Far East and Southeast Asia - History of the East

12.7. Far East and Southeast Asia

Again, we turn to the most advanced in terms of the potential for borrowing the achievements of the West to the region. The Far East is a country of the Confucian tradition. Southeast Asia is something more complicated, although here the Confucian tradition is not only perceptible, but also through the huaciao, it clearly dominates in the very sphere of the economy, which is primarily important for analysis. Much in common in the fate of these two neighboring regions was in those crucial years, which for most countries determined the choice of the path. The Chinese Communists and the Comintern in the 1930s. They created in China, with the help of the USSR, a situation of ideological and political tension that, in conditions of political instability and the increasingly obvious vacuum of power, played a decisive role in 1949, just as several years earlier in Vietnam. Something similar happened in the northern part of Korea, although here it is not worth talking about any choice and the active role of the masses, since the communist regime was rigidly imposed on the northern half of Korea by the USSR's champions, led by Kim Il Sung.

Almost all the other countries in the region during the Second World War were occupied by Japan, which in practice meant the liquidation or reduction to the level of the puppets of the governments of the respective states, of course, where the state existed. Where there were previously colonies, this meant the liquidation of the colonial administration and the replacement of it by the occupation regime. In the vacuum of power and the powerful field of the East-Communist tension, in many countries of the region, apart from those already designated, the development of national-patriotic movements began, which as a slogan used the ideas of Marxism, which was reinterpreted and primitized for the conditions of the world village. Among these countries were, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia and even the Philippines. Indirectly, all this, with some modifications, was reflected in the events in Burma. However, in countries whose civilizational foundation was different from Confucian, much was happening differently than in China, in the north of Korea and in Vietnam. Even the Marxist-socialist regimes were different, where they were established, both in Laos and even more so in Cambodia. In Laos the regime was noticeably weakened, moderate, in Cambodia, on the contrary, extreme, but also very short-lived.

Japan after the war was under the prolonged intensive influence of the US occupation administration, which caused the impact of the ideological and political tension on it, which for a long time enveloped this country, turning it into a springboard for the bourgeois-democratic West in the East. Some of the countries it conquered or allied with it, and above all Thailand (Siam), South Korea, Taiwan and such small enclaves as Singapore and Hong Kong, whose connections with the bourgeois West were closer and where the influence of the Communists was weaker, turned out to be a different fate. Not affected by the field of the East-Communist tension, they remained under the influence of the Western field opposing it, which led them, like Japan, to accelerated movement along the path of economic growth and a significant improvement in the quality of life of the local population.

The situation as a whole is quite understandable and convincing. The Chinese-Confucian civilizational foundation proved to be not only compatible with the ideas and principles of Marxist socialism, but also inwardly close to such ideas, which could not but play its fatal role in the destinies of the respective countries. Moreover, the strengthening of the regime of Marxist socialism in these countries has allowed a sharp increase in the corresponding field of tension in the entire Far East and even in the nearby region of South-East Asia.

Now let's take a look at everything from the other side. The communist standard is similar to the primitive-oriental one, and the perception of Marxist-socialist ideas allowed them to get closer to each other without noticeable problems. Both modifications of the power-ownership structure turned out to be not only compatible, but also almost related to each other. However, it is worth taking into account and the opposite. The tension field, which prevailed in the world, was based on a pragmatic perception of a highly developed civilization. And once the realities of the communist-Maoist Eastern existence came into more than a dramatic contradiction with the customary norm of Confucianism, everything immediately collapsed. Of course, the impetus was the death of Mao, but sooner or later this should happen. Much more significant is the fact that society was ready for a radical change in milestones. His readiness is explained by the fact that the society took the lie of that traditional-eastern religious yin force, which in the history of China more than once confronted the wise Confucian yang. The reason and pragmatism of Chinese Confucianism took their toll, and after that the domino effect played a role, helped by the collapse of the USSR and the discrediting of the communist idea on a world scale. All this, in turn, had a decisive impact on the countries of Southeast Asia with their huatsiao enzyme.

The result is obvious. For the annoying exception in the form of the DPRK and in view of the dubious status of Burma, all other countries in the region eventually made or were forced to eventually opt for development according to the Western bourgeois-democratic model. Progress in development along this path is different, as are the official attitudes of the respective governments. But, undoubtedly, the path is chosen and, it seems, forever, that deserves attention and evaluation.

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