The theme of the quest for monetary success exerts great affect on Daniel Defoe's works; this may be regarded as a effect to Defoe's obsession for money and love to trade, which, he thought, could make him a prosperous and honourable gentleman. He carries that understanding away to his characters. It's highly depicted in the storyplot The Fortunes and Misfortunes of
the Famous Moll Flanders.
The public and financial world in Moll Flanders reveals a different look of achieving seeks. The heroine's ingenuity and determination to endure draw viewers into her divergent view how to do well. She is eager to sacrifice moral guidelines in order to prosper, Moll Flanders desires to "sell herself" at the highest price possible: marriage.
You may ask why this glimpse is different. From what does it change? Well, why do not we compare the publication of Moll Flanders and this of Robinson Crusoe and make an appraisal? The novel Robinson Crusoe also brings onward the striving for economic success. Nevertheless, the shipwrecked sailor is powered by a dream of creating a self-made Utopia and being completely self-sufficient.
Moll Flanders is an excellent tale about one woman's progression from a beginning into poverty to the status of your gentlewoman. During this period, her fortunes grow and fall a number of times but the ambitions to go up above poverty stay company. The heroine used her careful cunning in order to survive in the 18th century. She marries five men and has three different lovers. And every time she is flattered at men's attention not because of another thing but their prosperity. Yes, she marries for money. Truly, in Moll Flanders, money makes the world go around. Hardly a full page goes by in the book without a reference to money. It gave me a lttle bit of any jolt, indeed, that intimate relations have a economic dimensions and even human being connection can be quantified (Mom Midnight's charges)
The adventures of Moll Flanders move her from destination to place and from one social environment to another in order to survive. And none of the heroine's many marriages satisfies her materials ambitions. When her beauty fades and she will not attract the interest of men any more, truly miserable she decides to begin a job of wily thievery to survive. It might be in no way possible for Moll to produce a living doing honest work, but she expands rich speedily as a pickpocket.
"As covetousness is the root of most evil, so poverty is, I really believe, the worst of all snares. " Moll discovers her key to success, her way to flee from that evil. However, her success is accompanied by loss of individuality. Due to her greed, Moll sacrifices her personal virtue, moral value and her own comfort. Because of her public and financial success, Moll sacrifices her soul. She steals, she seduces, she marries if possible. I guess you won't be a surprise if I refer to that Moll usually does not seem to take into account God much. It appears that all days and nights of her life are like devoted to the sin and almost none to the salvation.
Another novel by Daniel Defoe, more positively received in the literary world than Moll Flanders, is the experience story about the self-made man (THE LIFE SPAN and Strange Amazing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner: Who Resided Eight and TWO DECADES All Alone, within an Uninhabited Island on the Coast of America, Near the Mouth of the Great River Oroonoque). Through the character of Robinson Crusoe, Defoe snacks the theme of economic growth in different ways - in the absence of trade, money and prices.
In his isolation from all of those other world, Crusoe discovers an monetary system of value predicated on an item's use. Having triumph over his despair, despite devoid of previous knowledge of tools, Crusoe is determined to survive. It is evident that Crusoe's strategy distinguishes from Moll's. The person jammed on the deserted island fetches hands, tools, and other resources from the dispatch. He hunts, expands corn and rice, discovers to make pottery etc. He discovers: "This tree I used to be three days and nights in cutting down, and two more slicing off the boughs". Thus while making his island comfortable, the self-sufficient Englishman frequently observes that the amount of money is worthless on the island, in particular when compared to his tools: "I had, when i hinted before, a parcel of money, as well rare metal as gold, about thirty-six pounds sterling. Alas! There the sorry, ineffective stuff lay. " We become aware that Crusoe's experience on the island symbolizes the inherent monetary value of
labour over capital.
The castaway embodies the optimism for human's future. On the list of uninhabited island he discovers his features and achieves a soul of happiness away from human society. In the virgin character Robinson develops his own world of abundance and felicity, where he refers to himself as the "king" of the island because his unceasing labour refinds and creates material riches, even though already known in the civilized culture. His will and inventive skills help Robinson Crusoe to understand mother nature for his own needs. And he lives in tranquility with its laws: "It was given that I commenced sensibly to feel how much happier this life I now led was than the wicked, cursed, abominable life I led all days gone by part of my days". Even though solitary, Crusoe has self-confidence of a successful man.
Among the salvaging needful things from the dispatch that Robinson Crusoe consumes is also the Bible. The complete book is filled with spiritual aspects and shows how Robinson becomes closer to God and thanks a lot him for his destiny in which nothing is missing. This idea and the evident superior morality of Crusoe (as he seems unjustified in positioning the natives morally responsible for cannibalism) are in complete variance with the moral of Defoe's heroine.
The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders and The Life and Strange Surprising Travels of Robinson Crusoe are truly significant books of Daniel Defoe, which illustrate two character types both striving for material prosperity and demonstrating that hardships of life fast us how to survive. Still Moll Flanders and Robinson Crusoe are not everything that similar. The first stands to me as a negative image because of her moral degradation and greed for money while Crusoe is the positive image seeking simply for everyday essentials and absolution.
1) Electronic source: www. e-notes. com
2) Electronic source: www. online-literature. com/defoe/crusoe
3) Electronic source: www. wikipedia. com
4) Defoe D. 1989, The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll
Flanders Classics Books
5) Richetti, J. 1992 Popular Fiction before Richardson, Oxford
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