The dystopian setting up in Huxley's book is brought about, not only by technology, but also by higher authorities who control everything and, as technology boosts, the overexploitation of human beings as a employees reduces and diminishes their normal lives. Therefore, unhappiness among human race appears and, subsequently, for going on with the invention and production of technical finding, experts and higher government bodies opt to condition humans, from day one, to comprehend their unhappiness and discontent as normal feelings:
'Not much like drops of water, though drinking water, it is true, can wear slots in the hardest granite; somewhat, drops of liquid sealing-wax, drops that adhere, incrust, integrate themselves with what they show up on, till finally the rock is all one scarlet blob.
"Till at last the child's mind is these ideas, and the total of the ideas is the child's head. Rather than the child's mind only. The adult's head too-all his prolonged. Your brain that judges and wishes and chooses- constructed of these recommendations. But each one of these suggestions are our recommendations!" The Director almost shouted in his triumph. "Suggestions from the state of hawaii. " He banged the nearest table. "It therefore comes after. "(21)
As in Huxley's dystopian modern culture human beings as forced, through conditioning, to simply accept they are created for belonging to a specific cast or group, the higher powers opt to eradicate humans' feelings as a way to stabilize what they believe to be always a utopian world. Aldous Huxley depicts an important characteristic of a dystopian society where researchers order the civilization in specific classes. In Aldous's novel, this category system is divided into five major casts: Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons which are chosen even before babies are born. Regarding the low classes existing in Brave New Word, solitary embryos are bocanovskified which makes them produce around eight and ninety-six equivalent embryos; the theory is making people as even as posible.
Alpha children wear grey they work much harder than we do, because they're so frightfully clever. I'm really awfuly happy I'm a Beta, because I don't work so hard. And then we live superior to the Gammas and Deltas. Gammas are ridiculous. Each of them wear renewable, and Delta children wear khaki. Oh no, I don't want that can be played with Delta children. And Epsilons remain worse. They're too ridiculous to be able. (21)
In Brave " NEW WORLD " society, this is defined within an alarming and terrifying future A. F (After Ford) battle, conflicts, hunger, starvation, suffering, misery and diseases are abolished but what can be thought to be an ideal and utopian world is not because alongside the elimination of these struggles, the freedom of emotions, the will and the home mentality are sacrificed. In Huxley's Brave " NEW WORLD " people are conceived and mass-produced in test pipes in a lab where embryos are genetically created with homogeneous characteristics which is also considered an attribute of the dystopian population: 'Standard women and men; in standard batches. The complete of a little factory staffed with the products of an individual bokanovskified egg. ' (7)
Conditioning starts off from the beginning, where children are elevated: in laboratories.
"Heat fitness, " said Mr. Foster. Hot tunnels alternated with cool tunnels. Coolness was wedded to discomfort by means of hard X-rays. By the time they were decanted the embryos acquired a horror of wintry. They were predestined to emigrate to the tropics, to be miner and acetate silk spinners and metal workers. Down the road their brains would be produced to endorse the judgment of their physiques. "We condition them to thrive on warmth, " concluded Mr. Foster. "Our co-workers upstairs will train them to love it. " (13)
In these laboratories kids are psychologically and socially conditioned, trained and habituated to this Brave " NEW WORLD " through technology and the use of drugs. The delivery of free-drugs by the State is another feature of a dystopian society which uses this to regulate individuals who are not allowed liberty and whose thoughts, sentiment together with their activity is purely limited or impeded.
As children increase up, they face their adult lives completely conditioned to be immersed in the modern culture. In this way, children are programmed or predestined, even before delivery, to become part of a particular cast or social class. In addition, people's predetermined lives are filled with licentious and promiscuous gender without any other goal but meet their natural and unavoidable human instinct and also have fun. Again, through conditioning scientists avoid any type of emotions or feelings, like love, towards the opposite sex:
In a little grassy bay between tall clumps of Mediterranean heather, two children, just a little boy around seven and a little girl who might have been per annum older, were playing, very gravely and with all the focussed attention of experts intent on the labour of finding, a rudimentary sexual game. (23)
Another parallel which may be made between Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and a dystopian modern culture is the forgetfulness of background deliberately. In Daring New World's culture catalogs and the pats times are, not only overlooked and covered, but also forbidden. In the future contemporary society depicted by Huxley literary works are greatly suppressed by the controllers of the earth.
