Ancient Egyptian Civilization And Culture History Essay

Ancient Egypt was one of the oldest ethnicities that ever been around. It was around 5000 years back! This land flourished as a result of Nile River. Its annual inundation created fertile lands that backed life. The Ancient Egyptian worshipped many gods like Re, (sunlight god) Isis, Seth, and Horus. Ancient Egyptians experienced a supreme and powerful ruler called the Pharaoh. The pharaohs were regarded as a god of Egypt. The pharaohs ruled the Old Kingdom, Midsection Kingdom, and the brand new Kingdom. There were also a lot more cultural pursuits like, the custom of mummification, written terms like Hieroglyphics, the use of spices, medicine, and papyrus, which was unique to old Egypt.

Egyptian Topics

Mummies

The idea about preserving your body and afterlife

Mummies are preserved bodies that do not rot. Egyptians believed that mummies keep living in another world even though they are useless. In the past, the Egyptians believed that the Egyptian gods weighed the person's heart and soul when he/she will try to enter another life. They also believed that pharaohs became gods after mummification, plus they would want their systems.

Mummification process - Mummy recipe

To protect the mummies' body, Egyptian embalmers first cleaned your body with palm wine beverages. Then needed all the organs out of the body, then they took the brain out through the nasal area utilizing a long metallic hook. They got every organ out except the center. The heart remained in the torso for the gods to measure. The organs were filled with natrons and spices and were put into four canopic jars, and later located in the tomb of the mummy. Next the embalmers put natron salt inside and they rubbed it with oils and spices, while declaring prayers as well. After 70 times, the body was taken out and wrapped around in papyrus or slender strips of lenen. The embalmers then placed Egyptian spices surrounding the mummy. Then sculptures made masks and coffins for the mummy, and would embellish it with jewels and paintings. The mummy's coffin was then put inside a tomb. Over the tomb, colossal pyramids were built for important people like the pharaohs and their family.

Interesting Mummy Facts

A total around 70 million mummies were made in 3000 years! Mummies are made effortlessly or by embalming. Natural mummies just become dried out in the sun or buried in the ice or get smoked. Mummies are lifeless rulers, the indegent or animals. It is thought that pharaohs became gods after mummification. In 1929, in the Valley of Kings, Mr. Carter and his team uncovered the intact tomb of Ruler Tutankhamun, and his mummy. This discovery made us more aware of a few of the Ancient Egyptian life-style.

Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Belief and Mythology

Ancient Egyptians worshiped many gods and goddesses. They existed in people's minds to give them explanation for every day event of life and present the self confidence to execute their every day activity. This strong idea led those to value their gods. They managed to get a practice to offer gods their prayers, offering and other sacrifices. There are lots of interesting common myths about the traditional Egyptian gods and goddesses. This is a lesser Egyptian myth. At the beginning, there was only the ocean. Ra or Re, the sun god came out from it. He spit out four children. Shu and Tefnut became the atmosphere. Geb was the Earth and Nut was the sky. Geb and Nut wedded and had two sons called Seth and Osiris, and two daughters called Isis and Nephthys. Seth became the god of the chaotic world and Osiris became the underworld god. Isis was the mom of most gods, who resurrected and wedded her brother Osiris and their son was Horus the sky god. He was believed to be Re himself and considered very powerful. Nephthys was the goddess and a friend to all women and the deceased.

