Colonization is a theory explaining why some sets of human beings exploit others. The book Things BREAK APART by Chinua Achebe depicts the work of colonization of the Ibo folks of Nigeria by the British during the late nineteenth century. This account is about a robust leader named Okonkwo living in an Ibo town positioned in Nigeria, Africa. He leads a fine life until he found himself and his town being intruded on by British men. These English men tried to manage the Ibo people and imposed their values after them; this is colonization. The colonization of Nigeria is inherently racist, according to the cases given in Chinua Achebe's booklet Things Fall Apart. Three character types, Mr. Brown, Reverend James Smith, and the Area Commander, will be used as examples to get this say.
Racism is the idea where certain groups of people are considered superior (or poor) because of their skin color. One example of racism is the Ibo peoples' stories of the British isles men. These reports mock the white epidermis the British men have - the Ibo villagers call them lepers and albinos. (Achebe, 138-139 and 74) In such a example the Ibo people imagine they may be superior. In other conditions, it was the British who thought they were superior and considered the Ibo people as uncivilized, using words like "primitive" when explaining them. (Achebe 209) Exploitation of an organization of men and women is a primary part in the process of colonization.
The first example is of Mr. Brown who shows how "othering" contributes to colonization. Mr. Brown, an English Religious preacher, has a paternalistic view of the Ibo people and feels he was sent there by God to help them. He dismissed the Ibo peoples foolish values in many gods, and advised them his God is the only God. "There are no other gods, ' said Mr. Brown. 'Chukwu is the only real God and others are false'' (Achebe 179). Mr. Brown uses Christianity to establish says of superiority through remedies and education. Though racism is not evident in his words, he still shows racism because he's showing the Ibo people the white man's way is superior.
Reverend James Smith had taken the area of Mr. Brown (after Mr. Dark brown remaining Africa for health reasons). Despite the fact that Reverend Smith also wanted to convert the Ibo people to Christianity, he did it in another way than Mr. Dark brown.
He condemned openly Mr. Brown's plan of bargain and accommodation. He found things as dark and white. And dark-colored was evil (Achebe 184).
Reverend Smith evidently indicates white is good and obviously superior, however he attempts a kinder procedure in persuading the Ibo visitors to worship the correct God unlike Mr. Dark brown. The actual fact that he observed the planet as dark-colored and white, and dark-colored being evil shows how deeply rooted racism is when it comes to colonization. Not merely were the English men's viewpoints racist, but also they used religious metaphors that were inlayed with racism. "He observed the earth as a battlefield in which the children of light were locked in moral issue with the sons of darkness" (Achebe 184). The children of light represent white skinned children (because light is often thought of as the color white) and the sons of darkness signify black skinned males (because darkness is often thought of as the color dark-colored). This is a representation of the racism impressed on the Ibo people during colonization.
The third example is the Region Commissioner. The Area commissioner is an English man who is a low-level federal administrator. The District Commissioner is also an amateur anthropologist; his contribution to "othering" is the fact how he observed the Ibo people as objects of review. "Colonial governments discriminated from the work of Africans in older categories; and, whenever it happened that a white and dark loaded the same post, the white man was sure to be paid considerably more. this was true whatsoever levels, which range from civil service posts to mine workers. (Rodney 151). He fancied himself a specialist on the Ibo people's customs and designed to write a booklet to them.
As he walked back to the court docket he considered that publication. Everyday helped bring him some new materials. The story of the man who possessed wiped out a messenger and hanged himself would make interesting reading. You can almost write a complete section on him. Not a whole chapter but an acceptable paragraph, at any rate. (Achebe 208-209)
The proven fact that The Area commissioner said he could almost write a section, or at least a paragraph, on Okonkwo's life is very belittling. In addition, it shows how little he prices the lives of any non-white people, like the Ibo. This is evidence of "othering" as well as implied racism. Another exemplory case of the District Commissioner's "othering" is the title he decided to give his publication about the Ibo people: 'The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the low Niger' (Achebe 209). The key expression is "primitive". He naturally considers the Ibo people to be uncivilized which, again, connects to racism because anything apart from the colour white (for pores and skin) is evil and primitive.
In order to colonize, a group of people must have more advantages than those they are simply colonizing. Jared Gemstone, a scholar, put in years studying colonization and finished up publishing a reserve on it titled "Guns, Bacteria, and Material" which was later made into some films. Gemstone has spent his life developing his theory for how folks have had the opportunity to colonize throughout the years and also have advantages over those whom they can be colonizing. He thinks that it's all about geography. Everything is determined by where a person lives, what materials are available in that region, and the prospect of building immunity to disease. In England there is a colder environment, which required more tools to make shelter and defense. Also, because of the cold climate, vegetation grown would perish sooner, signifying the English were required to count on hunting and fishing for food. This resulted in the domestication of pets or animals. By living in closer proximity to pets or animals, this increased their chances for immunity to disease. In Nigeria, Africa there is almost a year round warm local climate, which made it easier for the Ibo to acquire food for themselves (this mainly contains yams) and provided them additional time to spend on building shelters. Also tools were created mainly for plants rather than hunting outdoors game. Weaponry was also unnecessary much due to a feeling of safety on the list of villagers. Based on Jared Diamond's theory, the difference between the Ibo people and British men is focused on geography, not pores and skin.
The good examples using three personas of: Mr. Brown, Reverend James Smith, plus the Area Commissioner are evidence of racism in Achebe's explanation of colonization. As Diamond's theory shows, there is absolutely no reason behind one race to be looked at superior to another. Exploitation of an organization of individuals is a primary area of the procedure for colonization. That is unethical action. Trade is a good and ethical way for two ethnicities to come together and exchange goods and recycleables. The name of Achebe's novel, Things BREAK APART, illustrates the harm brought on by colonization and racism.
Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York, NY: Random House Incorporated, 1994. 209. Print out.
Rodney, Walter. How European countries Underdeveloped Africa. THE UK: London and Tanzanian Publishing House, 1981. 312. Printing.
Guns, Germs, and Metal. Tim Lambert. Lions Tv (PBS and National Geographic), 2005. Video recording.
* Angelou, Maya, Poems, "Africa. " New York: NY: Random House Incorporated, 1973.
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