our world is different then Othello's world. You can't make flivvers
without steel-and you can't make tragedies without cultural instability. The
world's steady now. Folks are happy; they get what they need, and they never want what they can't get. They're well off; they're safe; they're never ill; they're not fearful of loss of life; they're blissfully ignorant of enthusiasm and later years; they're plagued without mothers or fathers; they've got no wives, or children, or enthusiasts to feel highly about; they're so conditioned that they basically can't help behaving as they ought to behave. In case anything should go incorrect, there's soma. (151)
In Brave " NEW WORLD " people are conditioned to be thinking about other things but books, they are really said to be concerned with the work they will do as part of world and depending the cast to which they will belong to. This is exemplified with the following passage:
"They'll grow up with what the psychologists used to call an 'instinctive' hatred of literature and blooms. Reflexes unalterably conditioned. They'll be safe from books and botany almost all their lives. " The Director considered his nurses. "Take them away again. " (17)
In connection to the hidden past and history, you can find another facet of the past which is considered overlooked: the notion of the lifetime of God. In the Brave " NEW WORLD ", the civilization does not have any God; specialists and researchers have replaced religious beliefs and God, they have played God and have reorganized the globe in their own manner, utilizing technology and research. Obviously there's a reason behind not needing an excellent Being: everything is so steady that it's not necessary for them continue supporting themselves in God: 'God isn't appropriate for machinery and medical medicine and general happiness. You must make your decision. Our civilization has chosen equipment and medication and joy. ' (159).
Moreover, religion looks as another way of controlling people. It really is a feature of dystopian societies immediate individual through different means, in Brave New World the conventional religious credence is changed by celebrating Henry Ford model of development so important happening. Therefore, crosses are changed by the sign T because of the Ford's Model T. Religious activities are commemorated in a different and distorted way:
The Chief executive made another signal of the T and sat down. The service acquired begun. The dedicated soma tablets were placed at the heart of the desk. The loving cup of strawberry ice-cream soma was handed from hand to hand and, with the solution, "I drink to my annihilation, " twelve times quaffed. Then to the accompaniment of the man-made orchestra the First Solidarity Hymn was sung.
"Ford, our company is twelve; oh, make us one,
Like drops within the Social River,
Oh, make us now alongside one another run
As quickly as thy shining Flivver. "
Twelve yearning stanzas. And the loving glass was passed another time. "I drink to the Greater Being" was now the solution. All drank. Tirelessly the music performed. The drums defeat. The crying and clashing of the harmonies were an obsession in the melted bowels. THE NEXT Solidarity Hymn was sung.
"Come, Greater Being, Social Friend,
We long to die, for when we end,
Our larger life has but begun. "
A clear feature of any dystopian society exists in Huxley's Brave New World: in a dystopian civilization technology replaces aspect. Often dystopia societies replace genuine dynamics with a replicated environment. This distorts the view of people of the world with them trust or count on technology. This is the case of Brave " NEW WORLD " where, by using technology and the huge understanding of the scientists, being pregnant among females is turned down, which runs completely against aspect. However, on the planet portrayed by Huxley in his novel, births given by women are believed to be sins. Instead, the children's creation and beginning from a test tube or a bottle as an alternative of an all natural birth is seen as a common and normal issue. This can be seen when the lab where embryos are produced is defined:
Still leaning resistant to the incubators he offered them, as the pencils scurried illegibly across the pages, a brief description of the modern fertilizing process; spoke first, of course, of its operative benefits- "the procedure undergone voluntarily for the good of Society, not to mention the fact it carries a benefit amounting to six calendar months' salary"; continuing with some accounts of the technique for preserving the excised ovary alive and actively developing; offered to a thought of optimum heat range, salinity, viscosity; described the liquor where the detached and ripened eggs were held; and, leading his charges to the work tables, actually proved them how this liquor was drawn faraway from the test-tubes; how it was let out drop by drop onto the specially warmed slides of the microscopes; how the eggs which it comprised were inspected for abnormalities, counted and transferred to a porous receptacle; how (and he now took them to watch the operation) this receptacle was immersed in a warm bouillon made up of free-swimming spermatozoa-at the very least concentration of 1 hundred thousand per cubic centimetre, he insisted; and how, after ten minutes, the box was lifted from the liquor and its own articles re-examined; how, if any of the eggs remained unfertilized, it was again immersed, and, if necessary, yet again; the way the fertilized ova returned to the incubators; where the Alphas and Betas continued to be until definitely bottled; as the Gammas, Deltas and Epsilons were presented again, after only thirty-six time, to endure Bokanovsky's Process. (6)
In the culture depicted by Aldous Huxley in his novel Brave " NEW WORLD ", the family, as it is know today, has been eradicated. Inn this Brave " NEW WORLD ", when people are methodical and falsely produced the concept of mother is regarded as obscene alongside the word daddy.
