it show the perfect Work Integrated Learning experience for a operating trainee. The next sections discusses Hospitality and leads to the next section gives an overview of the Hospitality Industry. The very last section discusses the Hospitality Management Programs at different colleges and companies.

2. 2. 1 Work Integrated Learning (Cooperative education)

According to Poppins and Singh (2005) Work Integrated Learning is known as an internship program by many people and it provides the learner with real life learning encounters. Work Integrated Learning is included in many educational programs and universities not only in South Africa, but all around the globe. There are numerous labels that Work Integrated Learning is referred to and some of the names are internships, sandwich yr, work environment learning and cooperative education. Work Integrated Learning can be described when a learner that does a tertiary level program has a period with time where they undergo professional work in their field of analysis. It is stated that by giving students with real life activities it is among the finest methods to prepare the students for his or her future career. Likewise, Schuetze and Fairly sweet(2003) declare that there are debates if the universities and colleges teach graduates the knowledge and skills highly relevant to work in a knowledge based economy. A couple of high demands on universities to provide and supply both highly trained workers. To meet their objectives colleges have developed different strategies to prepare teenagers for work life and one of the strategies used is Cooperative Education which is also called Work Integrated Learning.

(Suskie, 2009:124) suggests that when students start Work Integrated Learning it is very important that they develop their goals and information should be gathered by students on the goals from inside and external resources. The inner resources can be considered a college or universities, mission statement, eyesight declaration and the activities of recent graduates can be interior resources also. Exterior resources can be goals of the industry, studies or interviews of current employees. Nipson(2000) expresses that Work Integrated Learning has introduced the mature world of work to students and it's been referred to as a learning plan where students earn and with this the students can graduate with the data and experience to reach your goals in their careers that await them. There are certain conditions that support Work Integrated Learning and each of these surroundings should support a learner or a professor and provide support for relationships between your two for learning purposes. According to Wynn(2000) employers can enjoy many rewards from Work Integrated Learning as it is a less expensive means of recruiting and looking for future employees. In addition, it reduces the cost of keeping existing employees and employers can evaluate the students without making a long term determination to them.

2. 2. 2History of Work Integrated Learning

According to Schuetze and Sweet(2003) the idea of cooperative education started out to occur in the summertime of 1894. The storyline is advised about Herman Schneider who was simply a anatomist graduate and he was building bridges in this time, While focusing on these bridges he uncovered two things about the students that were working on this task with him. The first concern that he observed was that the students in your free time work was not in relation to their area of study or future job. The Secondly concern was that the students also experienced difficulty in adapting their school room skills to the work in the field. This proved him that certain elements of the executive process cannot be protected in the class room. He began educating and examined his observations by executing interviews with current engineers and also their employers. He developed a programme that included an apprenticeship and a school work. The huge benefits were that the trainees were able to work in their field, thus learning sensible anatomist skills that cant be trained in the class room. The other advantage was that the students were permitted to earn money and gain experience at the same time.

Linn, Howard and Miller(2004) state that cooperative education originated nearly a century ago, it had not been really known before 1960s. In this time funds were lay out for institutes and colleges and the amount of money was used to begin the cooperative education programs. Cooperative programs appeal to the interest of colleges and universities as they would like to include it in their learning channels. The reason behind this interest is so that the institutes and universities can put together students for the change from the college to the work environment with an opportunity to explore the planet beyond the school room.

2. 2. 3The importance of Work Integrated Learning

Nipson (2000) feels that students that go through cooperative education start off knowing more about their careers as they have that practical experience plus they have an edge within the students that didn't experience Work Integrated Learning. Other benefits is the fact that students enjoy their work and tend to stay static in their chosen field longer then students that contain not experienced cooperative education. He seems that there are no students that won't reap the benefits of cooperative education as it offers the university student a learning opportunity at an inexpensive and the scholar also offers the opportunity to earn money as well as learn at the same time. In a report conducted by Business Higher Education forum(1997) business leaders all agreed that graduates that didn't undergo operating training lacked communication skills, the capability to work in groups, flexibility and the ability to use people. Rich(1967) says that there are more educational systems needed like Work Integrated Understanding how to create trained individuals who can help form a built-up contemporary society. Howard(2004) mentioned that students are now realising that the traditional college setting up of classrooms may well not prepare them well enough for the competitive work environment. Employers further believe that the academic programmes at colleges and institutes do not prepare students successfully with the essential skills to be capable in the workplace. So the need for in - service training is vital so that the students can form the abilities and capabilities for the industry.

