The reading activity has always been viewed as an important element in someone's culture and education. According to Bamberger (1975), reading develops one's intellect therefore which makes it an excellent form of learning. Catalogs and the reading potential are necessary for a person's lifelong education. To advertise the reading behavior, especially in children, he emphasized the role of parents and professors as effective influences to allow them to become visitors as well. Libraries likewise have a very important function, which is to provide opportunities for development of reading interests and habits through making materials accessible to readers, in addition to instilling in them the abilities in using the library.
In 1967, Ibne Insha analyzed the problem of reading patterns of Asians and layed out the common hindrances to the introduction of the reading habit, including factors such as illiteracy and low purchasing electricity. He implied however, that libraries may help in promoting the reading habit if only they were used well. He echoed the value of the role played out by libraries in acquiring materials needed and preferred by its community of users. Library instructions was also viewed as an integral part in achieving the goal of reading advertising.
In many of these reading studies, the example place by parents and instructors with good reading patterns have possibility in stimulating children and pupils to learn. Some literacy surveys show however, that students who are training to become professional teachers haven't any positive attitudes towards reading (Applegate & Applegate, 2004; Su-Yen, 2007). Specifically, the students of education they may have studied were engaged in little extracurricular reading. The implication from these research is that as future educators, they must become role models if their students are to emulate the reading behavior.
The College Library
The academic catalogue is mounted on the academic organization it acts. Its main clients are comprised of students and faculty. For this reason, the resources and services it provides should mirror the academics goals of the organization, and meet up with the information needs of these users. The library's central series should help them in satisfying their academics pursuits by giving them with appropriate resources and materials related with their fields. Aside from these, the selections should also support research and provide materials for recreational purposes (Coughlin, 1992). It is important then, that libraries continue to determine the needs of its users.
"1) information (the communication, in any form, of knowledge or data made available for the patron's use); 2) education, including self-education, support for the educational endeavors of teams and organizations, and support for formal education with supplementary and enriching materials, and; 3) recreation". (Bakewell, p. 155)
Bakewell, Handling user-centred libraries and information services
In universities of education, specifically, where in fact the training and education of teachers is the main purpose, the provision of materials to meet the academic, research and extension information needs of the faculty and students is important especially when liberal education is increasingly becoming the aim (Platt, 1972).
The UP University of Education
The UP College or university of Education was established in 1918 through the quality of the Plank of Regents and has since developed into an institution of brilliance for the training and training of teachers (UP College or university of Education, 1976-77).
Today, the faculty offers undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs with different fields of specialization. The undergraduate programs include the Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEEd) and Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSE) have several regions of concentration specifically: Artwork Education, Mathematics, Science and Health Education, Special Education, Teaching in the Early Levels, and Communication Arts - English, Communication Arts - Filipino, Biology, Chemistry, Health Education, Mathematics, Physics and Community Studies. (UP College of Education website)
The UP College of Education Library
The UP School of Education Collection was founded in 1950 through donations and financing support from companies and establishments such as PHICUSA/MSA, Colombo Plan, Ford Groundwork, Ford-Mellon Give, and UNESCO (US Educational, Scientific and Cultural Firm). It really is considered as one of the largest libraries in the UP System.
The Library is situated at another floor of Benitez Hall. It serves students, faculty, and personnel of the School of the Philippines as well as students and analysts from other establishments. Based on the library's website, its collection contains more than 50, 000 catalogs, 4, 000 theses and dissertation and research paperwork, 200 standardized lab tests, 100 current journal subscriptions. There are also special choices such as children's books, microfiches, papers clippings, educational documents, and digital directories like the ERIC CD-ROM and Philjuris. (UP University of Education Library web page)
In its 2009 Annual Report, the faculty of Education Library's collection grew by 2. 33% with areas such as Special Education, Education Research, Educational Foundation, Language Teaching and Counselor Education having the highest acquisitions for the entire year. Several tasks were also were only available in that 12 months such as applying the catalogue orientation program to raised assist users, and the cataloging and indexing of library resources to provide better usage of these by users. The Library is headed by Ms. Verna C. Lee.
Statement of the Problem
How do the Education students use the library's selections and services?
What will be the reading patterns of the UP College or university of Education students?
a. How much time do they devote in reading?
b. What materials do they often read, whether for academics or recreational purposes?
