Two Cons Of Using Corpora For Terms English Language Essay

What corpora are used for nowadays and which are the benefits and drawbacks of using corpora for words research? Nowadays, corpora are widely used for studying languages with perfection and traditional information. They are used to see the variance of vocabulary use across different kinds of speakers plus they help us understand how languages change as time passes, through thousands of archives and text messages. Corpora are also used for detecting new meanings of words and that also helps dictionaries to improve and recharge their explanations. So, both main advantages of using corpora will be the facts that they provide authentic evidence of changes through time in a language and they are also a great tool for studying language use and deviation across different kinds of audio system. But, there are also two cons. Only 10% of the corpus is based on spoken vocabulary so there isn't much information about any of it. The second downside is that a corpus won't tell you what's grammatically or syntactically incorrect or right.

Using corpora has two good advantages. The first one is the fact that they provide us usage of authentic proof changes in language through time plus they help us find new meanings of words. The corpus uses texts from different eras and ages, from different people and cultural classes. There are texts which are very old but there's also texts that have been written the previous few years. This allows researchers to keep tabs on changes in terms through time. In addition, it helps them find new meanings in words which already exist. It also gives usage of new words, created the last few years which we were not alert to them and it can help to comprehend which words and meanings are most regularly used among speaker systems. The best part from it is the fact new words and new meanings enter in the dictionaries, so, updating dictionaries is possible while using corpus.

Using corpora allows studying the different terminology variations used across different parameters like the age or gender of the loudspeaker, sex or interpersonal class and the education of the presenter. Researchers can simply find out if a phrase is used most regularly among male or female speaker systems or young and old or poor and rich people just by visiting a button. For example the word 'lovely' is mainly used by female speakers alternatively than males. This kind of information also helps dictionaries to find better definitions of words although it helps language researchers understand different vocabulary variables.

In our everyday life we connect to other folks using spoken terminology. Regrettably, in the corpus, 10% is dependant on spoken language texts and that is one of its disadvantages. 90% of the corpus is written text messages but only 10% is spoken language and that makes the corpus less reliable on offering the correct information. A lot of the times, a written content material is based on Standard British, while in a spoken text, people can switch to different variables and research workers have little access to this. A lot of the terminology used every day is spoken, but since it is difficult to have access to it, we have less knowledge onto it.

The second disadvantage is that a corpus won't tell you when a sentence is grammatically or syntactically plausible or not. A text can be written by anyone and since it enters the corpus, we have no way of distinguishing whether there are errors or not. Despite the fact that there aren't many faults and words and sentences are mostly correct, we still don't possess the facility to determine the mistakes.

In general, I really believe that, nevertheless, using corpora is an efficient way of exploring language. Advantages out income all the disadvantages. The access we are given to authentic language and the info we get from corpus really help us research a words.

Phrasal Verbs:

According to the online Oxford British Dictionary (OED. com), phrasal verbs are extremely common and contain a verb with an adverb, or a verb with a preposition or both verb with adverb and preposition. A phrasal verb is an entire semantic unit, this means from the complete sentence using its own meaning. There are a few types of common phrasal verbs in British language

Get out, venture out, go, on, overcome, walk quickly, get over with, go forward, move out, get down on, am up to, check in e. t. c.

Phrasal verbs are segregated in groups relating to their semantic meaning and their grammatical or syntactical form. Some phrasal verbs have their literal interpretation and can be interpreted just like they are. For example, the PVs get out, drive through, move quickly or get in have a literal meaning. Get out means get out and move quickly means move quickly. These are literal PVs. We also acquired another band of phrasal verbs, called idiomatic PVs and these PVs, have an alternative meaning from their written form. For example, the PVs get by, take off, move out and, even, enter are idiomatic. Manage means survive a hard situation and remove is when an aeroplane leaves the bottom. Also, we can see that some PVs have literal and idiomatic interpretation like 'get in'. This means 'get in' a vehicle or a house, but it also means arrive.

There are also two different categories, that of transitive and intransitive PVs. A transitive PV has an object for the adverb like in the phrase 'I hung up the telephone'. After the adverb, an subject comes after. Intransitive PV is when there is no thing after. Like in the phrase 'look out, this thing is dangerous'.

Finally, we have separable and inseparable PVs. Separable will be the PVs which can be segregated by another word or words. For example 'take the garbage out', or 'transform the TV on', and 'add this up'. Inseparable will be the PVs which can not be separated by other words. For instance 'look following the children' or 'get down on business' and 'came across this old booklet' The verb can't be segregated by its adverb. It is like one united form, one expression which can't be separated because, in any other case, it could make no sense.

The query I would use in order to retrieve cases of PVs is this

*_V (*_AVP)1, 2

We write in the query container: *_V (*_AVP)1, 2 and press the beginning button, after we have chosen 'spoken texts'. Then we choose the 'syndication' category and there we are. We see many volumes and categories. For now, I will focus on the genre of the spoken text messages. We choose 'overall: genre' from the categories and press the 'show distribution' button. The spoken genre in which PVs are typically used is interactions. In a number of 4, 233, 962 words, we acquired 36555 hits. That is 8633, 76 per million words. Next, we have another category, that of demonstration. In 32, 062 there are 273 hits. That means that each million words, there are 8514. 75 hits. PVs are largely used in discussions, demonstrations and in interviews. However the percentage of hits in every categories is quite near each other. PVs are normal in English words and they are always used, regardless of what the situation.

Another syndication is that of the speaker's gender. Women have a tendency to use more often PVs than men do. Every one million words there are 8018. 67 visits for females while for men, only 6844. 93. It generally does not seem to be a clear structure in this distribution. This would be likely because women tend to be more indirect in the ways they want to say something. However when I distributed the age of the speaker, I got surprised to notice that children, from the age of 3-14 use more PVs. They use small sentences, mostly, however they also use more PVs. They typically use easy words like go, get and come and they combine them with possible for them to comprehend adverbs like on, up and away. During the age range of 15-24, they use more technical verbs and adverbs to make a PV. I can't really see any pattern between these categories. This that there surely is the least use of PVs is between 35 and 44.

Finally, I centered on the speakers' social school. I've been anticipating to discover that higher level social class loudspeakers would use more PVs in their interactions. I've found out that middle class speakers use more PVs in their discussions whereas high level speaker systems use less. Middle class loudspeakers use more PVs in their everyday interactions, whereas higher course speakers, like professionals and experts use less. I've also noticed that lower class speakers use more PVs than high and mid-high category speakers. So, essentially, low-mid and low course speakers use more PVs than mid-high and higher category speakers. If we start to see the education distribution it could help a lttle bit. Less educated speakers use more PVs in their talk. This could be associated with the years of the speaker systems in which we see that children, which are not informed, yet, use more PVs and the same thing happens with lower class speakers that happen to be much more likely that most of them didn't achieve higher educational level. Each one of these are associated with education. The low the educational level, the greater PVs found in the speakers' dialect.

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