Grosjean(2004) states that the interpersonal environment for Work Integrated Learning can be the classroom or the task place and students believe that office learning is more important than school room learning. Class learning will not undertake a meaning for students, until there is sensible application for these people. Cooperative education students declare that when they enter in the workplace they have got little if any specific knowledge and they slowly but surely become experts in their field of work. Cooperative Education creates deeper connections between college and benefit the students. Cooperative education includes class room studies with paid and supervised work experience. It is stated that students that go through co op programs earn more money than students that don't. It's very best for students because they get valuable experience that can be put on their resumes.

2. 2. 4Work Integrated Learning(Cooperative Education) process

The Black Venture (2000) state governments that cooperative education programs are a kind of work analysis, except that the work is not on campus. A lot of students are groomed by organizations and appointed by the same businesses after which have completed their studies. Earnings for the students range from a minimum wage to the pay equal to a normal employees wage who executes the same responsibilities. The hours worked well by the college student are discussed between the academics supervisor and the company. The Dark Enterprise(2000) also mentions that students must connect with places that will offer them a good work experience and also help them develop skills, they must apply to places that is going to help them grow in their domains. Many employers require students to post resumes and come in for interviews so they can be screened beforehand and decided on. The university student placements often is determined by the student's academic performance, earlier work, volunteer experience as well as their job goals.

Poppins and Singh(2005) declare that universities have to appoint a planner for Work Integrated Learning and also an educational person to manage the process of inserting and evaluating the students on the market. The students must register for Work Integrated Learning plus they must suggest where they wish to work, it is from here that the planner will continue to work towards placing the students in their desired work areas. The students attend lectures on Work Integrated Learning before they go into their workplace. This is a prep for Work Integrated Learning and it shows the students on the role of Work Integrated Learning and how it works, resume writing, interview techniques, ethics in the workplace and also guidelines about their Work Integrated Learning experience they are going to endure.

2. 2. 5Benefits of Work Integrated Learning

According to Coll and Eames (2000) there are many benefits that are recognized for students, the web host business, and the educational institution where in fact the college student is from when it comes to Work integrated Learning. The huge benefits for students are career augmentation, financial rewards, cost savings, and interaction between your employers and the academics institution.

Nipson(1972) states that whenever cooperative education students graduate they have a mind start on their peers who have not been through such a program. It offers a route and devotion that students cannot find at school. Ashton and Sung(2004) talk about that work area learning is fairly new and has become an important area of the skills formation of students.

Research that Grosjean (2004) conducted demonstrates co operative education graduate students are likely to get jobs corresponding to their educational background plus they have more useful knowledge of their studies then students that didn't undergo cooperative education. It is stated these students develop a better knowledge of how and just why the world works as it can. He further declares that cooperative students get better jobs, get the jobs faster, make more money and tend to be more productive residents than students that didn't undertake cooperative education. There are specific resources that exist at the work place that allows students to complete their tasks with success. The learning circulation in the classroom was created to look insufficient as the work place learning offers students a better understanding of the academic coursework. Students learn a lot more on the job as they can easily see how it ties up from what they are simply learning. Students feel they learn far more at work and they come back with skills that they would not have bought if indeed they didn't go for Cooperative Education.

Eames(2000) state governments that the success of cooperative education can be that the students have more knowledge about their career way and also more self-assurance in their ability to work. In case the students are successful with their placements they can get asked to stay on with their companies. Coll and Eames (2000) outlined the benefits associated with cooperative education to be financial rewards, career enhancement, cost savings, and good human relationships between the employers and the educational organization. Students that Participate in cooperative education programs have the ability to know their profession goals, complete their studies easily, they are better academically plus they have a whole lot self-confidence and knowledge of careers and work area requirements and earn higher wages. These students generally have better job seeking skills such as cv writing and interview skills. You will discover four key themes or templates of advantages to students in Co operative Education, they are personal growth and maturity, work skills, academics impact, and employability. Bell(2005) summarized four career skills that employers, recruiters and profession development staff have identified that might be obtained through co-operative education. These job skills are communication skills, academics skills, leadership skills and job acquisition skills. One area where Co operative Education plays a part in the academic organization is in the development of the students qualities and skills.

