History of the River Nile

The Nile River

At over 4, 100 mls long, the Nile River is the largest river on the globe. It is found in the northwestern part of Africa. The Nile River flows through many African countries. These countries include Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Burundi. The White and Blue Nile are two considerable channels that feed in to the Nile River. The Nile River operates north into the MEDITERRANEAN AND BEYOND. The Nile River had a major effect on Old Egypt and Old Egyptians.

Around once, each year, the Nile would overflow. The flooding would happen between June and Sept. A couple of two reasons people believed why. One reason was the snow and summer time rainfall would overflow the river. Another reason, or theory contains the goddess Isis. Ancient Egyptians assumed the Nile would flood because she would cry very much over the fatality of her spouse, Osiris. Out of these two theories, back in Old Egypt the most believed one was the snow and summer months rainfall theory.

As due to the flooding, the Nile River provided many resources for the Ancient Egyptians. Among these sources included fertile land. The soil about the Nile River was very abundant, therefore it was best for farmlands. Papyrus, wheat, and flax were the three main vegetation grown out of this rich garden soil. These weren't only the key crops, nonetheless they were the most crucial crops grown. The papyrus was used to make sandals, ropes, baskets and paper. Wheat was used to make bread; the flax was used for linen towel, that was used for clothes. As a result of the rich dirt, and the growing of the three vegetation, the Old Egyptians were able to make a living.

The Nile was also good for building materials. The flooding of the river provided a black silt. This dark-colored dirt was used for building homes. The silt was used for many purposes especially for building purposes like surfaces. The Nile River was also used for transport. Old Egyptians used this a major tradeplace. They used the river for moving goods and people.

The Nile River has three of its own months. The first season, which was the season of the flooding was called Akhet. The second season, Peret, that was for growing their vegetation. Finally, the last season, Shemu, was for harvesting. Each season has it own special purpose, just like the seasons we have today. The calendars that the Ancient Egyptians used were created around these three conditions. The Ancient Egyptians divided the calendars they used up into these three months. The Old Egyptians divided the calendars they consumed into these three months.

In historical Egypt there is a god for just about everything. Hapi was the god for the Nile River. Hapi was often depicted with women chest and a bulging belly, even though Hapi was a man. The chest and tummy portrayed fertility, the capability to produce young. That contradicts with with his capability to preserve the land throughout the Nile when the flooding happened each year. Hapi was also depicted as wearing papyrus plants, that i mentioned before was used a great deal surrounding the Nile River. Because the Egyptians thought that Hapi the god of the Nile they might often thank him for the flooding that took place because it provided them with many useful things.

As I have mentioned before, the White Nile is one of both extensive stations that came from the Nile River. The White Nile was larger than the Blue Nile. The White Nile originates from Lake Victoria. Since the White Nile had an extended way to travel it only gave 15% of it's drinking water to the Nile River. The White Nile gets its name from the colour from it. It has a whitish-gray color. The White Nile has this color as a result of things that travel throughout it, like the gray color of sediment that moves with the White Nile.

The second considerable channel that originates from the Nile River us the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile originates from Lake Tana, which is found in the highlands of Ethiopia. The Blue and White Nile eventually meet to create the Nile River. Similar to the White Nile, the Blue Nile gets its name from its color. The Blue Nile is originally excellent blue color. Since the Blue Nile moves through Sudan it picks up sediments as it travels, therefore the color goes from dazzling blue to a darker color of blue. Even though the Blue Nile is smaller than the White Nile it bears 66% of water that flows in to the Nile River.

Many animals lived around the Nile River. Crocodiles were one of the many animals the lived in the Nile River. Parrots such as heron, cranes, ibises, ducks, and geese resided round the Nile River. One pet, that lots of people feared, was the hippopotamus. The hippopotamus was the most effective animal surrounding the Nile River. Many frogs, fish, and lizards resided in this. Gazelles, camels, donkeys, cattle, and sheep are some of the pets that resided on the land across the Nile.

Today the Nile River isn't much different that what is was like in traditional Egypt. The land is still a little desolate. The Nile could make up about only 5% of Egypt's land, but over 95% of the population in Egypt lives throughout the Nile. Just as it was at Old Egypt, the Nile River continues to be lifeblood of the country. The Nile River is now under control with the flooding. The Aswan Dam helps control the flooding. The wintertime snow and summer months is still the key cause for the Nile's flooding.

Citrus fruits, whole wheat, sugarcane, and egyptian cotton are a few of the many crops that farmers develop surrounding the Nile River. Many of the same animals still reside in and around the Nile River today. Crocodiles and the birds are some of the pets or animals that live in the Nile. Today, the hippopotamus still lives near the Nile River. Also, the Nile River is used for most things. Hydroelectricity is one of the many things. Dams were created to help make hydroelectric electricity; these dams also aid in the Nile's gross annual flooding.

Websites (Resources)

http://www. ducksters. com/history/ancient_egypt/geography_nile_river. php

http://www. ushistory. org/civ/3a. asp

http://resources. woodlands-junior. kent. sch. uk/homework/egypt/nile. htm

http://www. egyptianmyths. net/hapi. htm

http://theonlyrivernile. weebly. com/the-white-nile. html

http://www. sheppardsoftware. com/Africaweb/factfile/africauniquefact2. htm

http://www. historyforkids. org/learn/egypt/environment/animals. htm

http://animalssafairs. blogspot. com/2012/10/africa-river-horses-hippopotamus-trails. html#. VKsOJpUtBMs

http://experience. howstuffworks. com/nile-river4. htm

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