Crime And Punishment Reading Journal Analysis English Books Essay

The interconnection among these quotes resides in the foundation of the book, criminality. The questions to reply after reading the book is: "Do certain individuals have the right to commit crimes against other humans?" But the variety of crimes in the book isn't limited merely to murder; they escalate from simple moral crimes, such as apathy, meanness, and even vitality misuse; to graver disruptions of the law, like a complete gamma of child abuse and murder. On the other side, even though the novel is hopelessly filled with all kind of crimes and maltreatment, its ending highly suggests that crime doesn't rule a person's life; that criminals are able to redeem they faults and capable of starting over, that criminals can be practical members of society.

After reading Crime and Punishment, the whole idea of 'crime' is questioned. Crime is thought as an offense illegal, but would continues to be be considered a crime if it helps society? As estimate number two gently areas: "would not one tiny crime be wiped out by thousands of good deeds?" Now, the whole idea of 'crime' changes, it could be thought as an action that actually hurts population.

The novel appears to be hopelessly wrapped in criminality, displaying an unhealthy and fragile, economically divided Russia, where crimes are every times' happenings, and the poor are numerous on the roads. Raskolnikov, Svidrigailov, Sonia, and even the murdered pawnbroker Alyona Ivanovna, can be called criminals. Perhaps Svidrigailov is the major lawbreaker in the book, he's accused of a number of abominations, such as creating the loss of life of a couple of folks, raping a mute child, poisoning his partner Marfa Petrovna, and he openly recognizes his fascination to children; and, furthermore, he doesn't appear to get one little bit of remorse on him. Raskolnikov, on the other palm, is practically eaten by remorse (though he says he doesn't repent it, his dreams suggest so) and paranoia after he kills the old pawnbroker. Though prostitution wasn't a legal crime in Fyodor Dostoevsky's Russia, Sonia is culprit of any moral crime, along with her father Mermeladov, and Katerina Ivanovna, who voicelessly press the lady towards such disgraceful avenue in the search for money for her family. And for the pawnbroker, Alyona Ivanovna, she actually is constantly bashed through the book and is also accused of treating her sister Lizaveta as her slave. What is curious about few of the criminals is that they perform good deeds too, especially Raskolnikov, who seems to think of others before himself.

-""You are talking and speechifying away, but tell me, would you destroy the old girl yourself?"

"Obviously not! I used to be only arguing the justice of itIt's nothing in connection with me. "

"But I believe, if you would not do-it-yourself, there's no justice about it. Why don't we have another game. " (Web page 69)

-""Pyotr Petrovitch, " she cried, "protect me you at least! Make this foolish woman recognize that she can't behave such as this to a female in misfortunethat there is a rules for such thingsI'll go to the governor-general himself. " (Web page 386)

-""Allow me gentlemen, allow me! Don't squash, let me pass!" he said, making his way through the audience. "No threats, if you please! I assure you it'll be useless, you will gain little or nothing by it. On the other hand, you need to answer, gentlemen, for violently obstructing the span of justice. The thief has been more than unmasked, and I shall prosecute. Our judges aren't so blind andnot so drunk, and can not believe the testimony of two notorious infidels, agitators, and atheists, who accuse me from motives of personal revenge that they are foolish enough to admit. ) (Web pages 398-399)

-"Ah, Rodion Romanovitch, don't put too much beliefs in words, perhaps jail will not be totally a restful place. That's only a theory and my theory, and what power am I for you? Perhaps, too, even now I am hiding something from you? I can't place bare everything, he-he! And how will you ask what benefits? Don't you know it could lessen your sentence?" (Site 453)

-""Why does my action punch them as so horrible?" he thought to himself. "Could it be since it was a crime? What is intended by crime? My conscience is at rest. Obviously it was a legal crime, of course the letter of the law was damaged and blood vessels was shed. Well, punish me for the notice of the legislations and that is enough. Of course, in that case lots of the benefactors of mankind who snatched power for themselves rather than inheriting it must have been punished at their first steps. But those men succeeded and they also were right, and I didn't, therefore i had no right to have taken that step. " It was only for the reason that that he identified his criminality, only in the actual fact that he previously been unsuccessful and experienced confessed it. (Page 536)

What connects these insurance quotes is the search for justice, though it seems elusive and sometimes corrupt. As it is often seen, justice often will take the medial side of the 'more fortunate' people in the book. Though for the pawnbroker's case the authorities put a great work, numerous other crimes weren't even prosecuted. Perhaps this simple truth is what drives people to take justice in their own hands, virtually like Raskolnikov will supporting people and keeping them from misuse and possible harm. When Katerina Ivanovna appeared for justice in the governor-general, she was rudely greeted, and he didn't even listen to her, but would that happen in case a figure like Pyotr Petrovitch were in her place?, most probably not. As for the last persona mentioned, he's among this favoritism in the law. In the third quote, he exhibits a senseless self-confidence when communicating of how he would seek justice for the robbery of his money, the culprit being Sonia, who Pyotr create himself, and even after his motives were unmasked, he insists that regulations is on his part.