Poppins and Singh(2005) come to the final outcome that Work Integrated Learning in education is a very important and important area of the curriculum providing students with real life learning before they type in the task place. The hotel school website(2009) states that there are many hotels that take in service trainees, as this can help them in their departments and also gives the students valuable experience. They also state that there is a remuneration for the hotel trainees doing their training at the various hotels. They say that trainees are located in four and five star hotels and gain the required experience to make them expand in the Hospitality Industry, Linn, Howard and Miller(2004) say that a lot of students have discovered that the original classroom will not prepare them well to reach your goals personnel in a competitive new environment. They also point out the cooperative education is an outstanding educational model to present students to and make them for the place of work. It's been determined that most students want to work while studying, it is a way of students fulfilling their financial needs and studying at the same time. Inman(2000) says that Work included Learning provides students with usage of real-world experiences and allows for the application of theory to apply. Work integrated Learning has been found to boost students confidence, knowledge of their profession.

2. 3. 1Cirruculum at the Durban University of Technology Hospitality Management

According to Jaszay and Dunk(2003) there are numerous methods of coaching that is utilized universities and these procedures of coaching include demo, simulation, role takes on, lectures, self instructed guides, classroom activities, ready training manuals. Ori(2008) states that Work-based learning should be curriculum-driven; organised and outcomes-based; monitored, assessed and quality promised and students must know very well what they may be learning. Ori(2008) claims that it is compulsory for each program at Durban School of Technology with an Advisory Mother board, at least sixty % of the participants of the Advisory Table has to be external to the school. The tasks of the Advisory Table is to provide input in to the relevance of curricula, as well as the delivery of curricula both at work with the university.

The Durban University or college of Technology(2010) website shows that good hospitality management is where businesses which provide hospitality as their main product show high requirements. The main areas are accommodation, food and drink development and service, conferences. Organizations may have their dissimilarities plus they all have a standard dedication to service superiority. In opportunities where service is vital, it is the challenge of every general supervisor and their team to ensure that every guest leaves the hotel satisfied.

According to the Durban University of Technology website students would be doing the next subjects if indeed they were studying on the diploma in Hospitality Management. Within the first yr the pupil would do nines things and the subject matter would include:

SUBJECT

ASSESSMENT

Culinary studies and nutrition

Annual - Examinable

Food and Drink Studies

Annual - Examinable

Hospitality Communication

Continuous Evaluation

Hospitality Financial Management

Annual - Examinable

Hospitality Management

Annual - Examinable

Hospitality health insurance and safety

Annual - Examinable

Hospitality Information systems

Continuous Evaluation

Accommodation Management

Annual - Examinable

Service Excellence

Annual - Examinable

Source : DUT website

Year 2

Culinary studies and nutrition

Semester - Examinable

Food and Drink Studies

Semester - Examinable

Hospitality Communication

Continuous Evaluation

Hospitality Financial Management

Semester - Examinable

Hospitality Management

Semester - Examinable

Hospitality Information systems

Continuous Evaluation

Hospitality Industry Law

Semester - Examinable

Accommodation Management

Semester - Examinable

Food and Drink Management

Semester - Examinable

Source : DUT website

This would be the time where the university student would be going into Work Integrated Learning in to the various Hospitality areas. The learner would be located at in service for a year and six months would be within Durban and the remaining six would be out of Durban. Some students do their in service training overseas which would include doing their full calendar year of in service for the reason that one area.

Hospitality Management III

Semester - Examinable

Financial Management III

Semester - Examinable

Hospitality Event Management I

Continuous Evaluation

Hospitality Regulation II

Semester - Examinable

Hospitality Information Systems

Continuous Evaluation

Food and Drink Operations

Semester - Examinable

Accommodation Management

Semester - Examinable

Professional Cookery

Semester - Examinable

This would conclude every one of the subjects a student would be exposed to in the curriculum while studying for a Diploma in Hospitality Management.

2. 3. 2Durban University of Technology Hospitality Management Work-Integrated Learning Process

