Buying a Whore by Anne Sexton

Keywords: buying a whore feminism, feminist poetry examination, sexton feminist poems

Feminism is a movements that opposes women inferiority and promotes equality among women and men. It moves away from brand centrism and phallocentrism or experiencing the world and it's really folks from patriarchal zoom lens. Feminists shed light upon women's efforts throughout history that have been never taken accounts as significant and reject sexism in writings. Therefore they bring women from the positioning of invisibility to visibility through their works and protests. Feminist literary criticism deconstruct functions by men which often promotes the idea( ideology) of patriarchy and male dominance over women. Feminist criticism "disturb the complacent certainties of patriarchal culture and cage a less oppressive local climate for women writers and readers" (Selden 128). Men wrote literary text messages for example for themselves and on behalf of women as well. Thus, men hold power by conditioning the ideologies within literary texts to dominate women and show men worthier than womenfolk. For an example women as things whereas men are subjects. Feminists then deconstruct these text messages to show viewers that these were mere men made ideologies, that have been not natural but socially made; and the dichotomous assessment between both of these genders were created by men as well. Feminism motion was not restricted within literary texts only but also, economics, politics and religion.

" The critical job of Feminist critics is thus concerned with" uncovering the contingencies of gender" as a ethnical, social and political construct and tool of domination"

Furthermore, through feminists critics like Simone De Beauvoir, we came up to understand "You are not born a woman - one becomes one". Therefore femininity and masculinity should never be natural but socially built. First influx feminism paid importance to the right to vote for women as equal as men (women suffrage motion). We were holding mostly middle income women who started to enter public area for jobs anticipated to World War I. THE NEXT Wave feminism centered on not merely politics privileges. Their quests were much broader, for example women's right to vote, improvement in carrier, cultural and inexpensive equality and their right to determine their own lives divide from men. However when the Third Wave Feminism increased up, they critiqued the next wave feminists to be not feminist enough for they universalized women's emotions, backgrounds and experience. Thus out of Third Influx Feminism different groups of feminism were born discussing and shedding light on the many obstacles and encounters believed by women around the globe. Post feminism on the other palm didn't stop from looking into feminism but also other genders as well such as men, lesbians, gays, bisexuals and so forth.

When we look at the poem "Buying the Whore" by Anne Sexton using Feminism (Feminist Literary Criticism), we recognize that the poem is about a whore also known as prostitute from the patriarchal lens. A whore( prostitute) is a person, usually a woman who sells gender service for men to earn a living which is usually meager

"Whore means prostitute. And a prostitute is a woman who offers to hire her body for indiscriminate sexual intercourse, roughly says The Concise Oxford Dictionary (Pheterson 39).

Though the poet is a woman, the persona who degrades the whore is a man. Thus, from a feminist perspective it holds true that majority men do look down after women as the weaker love-making. Throughout the poem "Purchasing the Whore", from feminist perspective we can evidently note that whore had been objectified and was not treated as a topic with human emotions. Including the whore was compared to a roast meat, boat, cup, grate and finally the bra in the entire poem. The whore thus becomes an object of pleasure for men to gratify their lusts and only that. Description of the whore in this poem, no doubt is from the view of phallocentrism. Phallocentrism means "The privileging of the masculine (the phallus) in understanding so this means or social relationships" (cla. purdue. edu). Unfortunately, none of the whores perspective were given in the entire poem. Her thoughts, her feelings and her situation were all left out. According to People from france Feminsit Luce Irigaray, words is so gender bias and phallocentric that whatever characteristics that men think about women then leads women into mimicry and thus " the positioning of mastery was made"(Rivkin and Ryan 795) and women objectified. Hence it is true through this poem that women( whores ) are cured as objects and described as things without feelings to convey. Therefore Second Wave feminists, said that it's important to pay great attention or aspect when reading any content material that is soiled by patriarchal notions. In so doing, one can undo the phallocentrism within text messages. For instance Luce Irigaray stated that the retroactive impact of the finish of each phrase, utterance or phrase upon its beginning must be taken into consideration to be able to undo the power of its teleological effect, including its deferred activities" (Rivkin and Ryan 797).

Nevertheless, for me, there's a flaw in the next Wave feminists idea of undoing dialect that was contaminated by sexism. To begin with it's very hard to invert or change dialect that is dominated by male perspectives because we all have been entrenched with patriarchal ideology for our complete lives. This is because from the past till now, writings in the literary world are dominated by men. Deconstructing patriarchal helping text messages and creating new feminists text messages suggested by French feminist can be problematic as well. Producing wording in gynocentric manner can result in disagreement from feminists about the world as universalizing their activities and their voices and even essentialize femininity. Second Influx feminism fail to take consideration the diversity of women's experiences all over world and their framework. For example competition, school, ethnography and geography of women. "Non-sexist dialect and gynocentric language are criticized for underestimating the importance of gender asymmetry in language as well as for oversimplifying the partnership between terminology and corporeality" (Bondi 245).

Feminist reading, of the poem, "Purchasing the Whore" by Anne Sexton through says us that the whore is commodified with having indication value mounted on her. For example, The whore was purchased, rented, and paid by the persona for sexual services. Regarding to Luce Irigaray in her article "women available on the market", women were commodification exchanged by men among men to create a homosocial bonds between men. "The exchange of women established interactions between men; the old family system was essentially homosexual" (Rivkin and Ryan 800). However in the poem, the purchasing, renting and paying of the whore didn't create a homosocial bond, yet the transaction of cash were indeed among men; pimp and the customer.

