John Steinbeck Wrote East Of Eden British Literature Essay

John Steinbeck had written East of Eden for his two young sons to inform them about the best story of all history of good and wicked, of strength and weakness, of love and hate, of beauty and ugliness( JOURNAL p. 4) Because of the fundamental ideas, Steinbeck presumed the book to be his magnum opus, and said that his other works possessed just been a practice for writing this. (Bloom 66). East of Eden is an epic story set in the small Salinas Valley, North California and tells the tale of the entwined destinies of two individuals, the Trasks and the Hamiltons. Among the major topics in the novel is mankinds consistent struggle between your paths of good and bad. Steinbeck regards the have difficulty between good and wicked to be of utmost gravity in the world, since it is interminable. Every individual, regardless of if others before him have succeeded or not, must deal with the have difficulties. Humans will stay humans, which means they are inclined to feel lured by sinful hungers and desires. Temptations are innate atlanta divorce attorneys one of us. In East of Eden, Steinbeck has both depicted the inevitable combat between good and wicked, which takes place within the culture and the struggle that occurs deep within every person. The thing that fascinated me the most about the struggle between good and bad was how much it really is part of our everyday life. Despite the fact that, not all people are in immediate confrontation with evil forces almost every other day, we all still must make options between good and bad daily. The goal of this essay is to analyse the way the have difficulties between good and bad is depicted in John Steinbeck's novel East of Eden.


Steinbeck has already in the starting of the book proven the natural status of good and evil with the vibrant information of the environment. The perpetual and simultaneous occurrence of both good and evil is emphasised by using stark contrast to spell it out Steinbeck's home community, Salinas Valley. The Valley is situated between two completely contrasting runs of mountains.

'I keep in mind the Gabilan mountains to the east of the valley were light gay mountains filled with sun and loveliness and a kind of invitation, so that you wished to climb into their warm foothills almost as you want to climb into the lap of your beloved mother'

( Steinbeck, East of Eden 7)

'The Santa Lucias stood up against the sky to the western and held the valley from the open up sea, plus they were dark and brooding ' unfriendly and dangerous. ' (Steinbeck, East of Eden 7)

The panorama and the surroundings described symbolise the earth as a whole, which does include both good and the evil. The good and the wicked exist close by, like the light and the dark mountains, which can be separated only by the small Salinas valley. And the actual fact that the heroes of East of Eden live exactly among both complete opposites, demonstrates how people in the real world constantly end up facing the decision between good and wicked. It also proves that all the personas in East of Eden have opportunity to choose either way.

The changing weather in the valley also illustrates the continuous struggle between your two extremes. It is stated that there were rich years, when the waterfall was abundant. In these years the land was fertile supplying adequate harvest and the nature was colourful and beautiful. But there have been also dried up years, which put a terror on the valley. (Steinbeck 10) The land dried up and the nature lost its lushness. Individuals were having a hard time nourishing themselves and their pets or animals. This demonstrates the natural order on earth, meaning good and bad triumph in turn. There are times when good prevails, nonetheless they also alternate with times when evil has the upper side.

THE Have difficulties OF ADAM TRASK

In 'East of Eden' the general struggle between the real good and clean evil forces is mainly depicted through the type of Adam Trask. It isn't direct. All personas of the novel show up in to the dichotomy of good and evil, but the two heroes closest to Adam symbolize the overall margins of the scale. Whenever there are occasions where other personas show tendencies completely other to their figure, then the activities of these two always are based on their essential characteristics. Cathy Ames is the key antagonist of the book and can be viewed as to be the epitome of evilness. She is the mom of the Trask twins, Aron and Caleb, and the better half of Adam Trask. She puts her skill of manipulation and deceit into use countless times, and cold-bloodedly makes her way through life never nurturing about anyone beside herself. Even heading as far as eradicating her parents, when they are unfortunate enough to get into her way. In the chapter, which introduces her persona, Steinbeck already, without even giving the audience a glance of the type, adjudges Cathy to be always a soulless monster.

