Professional Ethics: Concept, Views, Codes
Ethics, morals and professional values
The concept of ethics consists of a set of norms that regulate personal and professional behavior of people. As a rule, these norms are developed for a specific society in order to protect different categories of citizens, associations, groups.
Ethics (from Greek. "morals, custom") - a philosophical study of morality and morality.
Morality (from Latin moralitas - common traditions, unspoken rules) - accepted in society good and bad, right and wrong, good and evil, as well as the set of norms of behavior resulting from these representations. Ethics is a science of morality.
Morality is the internal attitude of the individual to act according to his conscience and free will. By and large, morality is seen as a synonym for morality.
Studying the value orientations of a person is not only cognitive, but also allows you to gain a lot of practical experience.
- the desired state of public relations;
- criteria for evaluating events and phenomena;
- meaning of purposeful activity;
- the regulator of social interactions.
Thus, knowledge of the relevant values allows both a person and society to comprehend emerging situations, to understand and evaluate the integrity of objective events, and therefore to adopt the optimal solution in this particular case for the purpose of regulating human behavior.
Professional morality are the universal moral principles applied to the conditions of a particular profession.
Human values usually refer to a specific society and are formed in a person under the influence of established family traditions and customs, school rules and attitudes, in the process of spontaneous socialization.
The existence of professional morality is associated with the characteristics of the labor activity of a person (criteria and characteristics of labor, corporate directions, etc.).
Specialists of this or that branch perform the same functional duties in organizations. As a result of this activity, they develop certain moral standards. These norms help to effectively solve professional problems, and their knowledge contributes to the perfection of the personality of the specialist.
Professional values - are formed in the course of professional education and practical activities and represent derivatives of such group and organizational values, as universal, national, personal.
They satisfy one of the most important needs of the professional community - the need for consolidation to solve professional problems. An exceptional role in meeting this need belongs to ideals.
Ideal - the standard of due, the main evaluation criterion expressing the highest goal of the activity.
In the professional activities are distinguished:
inherent characteristics of ethical responsibility in front of the profession. For example, defending the interests of the profession, protecting its dignity and integrity, improving ethical rules, love of one's profession, conscientious attitude to the work, manifestation of creativity in performing professional tasks, symbolism, professional rituals;
- ethical standards aimed at self-realization, self-affirmation and self-improvement of the personality of a specialist, achieving high professional qualifications.
The indicator of professionalism is a high level of cultural development in the relevant field of activity.The existence and functioning of professional values and values in a particular industry allows her worker to realize many professional situations related to his duties and correlate them with the current value system.
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