The major number of justice in the book is Porfiry Petrovitch, the detective in charge of Alyona's murder. Unlike what is expected, when he deduced that Raskolnikov was the murderer, he did not arrest him, but advised him to confess, as the fourth estimate shows. The reason he must do this is the fact that he considers Raskolnikov to be an important member of population and respects him for his brains, and he feels in the rehabilitation of criminals, in simple fact, Porfiry is sure Raskolnikov can redeem his criminal offenses. For Raskolnikov, he has learned that he transgressed regulations and, finally, accepts his punishment, though he still says that his "conscience is at rest". Probably if he didn't eliminate the pawnbroker, he'd have questioned himself his whole life if he was among the benefactors of individual kind, if he could take that step, and when his offense could be wiped out by a thousand good deeds.

The novel also suggests that prison is an important factor in sociable justice, by the change Raskolnikov experienced during his stay static in prison.

-"[Sonia] said: 'Katerina Ivanovna, am I must say i to execute a thing like this?' And Darya Frantsovna, a female of evil identity and very well known to the police, had two or three times tried to get at her through the landlady. 'And you will want to?' said Katerina with a jeer, 'you are something mighty treasured to be so careful of!' But don't blame her, honored sir, don't blame her! She had not been herself when she spoke, but motivated to distraction by her illness and the crying of the hungry children; and it was said more to wound her than anything else. For that's Katerina Ivanovna's character, so when children cry, even from hunger, she falls to beating them at once. " (Webpage 17)

-"And Mikolka swung the shaft another time and it dropped another time on the back of the luckless mare. She sank again on her haunches, but launched forwards and tugged onward with all her push, tugged first on one area and then on the other, striving to move the cart. However the six whips were attacking her in all directions, and the shaft grew up again and dropped upon her a third time, a fourth, with heavy measured blows. Mikolka was at a fury that he could not kill her at one blow. " (Page 61)

-"As [Alyona Ivanovna] was so brief, the blow fell on the top of her skull. She cried out, but very faintly, and instantly sank all of a heap on the floor, increasing her hands to her brain. In one palm she still placed "the pledge". Then he dealt her another and another blow with the blunt part and on the same spot. The blood gushed as from an overturned glass, the body fell again. He stepped back again, let it show up, and simultaneously bent over her face; she was dead. Her eye appeared to be starting out with their sockets, the brow and the complete face were drawn and contorted convulsively. " (Page 80)

- [Katerina Ivanovna] "Why, you're all crying again! What's the problem, stupids? Come, Kolya, begin. Make haste, make haste! Oh, what an unbearable child! []" (Site 426)

-"[Men] gathered mutually in armies against one another, but even on the march of armies would commence attacking each other, the ranking would be broken and the soldiers would fall season on each other, stabbing and reducing, biting and devouring each other. " (Webpage 539, On Raskolnikov's aspiration)

Obviously when interacting with crimes, assault should be involved, meaning both physical and subconscious. In the novel, a great deal of violence is treasured. Child mistreatment, murder, psychological abuse, beatings, and intimate violence are the primary interest. Fyodor Dostoevsky is completely elaborated when writing these moments. Essentially the most violent identity must be Katerina Ivanovna, certainly. She is better than her children at little provocation, pulls her spouse by the mane, and often addresses Sonia with poison-filled words. Right before her loss of life, for example, she worried, and treated her children, Kolya and Lida, so greatly bad that they ran away from her.

Raskolnikov, too, is an example of violence, with his ill-manners and attitude, besides of span of the murder he dedicated, which was fairly bloody. He often treats his relatives and buddies badly, and the assault within him is mirrored on his dreams, that are filled with massacres and grotesque moments. The way Raskolnikov murders Alyona and Lizaveta, too, is awfully grotesque.

Svidrigailov also dedicated lots of violent works (almost always towards children); he even raped a mute child.

In Fyodor's scenery, and predicated on his other works, child maltreatment is the most outrageous crime, even worse than murder.

