Technical Textiles Background, Technology and Types

Technical Textiles Coursework

In early on years, the textile industry was generally established as outfits and fashion industry. As human advanced, the industry widened into technological and technical sector. That identified a new role for textiles and it led the industry to conform and additional develop new applications. It really is now known as new field of textile "technical or commercial textile" [1].

Definition of technical textile

According Textile conditions and meanings [2] "Technical textiles are thought as textile materials & products created primarily for his or her technical performance and efficient properties, somewhat than because of their aesthetic and decorative it characteristics".

History of specialized textile

Technical textile sector started out growing with the development of artificial yarn in the early 1900s. Before that, chemically cared for natural fibres were used to attain desired properties of the technical fabric.

Manufacturers also developed special technology such as various weaving and nonwoven techniques. It resulted into fast growth of powerful fibres/yarn. Development proceeded with noteworthy characteristics such as 1) High amount of resistance to temperatures and chemicals and 2) Increased mechanised properties.

Raw materials for complex textiles

The most desirable form of organic material is fibre, yarn or fabric. At the moment, almost all of the specialized textiles are made of high-performance artificial fibre that provides an edge to technological textiles in lots of ways for e. g. cost, performance and durability. However, Recycleables have improved over the time based on the software[3].

Natural staple fibre

Synthetic filament yarn

  • Cotton yarn
  • Jute yarn
  • Flax yarn
  • Coir yarn or rope
  • Polyester & Polypropylene
  • Aramid, Wine glass and Carbon
  • HDPE (High Density PolyEthylene) & UHMWPE (Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene)
  • PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene)
  • PBI (poly benzimidazole)
  • PBO (polyphenylene benzo isoxazole)

Technology used for production of technical textile

Out of varied operations, prominent techniques used for complex textiles are[4]:

  • Knitting
  • Weaving
  • Braiding
  • Nonwoven
  • Tufting

Other than this, new manufacturing ways to produce technical textile are as the following. Many of these processes are used in mixture to producedifferent materials.

  • Thermo-forming
  • 3D (Three Dimensional) Weaving
  • 3D Knitting
  • Fabrics Produced Using Nanotechnology
  • Heat-set Synthetics
  • Finishing Treatments (Coating and lamination)
  • Handmade elements such as Stitch/Applique

Classification of technological textile

There are below mentioned 12 categories for technological textiles which exist [5],



Symbol []

Target Industry

Example products



Agriculture, forestry, horticulture and scenery gardening.

Various types of nets such as Bird security, Anti-hail and Sportfishing nets. Also, mats or ground covers



Membrane like and compact solid buildings.

Architectural membranes, Awnings or canopies, Floor covering, Hoardings and Scaffolding nets



The Latest developments in shoe and clothing creation.

Elastic narrow materials, Hook & loop