Is Macbeth Responsible For His Own Destruction English Literature Essay

In the play, Macbeth is eventually responsible for the decisions and actions that lead to his downfall. However, as opposed to this argument, we understand that Macbeth is not totally to blame because his devastation was in a few ways brought on by his weakness to be easily affected by others. The deceptive prophecies of the Witches and the persuasiveness of Woman Macbeth clouded Macbeth's own judgement. Duncan's murder is also a factor to consider as it became a spot where Macbeth believed that there is no turning back because he had already ruined the natural order in Scotland. The framework of the play is extremely critical because as Macbeth was written at the same time when Wayne the 6th of Scotland claimed the throne of England, the play shows in many illustrations that Adam was Shakespeare's concentrate.

In Take action 1 Landscape 3, for the very first time, the world of witches and the world of men have been helped bring together. Among the witches describes how she'll "give thee a wind flow" to be able to punish a sailor because his partner would not give her a few of the chestnuts she was eating. This shows how spiteful the witches are and exactly how they can do a lot of injury. However, it is manufactured clear that the sailor's "bark can't be lost" (bark representing the sailor's ship) indicating that we now have restrictions to the witches' capabilities because the witch isn't powerful enough to sink the ship. The ship is in fact a metaphor, representing the Status of Scotland, which is going to suffer from a "storm" under Macbeth's reign. Therefore, the witches can only just create the environment for bad; Macbeth by themselves would cause the chaos in Scotland by destroying order.

Macbeth enters to the audio of a beating drum: "a drum, a drum, Macbeth doth come". This remarkable device is not located once but double, indicating to the audience Macbeth's growing status and importance. The actual fact that the "drum" sound coincided with Macbeth's appearance suggests that the witches have already predicted Macbeth's surge to power. Macbeth says that he has never seen "so bad and fair each day", meaning that the day is foul due to the witches raising a storm but fair scheduled to his victory on the battlefield. His words are paradoxical and echo those spoken before by the witches, "Fair is foul, and foul is fair". These similar sentences contain interconnected ideas and for that reason demonstrate the inseparability of Macbeth and the makes of darkness. Macbeth's first words could be interpreted in ways in a way that things that appear good such as becoming king are also foul because it may lead to his own downfall. Therefore, it appears as though Macbeth is accountable for his own downfall because Shakespeare depicts him to be associated with wicked forces.

The witches' prophecies have a robust effect on Macbeth. Banquo notices this and asks him "why does one start and appear to dread/ Things that do sound so good". Banquo cannot see why Macbeth, a great warrior should hesitate when he's promised only good stuff. The actual witches say seems to reach a thought in Macbeth's mind, especially the prediction that he'll become king. Macbeth's deep though-provoked mind could very well be the first sign of his ambitious character and actually the first indicator of the theme itself because it is abnormal for someone to dread something that "looks so good". Additionally, perhaps Macbeth's "fear" is of doubt somewhat than "an mental response to a perceived threat" (en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Dread). Out of this interpretation, Macbeth is uncertain about the choices he will have to make to be able to fulfil his ambition and the prophecy. Therefore, we'd suppose that his ambition has made him realize that for these "good" prophecies to be reality, he'd need to commit dreadful, unspeakable acts along the way to accomplish his new ambition. This interpretation is reinforced in the written text since when the witches vanish, Macbeth magic if indeed they have disappeared "into the air"- what he thought was solid has melted away. This may be interpreted in way in a way that under the bad effect of the witches, things around Macbeth that he thinks are stable, like his devotion to the Ruler will also melt away. Macbeth chooses to simply accept the witches' words and it is evidently lost in thought unlike Banquo who is suspicious of them and seems unafraid.

In his asides, Macbeth shows that he has to achieve is to become king after declaring that the "greatest is behind". The word "behind" is significant since it appears to suggest the sneaky and deceitful way in which Macbeth seizes the crown. Macbeth darkly and suspiciously questions Banquo's ambitions: "Does one not hope your children will be kings" indicating that he seems worried about the prediction that Banquo's children will be kings, as though this is a risk to his future. The witches' prophecy that Banquo will found a line of kings is an obvious reference to Wayne' family's lay claim to have descended from the historical Banquo. This shows Shakespeare's close relationship with King Wayne. Clearly, Macbeth's ambitious aspect is overtaking his decisive personality as he would like to listen to more of the witches' "strange intelligence". Thus, the witches' words have triggered him to feel concerned and interested in his future. Even though Act 1 Arena 3 was the first assembly of the witches and Macbeth, the witches is seen as in charge of Macbeth's damage because the witches' words reach a chord in his mind's eye, tapping into his ambition and as a result, he starts to be more selfish and deceitful as he perceives Banquo and the ruler as obstacles.