Gods and Goddesses

There were many gods in old Egypt. A number of the important gods and goddesses are: Re (Amun-Re, Amon-Re) was the most crucial god to the historical Egyptian people. He was the most effective king of the gods and was often pictured as a falcon flying through the stunning sky. Hapi was the god who helped bring inundation alive. He was shown as man with a papyrus plant growing from his brain. Aton was the sun god the Pharaoh Akhenaten worshiped. He was believed to have been frequently neglected due to his deformity. Osiris was the underworld and loss of life god. He was killed by his own brother Seth, who was very jealous of Osiris. It really is thought all pharaohs became Osiris when they passed on. Isis was a favorite goddess of traditional Egypt. She was the god of motherhood and children. Horus was the child of Isis and Osiris. He is shown as falcon and was the sky god of historic Egypt and the main one who gave power to the pharaoh. Bes was an essential god who guarded the women and the child during childbirth. Khunum was the god who was likely to have created mankind on a potters' wheel and breathed life into them. Seth was the god of chaos who wiped out his sibling and plucked out one of Horus's eye, however the Egyptian still reputed him. Anubis was an excellent god. He was the god of funeral, supervisor of embalming and the protector of the fatality. He was usually decorated on the wall space of tombs and shown as a god with a jackal or untamed dog brain. Throth was the god of knowledge, Sekhem was the god of medicine, Hathor was the goddess of love and dancing, and Sobek was the god of water.

Temples to the gods and goddesses

There were many temples that were focused on gods and goddesses in historical Egypt. The Temple at Abu Simbel was built by Ramses II, honoring Amon-Re, Ptah and Harakhte. The Luxor Temples has hundred gates, and the Temple of Karnak was dedicated to Amon-Re. The Temple of Narmuthis was focused on Sobek and was built by Amenemhet III. The Temples of Hathor or Dendara was devoted to goddess Hathor. It has big columns and pillars. The famous Temples of Kom Ombo was built to honor Horus and Sobek.

Rulers

Queen Hatshepsut - the famous female pharaoh

Her family

Hatshepsut was a famous women pharaoh of historical Egypt. She have been regarded as a successful and peaceful ruler. She belonged to Eighteenth Dynasty of the brand new Kingdom. Her daddy was Pharaoh Tuthmose I and her mom was Pharoah Amenophris I's sister queen Ahmes. She wedded her half-brother Tuthmose II and they had a girl called Neferure.

Her Reign

Hatshepsut was Egypt's Pharaoh for twenty- twelve months, around from 1479-1458 B. C. Following the loss of life of Hatshepsut's dad, her half-brother and partner Tuthmose II been successful to the throne. Tuthmose III, her stepson was very young, so she became the co-ruler of Egypt. Lather she imprisoned Thuthmose III and proclaimed herself as the Pharaoh of Egypt. To make herself more suitable and agreeable to the people and priest of Egypt, she dressed up and acted like a male pharaoh. Hatshepsut will need to have been exceptional person to rule in a male dominated society, but she was helped by many advisors like Inemi and Neshi. During her profitable reign, she performed the tasks of the original pharaohs. She headed both the priesthood of Amon-Re and the administration. She forgotten the duty system. She also wagged wars with neighboring kingdoms. She sent out two armed forces expeditions into Nubia (Kush). Her expedition to into Punt brought in wealth like yellow metal, ivory, ebony, and leopard skins. In addition, it greatly evolved the trade system. The middleman system was eliminated, and the stores could generate as much prosperity as the warriors. She was also a great contractor and her reign reached great architectural accomplishments. Many of Hatshepsut's strategies worked and were well accepted her court and the priests.

End of her rule and death

Hatshepsut disappeared mysteriously after about twenty-one many years of ruling Egypt. She was said to be in her middle time, when she died, but the cause of her death remained a enigma. Her step-son, Tuthmose III been successful her to the throne of Egypt and he demolished the majority of Hatshepsuts' work. Lately, her mummy has been discovered, using a tooth as evidence. Scientists say she was fats person, and the probable cause of loss of life was diabetes.

Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)

His family

Amenhotep IV was created around 1370 B. C. His parents were Pharaoh Amenhotep III, and Queen Tiy. Amenhotep IV was raised in an exceedingly traditional Egyptian manner. He discovered all the abilities a pharaoh had a need to know. Later, Amenhotep IV married a beautiful girl named Nefertiti. She was thought to be Egypt's most beautiful and powerful women. After he got hitched, Amenhotep IV possessed six daughters through Nefertiti. Ruler Tutankhamun was his child through another wife Kiya, who was also his sister.

