Reviewing The Narrative Poem Richard Cory English Literature Essay

"Richard Cory" was compiled by Edwin Arlington Robinson in 1897. It really is a type of narrative poem. Robinson was a famous American poet. Also, he triumphed in three Pulitzer Prizes for his work. Furthermore, this poem was adapted to a melody by Simon and Garfunkel in early on 1965. Their tune "Richard Cory" is one of the paths on the second studio record. Simon and Garfunkel are the most famous and successful American singer-songwriter duo in the annals of American pop music. This is a reason why "Richard Cory" is more familiar and famous poem to the public. In both Edwin Arlington Robinson and Paul Simon's variants of the poem "Richard Cory", the writer examines the supposedly unnamed floors of life in a peculiar and somewhat incomprehensible manner. These men illustrate, by using one man, Richard Cory and his experiences to see the contrast between those areas, the torture and torment that could rest beneath them. There can be an equal premise in both the poem and the tune; Richard Cory who's a rich man in town, He's glorified and envied by poor townspeople who imagine themselves less lucky, but he commits suicide. Although there are many comparisons between the poem and the track, both versions have slight variations in shade, meter, and the overall identity of Richard Cory. Robinson's "Richard Cory" is better than Simon and Garfunkel's lyrics to give profound meanings and evidences of Richard Cory's real personality to readers because poem has abundant complexities that become more and much more gratifying with each reading.

In the second stanza of Robinson's poem, the speaker describes Richard Cory as a true gentleman. "And he was always quietly arrayed" and "And he was always human when he spoken. " (lines 5-6). He never publicly exhibits his prosperity and believes even the poorest man deserves his good manners and respect. Robinson's word decides to describe Richard Cory like the use of the phrases "He was a gentleman from singular to crown" and "Clean favored and imperially sleek" categorizes and abandons Cory in an elevated course he loathed being associated with (lines 3-4). Thus, Cory sometimes appears as a regal shape that is unwillingly cast aside, torn away from world and his admiring content.

Nowhere does indeed the presenter give immediate and specific proofs of Richard Cory's real character. The reader is only given the reviews of the folks about him, except about his last act, which talks for itself. There is a difference between Richard Cory and the people that is relatively weighted and only Richard Cory in the first three stanzas. Ironically, Richard Cory's suicide brings about a sudden reversal of moral issue between himself and the townspeople. As Richard Cory is dethroned by his own demise, the virtue of folks is increased. This contrast is taken through the first two lines of the previous stanza, which show that even although people were unsatisfied, at least they continued living. Cory, with most of his riches and glittering and successful position, didn't.

In forth stanza, Robinson read words in the poem into his hidden announcements and meanings. "So on we functioned, and waited for the light/ and proceeded to go without beef, and cursed the bakery. " (lines 13-14). In opposition to meat and breads, which are both icons of nourishment and even materialism, the existence of the light suggests that there is a spiritual sustenance that is more vital to the people. Belief in the light is one thing that the people got that Corey lacked. Furthermore, his life was meaningless and senseless to him, because of his insufficient spiritual principles.

Robinson's poem targets agony of Richard Cory more than Simon's lyrics. He runs over failure inside our lives by his poem. Meanings of the poem said that even though Richard Cory has wealth and glittering status, he also has serious agony and then he is suffering from his agony. In Edwin Arlington Robinson, writer Franchere, clarifies that failure inside our lives with Robinson's poem

The first of these types is not so numerous as the second, but he's distinctly marked, even then. While in another marriage Richard Cory was considered in the preceding section, he falls into the general class of the failure; and the poem where he's the central shape lives because it is a robust statement of your internal, even if an undefined, Tragedy in the life span of 1 man. The external man the "people on the pavement" praised and envied and recognized; for Cory, to them, seemingly had everything what private sense of inability, what personal acceptance of his own inadequacy, or what magic formula unfulfilled longing drove Cory to suicide Robinson does not say; he leaves the explanation for his readers to determine. But the crashing climactic minute of the night that Richard Cory "went home and put a bullet through his mind" appalls every audience with its rapid upon the depth of the poem created by the contrast of the somber people of the city on the main one side and the great heroic stature of Cory on the other, the audience is left with a distinct sense of emptiness, of any life squandered, of failing and of Cory's hidden agony. (Franchere)

Even though poor people who consider themselves less lucky want to be like Richard Cory, He just commits suicide because of his agony.

