Frankenstein Or The Modern Prometheus Analysis English Literature Essay

At the start I will say that the book "Frankenstein" was written under immediate influence of English Gothic books by the past due XVIII - early XIX century. Victor Frankenstein - is a Swiss scientist who gets the skill and the thirst for education, possession of a enigma reproducing of living subject. He creates a individual organism with incredible strength and strength. However, experts is startled by physical ugliness of his creature, hastens to abdicate responsibility for the fate of his creature. As a result, demon desperates to find its place among the list of people, rebells against the originator and revenges him cruelly, constantly killing his brother, friend and bride.

Frankenstein used his junior to create a demon, but all the others of his life he devoted to destroy it, wishing to atone for humankind. Trip of many years leads him to the North Pole, where his life ends. But with the death of Frankenstein the sense of the monster's life disappears and he leaves this turned down world voluntarily.

During the appearance of the novel publication, the name Frankenstein got root in the British language for talking about someone who starts off forces, slipping out of his control. However, the image of Frankenstein is not only the prophetic notion of the mankind medical progress adverse effects possibility, however the author's deep meditation on individual nature. Awful monster shows up in the book as a counterpart of the fantastic creator. "The creature was permitted to live on the list of people, endowed with the energy to do wicked appeared to me as my own evil theory, a vampire, escaped from the coffin to demolish all that is dear to me" -Frankenstein accepted. This "modern Prometheus" is aware of all the flaws of the divine man creation, bearing alone both creative and dangerous impulses.

The novel was staged during article writer lifetime consistently, and later, the novel was designed for the display screen many times. However, nothing of its screenings, including the latest with Kenneth Branagh in the role of Frankenstein and Robert De Niro as a demon, cannot convey the difficulty of the philosophical and psychological sophistication of this novel.

Before I call the "Frankenstein" like the Gothic novel, it's important to establish this genre. Gothic book offers the pursuing features:

-The plot is made around a magic formula. Disclosure of secrets is postponed until the very end. Extra secret is usually added to the central enigma and also disclosed in finals.

-The narrative is shrouded by the atmosphere of dread and terror, and unfolds as a continuous

series of hazards to peacefulness, security and honor of the hero and heroine.

- Dark and ominous world of action supports the overall atmosphere of secret and


- In the early Gothic books, the central personality - is a woman. She actually is beautiful, special,

virtuous, humble, and in the ultimate is rewarded by marital delight, the problem in

society and wealth.

-The character of the plot requires the existence of the villain. In later specimens of the genre, he finds

full power and it is usually machines the story.

In the novel "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley traced not all features inherent in

Gothic books. More precisely, only one feature of the canonical Gothic novel is observed. It really is an atmosphere of fear and terror ("room house windows were blacked out before, and

now I noticed with a fear that the room was lit by the pale yellowish moon. The shutters were

disclosed, with an indescribable sense of horror I observed at the open windowpane, hateful and fearful

figure. . . "). (Tropp, Martin, 1976)

But "Frankenstein" appeals to attention as a philosophical book. W. Scott explained:

". . . " Frankenstein " looks like Gulliver's Travels, where in fact the most outlandish fiction

allowed to be able to draw out their philosophical meaning and the moral regulation "(Heffernan, Adam A. W. , 1997).

In addition, it will probably be worth declaring that the large industry of the second 50 % of the twentieth century converts Frankenstein into farcical shape of comic burlesques and parodies, which has little in common with the hero of Mary Shelley. Consumer of mass culture recognizes Frankenstein with Frankenstein movie or cartoon character, somewhat than with a read book.

"Frankenstein" goes significantly beyond form "Gothic" novel, form romantic novel structure on the backdrop of the widest syndication of poetry in the English literature with the works of the Scott. "Redundant descriptions of monster atrocities might in some way serve as proof the book Mary Shelley's affiliation to gothic - D. Varma (D. Varma, 1957) said in "The Gothic Flame: A Living Background of the Gothic novel in Britain " book - if not lofty shade, which peculiar to affectionate literature. For a more balanced assessment of the novel we should look at the fact that work occurs at the junction of three cosmetic systems: Enlightenment, Gothic and Romanticism, so it is quit normally to compound structurally diverse ideologies and artistic techniques.

Analyzing the task of the writer the question is appeared: "Why only the first novel fascinates the reader, although her other works, such as "The Last Man" (1826) aren't inferior to "Frankenstein" on imaginative qualities? The solution, in my opinion, lies in the actual fact that in the first book by Mary Shelley are lifted important questions of real human existence, which has pervaded the philosophical, scientific and aesthetic search for generations: whether a guy can play the role of God, producing his own kind, whether it gets the to intervene in the mysteries of nature, whether there is Eve created from Adam's rib?

The problem of universe creation, which was originally the previous prerogative of God, so allures freelance writers of XX century. I think for the reason that on earth, "where God is dead, then everything is permitted", a sense of Victor Frankenstein's permissiveness is most consonant to many writers which adhere to the modernist and postmodernist appearance. There is absolutely no question that the proposed Mary Shelley's idea will be altered, because the book "Frankenstein" shows the duality of individual consciousness.

It is worth to notice that Frankenstein misconception is different from preliterary understanding and reflection of the world where people do not differentiate themselves from the environment, giving the type of anthropological features. It could be considered such as a myth for misconception.

The history fact of the book "Frankenstein" functioning is that for nearly 2 hundred years of the work endlessly dragged into citations, it is overgrown with an unbelievable amount of adaptations. All these later strata, going farther and further from the text source, they aren't primitive match to Frankenstein myth, but by themselves, they pushed off from the source, are 3rd party neomyth of XX century, because they provide the possibility to express the sense of lost integrity in the "world without God. "

Mary Shelley's novel, which contemporaries regarded as a kind of artistic test, which arose at thejunction of the Gothic, Enlightening and Intimate appearance, powerfully sprouted in XX century.

Belief in natural knowledge, talents, as it looked at the start of XX century solves the "accursed" questions of humanity and confirms the thought of steady improvement, has been dispelled by numerous wars, the true likelihood of the disappearance of homo sapiens as a varieties. The finish of XX century sharpened consciousness that a important discrepancy between civilizations and civilizations is fraught with disastrous results.

The growing involvement in humanitarian knowledge affirmed once again the following idea: the increased loss of moral values, the use of culture as a maid of an technological civilization causes an almost irreversible effects. The payment for the technological and technologies for limitless improvement for new improvements become so high, that it crosses critical level and prejudices the life of humanity and the earth Earth.

In the conclusion I could say that at the XX century border, novel "Frankenstein" actualized again as a monument of books and improvements one of the top questions of civilization generally, if the good goal of the scientist specifies the path to heaven, or are there areas of knowledge, see your face should not open up because of his moral immaturity.

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