Aristotle's "Politics" Analysis

The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B. C. ) was one of the most important European philosophers in traditional times. He added to nearly every aspect of individuals knowledge and world, especially in the field of politics. Aristotle even published an entire e book called "Politics". I found the full English-translated version of Aristotle's "Politics" through Fordham University's "The Old Record Sourcebook" in the Greek subgenre of School of thought (http://legacy. fordham. edu/Halsall/old/asbook07. asp#Philosophy).

"Politics" is a thorough examination of the roots and composition of Greek society. Like the historic civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, Aristotle's perspective on politics is deeply-rooted in the city-state, or "polis" as the Greeks call it. Within a polis, all people in a Greek city-state maintain a functioning role in administration. Young people would serve in the military services, middle-aged people would govern, and more aged citizens took care of religious affairs. Newsome High School's British Department adds on stating that "Since citizenship requires an active role in working the state, a citizen identifies strongly with the city-state to which he belongs, to the point that the Greeks consider exile to be a fate worse than death. "

Aristotle's "Politics" as well as many other works from historical Greece were designed by its ethnical and temporal contexts. Faith was present in all areas of ancient Greek life, especially in politics. With religious beliefs came stories and common myths used to clarify the roots of the world, gods that symbolized each tangible or intangible aspect of life, and temples which saturated the Greek municipal surroundings. These aspects of ancient greek language life allowed for Greek administration and society to function and thrive.

Aristotle critically analyzes the political infrastructure of historic Greece in Books IV-VI. Accordingly, a solid middle class stops corruption and oppression. He continues on to say "though it isn't necessary to give everyone identical access to general population office, it is never wise to exclude completely any group from electric power. " Aristotle suggests education and inclusiveness in order to preserve a constitution. Aristotle recognized that there have been three varieties of federal, each consisting of two extremes: bad and the good or "just and unjust", depending on how the ruler leads. When only one person is given the power to rule, the government is considered as a monarchy if the ruler is good or "just" and a tyranny if the ruler is bad. When a small band of elitists rule, the federal government is an aristocracy if the rulers are good and an oligarchy if the rulers are bad. When every one of the individuals that reside within the city-state guideline, a constitution is a polity if they rule well and a democracy if they rule poorly. Generally, "Politics" states that a federal is good or simply when it benefits all the individuals residing within the city-state and unjust when it benefits only those in vitality, whether singular or several. Aristotle also acknowledged that there have been three branches of civic federal government. The first branch of civic administration was known as the deliberative. The deliberative branch makes the major political decisions of the city-state. The next branch of civic administration was known as the professional branch. The professional branch grips the everyday duties of the city-state. The third and last branch of civic federal government was known as the judicial branch. The judicial branch oversees the legal affairs of the city-state.

Books VII and VIII send back to the original question of how the ideal city-state would appear to be. Surely, such a city would be large enough for self-sufficiency but would also be small enough to ensure fellow sense. Aristotle notes that a successful city-state should be located by the to permit for easy sea business, which was the easiest and fastest channel of transport that was available back then. Education ensures the well-being of the city-state, which explains why Aristotle expresses his preference of the open public program of education as opposed to something like private tutoring. His recommended curriculum consisted of a variety of learning things including reading and writing, physical education, music, and pulling. This technique of education helped individuals make the the majority of both work and play, as well as permit the amount of leisure time where to pursue the good life.

Bibliography

http://newsome. mysdhc. org/instructor/3171rosselle/Files/Aristotle%20on%20Politics. pdf

http://legacy. fordham. edu/Halsall/ancient/aristotle-politics. txt

http://www. philosophypages. com/hy/2t. htm

http://www. ancientgreece. com/s/Culture/


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