"Humans used to be. " he hesitated; the bloodstream rushed to his cheeks. "Well, they used to be viviparous. "
"Quite right. " The Director nodded approvingly.
"So when the babies were decanted. "
"'Given birth to, "' emerged the modification.
"Well, they were the parents-I mean, not the newborns, of course; the other ones. " The poor boy was stressed with distress. "In simple, " the Director summed up, "the parents were the daddy and the mom. " The smut that really was science fell with a crash into the children' eyeavoiding silence. "Mother, " he repeated loudly massaging in the research; and, leaning back his chair, "These, " he said gravely, "are annoying facts; I know it. But most historical fact is annoying. " (18)
One of the most important and central characteristics of a dystopian culture is the control of the people which is achieved, among different ways, by the continuous entertainment provided by the regulators of the modern culture. In this sense, in order to keep people far aside from considering their situation and what might be absent in society; they are instead given distractions that help with keeping them from coping with actuality of things. In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World this is appreciated when theatre and tv set are brought up as major ways of having a great time.
In regards to the regular entertainment provided by the federal government of this dystopian contemporary society, in Brave New World the delivery of free drugs from part of the central State can be an accepted truth. The delivery of soma, which is the name of the drug that was legal, free of charge and written by the authorities, is considered as a perfect drug, for the purposes of the higher powers in Brave " NEW WORLD ". Soma is a fundamental element in guarding the so important and appreciated steadiness pursued by the regulators in this dystopian modern culture depicted by Huxley. This medication is vital because, together with conditioning, it makes people try to escape from truth, unhappiness and dangerous feeling which not in favor of personal and, therefore, cultural stability:
you're so conditioned that you can't help doing what you should do. And what you should do is on the whole so nice, so many of the natural impulses are allowed free play, that there really aren't any temptations to withstand. And if, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasant should somehow happen, why, there's always soma to give you a holiday from the facts. And almost always there is soma to relaxed your anger, to reconcile that you your enemies, to cause you to patient and long-suffering. (161-162)
In this way, it is an important matter for specialists and scientists, in the top of this Brave New World, to guard against risks to the individuals' steadiness as it causes, at the same time, a problem and instability in the entire world: ""Stability, " said the Controller, "stability. No civilization without interpersonal stability. No sociable stability without individual stability. " His voice was a trumpet. Listening they felt much larger, warmer. "
Another important and quality issue of dystopian societies is the complete control of overall economy from part of the State which, in pro of the stableness so pursued, settings every single depth about the financial system of the world. Even though, in dystopian societies the economic system isn't only source of the appropriate society's working, in Brave " NEW WORLD ", being area of the social body means doing work for everyone else. In relation to this, people in Daring " NEW WORLD " was trained, through hypnopaedia to accept this proverb as true "But everyone belongs to everyone else, " (29), and everyone used to repeated throughout all his/her lives.
Individuality is another aspect to consider when attracting a parallel between Brave " NEW WORLD " and a dystopian culture is the area of individuality and its own place within the composition of your dystopian status. In this admiration, Brave New World is integrated by individuals who have been altered, modified and created to fit the new invented society. To do this purpose, the bigger powers of Brave New World provide people who have commodities and, at exactly the same time, they are really being conditioned to be easily dominated and handled. On this sense, perhaps one of the central feature in both structure and deconstruction of personality is the setting of the Brave New World Population portrayed by Huxley.
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