"I believe there are monsters delivered on the globe to real human parents. . . The facial skin and body may be perfect, but if a twisted gene or a malformed egg can produce physical monsters, might not exactly the same process create a malformed heart?"

It is also said that she is lacking certain characteristics that make a individuals. In sharp contrast to her characteristics, Cathy is very innocent looking and physically attractive. At the start of the novel, Steinbeck mentions that vice always has to have a brand new young face to charm to the people. (Steinbeck) This is a clear mention of Cathy, as she generally uses her looks to get her own way.

Samuel Hamilton is the top of family members neighbouring the Trasks. His persona provides rivalry to Cathy's as he is the pure embodiment of good. The patriarch of the Hamilton family is very smart, and never turns down an chance to help someone in need. Similarly to Cathy's evilness, Samuel's goodness is emphasised right from his intro.

'And in the same way there was cleanness about his body, so there was cleanness in his thinking. Men arriving to his blacksmith shop to discuss and listen dropped their cursing for a while, not from any sort of restraint but automatically, as though this weren't the place for it'

Samuel's good nature has such a robust impact that just his presence affects people around him to act better than they usually do.

In the truth of Adam Trask, external makes mainly determine his'''. He's pulled to one area or the other, because of the heroes of Samuel and Cathy. With her attractive appearance and masterful manipulation, Cathy has made Adam land deep in love with her. Love is what window blinds Adam, and helps it be unable for him to start to see the true character of Cathy.

Adam's infatuation with Cathy also makes him distance himself more from Samuel, as he only hopes to invest time with Cathy. Samuel on the other hands can be viewed as to be the person Adam look up to the most, but being consuming Cathy, he fails to see'.

Even though Adam is in complete subservience to Cathy, when they you live together, Cathy affects him the most after her departure. When she runs away following the birth of their twins, Adam is kept despondent and despairing. The usually good-natured Adam becomes a completely different man. He simply prevents nurturing about things that mattered to him much before. He even shows little to no affinity for his sons, given that they remind him of the loss of their mother. His lack of matter about them is also the reason why the twins do not have labels throughout their first year of life.

The comeback of Samuel in Adam's life implies the go back of the good Adam. When Samuel finds out about Adam's indifference towards his sons, he immediately would go to his help. Expectantly, Adam shows his reluctance to simply accept his help. When it's clear that Samuel is not going to succumb to his requests to leave him exclusively, Adam resorts to assault. In order to lead Adam to the right monitor again, Samuel has no choice but to combat with the evilness, that Cathy has cultivated inside Adam. The physical fray, which takes place between Adam and Samuel symbolises the struggle of good looking to overpower evil. In this case, good succeeds and the combat truly serves as a wake-up call for Adam. Even though their confrontation is violent, connection with Samuel manages to resurface a few of the old Adam. He sight are explained' and he immediately expresses his appreciation to Samuel. H

Samuel is also the individual who helps Adam to break loose from Cathy's spell for good. On his deathbed, Samuel reveals to Adam that ever since Cathy ran away from him, she's been working at a brothel in the city. The revelation starts Adam's eye to the real character of Cathy, and he finally finds in himself the energy to accost her. Their final confrontation is another exemplory case of the direct have difficulties between good and evil. Cathy is evidently struggling to maintain her hold on Adam, and TEMALE KOHASELT tries to entice him into sleeping with her.

But her old steps do not grant her success

do not focus on Adam ever again, and the one feeling Cathy handles to arouse in him is repulsion

His triumph over Cathy marks the beginning of a fresh life for Adam and his family.

the He's now in a position to go on with his life with newfound optimism, and offers firstly to be a better dad for his sons.


The more they have to deal with real adult issues; the guys' real characteristics is uncovered. Their in the beginning so established jobs begin to change. Gradually the audience begins to see some fatal features of Aron. When Adam's business plan will go downhill, and the family becomes the laughing stock of the city, Aron seems ashamed of his dad.

