Downfall of Tsar Nicholas II and WW1

To what scope was the First World Conflict accountable for the downfall of Tsar Nicholas II?

Jack Boag, Thursday, 26 January 2017

Shortly after Russia became the first person in the Entente to enter the First World War on the side of Serbia, Tsar Nicholas II, a devoutly religious man, prayed all night on end in his private chapel, repeating the collection from the Our Dad, "Thy Will BE ACHIEVED". Then, God appeared to him, and instructed him to consider personal command line of the armies and business lead from the front. These occurrences could be said to have led to the downfall of both Tsar individually, and autocracy all together. However, from a moral standpoint, what he performed was perhaps commendable. His desire to become listed on his troops at the front end somewhat than watch the oncoming slaughter from the wintertime Palace increased his reputation and the popularity of the conflict. Furthermore to his devout religious beliefs, he felt that his obligation was to serve, rather than rule over his subjects. In a nutshell, he did the incorrect thing for the right reasons. To offer Dominic Lieven, "Nicholas loved his country and served it loyally to the best of his potential. He previously not sought electricity and he had not been, by nature or personality, well outfitted to wield it. "

Possibly the most catastrophic problem upon heading to the front was leaving the country under the governance of the Tsarina Alexandra (his wife) and the rather dubious holy man Grigori Rasputin. In what of Orlando Figes "This is autocracy lacking any autocrat". Both Alexandra and Rasputin were amazingly unpopular, and the overall populace were very suspicious of them. The actual fact that Alexandra was German made things worse, and wrong accusations of her being truly a German spy were commonplace. Rasputin didn't help himself either, and his indulgences beyond his duties to the Imperial Family became Russia's most severe kept secret. There is even (probably unfounded) rumours of both having an affair. Cartoons of these in bed alongside one another were constantly heading around all the major Russian magazines. Both Alexandra and Rasputin valued loyalty over capability and this led their choice of ministers - horrendous judgement on their part.

It is often said about the Western Front that reason behind the mass slaughter was that it was a conflict conducted using 19th Century tactics, but with 20th Century weapons. However, the Russian Military was still stuck in the last century. It got never seen victory against an adversary of a similar size in nearly a century. The Crimean War was a tragedy, and beat in the Manchurian War against Japan was an utter humiliation for Nicholas II. It the Russian Military could be defeated by the Japanese, how would it fare a decade on resistant to the Germans, who had modernised their army, as the Russian one hadn't changed since their beat in Manchuria. The slaughter at the Fights of Tannenburg and the Masurian Lakes was on such a range that the Russian Generals, to be able to spare their men more pain, opened fire to them. General Samsonov, responsible for the Russian Military at Tannenburg, devoted suicide shortly later on in shame. 70, 000 Russian troops died at Tannenburg and 125, 000 Russians died at the Masurian Lakes. The following extract is a report from the front. "The army got neither wagons nor horses nor first aid supplies. We visited the Warsaw stop where there was about 17, 000 men wounded in battles. At the station we found an awful landscape: on the system in dirt, rainwater and cold, in the rain on the floor even without straw, wounded, who stuffed mid-air with heart-rending cries, dolefully asked: For God's sake, order these to dress our wounds, for five days and nights we've not been attended to. " More Russians were wiped out than other nationality during the war (taking into consideration the Germans were fighting with each other on two fronts, unlike the Russians). In terms of the Entente, Russians constitute approx. 40% of the deceased and 50% of the wounded (About 4 million Russians perished and about 5 million were wounded).

However, the pre-existing conditions for an uprising were already there. Russia's view of the Tsar was mainly an outcome of Bloody Weekend in 1905, where in fact the Imperial Guard opened flame on unarmed demonstrators. From that time onward, the writing was on the wall structure for autocracy in Russia, and for Nicholas. He came across as out of touch with the normal man and intensely oppressive. His concessions were not really concessions, as the Duma (Russia's Assemblage that Nicholas reluctantly agreed to) had no real vitality. In the international stage, the conflict with Japan over colonial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea was a tragedy. An unhappy people, and an unhappy military after that defeat. This recommended the clock have been ticking for Nicholas II for 9 years prior to the war.

In conclusion, the war itself was a tragedy for Russia. Their military was top-heavy and woefully ill-equipped, as was shown by the Manchurian debacle in 1905. Nicholas II heading to leading along with his men was commendable from a moral standpoint, but was political devastation for him. Tsarina Alexandra and Rasputin were unequal to the task of governing the nation and were seriously criticised in the popular press. However, the battle itself was only a catalyst for what was already occur rock after Bloody Weekend and the Russo-Japanese Warfare.

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