-"[] Raskolnikov acquired time to put his hands into his pocket, to snatch in the coppers he had received in trade for his rouble in the tavern and place them unnoticed on the widow. After, on the stairs he changed his head and could have gone again.

"What a ridiculous thing I've done, " he thought to himself. " (Web page 26-27)

-"[Raskolnikov] tried out to draw a breath, to cry out-and woke up. He waked up, gasping for breath, his hair soaked with perspiration, and stood up in terror.

"Thank God, that was only a goal, " he said, seated under a tree and pulling profound breaths. "But the facts? Is it some fever arriving on? Such hideous goal!"

He felt absolutely shattered: darkness and misunderstandings were in his soul. He rested his elbows on his knees and leaned his at once his hands. " (Webpage 62)

-""Nobody has been beating the landlady, " [Nastasya] declared finally in a company, resolute tone of voice.

[Raskolnikov] gazed at her, scarcely able to breathe.

"I read it myself. I had not been asleepI was seated up, " he said still more timidly. "I listened a long while. The assistant superintendent arrived. Everyone ran out on to the stairs from all the flats. "

'No you have been here. That is the blood vessels crying from your ears. " (Site 118)

"[Raskolnikov] was not completely unconscious, however, all the time he was ill; he was in a feverish status, sometimes delirious, sometimes half mindful. He remembered a good deal after. Sometimes it seemed as though there were a number of folks rounded him; they needs to consider him away someplace, there was significant amounts of squabbling and speaking about about him. Then he'd be by itself in the room; that they had all vanished away frightened of him, in support of now and then opened the entranceway a crack to look at him; they threatened him, plotted something jointly, laughed, and mocked him. He kept in mind Nastasya often at his bedside; he distinguished someone else, too, whom he appeared to know perfectly, though he cannot bear in mind who he was, which fretted him, even made him cry. Sometimes he fancied he previously been resting there per month; at other times it all seemed part of the same day. But of that-of that he had no recollection, yet every minute he felt that he had forgotten something he ought to remember. He worried and tormented himself seeking to remember, moaned, flew into a rage, or sank into terrible, intolerable terror. " (Webpage 120)

-""Why, who is able to tell? Perhaps I am really mad, as well as perhaps everything that occurred all these days and nights may be only creativeness. "" (Webpage 293)

Tying these rates together will be the unconscious and the different states of mind. Through the novel, Raskolnikov is generally in a state of delirious fever, and violent dreams haunt him constantly. It really is talked about that Raskolnikov is critically ill. This disease of his could be caused by the enormous levels of panic he experience by his 'unnatural' thoughts, causing psychosomatic symptoms. While reading, the maddening experience of going crazy takes over. Raskolnikov is such a complicated figure, and along with his illness, his habit becomes even more unpredictable, he is in such mental and mental distress that he even starts to trust he's going insane, he even hallucinates. His delirious claims extend for times, and when he recovers awareness, the feeling of not remembering what he can have said horrifies him. Raskolnikov's personality is, apparently, break up in two. One part of his being desires to help and protect people, as the other instructs him to just let those crimes happen and not interfere. This can be appreciated in the way Raskolnikov scolds himself after executing worthwhile deed (as with quotation one).

Raskolnikov's dreams, too, show his break up personality, especially his first fantasy, before getting rid of Alyona. Within the dream, a kid saw how a mare was beaten by his owner and a masses of individuals. This dream presents how Raskolnikov seems towards getting rid of the old pawnbroker. An integral part of him tries to avoid the necessity to eliminate the old girl, just as the child in his dreams tries to avoid the mare's owner, Mikolka, from eliminating her. The other part of him wants, and needs to eliminate her; this part is represented by Mikolka.

The dreams that come later show his insecurity in himself and the way he committed the crime. Does someone see him? Did he neglect something? These questions haunt him constantly, and in repeated occasions he believes that the best is to surrender and confess (which he eventually does. ) During the epilogue, a peculiar fantasy worries Raskolnikov. In the dream a disease overcomes Russia, making men believe that these are owners of the reality, and as they can not recognize in anything, start eliminating each other. This dream is actually a communication from Fyodor Dostoevsky against Nihilism, a philosophical doctrine that tensions that life does not have any meaning, and this rules, laws and regulations and norms are not necessary. Following this goal, the change in Raskolnikov is apparent; he values and respects life in the future.

-"All at one time he bent down quickly and dropping to the bottom, kissed [Sonia's] foot. Sonia drew back from him as from a madman. And certainly he looked like a madman.