However, regardless of the witches' affect on Macbeth, Banquo does alert Macbeth to look deeper at the witches' predictions before he works with them: Banquo identifies the witches as "instruments of darkness" who "tell us truths" which might become a reality but only for the purpose of bringing about our downfall. Banquo's words "Can the devil speak true?" echo the theme of appearance and certainty because he instinctively is aware of that the witches are twisting the reality in order to lure Macbeth away from his conscience. By making a reference to the "devil", Banquo evidently is convinced that the witches are evil. However, Macbeth blinded with what is and isn't truth doesn't recognize Banquo's caution. Banquo is portrayed here by Shakespeare as being the wise and in some respects, the omniscient persona because he is able to see beyond the witches' trickery and deceit. As King James was a descendent from the historical Banquo, since Banquo will not fall into evil, Shakespeare is in fact complimenting King James. Banquo's words are marginally ironic because Macbeth selects to follow through the witches' prophecies instead of dismissing them and eventually as Banquo said, is betrayed "in deepest result".

Although the witches forecast that Macbeth will be ruler, they never talk about murdering Duncan; it is Macbeth who mentions murder in his aside: "My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical". Despite the fact that Macbeth thinks the thought of murder is "fantastical", and therefore it only is out there in his thoughts, it is him who links back to you the ideas of kingship and murder. Thus, the witches' words are only appealing Macbeth, it is he who further grows ideas relating to the prophecies. This matter of kingship and devotion were of profound importance to Adam who early in life got survived the Gunpowder Storyline assassination. Shakespeare has plainly related the play to the happenings of the Gunpowder Story through the theme of bad versus good kingship where Wayne presents Duncan, the rightful and well-respected king who maintains serenity and order which collapses due to the arrogance of an ambitious Thane, Macbeth. There's a link between your Englishmen who plotted to inflate the homes of Parliament and assassinate James, and Macbeth's assassination of King Duncan because both murder makes an attempt (one which was successful) start from a straightforward thought despite how "fantastical" they could seem at first. Thus, Macbeth is seen as being responsible for his own downfall because he has associated the witches' prophecy with murder.

Lady Macbeth contributes towards Macbeth's downfall as she actually is seen to be very persuasive, particularly in pushing Macbeth to eliminate the King. She is convinced that murder is the only path to help make the witches' prediction become a reality, but she also feels that he is "too full o' the dairy of individuals kindness". Female Macbeth uses the metaphor of "milk" (being truly a pure drink) to show that Macbeth is too kind and respectful to "capture the nearest way" to becoming king. Therefore, although Macbeth is a great warrior, he lacks ruthlessness. Thus, Macbeth does not shortage ambition but he's squeamish about the methods to be utilized to achieve his ambition of becoming king. When in Take action 1 Scene 7, Macbeth decides to cancel the plan of murdering ruler Duncan, Sweetheart Macbeth uses several ways to in order to encourage him to handle the program. She asks him, "was the desire drunk wherein you outfitted yourself?" She uses the metaphor of alcoholic beverages to imply that Macbeth's courage is the result of intoxication and not real persistence. Macbeth is a solid, brutal warrior, so by insulting him, she is offending his manliness. Female Macbeth accuses Macbeth to be too timid and "afeard" to do something to make his ambition become a reality. She also accuses Macbeth to be "green and pale". Green in this context has connotations of 'coldness' and 'sickness', making Macbeth appear very small and weak. Thus, Macbeth is accused of being a coward. Macbeth's decision before not to kill King Duncan crumbles under the scornful attack of his wife. However, while some critics claim that Lady Macbeth is just just a physical representation of the theme of deception, she also offers a wider religious meaning. Within the bible, it was Eve who persuaded Adam to consume from the Tree of understanding of good and evil after being enticed by the devil by means of a serpent. This suggests that women are in fact responsible for the fall of man. Therefore, in the context of the play, perhaps it is Woman Macbeth who causes the downfall of Macbeth because through her persuasiveness, she convinces Macbeth to commit murder.

Lady Macbeth telephone calls upon wicked spirits to be able to fulfil Macbeth's ambition and her need to be Queen: "fill me from the crown to the feet topfull of direst cruelty". She is addressing the wicked spirits to have her natural womanliness and also to fill her instead with bitterness, wickedness and cruelty. The actual fact that Girl Macbeth is ordering the spirits and this she has to ask to be produced evil, signifies that she is desperate to aid Macbeth but also shows that she is much less strong as she wishes to be. The usage of the words "fill" and "direst" is effective as it shows that she desires to be completely wicked as well as a being the most severe ("direst" being the superlative form of the adjective 'dire'). Unlike Macbeth, Lady Macbeth does not want any natural feelings of regret or conscience to get in the way of what she intends. For an Elizabethan audience, the type of Sweetheart Macbeth could have been quite stunning as well as perhaps even distressing because she completely contrasts the view of women during the 16th hundred years. Tudor women had taken great satisfaction in being loving and caring mom. Women were inferior to men, thought to be "the weaker intimacy" and it was presumed that ladies needed someone to take care of them. However, Sweetheart Macbeth is largely independent; she is making her own decisions as well as those of her husband, Macbeth. Thus, Female Macbeth sometimes appears to be the bad force driving a vehicle Macbeth to do all the horrific deeds he will. However, today's audience would view Female Macbeth in a different way because attitudes to women have changed considerably. Therefore, the type of Woman Macbeth, although bad, would not be as shocking to today's audience.

