This paper focuses on current studies on children and the Internet in historical framework noting the primary themes in a variety of research papers, literature and media research by summarizing both pros and cons encompassing children's use of computer and the internet, and which factors world should focus when coming up with important decisions about the role of the Internet technology in children's lives. Is usage of the web for children important or not? What is the goal of gain access to and who need the gain access to? How parents can ensure that access to the web for his or her children contributes to positive and progressive learning experience at college with home? As the Internet becomes must inside our daily lives, it's important to understand the way the growth and the introduction of our child is dependent on the utilization of the Internet and the computer technology. Parents should know what their children should learn from the web and take activities which are necessary to steer them from bad affects of the same.
Due to children's passion for computers and internet, huge cash are being put in to provide them usage of personal computers and Internet in college, at home and in dorms. Now a day's in close proximity to about each and every school has personal computers and large number of children get access to the Internet at their house. But is the web and computer technology enhancing children's lives? This paper examines not only how children are damaged by this growing era of personal computers and the Internet but also explores how the use of Internet is affecting children's development you should and different ways to triumph over problems from these critical situations.
People usually concur that, for children to enter in socially and politically in this new fighting world, they must get a certain level of comfort and knowledge using personal computers. National polls also reveal the necessity for providing usage of pcs and Internet for children to permit them learn computer skills and improve their education.  In most of the studies parents and children imagine computers and the Internet as an information highway, despite worried about exposure to incorrect content like commercial, intimate or violent material.  Some Parents also is convinced that the web can help children in their research. They consider that children without Internet access have a whole lot disadvantages compared to those with access to internet.
Thus, children with access to computers and the Internet at home are growing. The spread of the web gain access to has been referred to as nine time faster than that of radio and four times faster than that of computers and also three times faster than that of television set.  Also the Internet connections are rapidly increased from 15% to 52% in the five year times from 1996 to 2000.  In addition to this, in USA Congress has made a countrywide priority to give access to the web at institution for almost all their nation's children. Saying that the utilization of such technology can help students to build up and keep maintaining a technologically literate citizen.  For this Congress has generated many serves like Educate America take action, The Improving America's school act etc. Because of this, the percentage of classes with computer with Internet increased from 35% to 95%. 
On the other hands, children spend almost all of their time in computer activities at home. Such unnecessary and unmonitored use of personal computers coupled with use of other screen technologies like television set can place children at hazardous risk on their social development. Too much time in front of computer can deviate their head from playing sports and other cultural activities which are beneficial and necessary to child development. Furthermore, also there are chances for children to get exposed to some violent and sexual inappropriate material beyond both at school and at home internet. 
Currently, excessive use of personal computers and the Internet among children is not typical. Country wide survey point out that children ages from 2 to 17 allocated to the average about 34 minutes per day on computers at home.  Use is high, however especially older children have reported spending at-least 4 hours per day on internet.  Children who spend high amount of time on computer systems and on the web probably get aside from activities required for healthy development and increasing risk of obesity and may expose these to harmful impact on their eye. Although, the amount of studies suggests that the chance of high computer use can be significant. 
To reduce increased risk of obesity and many other harmful effects because of intensive use of internet, the "North american Academy of Pediatrics" advised parents about restricting children's time shelling out for the Internet should not exceed one or two hours per day.  Furthermore time extent, they also suggested that various activities children perform on computers and on the web can also influence their internal and intellectual will-being.  Children may use computer and the Internet for an array of purposes. For example, they can make to get take part in activities across a wide range of options like making projects, creating cartoons, learning different basic computer tools such as painting, power-point etc.
Video games presents children to the computer technology and the internet world. Video games have always been the most typical activity for children. Online flash games make children adjust and be comfortable with diverse principles of computing. That is mainly very important to young ladies who typically not interested in high technology up to boys. In nervous about online games, guys spent much more time than girls on pcs. however, now a days the computer applications has widened, as a result girls also put in time on computer systems as often as guys do. Children search the Internet typically for music as well as for pictures of a common movie stars, and also for use of email to switch messages among their friend.
However, the effect of computer and Internet usage, range significantly by activity children perform and quality of content the kid handles. For example, the encounters of children playing offensive game titles on computer are different from children playing educational and puzzle games online and the experience of children using messages to exchange communications with family and friends are quite not the same as children using messages to chat with strangers in MUDs and boards.
These games vary diversely in nervous about type of content and behavioral effects. Some games have been proven to get high educational value. For instance SimCity. By playing this game children can form their problem dealing with skills and visualization skills. But, online games like Doom 95 and counter-strike, expose children to extreme violence, possibly exposing them to ambitious tendencies. However, studies suggest that the utilization of computer systems for doing offers has least significant effect on children's behavior, on their friendships and on family connections.  It can also enhance certain aesthetic or graphical intelligence skills like to imagine 3D images also to track multiple images of different colors and designs simultaneously. Such skills can be important building blocks, for children in computer literacy and can be quite ideal for children to achieve their life.
