Plagiarism has stained our education system for long. The real reason for highlighting this issue is that people, especially inside our society are unaware of the consequences of this practice, which is deemed normal with no sense of guilt or dishonesty. And additional the extension of the internet has managed to get easier for individuals to fetch and present somebody else's are their own. Which means this problem needs to be identified so that unethical practice can be eradicated. The first rung on the ladder in the eradication should be to bring reforms in the educational sector, because students carry on these habits to their practical lives leading to social dilemma.
This report talks about the reasons for plagiarism and its own proposed, and some tried and tested solutions.
What is Plagiarism? :
"Plagiarism is the copying of ideas, wording, or other things from another source without appropriate reference point or acknowledgement such that it is apparently one's own work. " (grips, 2011)
Some others define Plagiarism as
the reproduction or paraphrasing, without acknowledgement, from general population or private (i. e. unpublished) materials (including material downloaded from the Internet), due to, or which is the intellectual property of another, like the work of students". (College or university of Southampton).
the copying or paraphrasing of other's work or ideas into your own work without full acknowledgement (School of Oxford).
using somebody else's work, or ideas.
and doing so without proper acknowledgement.
mere rephrasing of somebody else's work does not ease one from the crime.
Plagiarism is unethical and dishonest. It is unfair to one's fellows who actually functioned hard and performed the given work/assignment themselves. It like stealing from someone. It could ruin one's own trustworthiness along with the credibility of the one whose work the person has plagiarized. Further it Prevents Learning.
Hence awareness has to be brought on the list of students to allow them to avoid these dire outcomes of the practice.
Plagiarism has existed throughout the history of mankind in one form or the other, however the rise of the technical time and especially internet has made access to information (& other's work) extremely easier, which has increased the cases of plagiarism considerably. The practice of plagiarism causes damage to the both doer and the victim. So this practice has been considered unethical and consciousness needs to be brought to everyone related to education, so that practice can be eliminated.
This problem can be solved by going through following steps
Recognizing plagiarism and its own origin
Reasons for why students plagiarize
Educating and creating anti plagiarism plans.
Each of these steps has been based on surveys/studies that were done by credible government bodies during the past decade or so. I have gone through these research and articles posted by my peers, and made my very own understanding of this problem. This approach has been used in days gone by to identify such problems and I have thus adopted it to present the problem and its own various alternatives in this record.
Recognition of Plagiarism:
Recognizing plagiarism is one of the most important steps towards eradication of this crime. Everyone needs to recognize the condition of pupil plagiarism in this internet era. The amount to which this issue has affected the academia is very deep. The real reason for the difficulty in the recognition of the condition is that it is challenging to explain plagiarism as there's a very fine range between what can be borrowed and what can not be. So everyone in the surroundings i. e. , peers, teachers have to help students fetch information and guide them the right way to gain the info they seek.
The reasons why students plagiarize.
The General attitude towards plagiarism.
The role of academics institution.
Means employed by students to plagiarize.
Ways where academic institutions discover plagiarism?
Available & Probable Solutions
One important things is the amount to which this problem has affected our bodies and how profound it has spread into the education system
Reason behind Plagiarism:
To get an insight into various explanations why pupil plagiarize various studies have been done. .
In 2002 a survey was conducted of some 35000 U. S college or university students 36 % admitted to did replicate n paste plagiarism some time in their educational life. (McCabe, 2003).
While in a 2006 Canadian review, "more than half of the undergraduates and 35 percent of the graduate students surveyed admitted to some form of cheating on written course work, such as failing to footnote, turning in someone else's work, or falsifying a bibliography" (Birchard, 2006).
The same situation is here in our country where plagiarism, especially in school students is continuing to grow considerably and without any check. Here copying of every other's assignments is considered normal and nobody penalizes them for this practice. Hence students are being encouraged. The trouble with such surveys is that worries of penalties resulting from the conviction of plagiarism triggers many students to be dishonest. Therefore the statistics coming out of such surveys have to be thought to be the minima.