Duncan's murder could be seen as step one to Macbeth's downfall because Macbeth has learned that there is no turning back as he has already destroyed the natural order in Scotland. It is suggested that aspect has turned upside down after King Duncan's murder as the horses "broke their stalls" and "ate one another". The total amount between good and wicked has been tipped in favour of evil credited to Macbeth's crime of murdering a divinely appointed Ruler. When Macbeth is crowned Ruler, he knows that there surely is no going back: "Our company is yet but young in deed". This demonstrates Macbeth is eager to keep up his high position because he has recently changed fate by choosing to murder Duncan.

Duncan's murder is a specific mention of the theme of succession and order because in Shakespearean time, it was thought that the king was appointed by God and that to oppose the King and his decisions was against God's will. There was also the fact that murdering a divinely appointed ruler or queen would produce 'unnatural' or 'horrific' results. That is seen in Macbeth because the unnatural killing of Duncan was followed by "A falcon" killed "by a mousing owl". Both birds contrast one another because a "falcon" is generally associated with royalty whereas an "owl" can be considered inferior given that they only turn out during the night. Furthermore, while the "falcon" represents Duncan, the "owl" could represent Macbeth because because of the connection of "owls" with darkness, mystery and perhaps loneliness, on the metaphorical level, the price confirms the sneaky and deceitful way in which Macbeth murdered Duncan in his bed. Thus, Macbeth can be seen in charge of his own damage because he murdered a divinely appointed king; the fact that the murder was combined with 'unnatural' things emphasises the real horror behind Macbeth's sinister activities.

In Act 4, the witches' contribute to Macbeth's downfall as they deceive him through twisted words. The first apparition warns Macbeth to "beware Macduff" however Macbeth remains positive because the second apparition informs him that "none of female born shall damage Macbeth". From this Macbeth believes he's invincible because he assumes that all people are blessed from a woman. The 3rd apparition explains to Macbeth that he "shall never vanquish'd until Great Birnam hardwood to high Dunsinane Hill Shall come against him". Because of this, Macbeth becomes extremely overconfident however due to his readiness to know his future, he will not understand that the Witches are in fact leading Macbeth into a bogus sense of security. The witches are exhibiting him visions which they know he'll misinterpret because they have got two times meanings. Macduff, anonymous to Macbeth, was "from his mother's womb untimely ripped" indicating that he was born by a Caesarean section and for that reason, he had not been of woman born. The 3rd apparition actually represents Malcolm, who orders his military to conceal its size by hiding behind branches from Birnam Real wood. Therefore, it could seem as if the forest is upgrading to Dunsinane Hill. The witches play a huge part in Macbeth's downfall as they evidently confuse him and as Macbeth can be easily inspired, the witches show Macbeth future visions that he misinterprets.

However after Duncan's fatality, Macbeth could be seen as in charge of his own downfall because he becomes more self-employed and depends less on Lady Macbeth as he no longer needs reinsurance for the evil deeds that he bears out. In Work 3 World 2, Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth to "be innocent of the knowledge". He makes this assertion in mention of the murders of Banquo and Fleance. The importance of the assertion is the fact Macbeth is likely to carry out the deed on his own, without the direction and support from his wife. Macbeth's tyranny is shown in this arena because he is self-confident that his partner will buy into the murders once they are completed and "applaud the deed". Macbeth has detached himself from his reliance on his wife and now is undertaking murder on his own accord.

Macbeth is demands the murder of his reliable friends and allies to be able to remain King. Although before in the play Macbeth is depicted as a "butcher" in fight, his ambitious nature would go to the extent that he becomes a "bloody tyrant". In Action 4 when Macbeth feels he's invincible, he still makes a decision to kill Macduff: "but yet I'll make assurance double sure and take a bond of destiny: thou shalt not live". Macbeth's own fear and trend of getting rid of his throne expresses itself in the pointless plan to massacre Macduff's family. The offer gives us a sign of Macbeth's new behavior: he has become overconfident because he seems that by basing all of his actions upon the witches' prophecies, he's making himself invincible. He can no longer differentiate between what's reality and what is a hallucination (i. e. appears to be real). Macbeth is taking the witches' words practically; he is not interpreting the prophecies as riddles. Macbeth doesn't worry who or how many people he kills, but as long as he is able to eliminate threats in line with the witches' prophecies. Thus, Macbeth is very much a ruthless dictator who's corrupt and is aware no moral quandary. He is decisive although he relies after the witches to get confidence.