" You are a motorboat I've rented by the hour

and I steer you with my trend until you run aground"

Besides that throughout the whole poem, there are no signs or symptoms or words of the whore affecting in the negotiation of price for the intimate service. This definitely strengthens the idea of the feminists that girls indeed have no say in her own indication value and is invisible in literary world. Next, compared to a virgin or a wife, a whores value stoops way below for they are said to sell their honor in change for cash. Whores regarding to society fail to suppose their role as the submissive, real women or the Angel inside your home. "Whore dishonor is in part whore failure to match the traditional partner role in matrimony" (Pheterson 53). So they face more chances of maltreatment through their customers and sociable stigmatization. " A prostitute then becomes person who sells her honor by offering to hire her body for bottom gain or for an unworthy doing, specifically sexual intercourse"( Pheterson 39). Women relating to feminists are discriminated by the culture for just being women. Husbands, fathers, population expect women to safeguard and safeguard their purity, chastity and honor. So, a whore's honor thus fall and it is irreparable. . Which means persona( customer ) ill snacks the prostitute in the poem. He even claims to really have the right over her body and does indeed as he would like for he previously payed for the whore;the object.

"You are the roast beef I've purchased

and I cream you with my own, personal onion"

" You are a goblet that I have paid to shatter

and I swallow the pieces down with my spit"

He shatters her and even cream her with things without requesting her agreement or taking into account her physical pain. However her activities should never be important; what was more significant and was assumed was "man must be delighted, but him to please/Is woman's pleasure"( Ryan and Rivkin 816). Because the whore was considered as impure woman, and assumed to obtain unattractive features, the persona describes her in negative term such as "stink" and goes on to vomit into her hands further emphasizing, a whore is degraded being who deserves ill handling. "Whores are usually 'filthy', 'platform' and 'pocky', nonetheless they are also 'vibrant', 'impudent' and 'brazen faced"(Gowing 10). Even his own mom, the persona abuses in his poem what more the whore.

"You stink like my Mama under your bra

and I vomit into the hand like a jackpot

its frigid hard quarters"

From most Postfeminist viewpoint, "Buying the Whore" by Anne Sexton universalizes the activities of sex individuals. Anne sexton shows to us viewers that whores suffer and have no words in deciding customers they allow to their quarters. In reality not all making love staff are so vulnerable or not in position of making a selection. For example not absolutely all whore have sexual activity using their customers but sexual related services only. "What sexual intercourse are also insufficient to describe the effort of most prostitutes. Much prostitution will not include sexual intercourse (Pheterson 41). Whores have protection under the law to deny the clients they doubt to have disease or that might ill treat them. "One whore from america said, "If I hold the slightest doubt about a dude, I refuse him (Pheterson 40). Hence, it is clear that feminism, assist in understanding this is and present constructive criticisms towards the poem.

Power dynamics may also be observed in the poem "Purchasing the whore" using feminist literary criticism. When we deconstruct the text from feminist point of view, the client has electricity over the female (whore) who he previously purchased to fulfill his erotic lust. He has the power to dreams her with items he wishes; steer her just like a boat with pressure till she operates aground and break her into parts as if she were a goblet. The persona has all the power over the whore for he had paid for her service. He's depicted as this powerful being forcing his might and dominance within the whore. The whore on the other hands for example was compared to a vulnerable a glass that may be shattered and motorboat that needed to submit to it's owner to his directions and steering. She is portrayed as this meek, powerless person who submits to the atrocities her male client had forced after her. The whore was shown in the poem of not having the right over her own body or the to have sexual pleasure. "Neither as mother nor as virgin nor as prostitute has female any right to her own pleasure" (Ryan and Rivkin 808). Thus it is clear through the poem that the whore unlike any other women are reported to be powerless and are oppressed by man kind. " Girl is riveted into a lopsided romance with mean; he is the one, she actually is the other" (Shelden 129). It really is valuable that feminist reveal the oppression or the powerlessness of women.

Feminism is a superb literary theory in demonstrating readers how the world especially literary texts are laden with sexism and is mainly phallocentric. Just as before there exists another weakness in feminist literary theory in my view point. Like a great many other Second Influx Feminists, Anne Sexton (American poet) in her poem "Buying the Whore" has brought forth the issue oppression of the whore( female ) and the domination of men over women. She even made her whore voiceless and powerless throughout the poem. However, by portraying women as weakened and men as strong and superior being in literary work, feminist are actually building up the ideologies that are ingrained within society. Feminist then without realization, strengthen the dichotomous romantic relationship between people created by world. Thus in feminist literary work and criticism, women are still being referred to as inferior compared to men. "There is here a danger once more of slipping back to a phallocentric system which relegates women to the margin" (Selden 143).

In conclusion, I do agree to an scope that Feminism does help in providing meaning to the poem "Buying a whore" by Anne Sexton. Feminist Literary Criticism without doubt brings women's oppression into light and celebrate women freelance writers and their literary efforts. This movement will try it's utmost better to decenter logocentrism and phallocentrism that oppressed and suppressed women throughout background. Furthermore Feminism will try to bring about equality and prevent sexism within discourses especially in the literary word. We (especially women) have benefited enormously from this movements and it's efforts. However there are weaknesses within the techniques of Second Influx which in my own opinion were being rectified by the Postfeminists. Postfeminist considers of the diversity of experiences among women therefore preventing generalization, universalizing and even essentialist viewpoint. Furthermore, Postfeminist activity pays great importance to standpoint theory which clarifies that people's experiences differ according with their situations for example course, contest, ethnicity, geography and ethnography. Which means poem "Purchasing the Whore" can best be discussed through the latter part of Feminism which is Postfeminism without discrimination in so this means or encounters.

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