Academic institute's frame of mind:
In my opinion it is an ethical issue and hence universities can't do much in this respect, besides making stringent policies because simply by creating mere insurance policies and fines this can not be handled effectively as students will see a way around detection. That is a concern that has to be solved by teaching and talking to students about plagiarism in a friendly way. But our instructors do not give heed to plagiarism as soon as diagnosed do not do the official procedure for the punishment, One or two reasons behind such frame of mind are: Enough time required is not worthwhile. The time required in follow up procedures can results concentration from educating and learning, the procedures are very nerve-racking, It's not always the student's problem due to culture from they emerged can vary and they may not know the seriousness of the problem.
Internet- the ultimate seduction:
A part from the culture students come from, the major reason behind the climb of plagiarism is the climb of the internet. The efficiency with which information is obtainable has enticed everyone to do less work "Researching" and spend more time "Searching". That is done thoroughly by students and without proper citation and therefore they gain more by doing least work. The entrance of tad torrent sites has made it possible for students to get their practical materials with a few clicks, that couldn't have been borrowed without written permission of publisher before. These comforts have made plagiarism appealing to most of the students.
One serious issue is that now there are "paper mill" or commonly known as "cheat" sites. Which not only provide students with the materials that they can duplicate and paste but they also encourage them to do less work and therefore be "efficient" they happily announce that they are assisting students while in reality they are performing a serious offence and ruining the training phase of many students. These websites enable students to buy material that is precisely what they need without even taking the time to find it online.
Once reasons behind plagiarism are known and we realize the means where students can plagiarize we may take better actions to counter plagiarism.
A slight paraphrasing or rephrasing of the copied work can make the plagiarized work undetectable, such sites are effective against students who have make no attempt to amend the written text.
Also such sites count on existing directories so materials copied from items that is not in their database goes undetected. Such as material copied from literature, publications and fellow students, which are not available online.
Turnitin. com is the hottest plagiarism tool, matching to its recognized website "it permits instructors to control grades and assignments online and instantly identify documents containing unoriginal material".
Apart from it, other software such as MyDropbox Suite, Easy Verification Engine motor (EVE2, MOSS are also very reliable.
These are machine founded plagiarism recognition tools which have their constraints, if we are to eliminate this practice we must resort to the more conventional ways of human persuasion. We've to ensure that students know the moral importance of this subject, the dire results this may have in their approaching life. In order to avoid this pointless unwell practice. And vacation resort to just how of learning the proper way.
Penalties & Honor codes:
One effective way to avoid plagiarism is through presenting strict fines on plagiarism and using honor codes during entrance and professing them so that students avoid pointless disciplinary action against them.
The point of the techniques described previously was to recognize and stop plagiarism. The success of these methods has been assessed by many reports.
First step was to recognize plagiarism, Tsang and Choy's (2005) research was conducted after their seminars on plagiarism, where they informed students about any of it in those seminars. Before and after workshop they asked students to fill in their questionnaires, which consisted of questions regarding encoding and content material plagiarism. The results show that prior to the seminar series only 8-9 percent of the students understood the correct so this means of plagiarism while after the series 90 percent of students recognized the correct interpretation of plagiarism. Results show the high success rate of such seminars that help students understand and Discover plagiarism.
Next step was to identify the reasons why students plagiarize the results of Tsang and Choy (2005) have been compiled in the next graph.
Students plagiarize because they don't really value the difference between searching & researching.
Sometimes anticipated to high objectives students have a tendency to replicate other's work that is offered in better wording that their own.
Lack of knowledge on how to cite recommendations in their work.
Pressure to get good grade.
Poor time management and organizational skills.
The plagiarism Culture i. e. everyone around them does the same then why as long as they restrain themselves.
Then the means where students plagiarize, matching to a studies conducted by Roberts (2007) & Stoerger (2006) major mean by which students plagiarize is through internet. As well as the style of using paper mill sites is gathering popularity such sites include: 'Schoolsucks. com', 'Termpapersmonthly. com', 'Coursework. info', and 'Essayschool. com'.
(School of IOWA, 2011)
Lastly, the effectiveness of Plagiarism Diagnosis Software and the activities taken, I've generated the next from figures provided in (turnitin. com, 2010).