After their dad loses the majority of his money, Adam feels ashamed of him, and believes others to be mocking him. he needs to leave the town, and go to school. Aron doesn't support him, and says that he is ashamed of him. (Price).

But still on his father's money. He operates from problems, and in hides from wicked, so to speak. He also feels that his mother's evilness influences him.

They are both influenced by the news headlines that their mom works in a brothel. And it is evil. Both the boys believe because of Cathy, they are also inevitably wicked.

THE Have difficulties WITHIN CALEB TRASK

The internal struggle of good and evil within a human being is depicted through the character of Caleb Trask. His life and future give answers to 1 of the main questions explored in the novel: Are people born with innate inclinations towards good or evil or does everyone have equivalent opportunity to choose between the two paths?

To verify his point, Steinbeck has used many ways to insinuate that Caleb was created to be an wicked person. To then show that even if a totally flawed person like him who was simply quite destined to be evil could choose the right path, everyone has the opportunity.

The blunt usage of the allusion of Cain and Abel reinforces the idea that Caleb is destined to be wicked. In the beginning Samuel Hamilton proposes the children to be named after Adam's Bible namesake's firstborn sons Cain and Abel. Although this represents the first time the allusion of the two brothers in the Bible is brought up with regards to Aron and Caleb, it is previously also used with the first generation of the Trask brothers, Adam and Charles. Not only do both decades of Trask brothers have corresponding initials to Cain and Abel, but their lives also talk about many parallels with the famous story of sibling rivalry. Most clear parallel being the daddy figure's preference of 1 brother within the other. During the book, it becomes obvious that the brothers of the first era, Adam and Charles, truly correspond to Abel and Cain respectively. This and the fact that the brothers of the next generation similarly to the first show initials with the Biblical characters leads to believe their dynamics are also heading to be similar; the twin whose preliminary is 'C' is the bad twin and the twin with the initial 'A' would be the good one. This is also strengthened by the blatant utilization of the allusion of Cain and Abel, when considering brands for the twins.

Caleb's and his brother Aron's characteristics are also constantly juxtaposed. Caleb is thought to have dark brown hair and eye and become the manipulative and wary twin. Aron on the other hand is described to be angelic-looking and being kind and good-hearted.

The clear obtrusion of Caleb's actions and characteristics is used by Steinbeck to further the notion that Caleb is going to conclude as an evil person, much like his uncle Charles before him.

The more they need to offer with real adult issues; the kids' real mother nature is unveiled. Their at first so established jobs begin to improve. Gradually the reader commences to see some fatal qualities of Aron. When Adam's business plan moves downhill, and the family becomes the laughing stock of the town, Aron feels ashamed of his dad.

After their dad loses most of his money, Adam seems ashamed of him, and believes others to be mocking him. he needs to leave the city, and go to school. Aron doesn't support him, and says that he is ashamed of him. (Offer).

But still on his father's money. He runs away from problems, and in hides from wicked, as they say. He also believes that his mother's evilness influences him.

They are both damaged by the news headlines that their mother works in a brothel. Which is evil. Both boys assume that because of Cathy, also, they are inevitably bad.

Caleb is the one of the twins, who actually realises his flexibility of choice, and also battles along with his hidden bad.

When in the first technology much of the story is advised through the eye of the so to say good sibling, Adam, then in the next technology the protagonist is the Cain prototype Caleb. And he as well constantly compares himself to his brother like numerous others.

When Caleb finds out who his mother is, he thinks that he has received her evilness. However the housemaid, Lee, vigorously disputes him, by expressing that he is the only person that can control and make a decision over his life. Lee is convinced that it would be too easy to reason yourself to be evil because of your ancestry. (Steinbeck, East of Eden 544) Lee's sensible words make Caleb strive even more towards a virtuous life, but however like the others of people; he confirms it hard to deny temptations.

