Pestel evaluation of sainsbury

Task A

Company analysis:

J. Sainsbury Plc proven in 1869 is a leading retail company with a string of Sainsbury's 502 supermarkets and 290 convenient stores (Annual survey 2009) across UK. In addition, it has a financial interest venture in the form of Sainsbury's bank.

The company workforce includes over 148, 000 employees across UK. The company suits 18 million customers per week.

External environment of the company - Major competitors

The company's chain of Sainsbury was the UK's biggest food merchant until 1995 when rivals like Tesco Plc and ASDA Group Small overran the market. Other competition include Hannaford Bros. Co. , Safeway Plc as well as the Stop and Shop Companies, Inc.

PESTEL evaluation of Sainsbury:

Political factors

The political factors in britain have a great affect on the performance of Sainsbury. Presently in UK, the federal government debts and the consumer debts are extremely high. This impacts the customer behaviour and for that reason business conditions experience great pressure. Sainsbury has to not only operate in these market conditions but also has to build up their business continually. Although the politics factors aren't advantageous, Sainsbury has been able to sustain a steady growth because of its long traditions of offering great product quality at competitive prices.

Economic factors

Economic factors play a essential role in any industry. These factors have an impact on demand, costs, prices and success. Within the light of the monetary slowdown, growing unemployment and inflation in food prices are the 2 important components of financial factor that will affect Sainsbury significantly. As a result of rampant unemployment and high prices of food products, the demand for Sainsbury's products will lower which in turn will decrease the production of foods. This may further raise the food prices and unemployment as being a viscous circle result.

Sainsbury should contemplate on development into new rising markets and for that reason globalization of Sainsbury's functions will permit it to well-manage the risks from the monetary slowdown.

Social factors

In today's market, the clients tend to favor one-stop shopping. This means that they would prefer to have all the products available under one roof covering. Sainsbury by launching non-food products have typically benefited out of this strategy.

In addition other social factors such as increasing female workforce, longevity in the populace, etc. has resulted in a decline local meals making. Therefore there's a growing demand style of a certain types of products. One of the marketing styles of Sainsbury being 'Make meals and Save' promotes easy to make products in that way allowing the customers to make their home budgets stretch out further.

Technological factors

The technological advancements have a confident impact on the business enterprise operations. There is a significant growth probable in the web or web based operations of the business. Online operations allow the company to expand their capacity in areas of growing needs.

Sainsbury's online food delivery service is increasingly expanding. According to their annual article for 2009, ongoing improvement in the services offered online has led to increase of sales by 25% year after year. This online service is currently open to 88% of the United Kingdom households.

Environmental factors

There has been a great strain on the organisations and management to do something in a socially responsible manner to keep carefully the environment safe. Organisations impact the environment in both immediate and direct ways.

Sainsbury has used an initiative in this field by championing in their 'Reduce, Reuse, Recycle' methodology that effectively handles waste, packaging and recycling. Also, they are working to reduce their procedure carbon footprints.

Legislative factors

The government legislation and regulations have a direct impact on the performance of the company. For example the legislation that presented a new taxes on advertising highly processed and fatty foods. Sainsbury designed to this new tax by changing its products and also complied to the legislative requirements.

Porter's 5 pushes analysis:

Michael Porter's 5 makes of evaluation are referenced as the evaluation factors of an industry. These causes include

Competitive rivalry

Obstacles of entry

Risks of substitutes

Ability of buyers

Electric power of retailers

Competitive rivalry

The market share of grocery store in britain is concentrated. It is dominated by 4 major players particularly Tesco Plc, Sainsbury, Safeway and ASDA with a mixed market show of 70%.

As per the total annual record of 2009, Sainsbury has a countrywide market share of 16% and its own web based shopping service captures 88% of UK homeowners.

Tesco Plc and ASDA Group Limited are the 2 major competitors of Sainsbury in britain. Sainsbury's rivals have certain competitive benefits such as give attention to price and value and quality service.

The competitive advantage of Sainsbury has been increasing attention to quality within their own-brand products and competitive prices.

Barriers of entry

The food retail industry in britain has significant barriers of accessibility.