The results are extremely much as expected in the previous parts of the report. The reasons why students plagiarize have been generalized and the instances of plagiarism have increased alarmingly. The results of these surveys plainly show that although plagiarism can be discovered quite efficiently now days, instances of plagiarism are increasing each year. The penalizing is not occurring proportionally. Hence plagiarism has been prompted indirectly by not taking action against it.
The purpose of this statement was to propose productive ways to recognize preventing the plagiarism inside our education sector, the results clearly show favor to the suggested methods i. e. , by itself counting on machine base solutions does not ensure the attainment of the goals as mentioned in amount 3, although instructors caught many conditions of plagiarism, no disciplinary actions were considered. Hence there is no point in detecting plagiarism if correct action is never to be taken. So an assortment of software based mostly methods and proper human instruction are both necessary to control plagiarism. The program based methods have their restrictions, so they aren't the enough to prevent the instances of plagiarism. As mentioned in the results, the seminars and conferences are extremely effective in educating students on plagiarism and the most effective way to do so is to allow them to understand that it is an moral and moral concern rather than professional problem. In this way they could be mentally prepared to counter this problem.
Most instances of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing options. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed, and providing your audience with the information necessary to discover that source, is usually enough to avoid plagiarism. It is obvious that instructors see plagiarism as an incorrect practice plus they feel that students should be penalized for it. Nonetheless it is also an undeniable fact that instructors disregard many areas of plagiarism and don't teach students how to avoid it. Therefore the attitude towards plagiarism is appropriate but the process of tackling instances of plagiarism is not. It should be focused on avoiding plagiarism scheduled to ignorance. Only when instances of plagiarism are found you can say that it was intentional and tight action is justified.
The students should be educated the skill of keeping away from plagiarism, and educational institutions should show patience with this as it will require time for students to learn wholly this skill. Carroll (2002) has reviewed the complexities that happen in instructing students about plagiarism. Inside our institutes students are simply just given a brief history of plagiarism and then an online site is given to them for details. Such practice is not instructing anyone, anything. Instead, it should be taught steadily, so that students are familiar with core aspects of plagiarism. And yes it should be offered as an aspect of academia rather than as a crime.
Searching vs. Researching
Today students stay away from the brainstorming that is required when researching content. Since it entails reading information and then control it in their thoughts to get the idea and make use of it for his or her research. Instead a nice-looking alternative is to find the content "proficiently" and then deploying it as it is without producing it and creating one's own knowledge of the topic.
Promotion of Ethical Action:
Although Standard Polices and recognition lectures do stress the seriousness of the problem on the list of students nonetheless they do not inform the students what it really entails and why they shouldn't do plagiarism?. The punishments do not effectively prevent plagiarism; instead they just make sure they are more careful. So students themselves can form an judgment that they should not plagiarize and they themselves should learn skills to create without copying. Plagiarism, as an ethical issue requires students to change their mentality and positively seeking ways to avoid it.
Possible New Guidelines:
Use of Technology by Students:
First of most students themselves should be able to detect plagiarism instead of their instructors, this gives them a concept of how much they have "unintentionally" copied, so that they can refine their work and do plagiarism check over and over until the software clears them out. This method helps you to save the students the shame of unintentional plagiarism. Other ways is to develop software that can get the rephrasing that is done by the students to prevent plagiarism.
Control to trainer:
Instead of depending on future solutions, we can use a strategy which is sensible, the steps of officially dealing with plagiarism are very cumbersome so instead, the university student will be given a chance to convince the instructor that he has learned the meaning of finished. , hence the target has been achieved. This is done by performing an exam of some kind by assessor and find out whether the pupil has really learned something or not. But this scheme only works within certain lessons, for publications and research work there exists zero tolerance for any kind of plagiarism.
Well, by examining the definitions of plagiarism, the attitude of education sector toward it, the existing means of educating students about plagiarism and the consensus that offending students should be punished, described in this record. We conclude that Plagiarism is a significant issue and needs to be resolved. But the challenge cannot be fixed by increasing the use of machine based plagiarism diagnosis software only or using even more rigorous policies, but by educating all the involved gatherings and by using well-balanced blend of software and human based alternatives.
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