"What exactly are you doing to me?" she muttered, turning pale, and rapid anguish clutched her heart.

He stood up simultaneously.

"I did so not bow down to you, I bowed right down to all the suffering of mankind' he said wildly and strolled away to the window. " (Webpage 320)

-"Suffer and expiate your sin by it, that's what you should do. " (Page 416)

-"You might have long needed an alteration of air. Suffering, too, is an excellent thing. Suffer! Maybe Nikolay is right about in wanting to undergo. " (Site 454)

-"[Avdotya Romanovna] is merely thirsting to handle some torture for someone, in case she can't get her torture, she'll chuck herself from the window. "(Site 470)

-""[] They state it's important for me personally to go through! What's the thing of the senseless sufferings? Shall I understand much better what they are for, as i am crushed by hardships and idiocy, and poor as a vintage man after twenty years' penal servitude?"" (Site 515)

An essential requirement in this novel is this is of suffering. Struggling is seen as a way to redeem sins and succeed the Lord's forgiveness. It has a reference to both religion and poverty: It is the poor people who have the strongest conviction in God, and who are affected the most. Raskolnikov is informed repetitively that he must undergo in order to be forgiven for his crime; of course, he recognizes no sense in it as he doesn't see the murder as a crime (he still suffers from guilt, though); but through the novel, Raskolnikov is one of the character types that suffer from the most. His distressed brain and the mental prosecution that Porfiry puts him under cause him great fighting, as does indeed his condition.

Sonia is the character that suffers the most. She provides her life on her behalf family, prostituting herself for the money on her behalf drunken dad, step-mother and the tiny children. She bears a huge cross on her back again, forgetting even about her own well-being. She sees hurting as expiation for crimes. It is her and Porfiry who notify Raskolnikov to confess, for he must put up with and redeem his sin. While in prison, Raskolnikov finally realizes that it was necessary for him to put up with, to be able to appreciate life again.

Another personality that suffered a lot through the novel was Svidrigailov. Though maybe it's argued that he was talkative and mocked everything, his contempt towards mankind, and towards himself, smashed his heart immensely, very much that in the long run he preferred to commit suicide somewhat than turning himself to the authorities, as he thought that only dying would give him the opportunity to start out over, or to "go to America", as he said, indicating starting a fresh life.

The novel also shows the inclination of women to sacrifice their lives and ambitions for the well-being of their loved ones, so is the case of Sonia and Dounia.

- [Mermeladov] ""He is the One, He too is judge. He will come in that day and He'll ask: 'Where is the little girl who provided herself on her behalf cross, consumptive step-mother and then for the tiny children of another? Where is the little princess who got pity after the filthy drunkard, her earthly father, undismayed by his beastliness?' And He'll say, 'Come to Me! I've already forgiven thee once. I have forgiven thee once. Thy sins that happen to be most are forgiven thee, for thou has adored much" And He'll forgive my Sonia, He'll forgive, I understand it I noticed it in my own heart whenever i was with her at the moment! And He'll judge and will forgive all, the nice and the evil, the sensible and the meek. So when He did with all of them, then He will summon us. 'You too come forth, ' He'll say. 'Come forth, ye drunkards, come forth, ye weakened ones, come forth, ye children of pity!' And we shall all come forth, without pity and shall stand before Him. And He'll say unto us, 'Ye are swine, made in the Image of the Beast and along with his make; but come ye also!' Along with the wise ones and those understanding will say, 'Oh Lord, why dost Thou receive these men?' And He will say, 'This is the reason why I receive them, oh ye wise, this is the reason why I receive them, oh ye understanding, that not one of them thought himself to be worth this. ' And He'll hold on His hands to us and we will fall down before Him and we shall weep and we shall understand all things! []"" (Web page 22-23)

-""God wouldn't normally allow anything so awful!"

"He allows others come to it. "

"No, no! God will protect [Polenka], God!" she repeated beside herself.

"But, perhaps there is no God in any way, " Raskolnikov solved with sort of malignance, laughed and looked at her. (Page 320)

-""Go simultaneously, this very tiny, stand at the cross-roads, bow down, first kiss the planet earth which you have defiled and then bow down to all the entire world and say to all men aloud. 'I am a murderer!' Then God will send you life again. Will you go, will you go?" [Sonia] asked [Raskolnikov]. " (Site 415)

-"With out a word Sonia had taken out of the drawer two crosses, one of cypress hardwood and one of copper. She made the sign of the cross herself and over him, and put the real wood cross on his neck.