According to Ori (2008) on the discourse of Work-Integrated Learning, he begins by expressing that learning over here occurs in the workplace and that Work-Integrated Learning is also key in addressing the skills scarcity in this country. The concept of 'learning by doing' is not new and it is now practised in every universities. This partnership is ongoing with Work Integrated Learning and it is not restricted to a onetime placement of university student in the task place. He further says that at the Durban School of Technology, personnel exchange between the university and industry is important to achieve a reasonable Work-Integrated Learning experience. The Durban School of Technology means that the office is approved before the student is located and this is done by suitably qualified and experienced academic staff. Ori(2008) says that after the students are at work they can be regularly watched by academic personnel who make slated sessions to the work area and here they can view the performance of the students. There are many ways of evaluating the students, it can be portfolios, programme-based assessments and evaluations are some of the analysis tools used. Once they have completed Work-Integrated Learning, the students are debriefed and this is an important reviews and allows students to think about their placement, especially with the activities of other students. All Work-Integrated Learning students of Durban College or university of Technology are documented with the school during their Work-Integrated Learning and throughout their Work-Integrated Learning position period the students are the students of the Durban College or university of Technology and not employees of the business with that they are placed. Over the years, it's been seen that students are often not placed because these were not ready for work.

According to the WIL handbook, many of the programmes offered by the Durban School of Technology have Work Integrated Learning as a compulsory part of their course. This is the formal and supervised visibility of the industry to the pupil where they can get practical experience. Work Integrated Learning includes the primary areas in relation to a Hotel. The supervisory teacher associates the relevant subject mind and he gets information about the students with regards to attendance of lectures, contribution in class, helpfulness and personal demonstration of the university student. Now the supervisory teacher will draw up a profile on each college student and interviews will be conducted with the students. All this can help the supervisory tutor decide where in fact the pupil will be placed for their Work Integrated Learning experience. Durban School of Technology website(2010) states that in the Hospitality Management classes offered here, their students spend per annum doing their operating training. All students are required to go for operating training at the Team of Hospitality and Tourism at the Durban College or university of Technology. Half a year of that time is done from the Kwa Zulu Natal region and the other six months can be carried out it the Kwa Zulu Natal region. The Work Integrated Learning makes up a large area of the course tag for the students. The great things about Work-Integrated Learning at the Durban University or college of Technology according to Ori(2008) are upgraded academic results scheduled to them being linked with theory and practice, students get everlasting jobs quicker, they can be more enthusiastic, determined students that enhance the work place, employers save well on recruitment costs as they can keep the students on after their inservice.

While the scholar is at Work Integrated Learning they would cover the following areas according to the Durban University of Technology Hospitality and Tourism Department.

Accommodation management stream students

Front office - (reception, reservations, turn board, concierge, visitor relations and evening audit) - 3 months

Housekeeping (visitor room cleaning, laundry, managing inventories) - 1 month

Accounts (Standard Ledger, debtors, lenders, banking, prominent office recon) - 1 month

Maintenance team - 2 weeks

Management (obligation management and special jobs) - 2 weeks

Food and beverage stream students

Restaurant(breakfast, lunch, evening meal, cashiering, setup, waitron ) - 2 1/2 months

Kitchen(breakfast time, lunch, dinner, hot and cool kitchen, , menu design, planning and costing) - 1 Month

Stores/Purchasing(costing, stock controls, obtaining, issues, data capturing) - 1 month

Banqueting/events (reservations, setup, charging, AV and equipment, claims and follow-up) - 2 weeks

Management(duty management and special projects) - 2 weeks

Professional cookery stream students

Restaurant(breakfast, lunch, supper, cashiering, set up, waitron ) - 3 months

Kitchen(breakfast time, lunch, dinner, hot and cold kitchen, , menu design, planning and costing) - 1 month

Stores/Purchasing(costing, stock control buttons, acquiring, issues, data capturing) - 1 month

Banqueting/events (reservations, setup, costing, AV and equipment, complaints and follow-up) - 2 weeks

Management(responsibility management and special jobs) - 2 weeks

2. 3. 3Trainees connection with Work Integrated Learning

Coll, Eames & Halsey (1997) claim that an important part of the success of any program is the ongoing support of employers. This is most likely that occurs if the employers have an effective placement experience whenever they employ a student. A good positioning experience will improve the chance of the employer dealing with another student in the future and one of the most effective methods of ensuring a good location experience is to achieve the good match of learner with workplace.

Tanke(2001) shows that the training that in service trainees undergo may take place in many ways in the hospitality industry. A few of these methods used can be formal and others can be informal and many methods are being used to develop the trainees skills and everything depends on their training objectives. He further shows that there are certain methods that work in training, the lecture method is a method that is very cost effective when training students, here sound and video materials may be used to aid in the lectures to trainees and working out director in your hotel would carry out this. Tanke(2001) also says that face to face training is also another effective method used to train in service trainees and here the trainee is actually performing duties required in their scope of work. There's also some negative traits that on the job training can show to trainees as these negative traits can be handed down along to trainees and can hinder your target of visitor satisfaction and a damage in productivity. However a good smartly designed face to face training can overcome these problems effectively and easily. Tanke(2001) illustrates another form of training called job instruction training, this is where the trainee recognizes the reason behind doing a process and they conclude performing the role without fail and having a better understanding of it. Holt, Mackay and Smith(2003) declare that students gain significant value from their in service placements. Students recognized operating training as the utmost valuable aspect of their course as it provided the possibility to gain first hand experience of the workforce as well as hands on experience of focusing on real projects.

