The Record Of The Geographical Setting

The traditional children report "THE BEAUTIFUL Wizard of Oz" was written by Lyman Frank Baum. This novel is publicized by George M. Hill Company and it was initially released in the entire year 1900. This story has been modified and written in many ways. The first basic movie of "THE BEAUTIFUL Wizard of Oz" was released in the year 1939. For me, this tale is a vintage account, full with moral prices and entertainment. It teaches the children the value of friendship and love. This report is a clean account and is suitable for children.

In my opinion, plot in a story determines the five essential elements of the story which is the release, increasing action, climax, slipping action and the final outcome. Corresponding to Laurence Perrine,

Plot is the series of happenings or incidents which a story is composed. When recounted alone, it bears a comparable relationship to a tale that a map does to a quest. As a map may be drawn over a finer or grosser level, so may a storyline be recounted with smaller or more detail. It could include just what a persona says or believes, as well as what he does indeed, but it leaves our description and research and concentrates ordinarily on major happenings. (1988, p. 41)


In my estimation, exposition in a story is the launch of the storyline. The exposition in the book "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is when Dorothy, one of the primary characters in the story, is being released. This character is being introduced giving the reader a graphic of the encompassing she is living in. This part of the story unveiled Dorothy as an orphan whom is living with her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. It also described the uninteresting surrounding that Dorothy was moving into with her aunt, uncle and her dog, Toto. Toto is the type that always makes Dorothy have fun and stopping her to be as dull as the surrounding she is surviving in. The occurrence of the cyclone was also talked about in the exposition. Dorothy's house was swept away and was carried a long way away from Kansas and got over a faraway land, the Land of Oz. (p. 99-p. 101)

Rising Action

In my estimation, a rising action in a novel involves a building up of tension and also suspense to make a story more interesting and grabs the visitors' interests to learn the storyplot. The increasing action in the book "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is when Dorothy met the Munchkins and started out for her quest to meet the great wizard of Oz. Throughout her trip, she possessed made a few friends this is the scarecrow, the cowardly lion and the tin woodman. For me, the growing action also includes the obstacles all of these four characters experienced to go through in order to go to the Emerald City to meet the great Wizard of Oz. Other than that, the arena where Dorothy and her friends finally satisfied Oz and was asked to complete a very difficult task that is to eliminate the Wicked Witch of the West first before all of their wants could be granted. (p102 - p. 154)


In my opinion, a climax in a story is the most powerful part of the story. It really is an integral part of the story where in fact the scenes are more complicated and involves significant amounts of suspense and thrills. The climax in the book is when Dorothy and her friends are on their journey to eliminate the Wicked Witch of the West. For me, the climax also includes the hurdles that they experienced, the part where the Wicked Witch of the West dispatched wolves, bees and winged monkeys to tear all of them to portions. The Wicked Witch of the Western being melted is also an integral part of the climax in this account. (p. 155 - p. 164)

Falling Action

In my opinion, slipping action in a story is less strong compared to rising action and climax. It really is a move before a story moves to the final outcome. The dropping action in the novel is when Dorothy and her three friends return back to the Emerald City to meet the great wizard of Oz to ask him to satisfy his guarantees. However, the fantastic wizard of Oz is not any wizard in the end. He is just a humbug. Nevertheless, the tin woodman, scarecrow and the cowardly lion respectively got their hopes. The parting of Oz in a hot air balloon going out of Dorothy in back of is also an integral part of the dropping action in this account. Lastly, the slipping action in this report is also when Dorothy travelled to meet the Witch of the South, Glinda, to ask for her help. (p. 165 - p. 202)


POINT OF VIEW In my opinion, conclusion in a tale is where in fact the story is settled. The conclusion can either be considered a happy finishing or a sad ending. Within the story, the final outcome is a happy closing. The final outcome in this story is when Dorothy meets Glinda and asked for her help to move Dorothy back to Kansas. Dorothy clapped the pumps of her gold shoes along for three times and was carried back home. The storyline ends with Dorothy being during intercourse, reunited with her Uncle Henry and Aunt Em. (p. 202 - p. 206)

According to Laurence Perrine (1988), viewpoint is, "The story is told by a narrator using the third person". Within the story of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, the point of view is the 3rd person objective perspective. The third person objective viewpoint is a story told by way of a narrator that has learned everything in the storyline and his knowledge is unrestricted. The narrator also has the ability to move in one character to another in order to express the motivations and feelings of his people. The narrator can describe each and every character's emotions. For instance, in the story, the narrator identifies Dorothy's thoughts, which is sadness, when she actually is unable to follow Oz to go home to Kansas.

