A Christmas Carol is compiled by Charles Dickens. Charles Dickens was created in 1812. He was raised in London. Dickens worked in many places as a kid and experience poverty. Later as a writer, this made him reveal the condition of the poor. He wrote columns for newspaper and soon became a very well-known news reporter. His novel The Christmas Carol shows us that selfishness and greediness can lead to disasters whereas generosity and kindness can lead to personal happiness. Dickens wrote "A Christmas Carol" because his experience made him want to criticise the attitudes of selfish and greedy people.
In this essay I'll explore how Charles Dickens introduces Ebenezer Scrooge in the Stave One of "A Christmas Carol" and shows us Scrooge's attitude towards Christmas also to other people.
Dickens uses metaphors, similes, and list-like formats to allow the readers to build up an image of Scrooge. He repeats words again and again "his sole executor, his sole administrator, his sole assign, his sole residuary legatee, his sole friend and sole mourner". This constant list shows us that Scrooge and Marley weren't people with many friends. He uses repetition to be sure he gets his indicate the reader. Dickens wrote this story to be read aloud as well as quietly. He uses metaphors and similes to describe Scrooge's appearance. Charles Dickens runs on the list-like format to explore his point e. g. Scrooge is referred to as a "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!" Dickens uses extended metaphors. Extended metaphors continue the comparison in to the rest of sentence or the sentence that follows. Charles Dickens uses weather as an extended metaphor to tell us about Scrooge "No warmth could warm him, no wintry weather chills him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he; no falling snow was more intent after its purpose. "
In the first chapter Dickens introduces Scrooge and he is the primary character of the storyplot. Scrooge had old features and the cold within him froze his old features. "It had nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red and his thin lips blue. He had a frosty rime on his head, on his eyebrows and on his wiry chin". Dickens uses a list format to describe Scrooge's appearance. List format allows the reader to develop a graphic of Scrooge in his mind's eye. Charles Dickens describes Scrooge's coldness by using weather extended metaphors. He describes Scrooge like this "External heat and cold had little influence on Scrooge. Foul weather didn't know where you can go. The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet, could feature the advantage over him in mere one respect. " He uses weather extended metaphors again and again in the story.
The only thing Scrooge looked after was money. He did not spend money very easily "Tight-fisted hand at the grindstone". He had plenty of money to provide to charity but he never gave because he thought that the indegent are inactive people who do not have the right to be merry. He did not care for the indegent. In fact he said that if indeed they don't have money to live a life "they need to rather die. . . and decrease the surplus population". Scrooge was cut off from his family. He devoted himself to be an extremely clever business man "Hard and sharp as flint". Even on the funeral day of Marley he was in his counting house counting his money.
In the Victorian era, many Victorians had the same attitudes as Scrooge to the indegent. Victorian Britain saw an enormous increase in the population. A large number of skilled and unskilled people started looking for work. For many of those who were employed, their wages were hardly enough. Often fifteen-twenty individuals were residing in one house.
Scrooge had no feelings for Christmas. Christmas to Scrooge was an excuse for the individuals never to go to their work and also to celebrate. Scrooge appeared to haven't any feelings about Christmas and he avoided all feelings about Christmas. Scrooge taken care of immediately his nephew with saying that "What else can I be, after i reside in such a world of fools as this? Merry Christmas! Out upon merry Christmas! What's Christmas time for you but a time for paying bills without money; a period for finding yourself a year older, but not one hour richer?" he doesn't want anybody to be happy about Christmas. Scrooge stated "If I could work my will every idiot who goes around with 'Merry Christmas' on his lips, should be boiled along with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. "
Scrooge was mean to everyone despite having his long time employee, Bob Cratchit. The fire in his room looked like one coal. However Bob Cratchit was still polite to Scrooge. He always thanked Scrooge for the work as the pay given to him supported his family. Scrooge always kept the entranceway of his counting room open that he could keep his eye upon his clerk. When his employer asked for a day off, Scrooge taken care of immediately him saying "you don't think me ill-used, while i pay a day's wages for no work" Dickens creates humour when the clerk observed that it was only once annually. Bob Cratchit was feeling very worked up about Christmas. He went down a slide on Cornhill, by the end of your lane of boys twenty times, in honour of Christmas Eve.
Scrooge's behavior is the contrary of the teachings of Christianity, which teaches that folks should be sharing, loving and helpful. Scrooge's nephew is presented as an extremely happy and kind person. He was the only real person in the story who offered Scrooge anything. His nephew invites him to a Christmas dinner but Scrooge won't go. Scrooge's nephew thinks that Scrooge does not really mean when he says "Humbug!" no matter just how many times he says it. Scrooge's nephew says "Christmas a humbug uncle! You do not mean that I am certain?"
Scrooge's attitude to the indegent and to charity was very mean. He neglected the poor. He questions the "portly" gentlemen, "Is there no prisons, Union workhouses? The Treadmill and the indegent are completely vigor?" Scrooge thinks that workhouses are appropriate for the poor. He loved his money more than anything. It had been Christmas Eve and Christmas is enough time to donate generously and help those who find themselves not fortunate but Scrooge won't donate money when the charity collector involves collect. Scrooge says "charity is not my business. " Despite the fact that Scrooge has plenty of to generously donate, he won't donate saying that he has paid enough in taxes.
Scrooge lived in chambers which had once belonged to his partner. These were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a lowering pile of building up a yard. The description of Scrooge's house and office add to the feeling of gloom around him that Dickens creates. Despite the fact that he lives in Marley's house but he hasn't considered Marley for seven-nine years.
People had a poor view on Scrooge because of his attitudes and in exchange they showed no feelings for Scrooge "Nobody ever stopped him in the pub to state with gladsome looks 'My dear Scrooge, how are you? When do you want to come to see me?' ". Everyone in the society thought that he was mean and everyone tried to avoid him. Even the animals didn't like him "Even the blind men's dog seemed to know him; so when they saw him coming on, would tug their owners into doorways and up courts". I suppose Dickens is showing here that folks will treat you how you treat them.
Dickens has described a very negative character in Scrooge in the opening chapter of "A Christmas Carol". He represented Scrooge as an extremely mean person in the storyline but down the road Scrooge transforms into a sort and generous person. Dickens wanted to teach us how to be happy. If person just foretells people they must and behave badly with other folks, he can't ever be truly happy. He wanted to teach us that it's more important to be kind than to be mean and to give rather than take.
I feel that Dickens has been successful in getting across the character of Scrooge because after reading Stave Among the story I wish to learn that what goes on in the long run. Does he turn into a good person or does he remain the same mean person throughout the whole story? It is as a result of way Dickens describes Scrooge and his use of metaphors, similes and lists-like formats which builds up a graphic of Scrooge in our mind and make us wish to know more about the storyline.
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