1st reason: The first situation that this is visible in is when the two girls have lunch with their mothers. Each mother is meant to bring food to the orphanage to possess lunch using their daughters, but Twyla's mom Mary, "didn't bring anything. So we selected hair and cellophane turf off of the mashed Jelly beans and ate them" (Morrison). Roberta's mom on the other side, brought a complete feast of "hen feet, and ham sandwiches, and oranges, and a complete field of chocolate-covered grahams. Roberta drank dairy from a thermos. . . " (Morrison). This monetary divide between the moms of Twyla and Roberta tempts the reader to assume that Roberta should be the white one of both since her mother can afford to bring food while Twyla and her mom are still left eating grubby jelly beans. ќ http://voices. yahoo. com/how-we-come-conclusions-2671278. html
2nd reason: In another scene later on in the lives of Twyla and Roberta, they meet at Twyla's diner where she works as a waitress. Waitresses can usually be categorised as a lesser class job and even though there are waitresses of both white and dark-colored races, in cases like this, Twyla is the one working as a waitress while Roberta is on the road trip with two men, ". . . on our way to the Coast. He's acquired an appointment with Hendrix" (Morrison). Taking into consideration the acceptance of Jimi Hendrix, the audience may assume that Roberta must belong to at least a high-middle class to have the ability to afford travelling to a one of Hendrix's concerts. The economic divide between the two women also shows once they have resolved down with a family group. http://voices. yahoo. com/how-we-come-conclusions-2671278. html
3rd reason: Twyla is wedded to a low class family by the way she explains them, "1 / 2 of the populace of Newburgh is on welfare now, but to my husband's family it was still some upstate paradise. . . " (Morrison). Roberta on the other hand, is living a lavish life and there are many symptoms that show it, such as the way she dresses, "Diamond jewelry on her palm, a smart white warmer summer months dress" (Morrison), the way she retail stores for "fancy normal water" (Morrison) over regular water, her usage of two servants and a "deep blue limousine" (Morrison) and exactly how she was luckily enough to marry a man who resided in Annandale, "a neighborhood packed with doctors and IBM executives" (Morrison). The tremendous class and monetary divides between Roberta and Twyla are leading factors in the reader's decision concerning Roberta and Twyla's race. http://voices. yahoo. com/how-we-come-conclusions-2671278. html
4th reason: Another important factor of racial classification is the frame of mind of Roberta and Twyla towards the other person and racial issues. The way Roberta's mother acts when first reaching Twyla's mother shows that she regards Twyla and her mom as second-rate, as Twyla's mother gestures for a handshake, "Roberta's mom viewed down at me and then appeared down at Mary too. She didn't say anything, just grabbed Roberta with her bible-free hand and stepped out of brand, walking quickly to the rear than it" (Morrison).
5th reason: The reactions of Twyla and Roberta to the desegregation of public schools can also be an indicator with their races. Historically, African Americans were those people to press for desegregation while white individuals were the ones to oppose it. Twyla appears to be positive about the desegregation, "Joseph was on the set of kids to be moved from the junior senior high school to some other one at some far-out-of-the-way place and I thought it was a good thing until I noticed it was a bad thing" (Morrison). Roberta on the other hand, is positively protesting up against the desegregation movement
6th reason: While there are extensive subtle indicators of Maggie's race, really the only important part of her competition is that Roberta feels that Maggie is dark and Twyla believes the exact opposite, "That which was she saying? Dark colored? Maggie wasn't black" (Morrison). Maggie's contest being the opposite of Twyla and Roberta's races, let's assume that the reader concludes that Twyla is dark-colored and Roberta is white, is important because girls seem as though they would not have kicked Maggie if she were of the same contest. Roberta admits to kicking Maggie, "'. . . and you also kicked her. Both of us do. You kicked a dark girl who couldn't even scream" (Morrison) and Twyla only disagrees that Maggie is not black, saying nothing at all about the take action of kicking her. This prompts the reader to believe that Twyla is morally fine about kicking a white person, but not a dark person, and this Roberta is morally fine with kicking a dark person, but not a white person. Maggie is thus another indication that Twyla is black and Roberta is white.
Conclution: By skillfully using ambiguous indicators in the beginning to make her reader want to complete the void of the races of Twyla and Roberta, Morrison makes her visitors very susceptible to her stronger signs of prosperity and category stereotypes, and racial attitude stereotypes to make her reader decide on the competition of Twyla and Roberta. She will this without needing any details that can provide away the contest of Twyla and Roberta. After having her visitors conclude the race of Twyla and Roberta, Morrison allows her viewers to rethink their racial conclusions by using Maggie to ruin the racial constructs that they have developed from racial stereotypes and signs. In the ultimate words of Recitatif, "Oh shit, Twyla. Shit, shit, shit. The particular hell occurred to Maggie" (Morrison), Morrison collapses the racial constructs that the audience has built throughout the story. I realize after treading that offer that we unconsciously came to the conclusion that Twyla is dark and Roberta is white without ever before having read a good clue in regards to what their races are. I could come to this unconscious decision by basing my racial bottom line simply on societal stereotypes such that white people will generally be wealthier than black people and have a certain views about racial conditions that differ from dark people. Recitatif does an unbelievable job at making its readers realize that a lot of the racial constructs are structured solely on racial stereotypes and signs