On the other hands, Paul Simon's lyrics, among the great amount of variations, were written in a faster meter. The lyrics were written in AABB format as opposed to Robinson's, that was written in ABAB. The overall firmness of Simon's "Richard Cory" is a lot bitterer than Robinson's dreamier and even more thought provoking work.

If Edwin Arlington Robinson read the words which chosen by him into religious symbolism in his poem, Simon chose to annihilate it from his. That is most likely due to the time period in which Paul Simon wrote these lyrics.

Music of the 1960s was characteristic of the trend that was going on during the decade. It was a period of rebellion and counter-culture where the younger people were questioning everything, including authority, corporations, the government, and other areas of everyday life. It had been essentially a trend of the status quo. This gave surge to the Civil Protection under the law Movement of the decade and also other movements that damaged the privileges of society all together. The activities and plans created in the 1960s continue to ripple through our contemporary society today. Combined with the social motions, the 1960s also inspired the annals of music with ground breaking musicians and artists who dared to produce a stand against the establishment. Whether this is searched upon as a positive or negative result that surfaced from the time, it continues to be a necessary idea to maintain our culture. The music artists of the 60s not only exemplified this ideal, but it also made it a popular move to make that continues even today. (Music)

The common liberal viewpoint of songwriter's in the 1960's was "going against the system. " This "system" consisted essentially of authorities but also encompassed going against what they regarded as antiquated, organized spiritual beliefs.

From the first type of the first stanza, Simon focuses on Richard Cory's riches and position. He is apparently a much more prominent societal physique than in Robinson's poem. Inside the Simon's lyrics, Richard Cory is detailed such as a politician; he had "one-half of this whole town" and possessed "political associations to pass on his prosperity around. " He was "born into population" and flaunted his money as a getaway from his miserable life. While Robinson's Richard Cory was "a gentleman from exclusive to crown, " (lines 3). You will find astonishing rumors about Simon's Cory's celebrations and "the orgies on his yacht. " The Performer in this lyrics possibly does not value Richard Cory really is; he just idolizes and admires Richard Cory's potential to do whatever he would like because he has money and status. The community seems more uninteresting about their position than in Robinson's poem. Once more, there is no proof Richard Cory's real character, only the shell of materialism that encircled him. In both the poem and the lyrics, the thing that offered to provide Cory position also shows their inner emptiness that led him for taking his own life.

The previous two stanzas of this poem are what make this poem unique. After it becomes recognized to the performer about Cory's suicide, the chorus ends the poem expressing that the singer really hates his impoverished and unpleasant life. And, the singer would like he could be as Richard Cory. This could be explained as if he envies Richard Cory even in fatality. Another elucidation is the fact that if Richard Cory did not believe he could continue in life, how could the loudspeaker believe it either?

Simon's lyrics emphasis singer's desire and sentiment. Singer really wants to resemble Richard Cory and curses his impoverished life. Even though after Richard Cory devoted suicide, the performer still share his desire and feeling. Distinctly, Simon's singer still obsesses about Richard Cory even though subject of his envy is not existed. It shows that people on the globe obsess about money, material things, and their desire.

In conclusion, both poem and the song seem to be lackluster and inanimate until they are exposed and all their hidden and symbolic so this means is launched. The poet uses the most common lyrical, inspired, and poetic way of self-expression that can be used generally in most poetry. Except by the end, in both the poem and the songs, the poet preferred the most typical incidents as the point of concentration and plays down all sentiment, making the reaction to Richard Cory's suicide even more shocking and unsettling. Both the poem and the song "Richard Cory" have each attractive benefit to fascinate people. The tune conveys so this means of the poem easily. It also makes understandable and becomes familiar than Robinson's. Alternatively, Robinson's "Richard Cory" has wealthy complexities and profundities which become more and even more gratifying and full of each reading. Also, the poem is more helpful to understand Richard Cory's profound agony because the poem says the audience not only Richard Cory's wealth and status but also his sense, thought, and agony.

Work Cited

Franchere, Hoyt C. Edwin Arlington Robinson. NY: Twayne, 1968. Print

"Music Played in the 1960's Popular Music Through the 60's Bands organizations singers stories. " The folks background. 2009. Web. 24 Apr. 2010.

Robinson, Edwin Arlington. "Richard Cory" Reading Books and Writing Debate. Ed. Missy James and Alan P. Merickel. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. 192. Printing.

Simon and Garfunkel. "Richard Cory. " Appears to be of Silence. Sony, 2001. CD.

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