In addition to the negative impact of online games, studies have shown that a lot more enough time children spend on playing video games and online flash games, the poorer is their performance in school exams.  It also show that lots of children who play online flash games routinely, omit their homework to try out video games and many college student accepted that their video game playing habits tend to be in charge of their academic degradation. Children can grab bad vocabulary and behavior from other folks while playing online and it can make children vulnerable to online hazards.
According to new review published in Feb 2012, children spending extreme time on participating in online flash games may show impulsive patterns and have attention problem.  Corresponding to this review attention problems were thought as difficulty engaging in to reach an objective.
Next to games, most frequently found activity at home computer and on the web by children is university assignments. The use of computer systems at home is assumed to have a positive effect on children's learning. An data shows that use of home computer has marginally better academics performance but such studies didn't control other factors.  A report demonstrates children who participated in the computer program to get knowledge in mathematics and computer knowledge were better in a position to credit score higher in institution tests when compared with non-participants. 
The dark area of the is lots of the educational sites on the Internet are being obscure by the commercial sites. For the reason that, many sites are linked with some interesting television set shows and attractive toy companies. By using an unique feature of internet, companies are able to integrate their advert on such web pages with their brand names or brand logos pushing children to become their consumer at very early on age. According to an industry report, teenagers spent roughly $161 million online lately.  Furthermore, a lot more information which is not designed for the children is easily available on the Internet such as bomb making types of procedures, and sexually explicit images and videos. It bring about exposure to unacceptable contents and child mistreatment. Although, studies implies that children who viewed more cartoons and other computer animation type films upgraded their visualization skills and academics performance. 
The lengthened use of the Internet to get linked with online world of multi consumer domains as MUDs, boards and multiplayer game titles is inclined children to enter loneliness and major depression. In this digital world, children assume multiple identities and begins interacting with strangers. So, no-one cannot predict whether a kid is really interacting with a real person or with a simulator.
Sometimes children are curious about sexuality and sexually explicit materials. Children may seek to establish new connections outside their family because they are curious about use of Internet access to actively look for such materials. So lots of the sex-offenders aim for children and exploits these characteristics and children need. Some children also may get drawn to online offenders, while not technically, may also be dangerous.  Apart from this, children also make online obligations because of some attractive ads to access those material. However, because of such activities children's and finally their parent's personal and financial details gets hacked by some third party pirate and children are unaware of this. 
An executive director of your non-profit group known as GetNetWise which aimed at improving online protection says that parents should talk to their children about online privateness.  Such dialogue can dwelling address many areas of online privacy from the use of public networking sites and the disclosure of private information.  Parents should remind their child not to provide their brands or other personal stats online without asking them.  Parents also should alert their child to common methods like blinking pop-up ads that may be dangerous to their computer and on visiting them these pop-ups may installs spywares and harmful software into children's computer to take their personal information.
To help parents and parents protect their children from such violent content, many steps have been initiated like aiding children be safe and savvy, efforts to protect children from inappropriate materials on Internet that is Children's Online Personal privacy Protection Work in 1998 transferred by congress, initiatives to market computer literacy etc. Many companies have created several filtering and preventing tools for parents to keep their children from online violent and incorrect contents. However, the study found that half of the children using Internet at home haven't any parental constraints on amount of time spent online and kind of content they gain access to.  So that it is highly recommended for parents and teachers dealing with children that they should limit enough time for children to access Internet and also supervise for the contents their children exposes to.
Schools, Colleges and community organizations should also provide a guide to parents, teachers and to children to fortify themselves in their critical understanding and always show children in making right choice about their computer use. Instructor should has a more active role for children which allows themselves to utilize computers to generate good applications, to invent new systems and to design ground breaking models and not to just obtain information passively from computer screen. 
To decrease the potential dangers of unnecessary use of computers, as a next thing, guidelines for how long, children of different age ranges should use Internet everyday would be helpful. Talk about and local education agencies should bear some age group appropriate guidelines for children's computer literacy. Such guidelines should be provided to all elementary and extra professors and also incorporated into technology centers. 
Thus, computer technology is a vast and speedily growing field. The government should ensure that universities should be well prepared with latest hardware, kept up to date high-quality software, and well-trained mentors, ensuing children to learn the mandatory skills to have, survive and work successfully in the twenty-first century. Although, the duty is already completed to a certain level, appropriate monitoring and controls must be put to apply so that there surely is a very little abuse of the Internet technology among children and it can help in overall development of not only of the lives but also the future of the nation.
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