"It is the icon of my taking the mix, " he laughed. "As if I hadn't suffered much till now! The wooden cross, this is the peasant one; the copper one, that is Lizaveta's-you will wear yourself, show me!"" (Web page 517)

-"Initially [Raskolnikov] was afraid that [Sonia] would stress him about religious beliefs, would discuss gospel and pester him with literature. But to his great delight she had not once approached the topic and hadn't even offered him the testament"(Page 542)

The mention of religion in the book are just about everywhere, God and faith rule the lives of almost everyone in Fyodor Dostoevsky's landscape. Religion is portrayed as a mean of absolution through enduring for folks, especially those who are in poverty. The essence of faith is compressed in Mermeladov's ramble while he was drunk (see estimate one). He recognizes himself a sinner, and for that reason he desires to suffer as much as he possibly can. The point is that, even though he sinned, he is spending money on it, and therefore, he'll be forgiven when he dies.

The persona that embodies this perfectly is Sonia, who's thought as a 'Religious maniatic' by Raskolnikov, and even she says she'd be little or nothing without God. She decides to follow Raskolnikov to Siberia as a way to expiate her own sins; and she also signifies Raskolnikov's expiation.

As for Raskolnikov, his beliefs are not clear. He cases he thinks in God, but at the same time mocks Sonia's fanaticism. And again, he asks her mom and Polenka (Katerina's elderly daughter) to pray for him.

In a really symbolic scene, right before Raskolnikov confesses his criminal offenses (see quote five); Sonia gives him the combination she has been carrying, and therefore she has suffered for him. By giving Raskolnikov her combination, she initiates him in the 'right way', which is redemption, and then she wears Lizaveta's cross, meaning that now she carries the combination of Raskolnikov's innocent victim, the one he didn't plan to kill. He then, with Sonia's mix, walks to the cross-roads (as Jesus strolled with his combination) and kneels down, kissing the earth.

When Raskolnikov is a prisoner, Sonia constantly visits him. And though maybe it's expected from her, a 'Spiritual maniatic', she doesn't talk about religion by any means with Raskolnikov, giving the idea that religion is optional, and everyone must reach for it by themselves.

-"And now my treasured Rodya, I adopt you and send you a mother's blessing till we meet. Love Dounia your sister, Rodya; love her as she loves you and recognize that she loves you beyond everything, more than herself. She is an angel and you simply, Rodya, you are everything to us-our one expectation, our one consolation. Only if you are happy, we will be happy. " (Webpage 41)

-""Listen, Razumihin, " commenced Raskolnikov, "I wish to tell you plainly: I've just been at a death-bed a clerk who diedI provided them all my moneyand besides I've just been kissed by somebody who, if I had killed anybody, would just the same"" (Page 193)

-""I've come to make sure you that I've always loved you and I am glad that we are together, even glad Dounia has gone out, " he went on with the same impulse. "I have come to tell you that if you will be disappointed, you must believe that your kid loves you now more than himself, and that you considered me, that I was cruel and didn't care about you, was all a mistake. I will never stop to love you. Well, that's enough: I thought I must do this and get started with this"" (Site 509)

-"8 weeks later Dounia was married to Razumihin. It had been a quiet and sorrowful wedding; Porfiry Petrovitch and Zossimov were invited however. During all this period Razumihin used an air of resolute persistence. Dounia put implicit trust in his carrying out his plans and even she could not but have confidence in him. He exhibited a rare self-discipline. Among other activities he began attending university or college lectures again in order to consider his degree. They were continually making strategies for future years; both counted on settling in Siberia within five years at least. " (Web page 531-532)

-"[Raskolnikov and Sonia] were both pale and slim; but those tired pale encounters were excellent with the dawn of a fresh future, of a full resurrection into a fresh life. These were renewed by love; the heart and soul of each other held infinite sources of life for the heart of the other. " (Page 541)