As the target grocery store in the united states is huge, the primary issue for a new entrant is the large scale of investment necessary to enter in and face the competition from set up key players like Sainsbury, Tesco, Safeway, etc.

The established opponents not only present challenging competition to new entrants in conditions of market show but also have their own branded products. A fresh entrant would need to invest considerable time and money to build up and promote its branded products.

Threats of substitutes

The risk of substitutes being available in UK's grocery store is not really a dominant issue. Unlike other products, food products come under the category of necessity. Therefore the demand for foods is ever-growing as the market evolves.

Although there is an inherent internal risk such as a presence of another supermarket in the same demographic limits, the competitors are constantly attracting ground breaking ideas and ways to make food shopping a pleasurable experience. An example is the online shopping service provided by Sainsbury which allows 88% of the united kingdom household customers to look ideally at the click of the mouse.

Power of clients

In a competitive retail grocery store in the United Kingdom, the energy of buyers performs an extremely significant role. The energy of potential buyers can determine the prices of products, the market talk about allocation, customer commitment, etc.

For illustration if the price tag on milk which really is a necessity product, is high in Safeway, the clients will switch to Sainsbury. As there are several supermarkets in your community, the bargaining vitality of the customers is very strong and the client loyalty is very volatile.

Sainsbury should constantly examine its prices and benchmark it against the primary competitor's prices in order to be competitive on the market.

Power of sellers

The power of sellers refers to the demand of the suppliers that the sellers and the supermarkets should pay an absolute price for his or her goods. In the event the retailers are reluctant to pay the purchase price demanded by the suppliers, the products will not designed for resale. Therefore will have an effect on their customer service as the stores will not be well-equipped to provide a wide range of products to its customers.

Being a big chain of supermarkets and convenience stores, Sainsbury comes with an added benefit of determining the terms and prices of products off their suppliers. In addition Sainsbury has a big base of its top quality products therefore Sainsbury should give attention to developing marketing ways of expand their clientele and demand for his or her own products.

Task B:

2 marketing strategies and its impact on Sainsbury's permanent growth

The 2 marketing strategy options available to Sainsbury Plc to achieve long term growth are the following:



Marketing strategy 1 - Differentiation

This is a marketing strategy used by an organisation to determine strong and unique personal information on the market. It is also called segmentation strategy. The goal of the differentiation strategy is to enable the company to stick out from its challengers. Business differentiation and product differentiation are types of differentiation strategies.

Business differentiation

This strategy is employed by many successful organisations. This strategy is called placement. This is a technique that sets an enterprise apart from other businesses in the industry, market, geographical and demographic area.

In absence of business differentiation, all businesses providing the same products are fighting against one another. Business differentiation is s strategy that produces a good market perception of the business enterprise. It is essentially in what a client would say when asked "What's so special about the supermarket Sainsbury?"

Sainsbury should identify and develop the factors that distinguish them from others. These would include the following

Competitive prices

Quality products

Durable products

Reliability of customers on Sainsbury

Customer service

Product warranty

Product differentiation

Product differentiation is a technique employed by an company to introduce different varieties of the same product to focus on the various types of sections of the marketplace.

In this strategy the bottom product is changed to suit the needs of the various segments of the market. An example of product differentiation is all of the products created by Coca-Cola under the category of basic soda: Regular soda pop, Diet soda, Decaffeinated soda, Diet-decaffeinated soda pop, etc.

Sainsbury should not only develop a product range that is targeted for the several segments of the market but also take on rigorous marketing techniques to market these products.

Marketing strategy 2 - Diversification

Diversification is a online marketing strategy that is aimed at the organisation's growth. It refers to increasing success by increasing the sales volume obtained through building services and through penetrating in new markets.

Diversification strategies include development of services in today's market, introducing current products in the international marketplaces, acquisition of other organisations, alliance with other organisations, importing and retailing products created by other organisations, etc.

There will vary types of diversification strategies 2 which have been outlined below

Internal diversification strategies

Internal diversification strategies entail marketing existing products in new market or launching new products in the prevailing markets. This can be achieved by reaching out to new customers in the new parts within the united states or by globalizing the operations and reaching out to potential international customers. In addition it may also be achieved by marketing services in the prevailing markets. An example of this would be Sainsbury adding low-sodium food products to its existing line of products.