"But I don't want to reside here, " cried Dorothy. "I wish to go to Kansas, and live with Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. " (p. 187)

Other than that, the third person objective viewpoint could be seen when the narrator details the leaving of Oz;

When it was all ready, Oz sent phrase to his individuals who he was going to make a stop by at a great brother wizard who lived in the clouds (p. 185)


Setting is divided into three standards that are geographical setting, historical setting and physical setting up. Setting also explains the area and time a meeting takes place in a specific story. In this particular story, only geographical environment and physical setting is involved. Apart from that, the ambiance and atmosphere are also important elements in setting up.

Geographical Setting

Based on my understanding, physical setting up is a setting up that involves the area of where the scenes of the story take place. For instance, in this novel, the main physical environment would be Kansas and Emerald City. For example, Kansas is where Dorothy originates from. Kansas was the where the story starts with a cyclone sweeping away Dorothy's house into the cyclone and ends with Dorothy coming back safely and securely to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. The atmosphere of Kansas is very flat and has an extremely grey surrounding. The feelings of this environment is gloomy and unhappy as this atmosphere is parallel to the characteristics of Uncle Henry and Aunt Em which can be gloomy and unhappy. The description of Kansas could be observed in the first section of the story, in webpage 99.

"When Dorothy stood in the doorway and seemed around, she could see only the grey prairie on every side". (p. 99)

Next, the Emerald city is also one of the major geographical settings in this account. Emerald City is where in fact the Great Wizard of Oz lives and rules his subjects. Many significant occurrences have taken devote Emerald City. For instance, the picture whereby Dorothy and her friends got travelled such a very good trip to Emerald City to meet up with the Great Wizard of Oz. Other than that, Dorothy and her friends had also discovered that the fantastic Wizard of Oz was only a humbug. After that, Emerald City is also the geographical setting whereby scarecrow was granted as a ruler by Oz. Emerald City is an extremely beautiful city. The city is mainly of inexperienced color and metropolis also glows. This creates a lovely atmosphere that and provides the Emerald city the ambiance of a very beautiful and great kingdom. This is referred to in the eleventh section of this storyline, site 145.

"Even with eyes protected by the inexperienced spectacles, Dorothy and her friends were at first dazzled by the brilliancy of the beautiful city" (p. 145).

Physical Setting

Based on my understanding, physical environment is a environment that revolves more on the depth of the storyplot. For example, the explanation of the surrounding, how one dresses, colors that are seen and how a character actually behaves according to the setting. Physical setting up gives the visitors a clearer picture of the scene and allows them to imagine the storyplot themselves. The description of the arriving of the cyclone, one of the physical settings, is referred to in the first chapter, page 100.

"From way north they heard a low wail of the breeze, and Uncle Henry and Dorothy could see where in fact the long grass bowed in waves prior to the coming storm" (p. 100).

The information of the motion of the lawn is one of the physical configurations stated. This particular environment shows the atmosphere of Kansas right before the storm and it created the feeling of gloominess and chaos as individuals were jogging for shelter from the storm.

Apart from the cyclone, chapter two of the storyplot that is "The Council with the Munchkin" also consists of physical setting. In the field where Dorothy satisfied with the Munchkin, the characteristics of the Munchkins are identified with much depth that will permit the reader to imagine the story. The evidence of this setting is seen in webpage 102.

"They wore around hats that increased to a tiny point a ft. above their heads, with und the brims that tinkled sweetly as they moved" (p. 102).

The information of the dressing of the Munchkin provides stunning image of how the character actually looks like. These munchkins created a very unusual atmosphere to Dorothy as she's never seen such animals with such unusual dressings. The munchkins even thought unusual when they viewed Dorothy, in simple fact, they feared her occurrence, which the information can be seen in site 103.

"When these folks drew near the house where Dorothy was standing up in the doorway, they paused and whispered among themselves, as if worried to come farther" (p. 103).

This creates an extremely odd mood as both Dorothy and the Munchkins are different from one another.


According to Laurence Perrine "The theme of a bit of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight" (1988). For example, in the novel of "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", there are many important themes that may be seen.

