The Three Villains FROM THE Play English Books Essay

Being greedy is one of the most severe things we can ever be; greed can control our actions, and sometimes can escape control. Inside the Crucible, greed was shown through the individuals of Reverend Parris, Thomas Putnam, and Judge Danforth. Parris and Putnam were greedy for the money. They would've done anything to protect their name, and get wealthier. Danforth was greedy for electricity. He would've done anything to keep that electric power even if it designed executing innocent people. Greed brought on those three characters, Reverend Parris, Thomas Putnam, and Judge Danforth, to be the "villains" of the play.

A perfect example of greed in the crucible is Reverend Parris. Parris is the minister of Salem's Cathedral, which is one of the "villains" in the play. He's described as greedy and power-hungry, and it was very clear in the play. "I pray you are feeling the weight of the truth upon you. For now my ministry's at stake, my ministry as well as perhaps your cousin's life" (834). In the beginning of Action One, we would have thought that he was worried about his daughter initially. But we realize he was actually worried about his reputation, and about his ministry. He was worried that if people think there's witchcraft in his house, he'd lose his job. In Action three, he proved his selfishness once again, "I could only say, sir, that we never found any of them naked, and this man is-"(871). Parris refused that he noticed any of the young ladies naked while dance, after Proctor educated Judge Danforth about it. He lied so he could cover up for Abigail, and to protect his name. His greed became even more noticeable in Action Four. "Excellency, I'd postpone these hangin's for a time" (880). He asked judge Danforth to postpone the hangings, we may have thought initially that he could have come back again to his senses and noticed that what he's doing is wrong. But then it turns out that he was just reluctant that if indeed they started hanging reputable people like John Proctor, and Rebecca Nurse, the people in the city will rise up against him and his life will be in danger. "Tonight, after i start my door to leave my house-a dagger clattered to the ground. You cannot hang this sort. There is danger for me. I dare not step outside the nights" (880)! Arthur Miller says in his notes that he found nothing good about the historical Parris, so he didn't make his personality in the play any better. At the end of the play, Parris is unveiled as the selfish, power-hungry man that he's.

However, Reverend Parris wasn't the only "villain" in the play. Thomas Putnam is one of the richest landowners in Salem. He's referred to as bitter, and also selfish, exactly like Parris. He keeps grudges against tons of people in Salem. Among the people he holds a grudge against is Francis Nurse because he prevented Putnam's brother in regulation from being chosen as minister. Putnam experienced an essential role in starting the witch hunt. "You will discover hurtful, vengeful spirits layin' hands on these children" (836). He is the first personality who thinks witchcraft brought on Ruth and Betty to be ill. "Sarah Good? Performed you ever before see Sarah Good with him? Or Osburn" (848)? He accuses many people for witchcraft like, Sarah Good, and Goody Osburn. Putnam also accuses Rebecca Nurse for eradicating his seven children. Francis Nurse said, "For murder, she's recharged! For the marvelous and supernatural murder of Goody Putnam's infants" (858). Putnam is the only figure dishonest enough to accuse Rebecca Nurse for witchcraft. He also uses his little princess, Ruth, to accuse people, like George Jacobs, so he could take his land. Giles Corey said, "If Jacobs hangs for a witch he forfeit up his property-that's regulation! And there is nothing but Putnam with the coin to buy so excellent a piece. This man is getting rid of his neighbors for their land" (867)! "The facts is there! I have it from a genuine man who observed Putnam say it! The day his child cried out on Jacobs, he said shed given him a good surprise of land" (867), he added. What motivated Arthur Miller to make Putnam's character the way he's, is the real Arthur Putnam. The real Putnam's thought he was better than anyone else, and his former is filled up with grudges and unkindness. He used to consistently threaten people, and always attempted to get rid of anyone who tried to ruin his reputation, or his family's. Does indeed Putnam want to kill those "witches" in order to save the children? I don't think so. Obviously, his plan is to be wealthier, wipe out all the individuals he doesn't like, and take their land by accusing them of witchcraft.

As I said, Danforth is greedy for electric power. Judge Danforth is the judge of the witch tests and the deputy governor of Massachusetts He thinks he's always reasonable, and always right, so that it offends him when anyone questions any of his decisions. "Nevertheless, you must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between" (867), he said. Danforth is convinced that executing folks who are denying being witches after they're accused of witchcraft is the right move to make, and won't hear anyone who instructs him otherwise. For instance, in Work three, when Giles Corey, Francis Nurse, and John Proctor tried to defend their wives, he accuses them of looking to overthrow the judge. He thinks that he doesn't punish anyone unfairly, because he's led by God. He cares more about the trustworthiness of the judge, and himself than in being fair. "Now notice me, and beguile yourselves no more. I will not get a solo plea for pardon or postponement. Them that won't confess will hang. Twelve are already executed; the brands of the seven people are given out, and the town expects to see them pass away this morning. Postponement now talks a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast hesitation after the guilt of these that died till now. While I speak God's law, I'll not split its words with whimpering. If retaliation is your fear, know this-I should hang ten thousand that dared to go up illegal, and an sea of sodium tears cannot melt the image resolution of the statues. Now pull yourselves up like men and help me, as you are bound by Heaven to do" (880-881), Danforth said. In Take action Four, it became clear that the accusations of witchcraft are bogus, yet he still won't believe that so he could prevent ruining his reputation. The real Danforth motivated Arthur Miller to make his identity the way he is. He was also power-hungry, and was also willing to protect his name even if it could require him to wipe out innocent people. Danforth was a great example of how greed can escape control, his love of electric power, caused him to do anything to stay in power, even if he previously to word innocent people to death.

Greed enjoyed an important role in the Crucible, and it caused those three characters, Reverend Parris, Thomas Putnam, and Judge Danforth, to be the "villains" of the play. Each one of them only cared about themselves and themselves only. What lengths humans can go to get what they want, and how a few of them would do anything to protect themselves is unimaginable. Don't you think?

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