Within his acclaimed novel, The Great Gatsby, creator F. Scott Fitzgerald uses the backdrop of the uninhibited, prosperous New York contemporary society of the Jazz Age to display his views by using a cast of doomed people. Although it is a substantial issue to the storyline, Fitzgerald does not directly address the concepts of the North american Dream in The Great Gatsby. Actually, you will not find what "American Dream" in this novel. However, Fitzgerald subtly weaves into his showing of the tragic tale the severe results of the 1920's manipulation of the North american Wish. Fitzgerald concludes his novel by killing or injuring all his heroes who got short-cuts toward an American Desire dominated by materialism. From his writing, I think that Fitzgerald embraces the old-fashioned or normal American Fantasy that hard work and sacrifice produces success.
To properly comment on Fitzgerald's thoughts about the American Dream, we should define its so this means. Webster's Dictionary defines the American Desire as: "American interpersonal ideal that tensions egalitarianism and especially material prosperity; the success or life this is the realization of this ideal. " John Pidgeon's view of the American Goal is, "The Dream is founded upon the philosophical fundamentals which our country was built, summed up in Thomas Jefferson's expression that men are created equal and are endowed by their Originator with certain inalienable protection under the law to liberty, life and the quest for happiness. In other words, America was to be a place where men were politically free to follow whatever goal they wished". (Pidgeon, 178-179)
The Jazz Age, where the Great Gatsby is defined, was an era when the American economy boomed and materialism predominated. Reviews of people who had acquired immense prosperity were common in the advertising at that time. Unquestionably, in the 1920's many Americans adopted a corrupted and materialistic version of the American Dream.
Since Fitzgerald did not directly address the specific problem of the American Dream within The Great Gatsby, we must assume some aspects of Fitzgerald's thoughts on the issue from his writing. Within The Great Gatsby, it appears as though Fitzgerald interchanged the concept of materialism for the American Goal. John Pidgeon published, "There is a standard understanding by readers of THE FANTASTIC Gatsby that it is a commentary on the North american Dream and not a documentary on the Jazz Era. It really is a criticism of American experience-not only of the manners, but of our own basic historic attitude toward life. The theme of Gatsby is the withering of the American Dream. The fantasy is essentially anti-puritanical (to visit from rags to riches and therefore from rejection to acceptance). " (Pidgeon, 179)
The Great Gatsby may be considered a commentary on the 1920's version of the North american Dream, but it isn't an acceptance from it. On the first reading of The Great Gatsby, you can initially feel that author F. Scott Fitzgerald privately assumed in the materialistic version of the American Dream because most of his main personas appear to have a "me first" mentality. Fitzgerald included significant explanation of self-indulgent conducts such as Gatsby's gatherings, Tom Buchanan's Sunday afternoon rendezvous with his girlfriend, and, Gatsby and Daisy's brief affair. Fitzgerald included no significant portrayal of standard work tasks or normal family life that would define the traditional American Dream. On the other hand, each of Fitzgerald's main personas, Gatsby, Daisy, Tom Buchanan, and even Nick Caraway, seem to be interested only in their own pleasures.
While Fitzgerald explains the "me first" version of the North american Dream, he does not accept it. Fitzgerald uses the common morality play format of story-telling to demonstrate the recklessness of the "me first" viewpoint over took the conventional American Dream in the 1920's. The normal premise of the morality play is the fact that the main persona makes a quest and is inspired by characters along the way. Just like in a morality play The Great Gatsby's narrator, Nick Caraway, journeys toward self-discovery of his own beliefs by examining the actions and motivations of his dysfunctional West Egg neighborhood friends.
Fitzgerald actually rejects of the corrupted version of the North american Fantasy by crushing the lives and/or spirits of his character types who followed a greedy American Aspiration (i. e. Tom's sweetheart, Myrtle Wilson is run-over, Gatsby is shot, and Daisy's relationship is challenged). Fitzgerald vividly tasks either pain or loss of life after those who keep greedy philosophies or display immoral behaviours. Fitzgerald shows the corrupted version of the American dream is worthless:"When the wish disintegrates, Gatsby is face to face with reality. Tom and Daisy and millions of other small-minded, ruthless Americans imagine only in the value of materials things, with no room for beliefs and eyesight. As the novel closes, the experience of Gatsby becomes the concentration of Fitzgerald's disillusionment" (Pidgeon, 182). By concluding his novel with such real human destruction, Fitzgerald uses the morality play format and rejects the "me first" manipulation of the North american Dream.
Fitzgerald reinforces many typical or conventional American values at the conclusion of THE FANTASTIC Gatsby. Jay Gatsby, a man who lies in order to re-invent his own record, dies exclusively as the victim of a bad fatal rest from Tom Buchanan. Gatsby's only true mourner is his aged father; thus reinforcing the permanence of a father's love irrespective of circumstances. Vast riches fails to produce any real love for just about any of the characters. Sinfulness is punished by violent fatality. Even the idea of matrimony, although a flawed matrimony, survives for Tom and Daisy Buchanan.