According to Bonnet. (2009) the workintegrated learning registered trainee will carry out the specified trained in industry and will complete an academics portfolio in which information are completed in conditions of the competencies learnt. The training standards in industry is created through a agreement to focus on the trainees and their trained in industry through the academia as the qualification. Trainee confidence in the bigger learning is helped by ; learning, teamwork and cooperation and responsibility. Matching to Inman (2000) whenever a student enters the work environment, they move away from a structured college or university environment to the workplace that is different and unpredictable. This change is a surprise for the scholar, where they may have thoughts of loneliness and isolation that comes with being in a fresh environment and executing new duties.

2. 3. 4Ipackage Work Integrated experience for a operating trainee

According to Jaszay and Dunk(2003) trainees prefer to work in a casual atmosphere where these are treated as professionals somewhat than students. Their workplace must give positive feedback and encouragement regarding their improvement. Trainees should not be forced to contend with each other and they just work at different speeds and need specific attention. Trainees must find out what to do and the steps to do it by their employers plus they need to be given real examples when things are told them. They have to learn to do the activity first and then concentrate on building up speed in doing it. The person displaying the trainee the work will need to have a good knowledge of the task and working out should be made interesting and relevant. There should be a good environment created for the trainee and the individual educating the trainee must be enthusiastic at all times. Many of these methods mentioned above will lead to a good environment created for the trainee.

Mclay and Skeltin(2007)declare that the benefits associated with presenting an internship can vary greatly according to the students. Most students explain their internship as a great experience that had a major effect on their learning and on their understanding of real life. Younger tertiary students can take advantage of the disciplines of dressing properly, start times and period of work, and the non-public marketing communications disciplines of a real work place. Internships are now providing students with a real option and allows the university student to explore new and area with the support of a business based mentor.

2. 3. 5Hospitality

Webb(2008) areas that the history of hospitality should go along way back into record when people built and maintained romantic relationships with others, hospitality was central. It's been described as a behaviour that should be learned over time. There are numerous areas where hospitality can take place, it can take place in the home. If someone involves visit and stay your own house, you would be hospitable to them by providing them with a destination to sleep, food, drink and even entertainment. You also get hospitality out of the home and this could simply indicate just being nice to a person, being nice and friendly towards them. Hospitality can be looked at in five perspectives, as something, a process, a policy and frame of mind and also seen as a skill. The hospitality business main product is hospitality and it will the whole process of a guests stay at a hotel for example. This would be from the time that the guest would check in the hotel until they check away and it could also include every one of the facilities of the hotel that the guests uses that would contribute to a confident hospitality experience for the visitor. It's the romance between a visitor and a bunch that is engaging guests.

2. 3. 6Brief overview about the Hospitality Industry

Webb(2008) expresses that the Hospitality Industry is thought to have origins in European countries and it was something that came with the industrial trend. Brotherton(2003) state governments that the hospitality market sectors main sectors are hotels, restaurants and contract foodservice areas. Different civilizations and different groups view hospitality in different ways and the hospitality industry is something industry. A restaurant is thought as a place where a person can buy a refreshment and meals. Dining out at restaurants is something that is increasing on a regular basis. Hospitality can also signify providing care to whoever is within need.

Clayton, Barrows and Bosselman(1999) declare that the Hospitality Industry is very unique and it includes many different areas. What is common in the Hospitality industry is a service is provided which generates the revenue for the industry. Within this industry and service is produced for guests, it cannot be seen which makes it intangible. In such a industry there's a lot of interacting with people and unlike other market sectors machines and technology cannot take over that part. Success in the Hospitality Industry requires a lot of commitment. There are lots of opportunities for the Hospitality graduates, they can get into the lodging part and this would are the front office and rooms in a hotel. The other main area is the Food and Beverage area and this would include the restaurants, bars and also banqueting and functions.