External diversification strategies

An exterior diversification strategy refers to looking beyond your current operations and buying access to new products and new marketplaces. Merger and corporate and business takeovers are an example of external diversification strategies. In this year's 2009 annual record of Sainsbury, the company indicated its intention of acquiring 24 stores from the Co-operative group mainly in the Western world England, Wales and Scotland where Sainsbury is relatively less well symbolized.


Marketing strategies like differentiation and diversification will permit Sainsbury Plc to attain long term development. These strategies can not only build Sainsbury as a head in the retail grocery store but will permit the company to secure a respected position in the global market through globalization.

Task C:

Current marketing mixture of Sainsbury Plc

Marketing mix

Marketing mix is a framework that identifies the principal decisions the marketing professionals make to configure their marketing strategies in order to suit the needs of the customers.

The key elements of the marketing blend are as follows





These key elements form a framework which is the main basis of decision-making for marketing managers so that a favorable response is produced from the customers. Which means marketing mix is merely a suitable listing of interrelated decisions taken by the professionals in an organisation.

An important aim of the marketing mixture is to build up a ecological competitive gain for an company.

Marketing mix of Sainsbury Plc

As per the 2009 2009 annual statement of Sainsbury, their marketing campaign is devoted to the next three themes

Shop and save

Swap and save

Make meals and save

Shop and save provides customers with competitive costing and a variety of promotions. Switch and save focuses on the product quality and value of Sainsbury's own-brand products at significant lower prices set alongside the comparative leading brands. Make and save helps its customers make their household budget stretch out further.

Key factor of Sainsbury's marketing combination and tips

Based on the above-stated marketing campaign of Sainsbury, it could be concluded that the main element components of their marketing combination are products and pricing.


A brand distinguishes the merchandise and the company from the other competitive products and company.

Sainsbury provides own brand products which ranges three tiers thought as 'good, better, best' which are offered via the 'basic principles, standard Sainsbury, flavour the difference' sub-brands.

In order to profit more from the branding Sainsbury should execute the idea of product building by Philip Kotler.

A per Kotler's principle something should be developed in 3 levels

Level 1: Primary product

Sainsbury should identify the key gain or the central function of its product. For example the Sainsbury foods purchased by its customers will be more than simply a product; they symbolize good quality and healthy food.

Level 2: Real product

All food products fill the clients. The objective of the marketing mix should be that the clients show a favorable respond to Sainsbury's products by buying them. As of this level Sainsbury should develop and promote its brand by adding features and advantages to ensure that their top quality products offer competitive advantages to their customers.

Level 3: Augmented product

Sainsbury should contemplate on augmenting its top quality products by adding non-tangible features and advantages to the after sales product. This would include after sales service, warranty, delivery, etc. A good example would be cash back policy on foods that do not meet the customers' specifications or a warrantee from Sainsbury on big solution non-food items such as consumer electronics.


Pricing is a key factor of the marketing blend. A sound pricing policy guarantees success, customer demands, customer satisfaction, customer retention, etc. Therefore Sainsbury should review and enhance its pricing coverage considering lots of rates strategies. Following are the 3 rates strategies that people recommend to Sainsbury

Penetrating prices strategy

When Sainsbury gets into a new market or a new territory, penetrating pricing strategy is highly recommended. Under this plan the prices are reduced to improve the sales size and capture the maximum share in the new market. This will likely encourage the customers to change to the products of Sainsbury.

Product collection pricing

This pricing strategy sets up different charges for different products within the same product bottom depending on features and benefits associated with the merchandise. Sainsbury is following this policy where it includes different price details for the nice, better and best sub-brands. It is highly recommended that Sainsbury should implement this plan more rigorously as this will maximise its sales quantity and revenue.

Competition pricing

Last but not the least; Sainsbury should continually follow the price fluctuations of the similar products provided by its competitors. In order to be a leader on the market, Sainsbury's product prices shouldn't only be very competitive and not merely comparable.


Sainsbury can take advantage of the above-stated marketing combination by developing the key elements of product and costing and thereby boosting its goals and worth.

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