Akhenaten's Reign

Amenhotep IV was one of the most serious and controversial pharaoh that ruled Egypt. He led Egypt in a manner that tagged him as a "Heretic Pharaoh". He ruled through the Amarna period. His rule started at around 1382 B. C. Akhenaten believed in mere one god, Aton. To honor his god, Amenhotep IV called himself Akhenaten. During Akhenaten's reign, the other gods were banished. Just the sun god was at worshipped. To be able to disconnect with the other gods, Akhenaten made a fresh capital city called Akhenaten, now Amarna honoring the god, Aton. He promulgated he was the one person able to discourse along with his kid god. He halted the worship of Amon-Re, and turn off the rest of the sacred temples of Ancient Egypt. Many people were unhappy relating to this. The art through the Amarna period observed a huge change and folks were represented as they were. He was different from most pharaohs. He depicted himself as a human somewhat than god. This helped him to comprehend his area. Bek was his chief artist. His paintings were very unique, and specific and full of life. This not only exhibited Akhenaten's naturalness, but also his value for nature. Akhenaten built a huge temple for Aton in his own capital city, Akhenaten. Not thinking in the other gods of Egypt and the change of the guideline commenced to outrange the folks of Egypt. This still left the population uneasy, and miserable. Many cities in Egypt were refused of the estates and plantations. Problem got increased, and the entire Kingdom was at chaos.

End of his guideline and his Death

Akhenaten's reign ended with his fatality in about the entire year 1338 B. C. Experts assume that he was murdered. His boy, King Tutankhamun restored the old gods, and the old capital city. The name of Akhenaten and Nefertiti was hated plus they were eraced from inscriptions. Their temples were destroyed the new capital city, Akhenaten was ruined. His mummy was never been found. But now, scientists think they could have discovered the mummy of this "Heretic Pharaoh".

Pharaoh Tutankhamun (Ruler Tut)

His Family

Tutankhamun, better known as King Tut, was born was created around 1343 B. C. and he was probably blessed in Amarna. His dad was Pharaoh Akhenaten and his mom is believed to be Kiya. His original name was Tutankhaten with means "The Living Image of Aton". He wedded his half-sister Ankhes, who was the girl of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Tut possessed two daughters who had been stillborn at beginning. The young Tutankhamun is thought to have obtained the best education along with other royal members of the family. The fine art of writing in hieroglyphics was an important part of his education He would have also loved sports, board games, hunting fishing.

His Reign

Tutankhamun became Egypt Pharaoh approximately in 1333 BC. He was a pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and the time was The New Kingdom period. He was nine yr old when he ascended the throne. After his father Akhenaten loss of life, Egypt was in great dilemma. Around 1330 BC, to relaxed people, and from the possible pressure from the priests and traditionalists, Tutankhamun and his queen transferred the capital back to the old capital city of Thebes which was the guts of worship of Old god Amun. Showing his loyalty to Amun, he also changed his name from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun. He was a great builder. and produced temples and other monument at Thebes and Karnak, and dedicated those to Amun. He restored many old traditional customs and ceremonies. He waged wars with Nubia, Syria and Hittites and resorted stability and added riches to Egypt.

His Death

Tutankhamun ruled Egypt for about a decade. Around 1325 BC, following the battle with Hittities, he died instantly. People presumed that he was murdered, but the reason behind his death remained unfamiliar. In 1929, Mr. Howard Carter and his team found out Tutankhamun's covered tomb along with his intact mummy in the Valley of the Kings. Scientists think that he could have died anticipated to a crippling disease, weakness as something of incest. But nonetheless the real reason behind his loss of life is not ascertained as Tut supports to his secrets. Tut was the last in his family-line, so he was succeeded to the throne by his grand vizier, Ay, who became the new Pharaoh.

Conclusion

The early Egyptian civilization was one of the oldest civilizations that been around. From the countless archeological finds, and from the great monument left behind by traditional Egyptians, we've learned many facts including their food, gods, their rulers, traditions/ceremonial ways, writing system, sports activities and their general way of life. All evidences, point out to the wealthy culture the once flourished in old Egypt.

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