Is there a substantial relationship between your students' use of the UP University of Education Library collections and services and their reading habits?
Objectives of the Study
To determine the students' use of the UP College or university of Education Collection resources and services
To determine the length of time that students spend on reading
To determine the types of materials they read often
To determine whether a substantial relationship exists between the students' use of library resources and services and their reading habits
Significance of the Study
The study will gain information in to the reading habits of the UP School of Education students. Librarians may also be guided on what types of materials education students read and eventually utilize this information to aid them in the selection priorities for collection series and design of services. They might be able to provide resources that donate to the students' academic advancement and growth in their individual pursuits and pursuits. Librarians could also become significant affects in the reading development of their patrons. The collection may consider strategies that will promote the students to read in the library; encouraging them to use the catalogue may hopefully translate to their acquiring better skills at using the catalogue and its own resources. It is hoped that if education students are induced to read, they may become role models to their future students, an example which could also be achieved by the librarians themselves.
Scope and Limitations of the Study
The study is concerned with the reading practices of the UP College of Education students especially focusing on the types of materials and themes they often times read. Furthermore, the time they put in in academics and pleasure reading. The consistency and duration of library use were also established as well as the amount of use of library resources and services. These two variables were evaluated whether a significant relationship is accessible between them.
The respondents of the study were UP University of Education undergraduate students through the summertime term of educational year 2009-10. For the purpose of the analysis, only the UP University of Education Catalogue was thought to limit the library use aspect to 1 library establishment.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
In 2004, Applegate and Applegate surveyed 195 sophomore students who had been enrolled in qualification programs in primary education. Their target was to determine their reading practices and attitudes, and to shed light on the influences that might have created these attitudes. It had been found that the students were not very avid readers and also didn't enjoy the reading experience. Interestingly, the respondents explained that their educators had an impact on their reading attitudes but that in addition they developed reading patterns and positive behaviour towards reading throughout their college years. It had been implied that students who are preparing to become educators must develop positive reading practices and attitudes to become role models with their future students. This review centered however, on the importance of behaviour in the reading experience in influencing others to the people same attitudes, in cases like this, of teachers and students in the school room setting.
In 2007, Su-Yen conducted a study on the extracurricular reading behaviors of first and third time Taiwanese college students. Factors such as gender, parental educational level, institutional type, and college major were analyzed whether they impact the amount of time spent on extracurricular reading. Results suggest that males tend to read more than females for both season levels. Third yr students were found to learn more than do first calendar year students. A comparison made between the academics skills of students as shown in the kind of institution they belong to (general population or private) show that students who possessed lower educational skills spent more time in extracurricular reading than those with better academic success. Oddly enough, students with lower levels spend more time in extracurricular reading although students with the highest grade averages continue to be as the group with highest amount of time put in for reading. Arts and structures majors spent the most amount of time put in for reading. Humanities majors were serious readers and read more than natural knowledge and education majors confirming Applegate and Applegate's results (2004). Newspapers and periodicals were the most well-liked reading materials by the students.
Oguz (3009) do a review of the reading behaviors of students who have been taking up education - classroom teaching - in several Turkish universities. It was held previously that teenagers, as well as instructors in Turkey don't have high degrees of reading habits. In view of the duty of future professors of being role models in inculcating a love of reading to their pupils, Oguz sought to ascertain their reading patterns in link with their socio-demographic features. It was found that the students seldom or seldom read books, stating the lack of time as their key reason. Those who do read catalogs express that they often times read novels. It was surprising that greater than a third (35. 7%) of the respondents put in only an hour or less for reading. However, the majority of the respondents declare that they read newspapers regularly. It was also discovered that there was hook difference in the reading behaviors of different genders; women were more likely to read, compared with men. Owning of bookshelves acquired a positive influence on the reading behaviors of the students. In addition, reading time and degree of reading practices were also favorably correlated. It had been concluded however, these students still have limited reading habits and action must be achieved to strengthen them. The study didn't, however, look at the sources of information and reading materials that the students implemented.