One of the key topics in the book of "THE BEAUTIFUL Wizard of Oz" would be the theme of a friendly relationship. Friendship can be an important theme in this novel as it portrays the strong friendship between Dorothy and her three companions. This could be seen when Dorothy, the tin woodman, the scarecrow and the cowardly lion passes the poppy field. Both Dorothy and the cowardly lion dropped asleep in the field of poppies. The scarecrow and the tin woodman preserved Dorothy from the dangerous poppy field;

'So they picked up Toto and put your dog in Dorothy's lap, and they made a chair using their hands for the chair and their biceps and triceps for the hands and transported the sleeping gal between them through the flowers" (p. 135-p. 136).

Next, the theme of home nice home may also be detected. Dorothy still would like to go home despite the flat surrounding that she was living in. She had a lovely country to reside in, yet somehow, she will try everything in her power to come back home to Kansas. That's where the theme of home special home could be viewed concerning Dorothy, little or nothing could replace her home.

"Send me back to Kansas, where my Aunt Em and Uncle Henry are, " she responded to earnestly. "I can't stand your country, though it is so beautiful. And I am sure Aunt Em will be dreadfully bothered over my being away so long" (p. 149).

In this particular line, we could see that although Dorothy acquired a choice to be in a far greater and beautiful place, she still went through all the difficulty to come back home as her home is where she truly belongs.

Thirdly, the theme of determination could also be seen in this particular novel. All of the four characters that are Dorothy, the tin woodman, the cowardly lion and the scarecrow, are all determined to have their wishes come true. They went through a whole lot of hurdles to be able to complete their journey and fulfill their desire. They were sure that the great wizard of Oz experienced the energy to grant their desires and had gone on with the voyage with a great willpower. Their persistence has actually awarded all their wishes.

The scarecrow was both glad and very pleased at the fulfillment of his ideal wish, and having thanked Oz warmly he returned to his friends. (p. 181)

Then the tin woodman returned to his friends, who wished him every joy due to his good fortune. (p. 182)

"Filled with courage, " replied the Lion, who proceeded to go joyfully back again to his friends to inform them of his fortune. (p. 182)

"In the Land f Oz", said Dorothy gravely. "And here is Toto, too. And oh, Aunt Em! I'm so glad to be at home again!" (p. 206)

The scarecrow experienced a brain crafted from pins and needles, the tin woodman has a heart and soul made out of silk and filled with sawdust, the cowardly lion possessed gained courage by sipping a potion made by Oz and Dorothy was finally in a position to returning home to Kansas.


According to Richard Gill, "Cartoon figures in novel have been specially created by writers when creators create characters, they choose some areas of typical people, develop some of those aspects, whilst playing down others, and put them collectively as they please"(1985). For me, characters determine the feeling of the storyplot and the stream of the storyplot. Heroes are also the one that are able to influence the reader's intellects and feelings. You will find major and slight characters plus they have their particular motivations. Matching to Kriszner and Mandell, "Motivation is the reason behind a character's action" (2007).

Major Characters

Based on my understanding, major character types are people that play the most part in a tale. Major heroes also develop based on the plot of the story and are present throughout the whole story. For example, in the novel of "THE BEAUTIFUL Wizard of Oz", there are many major heroes such as Dorothy, the Cowardly Lion and the Scarecrow. Each of these people has their own motivations.


The persona of Dorothy in the book "THE BEAUTIFUL Wizard of Oz" is one of the major heroes, a protagonist. She actually is, however, a static persona. Regarding to Laurence Perrine (1988), "The static identity is the same type of person at the end of the storyplot as at the start. " Dorothy is a static figure because her character will not change in conditions of personality and tasks. Dorothy's character's main concentrate was to return home to Kansas from the beginning until the end. This is seen in the first chapter of the story, site 105, and it can be observed in the last chapter of the storyline, webpage 203.

"I am troubled to make contact with my aunt and uncle, for I am sure they will stress about me. Is it possible to help me find my way?" (p. 105)

"My greatest wish now, " she added, "is to get back to Kansas, cannot find the money for it" (p. 203)

The eager need to come back home to Kansas is this character's inspiration. The character's inspiration was the reason behind all the trouble Dorothy experienced just to return home to Kansas.

Cowardly Lion

The identity of the Cowardly Lion in the book "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is a protagonist and this identity is a powerful character. Corresponding to Laurence Perrine (1988), "The developing (or dynamic) character undergoes a long lasting change in some aspect of identity, personality or outlook". The Cowardly Lion is a strong character because the type transformed from being a coward to a courageous lion. The personality of the type changed which character's inspiration is to gain courage. This is seen in site 125.

