Comparison of Poems by William Blake and Christina Rossetti

Compare and contrast William blake's"the relationship between heaven and hell", "YOUR GARDEN of Love", and Christina Rosetti's"promises like crust".

The Matrimony of Heaven and Hell is probably the prophetic literature of William Blake. These have been compiled by imitating biblical books of prophecy however they express the personal romantic and ground-breaking beliefs of the poet. This publication identifies the visit of the poet to hell, a device that had been adopted from Paradise Lost of Milton and Dante's Divine Funny by Blake. However as compared to Milton or Dante, the conception of Hell of Blake will not start as a location of punishment. Instead this can be a source of unrepressed energy, when compared with the controlled and authoritarian perception of heaven. The purpose of Blake is to generate, what he mentions as a 'memorable fancy' so that the repressive character of classic morality as well as the institutional religion can be uncovered. In this regard, Blake creates that, "the early Poets animated all sensible objects with Gods or Geniuses, phoning them by the brands and adorning them with the properties of woods, rivers, mountains, lakes, cities, countries and whatever their enlarged and numerous senses could perceive. And especially they studied the genius of metropolis and country, placing it under its mental deity" (Kaplan, 2000).

In this way, the idea of contraries propounded by Blake had not been his perception in opposites but instead it was the belief according to which the contrary mother nature of God is shown by each individual. It was also presumed that moderation in life cannot be achieved without contraries. Just as, Blake also explored the in contrast characteristics of energy and reason. In this regard, he believed that there are two types of individuals, the rational organizers and the enthusiastic makers of what he phone calls as the angels and devils in The Matrimony of Heaven and Hell. In this manner, Blake feels that both these kinds of people are essential for life. This content material of Blake has been interpreted in several different ways.

"The Garden of Love" is a romantic poem written by William Blake. The poem has been written with a view to express the notion of Blake about the neutrality of sexuality as well as the manner in which they organized faith, especially Orthodox Religious Church through the times of Blake, have resulted in repressing the natural wishes of humans with their guidelines and preaching. At this point, it requires to be observed that for those times, it really was a great declaration to be made (Griffin, 1994).

The reason was that by advocating the natural wants of humans, Blake possessed made a primary strike on the orthodox Anglican Cathedral. He previously even mentioned 'priests' and 'Chapel'. The indignation of Blake may also be seen in the second brand when he talks about discovering "what I got never seen". Therefore it is interesting to notice that Blake boasts to haven't seen it when he previously literally put in all his life knowing the attitude of the cathedral towards sexuality. Perhaps it means that Blake was speaking from the point of view of innocence that has only got into the world of experience and as a result, suffers a distress to observe that the freedoms liked by it before have been curtailed by the Cathedral (Cronin, 2000).

In the same manner, a dislike can be seen in the point regarding the changes which may have taken place in your garden of Love. At this time, Blake is discussing the church and also expressing its dislike. In these lines, there is a clear critique of the cathedral as well as the methods of the Chapel related with spiritual beliefs. Moreover, the poet in addition has made an accusation that the Chapel is not allowing them to be happy and instead it is adding strain on the lyrical.

Seen in the context of realities within the 18th century Britain, because of the practices and doctrines that have been followed by the Church of Britain, these lines also point out the feelings of the persons who didn't follow the Church of England at the time and also did not buy into the interpretation of the Bible by the Church. In this manner, even though poem is provocative but at the same time, it also reflects comedies a few of the realities present in the 18th century (Bentley, Jr. , 2004).

In this way, it's been expressed in the idea that while walking in the 'Garden of Love' a whole lot of changes have been manufactured in your garden. While earlier, there were flowers in the garden but all of that has altered and instead there is a Chapel in the garden. Moreover, it is also seen that now your garden of Love has tombstones, graves and priests. As a result, these changes have led to fading the beauty of the 'Garden of Love'. Because of this, the emotions of anger and dismay have been portrayed in the idea about the changes which have been made in the 'Garden of Love'. The writer is dismayed because as a result of the changes, the wishes and wishes will not be fulfilled. Because of this, the priests and the Chapel are believed as being responsible for the unfulfilled needs (Griffin, 1994).

On the other hand, in case there is "Promises like Piecrust" the focus is mainly on the actual fact that in reality, it is straightforward to break promises, perhaps these are so flaky that they have been in comparison to a pie crust. However, an attempt has not been made by Rossetti to stress that it's a poor thing but on the other hand, matching to her, she accepts it as a fact of life which can't be escaped however, it does change the quality of relationships that a person has with others. In this poem, the emphasis is to friends or lovers who do not make any claims to the other person so that they may be "free to come as free to go".