Ajala (2008) have a report on the use of the School of Ibadan Library resources by graduate students in the view of evaluating whether collection resources are being used by the students and if they meet up with the students' research needs. The respondents consisted of young adult students from various areas such as education, knowledge, technology, arts, communal sciences, and agricultural fields. Most of them signify that they use journals as their main source of information followed by textbooks, reference catalogs, and theses and dissertations. A 3rd of the respondents use the library either daily or double a week; the majority of them spend one to two hours per collection visit. They also use other libraries apart from the University of Ibadan Collection. The study concluded by suggesting that the library should engage in library individual education, promotion of services to increase consumer awareness, and acquisition of literature and journals which should be made accessible to the students.
Whitmire (2001) does a three-year longitudinal review of 1 1, 046 undergraduate students where factors such as gender, race, era, critical thinking results and high school collection use were considered whether they impact library use. The result of college encounters on catalogue use is also explored. The results show that the students who used their libraries in high school are more likely to use the academic library. It was a factor regular to all year levels considered. Another predictor of the high use of the academic collection is the students' writing activities. Sophomore and junior students who used courses in arts and humanities also demonstrated increased use of the catalogue while enrollment in natural sciences, mathematics, technological and professional lessons did not significantly change students' library use.
Studies on Reading Habits
Several studies were done concerning the reading habits, hobbies and information needs of different consumer areas with the view of creating library services that will meet these needs. It's important that libraries execute these studies to see the relevance of services and resources being provided for their users.
Viray (1987) analyzed the reading hobbies, habits and information needs of the metropolitan poor in Constitution Hills Quezon City so that decisions about the provision of your library could be facilitated, as part of promoting the development in underprivileged areas. Library service was seen as a means for information dissemination that could help residents in their livelihoods and other areas of their life. They considered reading an interesting activity while many other outdoor recreation were available to them. However, most of them exhibit that they read only one time a week. Distinctions in the materials being read were seen among parents and the youth, as well as respondents coming from different educational and occupational backgrounds. Many of them expressed the eye in possessing a community library built in their area.
Taclibon (1988) also do an analysis of the info needs, reading behaviors and interests of a community with the implication of providing catalogue services for the coffee lover, but her study centered on 550 residents of Bambang Nueva Vizcaya. The interview method was used to assemble information from customers of homes in the region. It was discovered that they read, listen to the radio watching television during their free time. They use more of printed materials, such as magazines, journals and pamphlets, because of their reading that they do daily or at least twice during the week. They also expressed positive opinions about the idea of building a collection in their community. It had been advised that the library should make materials accessible and highly relevant to the needs of the residents.
Lantican (1985) surveyed the reading habits of rural people in three barrios of Pila, Laguna because of the rural developmental job being done in the region by UPLB-Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Research and Graduate Analysis in Agriculture (SEARCA). The analysis directed to determine whether the residents were open to having a rural catalogue service and exactly how effective it might be to the community. The results would then be essential in developing library collections and services to meet the needs of different areas of the rural community, including men folk, women folk and the youngsters. The fact that the community was considered literate was an encouragement that creating a community collection will benefit them.
There were distinctions in the types of activities that individuals engage in throughout their free time, with the children proclaiming reading as their top recreational activity. This can be related to their literacy level as being higher than the adults. In addition they tended to possess high library use, that of their college libraries in order to accomplish their homework. As a whole, the community got high regularity of reading ranging from daily to at least one time during the week. Most the residents stated their need and eagerness in using a library facility. It was recommended that in order to be useful and effective, the catalogue service should provide materials for the community's reference, informational and recreational needs. This way, the collection would be a part of the development method of the city.
The following literature discounts about reading patterns with students as their concentration. Many of the studies experienced in the literature search were concerned with reading pursuits especially of primary and high school students. For the intended purpose of this review, however, the literature outlined here centered on reading habits that have been accessible to the researcher. In the majority of them, the variations in reading habits among different sets of subjects were analyzed by looking at different facets like the respondents' personal information such as age group, gender, family track record, educational attainment, and monetary status and their possible affect on the reading practices of the respondents.
Goforth (1976) conducted one of the sooner studies about the reading habits of Filipino students where her survey centered on young adults from four high academic institutions located in the higher Manila. Respondents consisted of 435 third time level students who had been asked about their reading behaviors and other extracurricular activities. Results show that Filipino young adult females read more than young adult males. There are small differences in tastes of reading materials among them. Females opt more for periodicals while males choose newspaper publishers and comic books. Mass media appears to have an impact on the reading patterns of these youngsters as much of the titles that they read have been made into videos. Students are also likely to read more if indeed they get access to varied reading materials. Whether extracurricular activities produce an effect on the reading habits of students was unclear in the analysis.
