Composition of the Charter of Yaroslav, Composition...

Composition of the Charter of Yaroslav

Brief summary:

- the declaration on the adoption of the charter (Article 1);

- about rape (articles 2, 3, 7);

- extramarital sexual relations, about illegitimate children (articles 4-6, 8, 18);

- divorce (Articles 9-11, 17);

- illegal sexual relations between relatives (articles 12, 14, 15, 19-23);

- bigamy (Article 16);

- the suicide of a girl in case of forced marriage (Articles 24, 33);

- insulting women with abusive vocabulary (Article 25);

- tonsuring women heads or beards to men (Article 26);

- harm to property (Articles 13, 27, 28);

- physical violence in the family (Articles 29-32);

- the immoral behavior of monks and nuns - depravity, drunkenness (articles 18, 34, 35).

- powers and status of the church court (articles 37-39).

Extensive revision:

- a declaration on the adoption of the charter, the church court, tithing, the liberation of church people from taxes (Article 1);

- about rape (article 2-3);

- extramarital sex, illegitimate children (articles 4-8);

- divorce (Articles 9-12, 18, 53);

- illegal sexual relations between relatives (articles 13-16, 22-28);

- bigamy (Article 17);

- prohibition of sexual intercourse to Orthodox people with Jews and Muslims (Articles 19, 51);

- the prohibition of other forms of communication with the Gentiles and excommunicated - the sharing of food, etc. (Articles 49, 50);

- the immoral behavior of priests, monks and nuns - depravity, drunkenness, improper conduct of church services (articles 20, 44-48, 52);

- prohibition of sexual intercourse with animals (Article 21); suicide of a girl in case of forced marriage (Article 29);

- insulting women with abusive vocabulary (Article 30);

- tonsuring women heads or beards to men (Article 31);

- harm to property, thefts, including inside the family (articles 32-37);

- wife-sorceress (article 38);

- physical violence in the family (articles 39-43);

- non-interference of the secular court in the jurisdiction of the church (Article 54-55). The Old United States text was not divided into articles. This was done by modern scientists. The numbering of articles is given by the publication of Ya. N. Shchapov.

From the XII-XIV centuries. We also received several regional charter certificates. This is a Smolensk complex of four documents: 1) the statutory charter of the Smolensk prince Rostislav Mstislavich of the Church of the Theotokos in Smolensk in connection with the establishment of the Smolensk list (1136); 2) the confirmatory letter of Bishop Manuel (1136); 3) A letter of commendation of the transfer of the church of the land holdings (1150); 4) the statutory record on the size of duties from the cities of Smolensk land, coming in favor of the bishop (end of the XII - beginning of the XIII century.)

The charter of Rostislav Mstislavich as a historical source is valuable in that it is a document on the foundation of the diocese, on which we can reconstruct how the formation of a new diocese took place in medieval Rus. The content of this charter differs significantly from the statutes of Vladimir and Yaroslav, since it was necessary to solve the mundane but necessary questions of material support for the church. In this regard, it is not only legislative, but also practical fiscal and proprietary nature.

Composition of the Charter of Rostislav Mstislavich

- a declaration on the establishment of the episcopacy (Article 1-2);

- the material support of the new episcopacy - the transfer of people, land and fisheries, the right to collect tithes and other tributes (articles 3-10, 14);

- prerogatives of the church court, the allocation of nine types of litigation - divorce, bigamy, illegal sexual relations, trial of church people, etc. (Articles 11-13);

- sanctions for violation of this charter (articles 15-16).

A similar practicality is:

- the charter of the Novgorod prince Svyatoslav Olgovich of the Church of St. Sophia in 1137 about the size and order of collecting church tithes from different localities; it is an important source on the history of the development of the Novgorod monetary system;

- Charter of Prince Yaroslav about bridges on the order of supervision over the improvement of Novgorod streets in the 1260s; contains important information about the centenary organization of the population of Novgorod;

- the charter of the Novgorod prince Vsevolod about church courts, people and trade marks (dating disputed, from XII to XIV century); contains information about the system of power in Novgorod and the ratio of its various branches - the bishop, the prince, the elected city administration;

- the charter of the Novgorod prince Vsevolod merchant organization of the church of Ivan on Opoki (XIII century.) - the only statute of the merchant corporation of medieval Rus.

Princely statutes are the main source for the history of the United States Orthodox Church, moral standards and family values ​​of United States society, the peculiarities of its daily life in the Middle Ages.

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