Principle of justice - Ethics and etiquette of the state and municipal service

Equity principle

One of the fundamental structural components of the system of ethical principles of the state and municipal service, the most important indicator of the evaluation of professional activity and the personality of state and municipal employees is the principle of justice. Formulated by the ancient Romans (justitia regnorum fundamentorum - justice is the basis of the state system), it is realized in the lawful and rational use of state power, in the effective protection of citizens' rights (and not in imitating it), in satisfying social expectations as the most important criteria for assessing the effectiveness of public service.

Fairness is a category of legal, socio-political and moral consciousness that characterizes the order of the human community that is judged to be appropriate, consistent with the notions of the essence of a person and his rights.

As the concept of moral consciousness, justice expresses the correlation of values ​​and goods among themselves and their specific distribution among individuals; the proper order of the human community, corresponding to the notions of the essence of man and his inalienable rights. As a category of legal and socio-political consciousness, justice characterizes the correlation of phenomena from the point of view of the distribution of good and evil between people: between the role of individuals and social groups in the life of society and their social position, between deed and retribution (crime and punishment), human dignity and his reward, mores and responsibilities.

The notion of justice occupied one of the leading places in the detailed description of the moral qualities of man and ancient philosophy. Plato put justice at the head of virtues, saw in the instrument of social harmony, balance in society. To struggle with violations of justice, the philosopher believed, should be done through laws, in order to "cause deed or word, pleasure or suffering, honor or dishonor, fines and gifts - in short, in any way, to induce a person to hate injustice and fall in love, or at least least, do not harbor hatred of the nature of justice. " In Dialogs Plato Socrates in an interview with an Athenian statesman Alcibiades argues that it is necessary to govern fairly, because the benefits must be subject to justice. But in order to be fair, one must know what justice is. And in order to know what justice is, you need to know what to attribute justice to and where this very concept is formed. He saw the origins of justice in self-knowledge, the principle of knowing good and evil, i.e. the knowledge that is necessary for the justice and fair management of society and the state. Aristotle argued that those who intend to occupy the highest public office, should have three qualities: "First, to sympathize with the existing state system; then, have greater ability to perform duties associated with a position; in the third, to be distinguished by virtue and justice, corresponding to each kind of state system. "

Meeting the public need for justice - the most important of the moral expectations of society, not only in the general social plan, but also in relation to each person in a particular situation. Justice implies an assessment of a person by deed, retribution on merit, the availability of criteria for this evaluation and unbiased judges who are entrusted with this evaluation. Justice for an official is to respect the rights and dignity of people, the performance of their official duties as a form of obligation, which is identified with the law and manifested in actions that guarantee the rights of people.

Any injustice allowed by an official inflicts moral damage on the authority of the authorities as a whole. After all, being directly involved in the preparation and adoption of managerial decisions that may prove crucial for a large part of the country's population, officials have delegated authority in the eyes of the public. Therefore, they begin to identify with a state whose authority is derived from the specific actions of its functionaries, evaluated primarily on the scale of "fair - unjust."

A truly consolidating role is acquired by the apparatus only when the state and municipal servant takes in the soul the essence of the principle of social justice, that is, a principle that is based on equal respect for the dignity of all people, demands equal freedoms for all, equality before the law, equal opportunities in political and social life, and social security. If this principle is only declared, and in practice at every step is violated, it is useless to talk about the consolidating role of the state and the civil service. The principle of social justice for a civil servant, and even more so a statesman, must become a kind of methodological basis for decision-making. "

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)