In 1992, San Juan have a report on the reading pursuits of 425 arbitrarily determined students from the different colleges in Central Luzon Status University. It centered on reading materials utilized by the students besides from textbooks and reference books. These consisted of fiction and nonfiction books, journals, magazines, newspapers and comics. Demographic factors such as time, sex, educational attainment of parents, economical status, and academics success of students were reviewed as possible influences in their reading hobbies. The studies show that fiction and nonfiction catalogs will be the most favorite materials for reading followed by newspapers, newspapers, comics and journals. However, although 63. 29% of the respondents suggested that they read fiction books, they only read them once in a while. The identical can be said about the reading of magazines, with majority of students reading them only sometimes. Only the demographic factor of gender comes with an influence on the reading pursuits of the school students. Females are more likely to choose romance literature, movie and picture magazines, while males choose for sports publications and research and technology literature. The common reasons given by respondents for reading are to increase knowledge, gain information, improve vocabulary, and improve reading understanding.
Manansala (2009) also performed a report on the reading interests of high college students at the Parada High School. The respondents contains second, third and fourth season high school students. Majority of them indicate that they most often read books. You will discover slight variations in the tastes of reading materials among different year levels. Second yr students opt for newspaper publishers, comics and mags while third and fourth yr students choose comics and journals. Academic performance doesn't have an effect on the reading interest of the students. They read mainly to learn, accumulate additional information and support them in their academics. Students also signify their top affects in reading: educators, parents, classmates, friends, and do it yourself.
Manalo (2009) also made a study on the reading passions of elementary students of Diliman Preparatory University who are in their 4th, 5th and 6th class. She found out that their recreational activities influence the types of materials that the students like to read in terms of fiction and nonfiction literature. They express that they go to the catalogue for leisure reading. Significant distinctions between your reading interests of different level levels were also found.
Villapando (2009) analyzed the reading passions and information needs of Quezon Country wide High School students in the view of producing the school library's collection. Freshmen students who had been part of different programs were asked about the materials that they read. Enrollment in several programs does not have an impact on the reading interests of the students. The positive notion towards reading raises with the increase with years while gender does not seem to affect it. Students declare that parents and educators influence them most in reading.
Borja (2007) performed a survey on the reading hobbies and practices of 119 freshmen students at the University of the Philippines Diliman who were taking up English classes on the second semester of educational year 2006-2007. The analysis was done in the context of the consequences of pleasure reading on the students' performance in their classes. The review disclosed that respondents stated that the library's selections meet their pleasure reading needs and that the catalogue is conducive to studying. However, they hardly ever do pleasure reading although they indicate that the materials they read for pleasure help them in their English classes. The materials they favor most are fiction which bestsellers is the favorite subgenre. They generally acquire these materials matching to occurrence: books/reference books, journals, newspapers, multimedia system resources, and books. The results also indicated that the most typical reason for using the library was for academics purposes such as doing research and home work; pleasure reading was their last priority.
Sta. Ana (2009) analyzed the utilization of the Young Adult collection by students at the Immaculate Conception Cathedral School-High College Library. She sought to determine how often students use their library, their known reasons for using the collection, what types of materials they borrow as well as the subject matter they mostly choose, and whether they use the Young Adult collection of the library. They were also evaluated in the context of the students' personal features like get older, gender, socioeconomic level, family record and educational performance. These factors did not have a significant influence on the students' use of the Young adult collection. Most of the respondents explained though that they read for leisure and they spend an hour. 5 or less on this activity. It had been mentioned however, that the Young Adult collection was regarded as limited by the students. As a result, it was only almost never used.
In 2006, De Dios did a report on the role of the collection and its own resources and activities, in the advertising of reading practices of university children. Specifically, she centered on the activities and sources of Aklatang Pambata and their effects on the reading behaviors of public college children who used them. It had been implied that the children's collection should be able to provide interesting catalogs and activities so that children may be inspired to learn more. Promotional happenings and marketing of collection services also needs to be utilized to further gain the support of schools and parents.
