"Long Day's Quest into Nighttime" is an individual play about a twentieth century family and the grueling realities they had to handle. This play was written in an authentic mode by an American playwright Eugene O'Neil. O'Neil dedicated this psychological play to his better half, Carlotta Monterey on the twelfth wedding anniversary. Although O'Neil had completed "Long Day's Quest into Nighttime" in 1941, he was predetermined never to post it after his 25 years of death. It is because, according to the author, one of the character types in this play was still alive. Finally, after 3 years of Eugene O'Neil's death, the play was shared along with his wife's authorization. "Long Day's Trip into Night" was one of O'Neil's masterworks and it possessed attained him Pulitzer Prize for Theatre in the entire year 1957. Overall O'Neil experienced earned four Pulitzer Prizes in his life time.
"Long Day's Journey into Nights" is a play about a dysfunctional family called the Tyrone's who are bind to the other person by wish, love, guilt, anger and their pasts. Therefore all four family play an important part in this play and none dominate. The complete play starts at 8. 30 A. M at the Tyrone's warmer summer months house and concludes after midnight. There are important icons within the play and the fog is one of these because; the Tyrone's summer house can be found near a harbour. "The mention of fog always has a dual interpretation in this play, referring both to the atmosphere and to the family" (studyworld & 123helpme. com). Mary Tyrone in this play, often talks about the fog compared to the other Tyrone men. Despite the fact that the fog in reality is dark, misleading and isolating, Mary seems to love and finds comfort in it.
"MARY (dreamily). It wasn't the fog I minded, Cathleen. I must say i love the fog" (O'Neill 84).
Mary is in love with the fog because; it helps her discover a way to escape the realities and the troubles of her present life. The fog is comparable to the opium Mary is eating to free herself from problems. It helps to eliminate her pain and guilt as well. She uses her rheumatism as a justification to purchase opium in a drugstore. The medicine assist Mary to drift to her history where she sensed safe and warm in the conveniences of her home; where there is absolutely no alcoholic and stingy spouse, whoring and alcoholic Jamie, unwell Edmund and diseased Eugene.
"MARY. It hides you from the entire world and the globe from you. You are feeling that everything has evolved, and there is nothing what it seemed to be. No-one can find or touch you anymore" (O'Neill 84).
Besides seeking to runaway from present dilemmas in her family, Mary retreats in to the fog by taking opium to return and dwell in her convent days. Mary's wish and ambition was to be always a nun or a great pianist. She frequently explains to her family that she liked being in the convent and being pious. Mary even liked Mother Elizabeth more compared to her own mother. Furthermore, after consuming the opium, Mary pours out all of her heartaches and needs. She even criticizes Tyrone for not providing her a good home, her fate and addiction. Through the play we realized Mary regrets for not chasing after her dreams therefore decides to live in her past by building a fog wall structure around her that will safeguard her precious recollections. Therefore, being in a fog can be isolating for others, but for Mary it is similar to living her happy occasions back again.
"MARY. How dense the fog is. I cannot see the street. All of the people in the pass by and I would never know. I wish it was always because of this" (O'Neill 88).
Even though Mary boasts to be lonely in the summertime house, she secretly felt relieved when Tyrone, Jamie and Edmund still left the home. Their continuous stare and arguments were like three fog horns, reminding her of her sufferings and guilt's in life. So their departure to town permits her to dwell in her own made fog (illusion). "the hardest thing to consider is the empty wall she develops around her. Or it's more like a loan provider of fog in which she hides and loses herself" (O'Neill 120).
Besides Mary, Edmund also confirms the fog as form of escapism from the issues he faces in his family and within himself. Edmund isn't just heartbroken to learn that he has tuberculosis but also to discover that his mother has relapse to drugs again. By eating alcoholic beverages, Edmund retreats himself into the fog of forgetfulness. He even stated that he noticed peaceful to be only a ghost inside a ghost sea which is in fact the fog" (O'Neill 113). In Function two, he even denied the actual fact that his mother could have gone back again to taking drugs; when he has learned exactly that she has. Living in self denial, is another way, Edmund retreats back again to the fog which hinders him from the agony of damage. Actually he too confesses that he loved the fog, exactly like Mary.
"EDMUND. I treasured the fog. I had been what I needed. (He seems tipsy and appears it)" (O'Neill 112).
"EDMUND. The fog was where I needed to be. " (O'Neill 112).
"EDMUND. Everything viewed and sounded unreal. Nothing at all was what it is. That's what I wanted-to be together with myself in another world where simple truth is untrue and life can hide itself" (O'Neill 112).
Edmund knew that he shouldn't drink liquor for it might worsen his health. Yet, he cannot appear to deny it since whiskey assists him to your investment present problems in his family. Throughout the day into nights, Edmund needed not one but several glasses of "bonded Bourbon" (O'Neill 44) to break from the feelings of guilt, hate, sorrow and pain.
"EDMUND. Or be so drunk you can forget. ( he recites, and recites well, with bitter, ironical enthusiasm, the Symons' translation of Baudelaire's prose poems) "Be always drunken. Little or nothing else concerns: that is the only question. If you would not have the awful burden of Time weighing on your shoulder blades and crushing anyone to the planet earth, be drunken constantly" (O'Neill 114).
Tyrone like Edmund uses alcohol to forget the pain in learning that his better half has once again, started taking drugs. Besides that Tyrone was despaired when he observed Doctor Hardy verified that Edmund has indeed contracted intake. He drinks whiskey to avoid taking into consideration the criticisms he faced to be stingy by his own family. Even though Tyrone never mentions caring the fog, he too does cover himself in it to flee the guilt for not looking after his partner well. Furthermore, he's disappointed that his boy Jamie did not grow up liable liked he dreamed of. "A throw away! A wreck, a drunken hulk, done and finished!" (O'Neill 148).
Jamie, the eldest boy of Tyrone escapes reality into his fog by getting himself drunk and extra cash and time with whores. Tyrone and Mary might think Jamie's become immoral, but it is the only easiest way Jamie is aware of to move away from the painful fact. Jamie too realizes that his lifestyle is a wreck, but he cannot make it. He is aware of that he previously disappointed his parents. Tyrone also accuses Jamie for influencing Edmund to drink alcohol and lead a decadent lifestyle. So to be able to hightail it from accusations and family sorrows Jamie did not mind living, a life of immorality.
JAMIE. Fats Violet is agood kid. Glad I stayed with her. Christian act. Treated her blues. Hell of a great time. You ought to have trapped with me, child. Taken your mind of your troubles. What's the use approaching home to get the blues over what can't help. All over- done now. " ( O'Neill 141).
In conclusion, all four Tyrones would rather flee than face the center throbbing realities of these family. They favor to hide within their wall surfaces of fog. They can not seem to forget the mistakes done in the past. Edmund, Jamie, Tyrone and Mary also think it is hard to forgive each other and they also drift into the fog to ignore and get rid of their sorrow and guilty thoughts. Therefore, it is evident that the Tyrones are indeed "fog people" (O'Neill 135) just like Edmund uttered in the last Act of the play "Long Day's Journey into Night".
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