Though scarce, Love exists in the book. Fraternal love, motherly love, and companionate love, too. Love is portrayed as a way to redemption and delight. In the case of Raskolnikov, for example, he detects in Sonia, his way to redemption and a new life, though their romance seems impossible initially, as Raskolnikov is usually to be sent to Siberia; but Sonia practices him as she guaranteed. In Razumihin's case, his interest to Dounia is evident since the first time they meet. What brings them alongside one another is their love for Raskolnikov, and almost at the end, they finally get committed. It is as though Raskolnikov would only trust Razumihin to adopt proper care of his sister, as he declined Pyotr Petrovitch and Svidrigailov to be with Dounia. Razumihin and Dounia's romance is, without a doubt, loving and honest; it can only just be described as authentic love. And for the other couple within the book, Mermeladov and Katerina Ivanovna, whose end is quite tragic, for both of these end up dying; their relationship is terribly complicated. Katerina hitched the clerk because she didn't have anywhere else to go, remaining with three small children and without money. It really is obvious that there is no real love implied in their relationship, nevertheless they still care for the other person in their own way, even though Mermeladov induced more harm to Katerina at the end. An intriguing question is if Svidrigailov could have transformed his murderous ways, equally as Raskolnikov performed, if Dounia could have accepted him.

Raskolnikov has a need for love and love, as it show when he gets a sample of the innocent and real love of Sonia's little sister, Polenka, and after his brief encounter with the child, he perceives life as gift idea and everything the thoughts of suicide he had earlier go away. Also, before confessing he goes to his mother, to assure her that he had always, and will always, love her; once again looking for the love he so desperately needs, but by the end, this sort of 'good-bye' ends being more painful from what he expects.

-"He [Raskolnikov] was hopelessly with debt to his landlady, and was afraid of achieving her. " (Webpage 1)

-""Such is my fate! Have you any idea, sir, do you know, I have sold [Katerina Ivanovna's] very stockings for drink? Not her shoes-that would become more or less in the order of things, but her stockings, her stockings I've sold for drink! Her mohair shawl I sold for drink, a present-day to her long ago, her own property, not mine, " (Webpage 14)

- (On Mermeladov and Katerina's room) "A grimy little door towards the top of the stairs stood ajar. An extremely poor-looking room about ten paces long was lighted up by way of a candle-end; the whole of computer was obvious from the entry. It had been all a disorder, littered up with rags of most sorts, especially children's garments. Across the farthest corner was extended a ragged sheet. Behind it probably was a bed. There was little or nothing in the room except two chairs and a sofa protected with American leather, filled with slots, before which stood an old offer kitchen-table, unpainted and uncovered. At the border of the table stood a smouldering tallow-candle within an iron candlestick. It appeared that the family had an area to themselves, not part of an area, but their room was practically a passage. " (Webpage 34)

-"[Raskolnikov] looked with hatred at his room. It had been a little cupboard of an area about six paces in length. In had a poverty-stricken appearance with its dusty yellow paper peeling off the walls, and it was so low-pitched that a man of more than average height was ill at ease in it and sensed every instant that he would knock his brain against the roof. The furniture was in keeping with the area: there were three old chairs alternatively rickety; a colored stand in the area on which place a few manuscripts of catalogs; the dust particles that place thick after them demonstrated that they had been a long time untouched. A huge, clumsy sofa occupied almost the complete of 1 wall and a half the floor space of the area; it was once protected with chintz, but was now in rags and dished up Raskolnikov as a foundation. Often he visited sleep on it, and he was, without undressing, without sheets, covered in his old student's overcoat, with his head on one little pillow under which he heaped up all the linen he had, clean and soiled, by using a bolster. Just a little table stood in front of the sofa. " (Webpage 28)

-""What a wretched lodging you have, Rodya! It's such as a tomb, " said Pulcheria Alexandrovna, suddenly breaking the oppressive silence. "I am certain it's quite half through your lodging you have grown to be so melancholy. " (Web page 232)

Other important aspects of this novel will be the poverty in which Russia appears to be submerged, and the vice related to it. The image that Fyodor offers to Russia in the book complements the grim and macabre setting for the storyplot. A hopelessly poor Russia, where violence and vices are everywhere you go. Strangely enough, it appears that the poor people will be the ones that give in to vices such as taking in. For example, Mermeladov, who had not a copper to spare, still gave in to his vice and put in his family's money in it, even though he realized the tiny children had nothing at all to eat and his complete family was starving. As for Raskolnikov, even though he can't stand drunks, he still seems sort of easiness when he drinks, but he doesn't misuse it. The environment in which the character types develop also contribute to their gruesome mood; after all, after viewing poverty all over, it is impossible to prevent the sensation of despair to take over. Raskolnikov despised his 'little cupboard of the room'. It really is as though all his negative energy continued to be there, constantly haunting him and making him keep in mind. It is probably for that reason that he stayed in the avenues the whole day.

The information Fyodor gives to St. Petersburg also suits Raskolnikov; they're both gloomy and poor, immersed in anguish and misuse.

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