It would have been very against the law for a woman to suggest this notion through the Victorian era. However it looks that Rossetti believes that one of the key reasons behind the strain in the majority of the connections is that we now have way too many unrealistic ideas and constraints present in a romantic relationship. These romantic relationships have been called by Rossetti as "Promises like Piecrust" and they are the relationships in which no promises regarding future commitments are created and in the same way, the past lovers are not mentioned (Kaplan, 2000). Because of this, in this kind of interactions, the likelihood that any spouse may be injured therefore of broken commentary is completely eliminated when this happens. Similarly, the partners are not bothered that a assurance may be shattered by the other spouse.

In this way, the poem suggests that assurances are like unrealistic constraints. Essentially, restrictive barriers are imposed by these promises regarding determination and commitment because of the reason that such promises can be damaged easily and at exactly the same time, not only these assurances resulting obligation and pressure of the companions, they also have to make significant efforts for keeping such pledges (Packer, 1963). This view regarding love has been explored by Christina Rossetti in this poem which is related to the negative perspective that the poet has for the promises created by lovers. She is convinced that pledges can be cracked easily, and at the same time they do not provide liberty to the lovers in a relationship and similarly, guarantees also blind towards the near future (Hassett, 2005). In this respect, the speaker acquired denied promises consequently of the distrust she has in pledges. Rossetti had also shown are general belief in the very beginning of the poem according to which, the metaphor of the pie crust has been used to describe the promises made by lovers.

As is the situation with pie crusts, that can be destroyed easily, the poet demonstrate the promises made by lovers in a romantic relationship may also be cracked easily (Fairchild, 1939). As a result, the poet says that "promises are like pie crust" and it turned out employed by hard to spell it out her perception that guarantees can be shattered easily. Generally, in virtually all circumstances, pie crust is the area of the pie that may be busted off easily and it is made in such a way so that it might be broken for guarding the greater important elements of the pie (Harrison, 2004). In this manner, Rossetti acquired used the metaphor of pie crust for discussing the promises created by fans in a relationship because matching to him, pledges cannot stand permanently. She is convinced that at one point or the other, a guarantee made by enthusiasts will lose its validity. In this way, in the thoughts and opinions of the poet, a never-ending validity of a promise can't be guaranteed by the kind of guarantee as is the case with a pie crust that breaks no matter the kind of pie. Therefore, the short strength of the assurances made by addicts has been illustrated by Rossette with the use of pie crust as both tend to break easily and also to show the actual fact that the promises made by enthusiasts cannot be considered as trustworthy.

Therefore in the end, an evaluation of "The Relationship of Heaven and Hell", "YOUR GARDEN of Love" and the poem "Promises like Pie Crust" discloses that different issues related with love have been raised by the writers in these works. While Blake has discussed that moderation in life can't be achieved without contraries. Which means "devils" and "angels" talked about by him are in fact two types of people, one are the "energetic creators" and others are the "rationale organizers". On the other hand, in "YOUR GARDEN of Love", William Blake has mentioned the restrictions which may have been enforced by the Orthodox Church on Love. He believes that way too many constraints have been imposed by the Church and at the same time, the conditions in the "Garden of Love" have been evolved by it. In her poem, "Promises like Pie Crust", Rossette possessed discussed the fragile nature of offers that are made by the enthusiasts in a relationship. As pledges can be destroyed easily and they don't have a long validity, Rossetti thinks that folks who are in a relationship shouldn't be bound by offers. However a perusal of all these the works expose that when it comes to love, each one of these three works have offered very radical ideas because of their time.


Antony H. Harrison (2004) The Letters of Christina Rossetti Volume 4, 1887-1894 University of Virginia Press

Bentley, Jr, G. E. 2004, Blake Records. Second edition. New Haven and London: YaleUniversity Press

Cronin, Richard. 2000, The Politics of Intimate Poetry: Searching for the Pure Commonwealth. London: Macmillan,

Fairchild, Hoxie Neale (1939) Spiritual trends in British poetry, Amount 4 Columbia university or college press

Griffin, Dustin H. 1994, Satire: A Critical Introduction. Lexington: College or university of Kentucky Press

Hassett, Constance W. (2005) Christina Rossetti: the tolerance of style University or college of Virginia Press p15

Kaplan, Carter. 2000, Critical Synoptics: Menippean Satire and the Examination of IntellectualMythology. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson Press

Packer, LonaMosk (1963) Christina Rossetti College or university of California Press pp13-17

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