Caleb is the type whose struggle between good and bad is the most explicit in the book. Caleb is obviously good at center, since there are a variety of times when he's helping his close ones. When his father's new business will go downhill, Caleb is the son who attempts to help him through the challenge. In comparison to Aron, who seems ashamed of his dad, and tries never to be associated with him, Caleb sets a lot of effort into getting his father enough money to get him out of the predicament. Although Caleb got good intentions, he has chosen the wrong manner to transport them out, and therefore does not help his daddy. And in order to save his sibling from learning the truth about their mother, he insists Aron to go to research in Stanford. Alternatively, he also shows his immoral aspect. He admits to sleeping with prostitutes and agrees to be a part of a design to earn a living.

The two edges of him are incessantly in a 'tug of warfare', there are occasions when the nice side in him is widespread, and there situations where evilness increases the upper hand.

Although he was also predestined to become wicked Unlike his predecessors, Caleb handles to struggle his bad tendencies and find the road to goodness.

The personality Lee, who's the maid of the Trask household, can be viewed as the most informed of the personas. After the twins are blessed, Lee takes up the discussion of the biblical storyline of Cain and Abel, which is hard to be understood by most of the men at that time. But after many years of studying and evaluating the written text of Genesis word for word by making use of Chinese language scholars, Lee discovers the true interpretation of God's homily to Cain. The Hebrew word Timshel, which was employed by God, has been mistranslated in the British translations of the Bible, and has caused it to reduce its true interpretation and value. They have even misled people into convinced that they are not the masters of their life and future. That one expression has led humans to feel that they truly don't have the power to change the route of these life and that it all is determined by something increased. The American Standard translation of 'Do thou' orders men to overcome sin(p. 369). The Ruler James translation makes a promise in 'Thou shalt' meaning that men will surely overcome sin. However the original word Timshel actually means 'Thou mayest', gives the choice to men themselves. The truth is it isn't God's or anyone else's demand, or guarantee which determines the road of a human being. Timshel offers humans free hands to decide about their future and leaves all gates open. Nothing nowadays is predestined. Everyone manages his/her own life, and responsible for just how they grow to be. The breakthrough is of great importance to the human kind.

Caleb is the type in the novel who completely embraces the idea of Timshel. His desire to be good is so huge, that he even prays that he could be more like his sibling, who's portrayed as the embodiment of all that is good( Steinbeck, East of Eden 462) The difference between Caleb and other counterparts of Cain in the novel, is that he realizes there's always potential for redemption. Caleb becomes aware that it's him who establishes his future, not anyone else. By using Lee, Caleb realises that it is correctly normal for humans to be flawed, and making mistakes does not make them evil monsters. It is quite inevitable never to give into temptation and follow the impulse towards bad rather than good. But what really matters is the way the person chooses to lead his life from that point forward.

Caleb's sibling Aron also offers to deal with the difficulties of life, but runs about it in a wrong way. Fearful of submitting to enticement, Aron completely withdraws himself from the planet. He believes that to be the only way to really save himself. The cowardly behaviour is condemned by a great many other heroes, especially his ex-girlfriend, Abra, who now confesses to Caleb that he adores him not his sibling. And that partly because Caleb was strong and willful enough to handle his moral battles. People have to handle their problems, and the offer with them. Steering clear of temptations does not make a person good. Rather facing temptations and handling them is why is a good person. Since Caleb is strong enough to deal with the have difficulty inside him, he completely embraces the idea of timshel. Much like his Biblical counterpart, Caleb is given the opportunity to redeem himself.

When God fins out that Cain had killed his brother Abel, he punishes him by placing a make on his forehead to alert others that the act of murder will be significantly punished. Though Cain was banished from the Garden of Eden and got to reside in the East of Eden, he still was awarded the permission to keep to cultivate the land. The tag appears to be a sign of mercy from God, and provides Cain a chance to redeem himself. In the novel, Adam's final blessing of Cal symbolizes the redemption of Cal, who's finally shed of his guilt.

"Most of us have the potential for good and wicked, but being evil is a choice, " areas Lee, a servant who works like the philosopher in the book and who, perhaps expresses Steinbecks views about them.

After all, salvation, in this booklet, is tied to a concept that's central to the individuals experience: Choice.

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