Studies on Library Usage/ Usage of Library Resources and Services
In 1992, Blones conducted a survey as an initiative for determining the student-use habits of the Filipiniana Section's resources and services as a means of examining their performance in achieving users' needs. In this manner, improvements can be produced in order to better serve the clientele. Some Filipiniana resources contained in the survey were catalogs, periodicals and magazines, whereas reference point services, bibliographic assistance, indexing of periodicals, compiling of research/finding supports, catalogue orientation and time of service, were the considered aspects of Filipiniana Section's services. The results suggested that the collection orientation is a highly effective way of earning the life of the Filipiniana section known to students. Most the students indicated that
Theoretical /Conceptual Framework
Reading can be an important activity for acquiring the data and critical thinking that people need in a rapidly changing world where information, society, and communication multimedia are becoming vibrant. Moreover, reading may also be a means for personal and ethnical growth. It is often asserted that the introduction of literacy stems from the people's reading capacities and tendencies. Literacy also entails having reading and understanding skills, which can be an element for the introduction of societies. Different individuals and institutions get excited about the campaign of literacy, foremost which are young families and the home, as well as educators and universities. Libraries and librarians too can be engaged in this aspect by being the intermediaries between resources and the viewers.
College students have varied information and reading needs as well as different known reasons for having so. Indeed, the academics library remains one of the top sources of information for this band of users to fulfill their needs. It is hoped that library resources and services will encourage students to seek information for their progression in their fields as well as for their personal progress.
The study will concentrate on the reading patterns of the UP College of Education students and the factors which might influence it. The conceptual construction of the study consists of the next parameters: use of library resources and services as independent variable; UP University of Education students' reading habits as the reliant variable.
H0: There is no significant relationship between your students' use of the catalogue resources and services and their reading habits
Ha: There is a significant relationship between your students' use of the library resources and services and their reading habits
Definition of Terms
Academic collection - A library that is an integral part of your college, university, or other establishment of postsecondary education, given to meet the information and research needs of its students, faculty and staff. (Reitz, 2004)
College catalogue - a kind of academic library managed by an independent four-year school, or by one of the colleges within a larger university, for the use of students and faculty. (Reitz, 2004)
Library use - the extent to that your resources and services of a library are utilized by its clientele (students and faculty in the case of academics libraries; the general public for open public libraries). Common options include overall or per capita circulation, turnover of collection (s), gate matter, program attendance, Internet used in the building, interlibrary loan and reference trades, etc. (Reitz, 2004)
Library resources -
Library services -
Library materials - every item purchased by the library or collection system to meet the info needs of its users, including literature, newspapers and periodicals, reference materials(Reitz, 2004)
Reading habits - refer to the behavior with regards to the interpretation of published and written words which can be pretty much fixed. They are also habits or features developed early in life and manifested in the interest and desire to read frequently enough to help make the action unconscious and compulsive. (Viray, 1987)
The analysis used the descriptive methodology which implemented the study method. Questionnaires were sent out to the sample respondents to assemble data about their private information, library utilization and their reading patterns. The results obtained from the review were tabulated and analyzed using frequency counts, ranks and percentages. To learn the relationship between your variables considered in the analysis, the Pearson correlation statistic was used.
The respondents of the study were made up of the U. P. School of Education undergraduate students who were taking up summer time classes through the summer months term of academics year 2009-10. Because of time constraints, convenience sampling was employed in order to include a significant quantity of respondents for the study.
The study made use of the questionnaire as the primary data-gathering tool to be able to determine the reading habits of the UP School of Education students. The survey instrument was composed of several parts: 1) the respondents' personal information; 2) utilization of library resources and services; and 3) their reading habits.
The questionnaires were sent out to Education students who got into the library. Permission was wanted from the library's Brain Librarian in order to do this. The researcher also requested consent from the faculty Dean to disperse the study questionnaires to students.
The collection of data was done through the circulation of questionnaires to respondents. The researcher guaranteed permission from the Head Librarian of the faculty of Education Collection to allow her to send out questionnaires to students who enter in the library. The researcher also asked students at the College whether they were open to answer the review questionnaire. In addition, some contacts were made through e-mail where in fact the questionnaires were also mailed and implemented to respondents.
The data gathered from the studies were tabulated. Statistical methods such as frequency matters, percentages and rank were used to analyze and present the results. The Pearson relationship statistic was utilized to discover the relationships between your parameters considered in the study.
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