Throughout Romeo and Juliet the theme of discord is conveyed in many forms, mostly through assault; mirrored in the age of the Renaissance where there is politics turmoil and many European countries were at battle. Shakespeare reveals the theme in other forms as well; family versus family, sacred versus profane, mother or father versus child and dialect versus inner discord. Conflict is a key in the composition of the play; it is highlighted initially, middle and end. As an audience we could constantly being reminded of discord which is reflected within the age the play was written in. The Renaissance was the 'rebirth' of classical learning and was also the time when Research challenged many traditional Christian beliefs which led to Catholics struggling with Protestants; the Gunpowder plot and the Spanish Armada. Shakespeare thought we would dramatise issue as it was the framework in which he was writing has. It is therefore arguable that this period was characterised by irreconcilable opposites in politics, religious beliefs and art. Nothing at all on the planet can exist without its opposite- in the same way love cannot can be found without hate, assault cannot can be found without peace.
The theme of turmoil is instantly presented in the Prologue of the play. Were advised that the households are both of identical status and also have an 'traditional grudge' suggesting that the conflict has been on-going for many generations. Our company is informed that the discord will 'break to new mutiny' and are reminded again of these loss of life through the 'parents rage'. Romeo and Juliet are referred to as a 'pair of star-crossed fans' informing the audience that nothing can change their destiny which is itself another form of conflict.
The issue between violence and peace is apparent right away of the play where '[Sampson and Gregory [enter into] with swords and bucklers. . . [in] a open public place]'. This informs us that the Capulet family tend to be more violent than the Montague family; this may also be shown through the decision of words the Capulet family use: 'A dog of the house of Montague moves me'. In Act 1, scene 1 Benvolio attempts to maintain the peacefulness yet Tybalt 'hates the word', Tybalt will not literally hate the term 'peace' but hates the activities of the word put into practice. If the Prince enters to stop the fray between Tybalt and Benvolio, assault is required as a way to maintain the peace which demonstrates a form of irony. The Prince uses animalistic terminology to spell it out the meaningless battle between Tybalt and Benvolio: 'You beasts'. Shakespeare has chosen to commence the play with a violent picture to emphasis the 'early grudge' between your families.
There is further proof conflict between violence and peace in Act 3, landscape 1 when the 'day is hot'. Here the pathetic fallacy foreshadows later happenings. Romeo is described as a 'villian' by Tybalt as his pride is hurt since Romeo attended the Capulet ball. Physical conflict then follows as Mercutio views Romeo as a coward. As an audience we understand that the play has turned from a comedy into a tragedy after Mercutio's loss of life. Mercutio declares 'A plague o' both your residences!', He realises that his death was triggered by this hatred. Mercutio's loss of life also foreshadows later devastating events which is after his death that Romeo realises the results of his romance.
The discord between parent or guardian and child is obvious throughout the play. Inside the Capulet household the target is on discord mostly between Juliet and her parents. In Function 3, world 5 Lord Capulet threatens to disown Juliet; he uses animalistic and threatening imagery: 'Graze. . . hang up, beg, starve, pass away in the avenues'. Lord Capulet also threatens assault to convey his anger: 'My fingertips itch'. As a dad, Lord Capulet has the right to choose a partner for Juliet. He chooses a gentleman of commendable position yet Juliet is still ungrateful. Inside the Elizabethan age, women from an aristocratic family were likely to obey their daddy yet Juliet is opposing this.
Conflict is again demonstrated through the decision of words the people use; when Lord Capulet is being pleasurable he addresses Tybalt with 'thou'/'thee'/'thy' but when he is irritated he uses the word 'you'. This may also be observed in Act 3, arena 5 when Lord Capulet is irritated with Juliet: 'Out, you green-sickness carrion! Away, you baggage, You tallow-face'.