The sense of place performs an important role in the revealing to of THE FANTASTIC Gatsby. F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel occurs in the wealthy enclaves of East Egg and West Egg New York, situated on Long Island. The guts for riches and power in America was and remains New York City. In the brand new York City of the Roaring 20's, prosperity was generally not achieved through hard work, but through manipulation and criminal activities. (Look for a quote) The idea of gaining wealth, alternatively than getting it the old designed way, may have replaced the conventional idea of the American Dream, at least in some parts of America. Long Island and its proximity to wealth and high contemporary society, make THE FANTASTIC Gatsby interesting. Most of America was not really acquainted with such society and privilege. If THE FANTASTIC Gatsby was occur rural Kansas with its farming work ethic, it could not have been almost as entertaining. A story about greed needed to be occur the central location of greed.
In writing The Great Gatsby in and about NY world, Fitzgerald provided some unique perception into the position of the North american Dream at that particular time. According to the article Fitzgerald's Rendering of a Desire, "For Fitzgerald the American wish is beautiful yet grotesquely flawed and distorted" (Hearn 191). The Great Gatsby was written in 1925, prior to the Great Despair. The 1920's were a time of booming prosperity creation and basic economic expansion. The Roaring 20's helped bring widening industry and exploding financial riches. In Fitzgerald's 1920's, American society was less decentralized plus more geared toward those in ability or position. The newspapers and periodicals were filled up with stories of rich individuals such as Carnegie and Rockefeller. This might have led to inflated anticipations of the American Dream.
The Great Gatsby is slightly autobiographical as much individuals and the setting up reveal the author's true to life. Fitzgerald he was raised ornamented by Midwestern retailers and farmers. He attended an Eastern prep school and Princeton College or university before World Warfare I. At this time, those who went to college or university were either really smart or wealthy. Fitzgerald's family lived off his mother's inheritance after his father twice failed in business. Due to these business failures, one can speculate a young Fitzgerald was intrigued by the notion of wealth. Obviously, wealth is a dominating theme in THE FANTASTIC Gatsby as Fitzgerald lived and wrote among the wealthiest segment of American world. Most of individuals in THE FANTASTIC Gatsby have great prosperity or sponge-off of those who do. Myrtle and George Wilson are the working-class exceptions and they are portrayed in the most pitiful light throughout the novel. The wealth on Long Island residents provides the great discord between greed and love.
Like the Gatsby character, in order to make an impression on his partner, Zelda, Fitzgerald needed to earn an appropriate income. Gatsby centered on increasing money so that he could throw lavish celebrations to wow Daisy. Similarly, Fitzgerald did the trick to earn Zelda's love. According to Matthew Bruccoli, "They embarked on an luxurious life as young stars" (Bruccoli, 2). Fitzgerald commenced the writing of The Great Gatsby while he and his wife lived in the luxury of Long Island. Their wish quickly began to unravel, "Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald do spend cash faster than he gained it; the writer who wrote so eloquently about the effects of money on persona was unable to deal with his own money" (Bruccoli, 3). On the way Fitzgerald became an alcoholic and his better half was entered into a mental medical center. Similarly to Gatsby, the Fitzgerald's American Desire, that was money influenced, failed them in the end.
In THE FANTASTIC Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald seems to questions the expense of the American Wish. His characters, which were centered on gaining prosperity as their American Fantasy, were mostly ruined or destroyed. You can argue that on paper this way, Fitzgerald actually noticed that the North american Dream was damaged or unattainable. Nick appears to be the only personality who is aware the American Fantasy isn't always obtainable while Gatsby firmly believes the Fantasy is possible. Throughout a conversation Nick has with Gatsby, Nick says, "I wouldn't ask an excessive amount of her, " I ventured. "You can't do it again days gone by. " Gatsby answers, "Can't duplicate the past?' he cried incredulously. Why of course you can!'" (Fitzgerald, 116). Gatsby is convinced he can win over Daisy and relive their earlier love.
Critics who utilize the Great Gatsby to question the real attainability of the American Dream imply a sense of entitlement. No North american is promised a better life. The American Dream can be an aspirational task. Fitzgerald shows us that the American Dream cannot be bought; the North american Goal must be earned through hard work and sacrifice. Generations of People in the usa have proven this. American Aspiration is not what is personified by Jay Gatsby: reinventing himself into something phony and inauthentic by taking illegal short-cuts to accumulate ostentatious prosperity. Jay Gatsby eventually fails to gain his American Aspiration and eventually ends up inactive in his wonderful swimming pool.
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