"Then, unless you mind, I'll opt for you, " said the Lion, "for my life is simply intolerable without a little of courage. " (p. 125)


Similar to the character of the Cowardly lion, the type of Scarecrow in the novel "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is also a protagonist which is also a active character. The inspiration for this personality is to possess brains and the scarecrow possessed travelled all the way to meet Oz to be able to satisfy his only goal that is to truly have a brain. This figure is a powerful figure as the personality of this character altered. This character had altered from being only a scarecrow to a ruler, replacing Oz. This may be seen in page 185.

"I am now heading away to produce a visit. While I am absent the Scarecrow will rule over you. I demand you to obey him as you'll me" (p. 185)

Minor Characters

In my opinion, minor characters are personas that play very little role in a story and most of them may be static. Small heroes also do not develop just as much as the major characters do. Within the account of "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", I have picked two minimal characters which can be Aunt Em and Toto, Dorothy's Dog.

Aunt Em

Aunt Em is Dorothy's aunty. She is the partner of Dorothy's uncle, Uncle Henry. Aunt Em is a static figure. Aunt Em is an extremely dull and miserable character. She used to be a young and pretty wife but as time passes, she became thin rather than smiled. Aunt Em might be living an disappointed marriage with her spouse, Uncle Henry. This is observed in the first chapter of the storyline, webpage 99.

"She was slender and gaunt and never smiled now". (p. 99)

Aunt Em's desire is always to provide love and care for Dorothy. As Dorothy is an orphan, she only will depend on her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry for love and safeguard. This is seen in the last section of the storyplot when Aunt Em was relieved to see Dorothy.

"My darling child!" she cried, folding the little female in her hands and covering her face with kisses. (p. 206)

Toto, Dorothy's dog.

Toto is Dorothy's dog. For me, Toto is a set character. This is because Toto exists throughout the complete story however the figure of Toto is scarcely developed. Matching to E. M. Forster, "A set character is hardly developed or stereotypical" (1927). Toto is a cheerful dog, basically Dorothy, Toto is not influenced by the uninteresting surrounding. The data is as the next

Toto had not been grey; he was just a little dark dog, with long silky locks and small dark-colored eye that twinkled merrily on either area of his funny, wee nostril. (p. 100)

Toto's determination is to come with Dorothy also to cheer her up. This is seen in the first chapter of the storyline.

It was Toto that made Dorothy giggle, and kept her from growing as grey as her other area. (p. 100)


Based on my understanding, stylistic devices, also called figures of conversation, is used to produce a account more interesting and livelier in order to fully capture their attention. Stylistic devices are also used to analyze a text. There are many stylistic devices being used in the novel "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" such as simile, sign and personification.


Based on my understanding, simile is an evaluation of things that are unalike by using words 'like' or 'as' to hook up it. For instance, in the novel (webpage 158), the lifeless and scattered black bees has been compared with little loads of fine coal.

And as bees cannot live when their stings are broken. . . like little heaps of fine coal (p. 158)

Other than that, the melting of the Wicked Witch of the Western being in comparison to brown sugar is also an example of simile.

"I'm very sorry indeed, " said Dorothy, who was simply truly frightened to see the witch actually melting off like brown glucose before her very eyes. (p. 163)


According to Laurence Perrine, "A literary sign is something that means more than what it is" (1988). Based on my understanding, mark can be considered a place, person, thing, event that symbolizes another meaning. For instance, the heart and soul that the Tin Woodman looks for from the fantastic Wizard, Oz, presents pleasure and love.

"I will take the heart and soul, " came back the Tin Woodman; "for brains do not make one happy, and delight is a very important thing on the planet. " (p. 122)

Next, the brain that the Scarecrow looks for for symbolizes knowledge and knowledge.

"Personally i think wise indeed, " he solved earnestly. "WHENEVER I get used to my brains I will know everything. " (p. 181)


Based on my understanding, personification is placing human heroes into other activities, especially non-living things. For instance, personification could be observed in section nineteen when the fighting trees are applied with real human characters that are the ability to grab and seize using its branches.

He walked up to some other tree, as he spoke, but its branches immediately seized him and tossed him back again. (p. 192)

Next, the use of human characters into the Scarecrow, a stuffed man, is also regarded as a personification. The Scarecrow can walk and discuss just like a normal human being.

Dorothy was puzzled as of this, for this sounded queer to listen to a stuffed man speak, and to see him bow and walk along beside her. (p. 111)

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