There are situations between Romeo and Juliet where there is issue between the sacred and profane. In the play, Romeo presents the profane by '[taking Juliet's hand:]', whereas Juliet represents the sacred by declaring 'lips that they must utilization in prayer'. Here Juliet uses religious imagery of your pilgrim in response to Romeo's more profane thoughts however he does indeed get his way with '[kissing]' her.
In Action 2, scene 2, the turmoil between the sacred and profane is illustrated by the staging: '[Juliet shows up aloft at the home window]', symbolising that Juliet is nearer to the heavens as her thoughts tend to be more sacred whereas Romeo is on the ground representing the greater earthly and profane. Juliet expresses her sense quite openly: 'Dost thou love me?' It would have been unconventional for Elizabethan women to ask such forthright questions.
The conflict between individuals is introduced in the very beginning of the play. The play commences with Samspon and Gregory searching for a fight: which then escalates into a brawl with Benvolio and Tybalt and finally includes Lord Capulet and Lord Montague. Here the structure is important as it shows the escalation of hierarchy fighting. Conflict between your people can be portrayed through the level guidelines as each person in the families get into from different edges of the stage: '[Enter Benvolio using one side, Tybalt on the other]'. Lord Capulet's house is shielded by the high orchard wall space which distinguish each family thus showing a kind of conflict.
The use of terminology and inner turmoil can be used to represent issue in many ways. Romeo uses fight terminology such as 'siege' and 'well armed' in his declaration of his love for Rosaline. He also uses oxymorons such as 'caring hate' to portray the conflict between your two households and his unrequited love from Rosaline. In Work 3, world 5, Juliet is experiencing internal turmoil as Romeo has to depart to Manutua; she seems desperate for Romeo to remain: 'Wilt thou be absent. . . It had been the nightingale, and not the lark', the audience understands that it was the lark and therefore they are required to part mirroring their internal discord between them.
Inner discord is evident throughout the play. In Work 2, landscape 2, Juliet expresses that Romeos' name is the adversary, reminding us of the 'early grudge'. This form of turmoil affects todays' contemporary society where many people experience inner conflict for their struggles or perception. This is reinforced later, In Act 2, world 2, where Juliet goes into and out of her balcony 3 x which illustrates that she actually is unsure where her commitment is - with her family, or Romeo, who is the foe of the Capulet family but is her love. There is further evidence of inner issue in Function 2, landscape 2 as Romeo uses cosmological imagery: 'Arise, good sun, and wipe out the envious moon' to convey his enthusiasm for Juliet.
The framework of the play sorts a significant part in the build-up of issue. There are highlights of conflict in the beginning, midsection and end. Initially you have the physical fighting with each other and the threat discord from the Prince and in the centre there exists Mercutio's fatality. The film version directed by Baz Luhrmaan is portrayed by dark clouds and thunder and as an audience we realize that the play has now switched from a funny into a tragedy. The finishing of the play concludes with turmoil again when Romeo eliminates Paris and the fans take their lives; the film version unveils that Juliet is awakening equally as Romeo beverages the poison portraying the genre of humor and tragedy at the same time as she actually is unaware that he's dying.
The play contains two conflicting genres - funny and tragedy. To start with the hero would like to marry Juliet. However, he's unable to accomplish that due to the 'old grudge'. Romeo then sets out to overcome the hurdles by going to the Capulet ball. The play then slowly but surely steers into a tragedy as things commence to go wrong, firstly with Mercuito's death and then Tybalt's loss of life. Things have started to slip from the hero's control as Romeo is becoming exiled and finally he is damaged as he discovers that his better half Juliet is 'dead'.
There are different ways to interpret Romeo and Juliet; some may assume that Shakespeare is projecting that no one is immune to conflict and for that reason we all have hatred in us. Discord is inescapable as it is something every human experiences; humans will be incompatible with one another once we see things in conditions of opposites: right and incorrect, good and bad. However, others may assume that Shakespeare is expressing the need for reconciliation. The play effectively dramatises conflict for the Elizabethan audience as they were familiar with issue around them. The play is pertinent today as it highlights turmoil in issues such as faith, family, politics and culture.
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