According to the Vault career bible(2006) it is not easy employed in the Hospitality Industry, guests can be rude and employees work long hours and sometimes 7 days per week. People that work in the hospitality industry should always put their needs of their friends first and everyone in a hotel works collectively as a team. In this particular industry the staff often work later and must work a lot of overtime as most of the services are 24 hours in hotels. Details are of the upmost importance in the hospitality industry. Internships and prior experience are an advantage for individuals that are trying to get management positions in the Hospitality Industry. Graduates with hospitality diplomas usually start off as trainee helper managers or move forward to that level rapidly. Most of the jobs in the industry are service orientated accordin. Hotel personnel should move around many times in their professions. The web site wikepedia describes hospitality as a service industry that includes restaurants, lodging, event planning, theme parks, sail liners.

According to Clayton, Barrows and Bosselman(1999) they say that the field of Hospitality education is rather unique academic area. An early description of hospitality included any and all businesses and services whose primary objective is serving people beyond the home. Students of the industry are able to find the proper method of professional preparation after they have motivated their career aims and addititionally there is on the job training. The opportunities for graduates are significant in the hospitality industry. they are a few of the areas a graduate can get into. These areas are lodging, private golf clubs, gaming, meetings and occurrences, theme parks, resorts and restaurants according to Clayton, Barrows and Bosselman(1999).

2. 3. 7Hospitality Management Programs at universities and colleges

Clayton, Barrows and Bosselman(1999) state that the field of Hospitality Education is a very unique academics area and the key goal of Hospitality programs are to get ready students to work in the Hospitality field. There are various training offered in Hospitality Management, it could be diplomas, levels and also one year and two time programs are also offered. A certification has turned into a requirement for many entry level management positions in the Hospitality Industry.

Wikipedia(2009) state governments that Hospitality Management is the educational review of the Hospitality industry. It really is offered at universities that have a office of Hospitality within it. Other brands of the course can be hotel management or hotel and tourism management. This course teaches students how to manage hospitality functions like hotels, restaurants, carnivals and convention centres. Grosjean(2004) identifies learning to be in the class which will include the cirruculum, educators, students, equipment, home furniture and the educators attitude towards education. The work environment context is more professional and formal and it offers the norms and worth of the occupations, equipment and equipment used for creation and a understanding for how things are done in a work place. Eames(2004) claims that with a big variety of classes and limited variety of equipment in colleges this means that students don't have much of a chance to do functional research. Therefore the students emerge from college with a educational understanding of their field and no actual experience. In universities learning is organised what your location is been thought the theory in lectures and in labs managed skills are taught. Eames(2004) describes cooperative education as a genuine world context which you would never get in a university or college. He also believe that the colleges cannot coach students about the real world like the work place can.

Wit(2010) states that their mission is to provide tomorrows hospitality industry market leaders with the useful training, education and ethnical the knowing of culture. The management techniques educated at this college are considered the best in the entire world by many people regarding to their website. This unique, hospitality education and sensible training is the only one of its kind on earth at the private hotel university. The International Hotel Schools(2010) objective is to provide hundred percent placements for his or her successful graduates. Their certification are well recognised across the world and their trainees are well well known.

Gallagher(2010) states that at the Academy of Hotel Management they are a private academy that offers quality education with their students. This academy only enrols a preferred volume of students, so that their students can get specific attention. The lecturers here are positively mixed up in industry and they provide interesting lectures for the students. A two season Hospitality Management Diploma emerges as of this academy. Lill(2010) areas that the College or university of Johannesburg is accepted as a reliable supplier of education in the Tourism and Hospitality industry. It is one of the most significant Universities on photography equipment and their graduates are recognized for their hands on skill. Their aim is to develop a new technology of Travel and leisure and Hospitality Management market leaders. They say that the Hospitality is one of the establishments with high progress in South Africa.

2. 4Conclusion

In conclusion the author is appreciative of the possibility to look at earlier research relating to the impact of the Hospitality Curriculum at the Durban University of Technology on Work Integrated Learning and the Hospitality Industry. The study reviewed relevant books on Work Integrated Learning, information about it and the process used at the Durban College or university of Technology and it also talks about the satisfaction of trainees and the Hospitality Industry.

Work Integrated Learning has become a important part of your student's studies providing them with the chance to do sensible work and gain valuable experience also. The researcher has explained the task Integrated Process using others previous research to demonstrate the whole process. It was very interesting for the researcher to learn others research and a lot was learnt by the researcher.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)