Macbeth's downfall is in a few ways brought on by his guilty conscience as throughout the play, he views many visions and has hallucinations. These dramatic features within the play are the main reason why scholars respect Macbeth as "the first psychological exploration of ramifications of guilt". In Act 2 World 1, Macbeth says: "Is this a dagger I see before me". He is hallucinating and recognizes a bloody dagger in the air, which is his instrument to murder the King. This dramatic device suggests that Macbeth is filled with guilt. His brain is packed with dark thoughts and he's suffering from images of blood vessels and concern with the unknown. Oddly enough, Shakespeare's perception of the supernatural in the play remains truthful to the general belief at the time. Wayne the First thought in witchcraft, submitting a booklet on witchcraft called "Daemononlogie" in 1597. To get associated with witches was considered a criminal offense and many women were put on trial as a result. Thus, although we may solely believe that the supernatural are only a psychological force influencing and antagonising Macbeth throughout the play, in reality many people during James's reign took witchcraft and the supernatural quite literally. Therefore, Macbeth's relationship with supernatural would have been even more horrific and upsetting to the average person. Furthermore, in Action 3 World 4 Macbeth hallucinates when he promises that the "table's full" as he recognizes Banquo's ghost relaxing in a chair at the banquet. There may be dramatic irony since only Macbeth can see Banquo's ghost whereas Sweetheart Macbeth and the nobles cannot. Through stage directions, it is stated that Banquo's ghost sits in "Macbeth's place" and "smiles". This is signifying that Banquo will take his revenge because although Macbeth might be Ruler of Scotland now, it is Banquo's decedents who'll be kings. (That is possible since Fleance survives) This theme of revenge is reinforced by Macbeth's respond to the ghost: "Blood will have blood". Thus, Banquo's ghost is a severe reminder of Macbeth's wickedness and is an externalised form of Macbeth's concern with finding and guilt. Shakespeare has portrayed Banquo as the 'angel-like' amount and then please King James because in reality, the traditional Banquo was actually an accomplice in the murder of Duncan. Banquo's ghost pricks Macbeth's conscience by reminding him that he murdered his past friend. Macbeth attempts to reduce his guilt but this only brings about psychological health problems. Therefore, Macbeth cases that to be able to dismiss his conscience, he needs to continue his assault and tyranny. At the end of the play, Macbeth has "almost forgot the preference of concerns" and therefore he has lost the sense of dread. Macbeth seems he can no longer be frightened because he has seen so many supernatural things and horrors. It is also exposed that Macbeth's guilt drives him mad: "his secret murders sticking on his hands", suggesting that his senses are numbed because he commits a multitude of offences. As the goal of "Sticking" is to securely position one subject onto another, in the framework of the play, Macbeth's heart is, for the others of eternity, entirely stained with guilt. Thus, the supernatural elements in the play take their toll on Macbeth- there are results when meddling with the forces of right and good by embracing wicked and darkness.

In bottom line, the witches, Girl Macbeth and Duncan's murder all have a substantial impact on Macbeth and donate to his downfall however I also believe that the framework of the play is very important because it affected how Shakespeare advances the personas and the happenings which occur in Macbeth. At first, Lady Macbeth has the greatest influence on Macbeth because she was the main one who persuaded him to carry out his first murder however, I think that if it wasn't for the witches, Macbeth could not wish to "stab" the rightful king because in the play, Duncan is very pleased and sometimes appears to compensate Macbeth for his bravery when he makes him Thane of Cawdor. After Duncan's death, Macbeth starts off to isolate himself from his partner and becomes suspicious of his allies, specifically Banquo. The bloody dagger and Banquo's ghost, though participating in a tiny part, assault Macbeth's conscience, complicated him and leading him to close insanity. The witches, who Macbeth is determined by throughout the play, deceive him and lead him to a phony sense of security. However, Macbeth was already doomed for devastation when he declared himself as king because a true king is one that can maintain the balance of order rather than give in to dark causes. Also, nobody urged Macbeth to murder Banquo and Macduff's wife; it was Macbeth's corrupt behaviour and his heavy reliance on the witches' prophecies that lead him to consider the lives of innocent beings.

However, it should not be forgotten that the play is a tragedy; Macbeth, an individual whose ambition, the driving push of his life is his ideal weakness leading to him to show up from a successful position to undoubtedly loss of life. Perhaps, it is nor right or wrong to blame damage on Macbeth himself because as in all tragedies, the primary protagonist has the capability to do well but also the limits to fall. To put responsibility on a single individual is to some extent unfair because all human beings have defects; no subject how positive and daring they appear.

WORD Count number: 4037

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)